A I bukdan the outside edge of a piece of folded paper

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AISI OBUMBI to bring benefit to

AISI TEMBI to earn interest

AISILABUKU 1. helper 2. prime minister

AISILABUMBI caus. of aisilambi

AISILAKŪ helper a

AISILAKŪ HAFAN Assistant Department Director, BH 291

AISILAMBI to help, to aid, to reinforce, to provide

AISILAME BAICARA DOOLI HAFAN Assistant Superintendent; cf. BH 185E, 835A

AISILAME BENEMBI to dispatch funds for assistance

AISILAME BENERE MENGGUN funds dispatched for assistance


AISILAME DASARA DOOLI HAFAN intendant for governmental affairs


AISILAME JAFAHA SILGASI a person who obtained a licentiate degree by purchase

AISILAME JAFAHA TACIMSI an official of the Imperial Academy

AISILAME JAFARA BAITA BE ICIHIYARA BOO a section of the Board of Revenue concerned with the purchase of official titles




assistant director

AISILAN help, aid, assistance

AISILANDUMBI/AISILANUMBI to help together, to help one another

AISILANGGA colonel of a brigade; cf. BH 752, 656D

AISILANJIMBI to come to help

AISILATAMBI to help often

AISIMBI to bless, to uphold, to give support to

AISIMU ILHA Tulipa edulis

AISIN metal, gold

AISIN ARGACAN a golden broadax carried in processions

AISIN BADIRI ILHA a sort of red flower whose petals overlap one another like alms bowls

AISIN CANGGA a golden signal bell

AISIN CECIKE ILHA scotch broom (Cytisus scoparius)

AISIN CERI ILHA cowherb (Vaccaria vulgaris )

AISIN CIFELEKU a golden spittoon

AISIN DENGJAN ILHA same as aisimu ilha

AISIN DERE OBOKŪ a golden basin used for face washing


AISIN GIORO the surname of the Ch'ing royal family

AISIN HIYAN I HOSERI a golden incense vessel

AISIN HOOŠAN gold paper, gold leaf

AISIN HŪNTAHAN ILHA a type of calendula

AISIN I SESE golden thread

AISIN ILHANGGA SUKŪ leather decorated with golden flowers

AISIN INGGALI 1. golden wagtail 2. a sort of yellow flower

AISIN JALASU golden token or emblem carried in processions


AISIN KANGGIRI a small golden bell worn on hats by officials

AISIN LAKIYANGGA HIYAN DABUKŪ a golden warming pan held in the hands

AISIN LASHANGGA OSE LOHO a gilded Japanese sword

AISIN LUJEN an imperial chariot with golden squares on the top, was drawn by elephants

AISIN MALU a golden wine container carried in processions

AISIN MUDURI POO a type of large bronze cannon

AISIN MULAN a square gilded stool carried in processions

AISIN NENDEN ILHA the Chinese Trollius

AISIN NIKEKUNGGE MULAN a stool with carved golden dragon decorations

AISIN NIYANJAN a chariot with golden decorations

AISIN SESE NOHO SUJE silk woven with golden threads intertwined

AISIN ŠU ILHA nasturtium

AISIN ŠUGIN I ILETU KIYOO a gilded or gold-painted sedan chair

AISIN UJIMA another name for the chicken

AISIN UJUNGGA GARU a golden-headed swan

AISIN UJUNGGA YENGGUHE a yellow-headed parrot

AISIN USIHA the planet Venus

AISIN USIHANGGA KIRU a banner of the imperial escort with the planet Venus depicted upon it

AISINGGA profitable, helpful


AISIRI TORO ILHA Chinese Hypericum

AISURI a bird resembling a lark, with a short tail, white neck, and golden eyes

AITUBUBUMBI caus. of aitubumbi

AITUBUMBI 1. caus. of aitumbi 2. to save, to revive, to cure

AITUBUN salvation, revival

AITUMBI to come to, to recover

AITURI a kind of wild kumquat

AIYONGGA ILHA 'golden sandflower'

AJA mother

AJABUMBI caus./pass. of ajambi

AJABUME GISUREMBI to tell from the beginning

AJAJA interjection of surprise

AJAMBI to make a small cut, to mar by cutting

AJI first-born

AJI MUYARI dragon's-eye (Nephelium longana)

AJIDA small, a small bit

AJIDA JOFOHORI trifoliate orange

AJIGALAMBI to treat as a child

AJIGAN young, small

AJIGAN TACIN elementary instruction

AJIGE small, little, young

AJIGE AJIGE a bit, a little

AJIGE BILERI a small sona flute

AJIGE BUKDARI a small folded book used for notices and memorials

AJIGE BUREN a small brass horn

AJIGE GIYALAKŪ MOO a small piece of wood attached to the front of a ship's mast

AJIGE HALHŪN one of the twenty-four solar divisions of the year--the seventh or eighth of August

AJIGE HEFELI the lower belly

AJIGE HIYA SILMEN sparrow hawk (Accipiter virgatus)

AJIGE HOSO the outside corner of the eye

AJIGE HŪWAŠAN a Buddhist novice


AJIGE JALU one of the twenty-four solar divisions of the year--the twenty-first or twenty-second of May

AJIGE KONGGORO NIONGNIYAHA a small yellow wild goose

AJIGE KŪRCAN a small gray crane

AJIGE MAMA the measles

AJIGE MUJILEN care, careful

AJIGE NIMANGGI one of the twenty-four solar divisions of the year--the twenty-second or twenty-third of November

AJIGE NINGGE ERŠEMBI to get the measles

AJIGE NIYO COKO a small pewit

AJIGE SURI a type of silk

AJIGE ŠUŠERI Peucedanum graveolens

AJIGE ŠAHŪRUN one of the twenty-four solar divisions of the year--the sixth or seventh of January

AJIGE ŠOŠOBUN small summary--one of the parts of a formal essay

AJIGE TACIKŪ elementary school


AJIGEN 1. young, small 2. a youth

AJIGEŠI plural of ajigen

AJILABUMBI caus. of ajilambi

AJILAMBI 1. to remove the chaff 2. to tan

AJIN sturgeon

AJIRGALAMBI to cover (as a mare by a stallion)

AJIRGAN a male horse, donkey, camel, or dog

AJIRGAN ŠOGI an edible wild grass with prickles on its leaves, thistle

AJIRHALAMBI the same as ajirgalambi

AJIRHAN the same as ajirgan.

AJIRKA didn't recognize, confused (an acquaintance)

AJIŠI a fruit in the shape and size of the little finger that tastes like a persimmon

AK an interjection of sudden surprise

AKA NIYEHE loon, dabchick

AKABUMBI 1. caus. of akambi 2. to sadden, to bring grief to, to make suffer

AKABURU an oath: may grief come upon you!

AKACUKA sad, pitiful, grievous

AKACUN sadness, grief

AKAMBI (-ka) to be sad, to grieve

AKAME GECEHE the ice has frozen all the way to the bottom

AKCUHIYAN brittle, sensitive, fragile

AKDABUMBI caus. of akdambi

AKDACUKA dependable, trustworthy,believable

AKDACUN 1. trust, trustworthiness, 2. what one depends on, livelihood

AKDACUN AKŪ not dependable, doubtful

AKDAMBI to depend on, to trust

AKDAN trust

AKDANDUMBI to trust or depend on one another

AKDUKAN rather dependable, reliable, firm

AKDULABUMBI caus. of akdulambi

AKDULAMBI 1. to protect, to guarantee, to defend, to fortify 2. to promise 3. to recommend

AKDULARA BITHE a letter of guarantee


AKDULANDUMBI/AKDULANUMBI to fortify or defend together, to promise together, to recommend together

AKDUN 1. firm, strong, dependable 2.trust (for akdan)

AKDUN ACANGGA a pass consisting of two matching pieces used for admittance to a city at night

AKDUN GIRDAN a silken pennant on which the word akdun was embroidered

AKDUN JURGANGGA SARGAN JUI a woman who after the death of her husband does not remarry

AKDUN ŠARGAN JUI a woman who does not remarry after her husband's death

AKDUN TEMGETU credentials used by an imperial envoy

AKDUNGGA firm, solid, enduring

AKDUNGGA FURDAN solid gateway

AKE interjection used when touching something hot

AKIYA river perch; cf. kiyakū

AKIYABUMBI 1. caus. of akiyambi 2. to dry, to smoke

AKIYAMBI to dry up

AKIYAME GECEHE frozen to the bottom

AKIYAN NIMAHA a fish frozen into the ice

AKJABA false hellebore (Veratrum nigrum)

AKJAMBI (-ka) to thunder

AKJAMBULU flying squirrel

AKJAN thunder

AKJAN DARIMBI thunder roars

AKJAN I ADALI DURGIMBI to roar like thunder

AKJUHIYAN 1. easy to anger 2. brittle, crisp; cf. akcuhiyan

AKSABUMBI 1. caus. of aksambi 2. to frighten (off)

AKŠALAMBI to be startled

AKŠAMBI (-ka) to be shy, to be retiring, to hide because of fear

AKŠARA ŠIRGA 'a shy deer'--metaphor for someone who is shy

AKŠAMBUMBI see aksabumbi

AKŠARGAN a belt on which a quiver is fixed

AKAMBI (-ka) to become rancid, to become spoiled

AKŠAN water plants left hanging on trees after a flood recedes, branches and plants floating on the surface of water, flotsam, decayed matter

AKAN TAHA GESE like left-behind driftwood

AKŠANTAMBI to smell of decaying matter

AKŠULABUMBI caus./pass. of akšulambi

AKŠULAMBI to slander, to revile

AKŠUN 1. slanderous 2. rancid, spoiled

AKŠUN BE an oath used to revile a person

AKSUN DA gullet, throat

AKŪN GISUN slanderous words, slander

AKTA gelding

AKTA UŠE girth

AKTALABUMBI caus. of aktalambi

AKTALAKŪ MOO a horizontal wooden support over a door or window

AKTALAMBI 1. to straddle, to span 2. to castrate

AKTALIYAN saddlebag

AKŪ particle of negation: there is not, there are not, doesn't exist, isn't here (there)

AKŪ OHO died

AKŪI TEN same as amba ten: the great ultimate--the ultimate principle of the universe

AKŪMBI to die

AKŪMBUMBI to endeavor, to exert to the utmost, to do one's best, to fulfill

AKŪMI clothes made of fish skin

AKŪN akū plus the interrogative particle -n

AKŪNAMBI to reach (the opposite shore), to go to the end

AKŪNAME everywhere, all over, all around

AKŪNARAKŪ BA AKŪ utterly complete, there is nothing that isn't reached or completed

AKŪNGGE that which is not, that which doesn't exist

AKŪNJIMBI to arrive at this shore, to come to this side

AKŪTALA until nothing is left

ALA a hill with a level top

ALA GASHA a name for the pheasant

ALA ULHŪMA the same as ala gasha

ALA ŠALA tenderly, affectionately

ALABUMBI caus. of alambi

ALAJAN collarbone, clavicle

ALAKDAHA for alakdahan

ALAKDAHA AŠU a net for catching the jerboa

ALAKDAHAN five-toed jerboa (Allactaga sibirica)

ALAMBI 1. to tell, to report 2. to wrap with birch bark

ALAMIMBI to carry across the back

ALAN 1. birch bark 2. the shoulder and breast parts of armor

ALAN EREMBI to peel off birch bark

ALAN WEIHU birchbark canoe

ALANAMBI to go to report

ALANDUMBI/ALANUMBI to report together

ALANGGIBUMBI caus. of alanggimbi

ALANGGIMBI to send to report

ALANJIMBI (imperative alanju) to come to report

ALARAME along a low hill

ALARI ILHA mountain vermilion (Ixora chinensis)

ALAŠAN 1. a nag 2. a person who uses his strength to no avail

ALBABUN tribute, tribute products

ALBALAMBI to awe, to intimidate

ALBAN 1. public service 2. official, public, fiscal 3. tax, duty, tribute

ALBAN BOOI TURIGEN I NAMUN Office for Collecting Rent of Confiscated Property, BH 82

ALBAN CAGAN official commission, official document

ALBAN DE YABUMBI to go to an official post

ALBAN GAIMBI to collect tax or duty

ALBAN HALAN AKŪ unfortunately

ALBAN I BUMBI to provide at public expense

ALBAN I UŠIN I BOLGOBURE FIYENTEN a section in the Board of Works concerned with military colonists

ALBAN JAFAMBI to present tribute

ALBAN JAFANJIMBI to bring tribute

ALBAN KAMBI to go out on an official errand

ALBAN ŠULEHEN duties and taxes

ALBAN TACIKŪ School of the Imperial Household, BH 87

ALBAN TACIKŪI JUSE students of the above school

ALBAN WEILEMBI to do official work

ALBANI CECE silken gauze offered as tribute

ALBANI LAMUN HOOŠAN a kind of blue paper used for making borders

ALBANI ŠUJE silk offered as tribute

ALBASI functionary, the person on duty

ALBATU rough, coarse, common, ordinary

ALBATUKAN rather coarse

ALBATULAMBI to act or speak coarsely

ALCU the concave side of a gacuha

ALDA a half-grown pig

ALDAHI AHŪN DEO second cousins

ALDAKŪ a wall placed behind the targets

on an archery field

ALDANGGA distant (in relationship)

ALDANGGA DALAN a dike built far from a shore

ALDANGGA MUKŪN distant clan

ALDANGGAI distantly, from a distance

ALDANGGAKAN rather distant

ALDARKAN death before the nineteenth year, a premature death

ALDASI halfway, midway, short-lived, cut off midway, premature (death)

ALDASI WAJIMBI to die young

ALDASILAMBI to turn back or stop half-way, to be incomplete, to die young

ALDUNGGA strange, queer, uncommon, uncanny, ghostly

ALGA same as alha

ALGAN a net for catching quail

ALGIDAMBI to praise, to extol

ALGIMBI (-ka) to be famous, to become known

ALGIMBUMBI caus. of algimbi

ALGIN 1. fame 2. the male otter; cf. hailan

ALGINDAMBI to praise, to laud

ALGINGGA famous, well-known

ALGINGGA JUBENGGE boastful, ostentatious

ALGINTU famous

ALGIŠAMBI 1. to be respected, to be well known 2. to boast, to put on airs

ALGIYABUMBI caus. of algiyambi

ALGIYAMBI to skim the fat from the top of soup

ALHA 1. many colored, variegated, mottled 2. satin in which the woof and the warp are of different colors 3. a horse of more than one color 4. see elhe alhai

ALHA BULHA many colored, splendid

ALHA UIHE BERI a bow made from spotted buffalo horn

ALHABUMBI 1. caus. of alhambi 2. at a shamanistic performance, to gather a crowd around so that by their shouting a trance may be induced in the shaman

ALHACAN mottled

ALHACAN NIYEHE falcated teal (Eunetta falcata)

ALHACAN ULHŪMA the small ring-necked pheasant

ALHAMBI to go into a trance (of a shaman)

ALHANGGA spotted, speckled

ALHANGGA .ANAHŪN MOO spotted nanmu wood

ALHARI spotted, variegated

ALHARI COKO a type of variegated Fukienese pheasant

ALHARI NIYEHE a type of white spotted duck

ALHATA scattered, dispersed, mixed, variegated

ALHATA SŪWALIYATA mixed, variegated

ALHATA YALI pork in which strips of lean and fat alternate

ALHATANAMBI to become spotted or mottled

ALHATU spotted, variegated

ALHURU DUDU a dove with a yellow spotted back

ALHŪDABUMBI caus. of alhūdambi

ALHŪDAMBI to imitate, to pattern after

ALHŪDAN pattern, model

ALHŪDANGGA pertaining to a pattern or model

ALHŪDANJIMBI to come to imitate

ALHŪDANUMBI to imitate one another

ALHŪJI MAMA an ugly old lady spirit

ALHŪWA membrane (particularly the membrane on the heart or liver), the cornea of the eye, bamboo membrane

ALHŪWA BURIMBI to form a cataract on the eye

ALHŪWA YALI diaphragm

ALIBUMBI 1. caus. of alimbi 2. to present (a document to a superior), to offer

ALIBUME WESIMBURE BITHE a congratulatory letter presented to the throne

ALIBURE BITHE ICIHIYARA KŪNGGERI section concerned with handling officials' leave permits and other petitions

ALIBURE BUKDAN a sort of name card used by lower officials and students

ALIBUN a petition

ALIBUNJIMBI to come to present

ALIGAN support, retainer, base

ALIHAN a strip of lining along the hem of an unlined garment

ALIKIYARI a type of small green parrot

ALIKŪ a tray, the tray used for weighing on a scale, the lower millstone

ALIKŪLAMBI to put on a scale, to put on a millstone

ALIMBAHAMBI to be able to bear

ALIMBAHARAKŪ 1. intolerable, insupportable 2. greatly, exceedingly

ALIMBI 1. to receive, to accept 2. to undertake 3. to endure 4. to support, to hold up, to stop up (a leak) 5. to take a falcon on the hand

ALIFI BAICARA AMBAN Senior President of the Censorate, BH 207A

ALIFI BOŠORO FALGANGGA Office of Incitement, BH 493.4

ALIFI DASARA HAFAN District Magistrate, BH 856


Commissioner of the Transmission Office, BH 928

ALIFI KADALARA AMBAN Presiding Controller of the Imperial Clan Court, BH 57


ALIFI TACIBURE HAFAN Departmental Director of Schools, BH 851A-6

ALIHA AMBAN President of a Board, BH 276

ALIHA BITHEI DA Grand Secretary, BH 131

ALIHA COOHA a Manchu or Mongol cavalryman

ALIHA DA an abbreviation of aliha bithei da

ALIHA HAFAN Director; cf. BH 933, 934

ALIHA NIYALMA steward, manager


ALIME GAIMBI to accept, to receive

ALIN mountain

ALIN BIRA GIYALABUMBI to be separated by mountains and rivers

ALIN CIBIRGAN mountain swallow

ALIN EFIMBI for a mirage to appear on a mountain

ALIN I BETHE the foot of a mountain

ALIN I BOSO the shady or north side of a mountain

ALIN I CAI ILHA sasanqua

ALIN I CECIKE 'mountain sparrow'--probably Passer rutilans

ALIN I EBCI slope of a mountain

ALIN I HISY steep area on a mountain

ALIN I JUKIDUN Chinese blue magpie (Urocissa erythroryncha)

ALIN I MUDAN curves of a mountain, a winding mountain road

ALIN I OFORO mountain ridge

ALIN I SAIHA slope under the peak of a mountain

ALIN I SAKSAHA Asiatic blue magpie (Cyanopolius cyaneus)

ALIN I ULHŪMA Reeve's pheasant; cf. nikan ulhūma

ALIN I WAI a hidden spot among the curves and turns of a mountain

ALIN JAKARAHA the mountains have become distinct at dawn

ALIN JALGANGGA MOO tree of heaven (Ailanthus glandulosa)

ALIN ULEJEMBI there is a landslide

ALIN YADALI CECIKE thrush (Garrulax davidi)

ALINJIMBI to come to accept

ALIOI the yang tones of the major scale

ALIOI HŪWALIYASI Chief Musician, BH 389-1

ALIRAME along a mountain

ALISUN grain that has sprouted from lost or abandoned seeds

ALIŠABUMBI caus. of ališambi

ALIŠACUKA depressing

ALIŠAMBI (-ka) to be listless, to be bored, to be unhappy, to worry

ALIŠAME KENEHUNJEMBI to tarry, to be uncertain, to be undecided

ALIŠATAMBI to be deeply depressed

ALITUN a small table for offerings

ALIYABUMBI caus. of aliyambi

ALIYACUN 1. regret 2. waiting

ALIYAKIYAMBI to linger, to pace back and forth while waiting, to slow one's pace to allow someone to catch up

ALIYAMBI 1. to regret 2. to wait

ALIYASUNGGA patient, long-suffering

ALJABUMBI 1. caus. of aljambi 2. to banish, to make leave, to exorcise

ALJAMBI 1. to leave 2. to lose (color) 3. see angga aljambi

ALKŪN the gait of a horse or other livestock

ALKŪN AMBA wide-gaited

ALMIN INDAHŪN a dog with a long muzzle

ALŪN INDAHŪN a dog with a short muzzle

AMA father, head of the household

AMAGA afterwards, later, future

AMAGA ENEN descendant

AMAGA INENGGI later, a later day

AMAGA JALAN later generation, posterity

AMAGANGGE that which is later

AMAHA the same as amaga

AMAKA husband's father

AMALA 1. behind 2. after, later

AMALA FIYANJILAMBI to form a rear guard, to cover the rear

AMALA OBUMBI to set aside

AMALA TUTAMBI to leave behind

AMARGI 1. back, behind 2. north

AMARGI COLHON I KIRU a banner with Mt. Heng depicted on it

AMARGI FALGANGGA Fifth Subdepartment of the Imperial Equipage Department, BH 122

AMARGI FISEMBUHE BOO a building behind the main house

AMARGI FIYENTEHE the concluding section of the body of a formal essay

AMARGI JUWERE JEKUI KŪNGGERI a bureau of the Board of Revenue concerned with transporting grain from the south (Yun-nan) to the north

AMARGI NAHAN the hang on the north side of the room

AMARGINGGE 1. that which comes after

2. afterbirth 3. pertaining to the north

AMARI after, afterwards

AMARIMBI to fall behind

AMASI 1. backward, to the back, toward the back 2. after, henceforth

AMASI BUMBI to sacrifice to the Big Dipper

AMASI DUSHUMBI to draw the right hand back forcefully (in archery)

AMASI JULESI backwards and forwards

AMATA plural of ama

AMBA big, great, vast, important

AMBA AJIGE large and small (size)

AMBA BAYARA guard division; cf. BH 734

AMBA BEIKŪWEN one of the twenty-four solar divisions of the year falling on January twentieth or twenty-first

AMBA DORO imperial rule

AMBA DULIN a majority

AMBA DUWALINAHA one of the six tones of the major scale

AMBA ELHE NIYANJAN an imperial chariot drawn by six men

AMBA ELIOI one of the six tones of the minor scale


AMBA GARMA a large yellow mosquito

AMBA HALHŪN one of the twenty-four divisions of the solar year falling on August twenty-third or twenty-fourth

AMBA HIYOOŠUN the filial piety of the emperor

AMBA HIYOOŠUNGGA supremely filial--an epithet of the emperor

AMBA HOLBONGGO HOOŠAN paper used for making money that is burned as a sacrifice

AMBA HOŠO the inner corner of the eye

AMBA HŪWALIYAMBURE DEYEN the main throne hall of the Peking palace

AMBA IJA horsefly

AMBA KOOLINGGA HAFAN Compiler of the Second Class, BH 200B

AMBA KUMUN music played when the emperor retired to his private chambers after a banquet

AMBA LAMPA great chaos

AMBA MUKE a flood

AMBA MURU 1. probably, generally, in outline, approximately 2. sketch, outline

AMBA NIMANGGI one of the twenty-four divisions of the solar year falling on the seventh or eighth of December

AMBA SARGAN the first or chief wife

AMBA SURI a type of rough silk

AMBA ŠAHŪRUN one of the twenty-four divisions of the solar year falling on the twentieth or twenty-first of January

AMBA ŠOGE a fifty-ounce silver ingot

AMBA ŠOŠOBUN great summary--the last part of a formal essay

AMBA TACIN Mahayana (Buddhism)

AMBA TEN the great ultimate--the ultimate principle of the universe


AMBA YABUNGGA title for a deceased emperor

AMBA YALI meat offered and eaten at a sacrifice

AMBA YOLONGGO JAHŪDAI a type of fast war junk

AMBAKALIYAN rather large, somewhat big

AMBAKAN rather big, a person who is rather large

AMBAKASI plural of ambakan

AMBAKI haughty, proud, pompous

AMBAKILAMBI to act haughtily

AMBALINGGŪ 1. huge, imposing, impressive, grand 2. dignified


AMBALINGGŪ MUNGGAN the mausoleum of the K'ang-hsi emperor

AMBAN 1. high official, dignitary 2. same as amba

AMBAN I MANAMBI 1. to be carried out carelessly 2. (the month) has thirty days

AMBARAMBI to do on a large scale

AMBARAME GIYANGNARA HAFAN an official charged with explaining the classics to the emperor

AMBARAME SIMNEMBI to hold the tri-yearly examination in the capital

AMBARAME WECERE WECEN the sacrifice offered every five years by the emperor to all the imperial ancestors

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