A I bukdan the outside edge of a piece of folded paper

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SENGSEBUMBI caus. of sengsembi

SENGSEMBI (-ke) to dry, to become dry

SENGSEREBUMBI caus. of sengserembi

SENGSEREBUME WAMBI to kill by drowning

SENGSEREMBI 1. to choke by getting food or water in the windpipe 2.to drown, to suffocate

SENGSERŠEMBI to like very much

SENGSU loose rocks on a mountain

SENIHUN rare (of meat)

SENIYEHUKEN rather rare

SENIYEHŪN see senihun

SENJI back sight on a rifle

SENTEHE chipped, having a piece broken off, notched

SEO lacking pupils in the eyes

SEOLEBUMBI caus. of seolembi

SEOLEKU small-minded, petty, vindictive, vengeful

SEOLEMBI to consider, to think over, to reflect

SEOLEN consideration, reflection, thought

SEOLEN BE GOROMILA banish the thought

SEOLTEI goral; cf. imahū

SER SEME small, tiny

SER SEME AGAMBI to rain lightly

SER SEME AJIGE tiny, minute

SER SEME DAMBI to blow gently (of the wind)

SER SERE tiny, small, minute

SERBEN SARBAN 1. in a swarm, swarming 2. in torrents

SERE fly's eggs, maggot

SERE WALIYAMBI to lay eggs (of flies)

SEREBE careful, painstaking, meticulous

SEREBUMBI 1. caus./pass. of serembi 2. to feel 3. to come to light, to become known, to be discovered 4. to reveal

SEREBUN feeling, experience

SERECUN a feeling for what is right, sensitivity

SERECUN AKŪ insensitive

SERECUNGGE one who is sensitive, one whose feelings are right

SEREHUN half-awake, half conscious

SEREMBI (-he/ke) to feel, to perceive, to find out, to experience, to have a presentiment

SEREME yellow hair five or six inches long from the tail of a deer sewn onto shoes and socks as decoration

SEREMŠEBUMBI caus./pass. of seremšembi

SEREMŠEMBI to defend, to guard (against), to prevent

SEREMŠEME TENEMBI to go to do garrison duty

SEREMŠEN defense, prevention

SERGE ŠU ILHA the name of a flower similar to the Tibetan lotus, the filaments of which are like iron wires


SERGUWEN CIRKU a pillow used in summertime

SERGUWEN EDUN a cool wind

SERGUWEŠEBUMBI caus. of serguwešembi

SERGUWEŠEMBI to cool off, to take advantage of a cool place or time

SERI sparse, scanty, diluted, infrequent

SERIKEN rather sparse or thin

SERKI scout, spy, a messenger who carries military intelligence, a messenger who goes by the post stations

SERKI FEKSIBUMBI to send a messenger with military intelligence

SERKIN report, intelligence, report sent to the emperor by the post stations

SERKINGGE TEMEN a fast camel

SERKUWEN see serguwen

SERSEN SARSAN shaking, trembling

SERSEN SEME the same as sersen sarsan

SERTEI harelipped

SERUKEN 1. cool 2. rather sparse or thin

SESE 1. gold thread 2. a small silver or copper wire that was tied on the tails of falcons 3. die, dice

SESE GECUHERI silk brocade

SESE I MORO cup for dice

SESE TABUMBI to sew with gold thread, to decorate with gold thread

SESE SASA frivolous, shallow, superficial

SESEME very little

SESENGGE BONIO a type of yellow monkey whose hair resembles gold threads

SESHE EFEN steamed bread; cf. feshen efen

SESHEBUMBI 1. caus. of seshembi 2. to disgust (someone with something)

SESHECUKE disgusting, unappetizing (because one has had too much already), loathsome

SESHEMBI 1. to be tired of, to be disgusted with, to be fed up with, to find loathsome 2. to shake, to shiver, to shake out 3. to sprinkle (flour, salt, sugar), to scatter, to spread (over)

SESHERI vulgar, common, lacking elegance

SESHETEBUMBI pass. of seshetembi

SESHETEMBI to shake vigorously

SESHUN disgusting, loathsome

SESI a curved deep-fried pastry made from millet and bean meal

SESILEMBI to form a herd (of deer)

SESIRI one-trillionth

SESUKIYEMBI to shiver from the cold

SESUKU die, dice

SESUKU MAKTAMBI to cast dice

SESULABUMBI caus. of sesulambi

SESULAMBI to be surprised, to be startled

SESULEMBI see sesulambi

SETERINEMBI to form holes (in ice at the spring thaw)

SEYEBUMBI caus./pass. of seyembi

SEYECUKE regrettable, vexing, hateful

SEYEMBI to regret, to find vexing, to dislike, to hate


SI 1. you (singular) 2. space (in writing); cf. siden 3. a file of five men 4. obstruction, blocking

SI AKU without obstruction, without interruption

SI AKŪ TALKIYAMBI to lighten without interruption

SI BI SEME ILGARAKŪ without making a distinction of 'you' and 'me'

SI SINDAME YABUMBI to walk in files of five

SI IHAN buffalo, rhinoceros

SI YANG the West, Europe

SIBCAMBI 1. to slip down, to slide off to come back after finding one isn't needed (for some rotating duty)

SIBDAN see sabdan

SIBE Equisetum hiemale--a plant whose stems are used for polishing wood and bone

SIBEDEMBI to polish with the stem of the plant Equisetum hiemale

SIBEHE the short ribs of the chest cavity

SIBEREBUMBI caus. of siberembi

SIBEREMBI 1. to knead 2. to spin thread in the fingers, to make a small ball (of felt, lint, or thread) by rolling in the fingers 3. to massage

SIBERHEN 1. wick 2. some substance like paper or hemp that has been rolled into a string between the fingers

SIBERI sweat of the hands and feet

SIBERI DANA 1. something held in the hand constantly 2. a man who has been sent on errands often 3. something left behind by a dead person

SIBIBUMBI caus. of sibimbi

SIBIDA NASAN the pickled stem of celery cabbage (Brassica pekinensis)

SIBIMBI 1. to grasp in the hand and pull through the fingers (of various long slender objects), to pull something long and slender 2. to pound into a long strip (gold or silver)

SIBIRGAN a type of speckled swallow

SIBIŠAMBI 1. to pull through the hand continually 2. to look at furtively

SIBIYA 1. counter, tally stick, tally used in fortune-telling, yarrow stalks 2. a patch running diagonally downward under the arm on a garment

SIBIYA ALIBUMBI to hand over a tally (of guards)

SIBIYA BAIMBI to consult the tallies (a kind of fortunetelling)

SIBIYA TATAMBI to draw lots, to draw the tallies

SIBIYALAKŪ a clasp or fastener for books and paintings

SIBIYALAMBI 1. to cast the tallies, to cast lots 2. to split with a wedge 3. to fasten or nail with a wooden or bamboo wedge

SIBIYAMBI short and sparse (of a person's hair)

SIBKE 1. a wooden or metal peg placed in the hasp of a lock 2. pin, rivet, peg 3. bar, lever

SIBKE MOO a two-man carrying pole

SIBKE SELE iron pin on a loom

SIBKELEBUMBI caus. of sibkelembi

SIBKELEMBI to carry on a pole between two men

SIBKELERE HŪSUN bearer, coolie

SIBKIBUMBI caus. of sibkimbi

SIBKIMBI to pursue (a problem, a grudge, etc.), to investigate, to be persistent

SIBKIME FUHAŠAMBI to do research on

SIBKURI a hole at the bottom of a city wall used as a passage for water

SIBSIHŪN 1. wide at the top and narrow at the bottom 2. having a face that is narrow at the bottom, having a narrow chin

SIBSIHUN FURGI a weir that is pointed at one end

SIBSIKA a switch

SIBSIKALAMBI to beat (hides and rugs)

SIBŠA suddenly, precipitously, quickly

SIBŠA EBEREKE suddenly dropped in price

SIBŠA GENEHE suddenly finished

SIBŠA TUTAHA suddenly left behind

SIBŠALAMBI to exclude, to shut out

SIBUMBI 1. caus./pass. of simbi 2. to be stopped up, to be obstructed

SIBUSHŪN stopped up, obstructed

SICAMBI (-ka) 1. to crack, to form a crack (of porcelain, jade, etc.) 2. to make an ear-shattering noise

SICING celadonite

SIDAHIYAMBI to roll back the sleeves, to bare the arms

SIDAMBI (-ka) to begin lactation, see huhun sidakabi

SIDAMBUMBI caus. of sidambi

SIDAN 1. young, immature 2. unadorned, unspoiled 3. see si

SIDAN JEKU the scattered grain left behind on the threshing floor

SIDAN JUSE juveniles, youths

SIDAN MOO a small, immature tree

SIDARABUMBI caus. of sidarambi

SIDARAMBI (-ka) 1. to unfold (the fist), to release, to spread out 2. to stretch out (of distances), to become distant 3. to become calm, relieved

SIDARAMBUMBI the same as sidarabumbi

SIDEHEN see sidehun

SIDEHULEBUMBI caus. of sidehulembi

SIDEHULEMBI 1. to leave a space 2. to bar a door

SIDEHUN 1. a horizontal wooden bar for a door 2. the horizontal pieces of window frames 3. the horizontal supports on the bottom of wagons and sedan chairs 4. the steps on a ladder

SIDEHUNJEMBI to leave a space, to make a pause, to do alternatively

SIDEN 1. space, interval, interstice 2. a while 3. measure word for rooms 4. witness S. official, public

SIDEN BAKCIN corroborative evidence

SIDEN DE in between

SIDEN I BAIBUNGGA official expenditures

SIDEN I BAITA official matter, official business

SIDEN I BAITALAN official use, official employment

SIDEN I BITHE official document

SIDEN I HACIN public property

SIDEN I HAHA extra-quota man

SIDEN I NIYALMA 1. middleman 2. witness

SIDEN NIRU a company formed from the bannermen of the imperial

household who serve on court duty

SIDEN OBUMBI to let serve as a witness

SIDEN TEMGETU 1. official credential or certificate 2. witness to an agreement

SIDEN WALIYAMBI to leave a space, to make a pause

SIDENGGE HERGEN a style of calligraphy--the clerical style

SIDEREBUMBI caus. of siderembi

SIDEREKŪ an iron decoration on the side of a horse's bridle

SIDEREMBI to hobble, to tie up, to trip, to encumber

SIDEREME ACILAMBI to throw by entangling the feet (in wrestling)

SIDERI 1. hobbling device, foot fetters, a hobble for animals 2. anklet

SIDERILENGGE pertaining to foot fetters

SIDERSHUN hobbled, lame, stiff-legged

SIDU MEIHE canine teeth (of a man)

SIDUMBI to scrape, to scrape off; cf. šudumbi

SIFA MACA wild leek; cf. sumpa maca

SIFIBUMBI caus. of sifimbi

SIFIKŪ a hairpin

SIFIMBI to wear a hairpin, to stick in the hair

SIFIRI ILHA an exotic flower with very thin stems and a bloom resembling a hairpin

SIFU FULANA ILHA the blossom of a variety of cherry-apple

SIFULU the bladder; cf. sike fulhū

SIGAMBI see sihambi

SIGAN 1. mist, heavy fog 2. see sihan

SIGAN TEMBI a mist settles

SIHABUMBI caus. of sihambi

SIHAKŪ a short bamboo flute with nine holes

SIHALI the area where the buttocks and waist join

SIHAMBI 1. to fall (of leaves), to fall out (of hair) 2. to wither 3. to give hot pursuit, to follow on the heels of 4. to examine in detail, to examine carefully

SIHAN 1. tube, pipe 2. a cylindrical container, cask, keg, pail 3. the inner barrel of a 'mother-child' cannon 4. see sigan

SIHAN SIRABURE POO a 'mother-child' cannon

SIHARAKŪ MOO a nondeciduous tree

SIHELEBUMBI caus./pass. of sihelembi

SIHELEMBI to hinder (because of envy or spite), to thwart, to get in the way

SIHERI EBCI floating rib

SIHEŠEMBI 1. to act frisky, to wag the tail 2. to fawn, to act obsequiously

SIHETE sparse and short

SIHIN 1. eaves (of a house) 2. the canopy of a tree, treetop

SIHIN DEN the top of the tree is high

SIHIN I EYEBUKU a drain at the junction of two eaves

SIHIN I KANGGIRI a thin piece of metal hung from the eaves that hums when the wind blows

SIHIN I SELE a piece of iron on a saddle used for attaching the stirrups

SIHIN I ULHUN a board that connects the eaves to the structure of the roof

SIHIN SELE the same as sihin i sele

SIHINGGE SON support for the eaves

SIHIYA roots and other inedible parts of grass left uneaten by cattle, sheep, etc.

SIHIYAKŪ 1. a hole in the footboard (cirku moo) of a door 2. a horizontal piece of wood on a pestle

SIHIYAN porch, pavilion

SIJA meat that has been cooked very soft in its own juice; cf. silja

SIJIBUMBI caus. of sijimbi

SIJIGIYAN a long gown

SIJIHŪN erect, straight

SIJIHŪN ILIHABI is standing erect (and still)

SIJILEMBI to shoot an arrow with a line attached to it, to throw an object with a line attached

SIJIMBI to sew with very fine stitches

SIJIN 1. line, string, fishline 2. line tied to the foot of a falcon 3. broken grain from which the chaff has been removed (especially rice and millet)

SIJIN BELE broken grain from which the chaff has been removed

SIJIRAHŪN see sijirhūn

SIJIRAMBI to make straight, to be straight

SIJIRHŪN straight, not crooked

SIKA 1. the hair of the mane or tail of an animal 2. a tassel for a hat made from the mane or tail of a cow

SIKA FOYO 'red sand grass'--a type of red-colored grass that is used for cushioning in shoes and boots

SIKA HADAHAN a peg on the rim of a wagon to which the load can be fixed

SIKA MOO the windmill palm--Trachycarpus excelsus

SIKA SORSON a tassel for a hat made from the hairs of a cow's tail

SIKARI one name for the wild pig, the same as kitari

SIKE urine

SIKE FULHŪ the bladder

SIKE ONGGOHO 'forgot urine'--said of horses that can't urinate

SIKE SEN the opening of the urethra

SIKSE yesterday

SIKSERGAN a lizard

SIKSERI dusk, twilight

SIKTAN elixir, elixir of immortality

SIKU see sikū

SIKŪ pieces of leather or felt in a quiver used to hold the arrows in place

SILAN a type of fine blue cloth

SILBA having the same name or surname; cf. cilba

SILDA YALI meat from the neck

SILE meat soup, broth

SILEHEN one name for the crane; cf. bulehen

SILEMI see silemin

SILEMIDEMBI to act in a lazy, indolent manner

SILEMIN 1. tough, tenacious, resilient 2. lasting, long-winded, untiring 3. reluctant, hard to move

SILENGGI 1. dew 2. saliva that runs from the corners of the mouth--drivel

SILENGGI FUHEŠEMBI the dew rolls (in abundance)

SILENGGI GEBKELJEMBI the dew glistens (in the sunlight)


SILENGGI TOKTOHOBI the dew has settled

SILENGGI WASIKA the dew has fallen


SILENGGIŠEMBI to drool, to slaver

SILGABUMBI caus. of silgambi

SILGABUN selection

SILGAMBI to sort out, to select, to hand-pick

SILGASI Senior Licentiate, BH 629A

SILGIMBI 1. to slip through an opening (as a fly through a crack, or a fish through a net) 2. euphemism for 'to slaughter' in sacrificial language

SILGIYABUMBI caus. of silgiyambi

SILGIYAMBI to rinse out

SILHAMBI see silgambi

SILHATA alone, friendless, lone

SILHI 1. gall bladder 2. envy

SILHIDABUMBI pass. of silhidambi

SILHIDAMBI to envy, to be jealous

SILHIMBI 1. to penetrate, to slip through; cf. silgimbi 2. to place an arrowhead on a shaft

SILHINGGA envious, jealous

SILIHI one name for the weasel; cf. solohi

SILIMBI to select, to pick out; cf. si agambi

SILIHA COOHA crack troops, hand-picked troops

SILIN topnotch, elite, crack (troops)

SILIN DACUNGGA KŪWARAN I SIDEN YAMUN office of the Light Division, BH 733, 738

SILJA meat that has been cooked to pieces in it own juices--the same as sija

SILKA see silkan

SILKADA a crafty or shrewd person, a slippery person

SILKAN 1. crafty, cautious, shrewd 2. a type of small oak, the wood of which was used for bow grips and axles

SILKARI MOO Quercus sclerophylla, a sort of oak tree

SILMELEMBI to dry in the shade

SILMELEHE YALI meat that has been dried in the shade

SILMEN 1. shady, sunless 2. sparrow hawk (Accipiter nisus)


SILTABUMBI caus. of siltambi

SILTAKŪ a shirker

SILTAMBI 1. to shirk, to get out of doing something, to refuse responsibility 2. to make excuses, to put someone off

SILTAN mast, flagpole used in a temple, pole

SILTAN I HAFIRAKŪ MOO wooden holder for a mast

SILTAN I ŠURDEBUKU hoist for a sail (attached to the mast)

SILTAN MOO a sacred tree erected in the shamanistic shrine of the palace

SILUN lynx (Felis lynx) SIMACUKA 1. lonely 2. desolate, mournful 3. meager, scant

SIMAGA see šumgan

SIMARI CECIKE one name for the goat-sucker (Caprimulgus indicus)

SIMATUN CECIKE one name for the goat-sucker, the same as simari cecike

SIMBE accusative form of si 'you'

SIMBI (-he) 1. to stop up, to plug up, to fill in 2. to stand in for, to substitute for 3. to bribe, to employ as bribery

SIME BUMBI to give as a bribe

SIMEBUMBI caus./pass. of simembi

SIMELEMBI to be muddy, to be marshlike

SIMELEN marsh, mire

SIMELEN COKO marsh hen

SIMELEN ŠUNGKERI ILHa marsh orchid--Arethusa chinensis

SIMELI 1. poor and forlorn, miserable, wretched 2. poverty-stricken

SIMELJE a gull-like bird with a white growth on its black head

SIMEMBI (-ke, -he) 1. to soak, to

moisten, to seep into 2. to favor

SIMEN 1. moisture, juice, secretion, vital fluids, fluids 2. favor, beneficence

SIMEN AKŪ 1. uninteresting, dull, unexciting 2. lonely, desolate, not prospering

SIMEN ARAMBI to keep company, to pass the time, to be friendly with

SIMEN GOCIMBUMBI the liquids freeze--said to describe an unbearable cold

SIMEN NIYOLOCUKA saturated with fat, fatty

SIMENGGE bustling, exciting, prospering, thriving, animated

SIMENGGI tung oil

SIMENGGI URANGGA MOO tung tree (Aleurites fordii)

SIMENGGILEBUMBI caus. of simenggilembi

SIMENGGILEMBI to apply (tung) oil, to paint


SIMGAN see šumgan

SIMHULEMBI to play the finger game

SIMHULERE EFIN the finger guessing game

SIMHUN finger, toe

SIMHUN BUHIYEMBUMBI the same as simhulembi

SIMHUN FATAME TOLOMBI to count on the fingers

SIMHUN GIDAME TOLOMBI the same as simhun fatame tolombi

SIMHUN HEFELI palm of the hand, sole of the foot

SIMHUN SEHEI SIHERI EBCI BE JAFAHA 'saying he would take only a finger, he took a rib'--proverb

SIMHURI the name of a wild finger-shaped fruit that ripens in the sixth month

SIMIBUMBI caus./pass. of simimbi

SIMIKTE a cat's-eye

SIMIMBI to suck

SIMINUMBI to suck together, to suck one another

SIMNEBUMBI caus./pass. of simnembi

SIMNEMBI to examine, to take an examination, to test

SIMNEHE SILGASI designation of superior students chosen every twelve years for the court examination, imperial student by special selection

SIMNERE DOSIMBI to pass an examination

SIMNERE BAITAI KUNGGERI board of affairs relating to examinations in the Board of Rites

SIMNERE BE KADALARA KUNGGERI examination office of the Metropolitan Prefecture

SIMNERE BOO the place where the examinees were lodged during an examination

SIMNERE BUKDARUN examination paper

SIMNERE HAFAN examination officer

SIMNERE KŪWARAN examination hall

SIMNERE KŪWARAN I BAITA BE UHERI KADALARA HAFAN official in charge at the metropolitan examination

SIMNEN examination, testing

SIMNENDUMBI/SIMNENUMBI to take an examination together, to examine together

SIMNENEMBI to go to take an examination, to go to examine

SIMNENJIMBI to come to take an examination, to come to examine

SIMNESI examinee, student--a person who had passed the examination given by the district magistrate

SIMORI the name of a constellation

SIMORI TOKDONGGO KIRU a banner depicting the constellation simori

SINTEN taste, tasty

SIMTU a large iron cooking pot

SIN a measure equaling one Chinese bushel and eight pecks

SIN I HIYASE the same as sin

SIN JEKU JETERE AHA a slave assigned to the imperial household

SINAGALAMBI to keep the mourning period, to mourn

SINAGAN mourning

SINAGAN DE ACANJIMBI to come to a funeral


SINAHI mourning garment (of sackcloth)

SINAHI HŪWAITAMBI to don mourning garments

SINAHILAMBI to wear mourning clothes

SINCI ablative form of si

SINDABUMBI caus./pass. of sindambi

SINDAMBI 1. to put, to place, to set 2. to let go, to let out, to release, to liberate 3. to dissipate, to be unrestrained 4. to play (chess) 5. to appoint (an official) 6. to bury 7. to fire (a gun) 8. to give head to (a horse) 9. to give off (rays of light) 10. to remit, to forgive

SINDARALAMBI to free, to release, to let go

SINDE dative/locative of si

SINDU ILHA the bloom of the Opuntia cactus

SINDUBI the name of a constellation


depicting the constellation sindubi

SING SING an ape; cf. sirsing

SING SING JAN see singsingjan

SINGGEBUMBI caus./pass. of singgembi

SINGGEBUME TEBUMBI to sink to the bottom, to fall all the way to the bottom

SINGGEBUME ULHIBUMBI to instruct or inform thoroughly

SINGGEKU the internal organs

SINGGEMBI 1. to soak into, to permeate, to saturate, to soak through, to become thoroughly wet 2. to be digested 3. to suck (into) 4. to dissolve 5. to appropriate, to take for one's own use, to take on the sly

SINGGERI 1. rat, mouse 2. the first of the earth's branches

SINGGERI BIYA the eleventh month

SINGGERI HUHUN a small tumor on the skin

SINGGERI ŠAN 'rat's ears'--Gnaphalium multiceps

SINGGERI YOO a growth on the neck

SINGGERINGGE pertaining to the rat

SINGGERINGGE ANIYA the year of the rat

SINGGEŠU one name for the large quail (ihan mušu)

SINGGETEI soaked, saturated

SINGGIRAMBI to be envious

SINGGIYAMBI 1. to ache, to be numb, to be sore 2. to stick in the belt (an arrow)

SINGGIYAN aching, numb

SINGKEYEN cloudy and cold

SINGSILAMBI see cincilambi

SINGSIN physiognomy


SINI genitive of si


SIOI foreword, preface (to a book); cf. šutucin

SIOJAN embroiderer

SIOJUWAN a secretary in the Hanlin Academy

SIOLEMBI to embroider

SIOWAN a ocarinalike musical instrument with five holes

SIR SEME somewhat numb, rather numb, asleep (of a limb)

SIR SEME FUNGKE gone to sleep (of the limbs)

SIR SITAR (onom.) 1. the sound of grass and leaves moving slightly 2. palpitating (of the heart)

SIR ŠAR SEME 1. walking slowly 2. see sir siyar

SIKA 1. yellow 2. the bone of the leg below the knee, the tibia

SIRA DEN long-legged

SIRA MOO mountain barberry--a vine that grows in thickets and can be woven into walking canes

SIRABUMBI caus. of sirambi

SIRACA 1. Chinese boxthorn--Lycium chinensis 2. a yellow dye made from the rotten bark of the tree Quercus bungeana

SIRAKŪ false hair

SIRAMBI 1. to continue, to follow 2. to connect, to tie together 3. to inherit

SIRARA HAFAN hereditary official

SIRARA HAFAN I TACIKŪ a school for the sons of worthy officials

SIRAME 1. next (in sequence) 2. step-

SIRAME AMA stepfather

SIRAME ENIYE stepmother


SIRAME HAFAN I TINGGIN the name of a hall in the Court of Sacrificial Worship

SIRAME JALAHI JUI the son of a cousin on the father's side

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