A a an interjection of casual response

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SIR SEME FUNGKE gone to sleep (of the limbs)

SIR SITAR (onom.) 1. the sound of grass and leaves moving slightly 2. palpitating (of the heart)

SIR ŠAR SEME 1. walking slowly 2. see sir siyar

SIKA 1. yellow 2. the bone of the leg below the knee, the tibia

SIRA DEN long-legged

SIRA MOO mountain barberry--a vine that grows in thickets and can be woven into walking canes

SIRABUMBI caus. of sirambi

SIRACA 1. Chinese boxthorn--Lycium chinensis 2. a yellow dye made from the rotten bark of the tree Quercus bungeana

SIRAKŪ false hair

SIRAMBI 1. to continue, to follow 2. to connect, to tie together 3. to inherit

SIRARA HAFAN hereditary official

SIRARA HAFAN I TACIKŪ a school for the sons of worthy officials

SIRAME 1. next (in sequence) 2. step-

SIRAME AMA stepfather

SIRAME ENIYE stepmother


SIRAME HAFAN I TINGGIN the name of a hall in the Court of Sacrificial Worship

SIRAME JALAHI JUI the son of a cousin on the father's side

SIRAME KADALARA AMBAN Controller of the Imperial Clan Court, BH 58, 59

SIRAMENGGE continuing, connecting

SIRAN continuation, succession, sequence, order

SIRAN SIRAN I continually, one after another

SIRANDUHAI one after another, in succession

SIRANDUHBI/SIRANUMBI to follow after one another, to follow in succession

SIRANUHAI the same as siranduhai

SIRASHA an exotic fruit that resembles a clam and tastes like a walnut

SIRATA SAKSAHA the same as niyo saksaha

SIRATA UKSIN net armor; cf. asu uksin

SIRBAŠAMBI 1. to wag the tail 2. to get agitated, to become flustered

SIRBE WEHE CINUHŪN a cinnabar mined in the mountains of Yunnan that is used both as a medicine and a dye

SIRDAN a military arrow with a two-edged iron arrowhead


SIRDAN SELE a piece of iron with two holes that was attached to the top of a sword's scabbard

SIRDANGGA pertaining to an arrow

SIREBUMBI caus. of sirembi

SIREBUN the name of a form of Chinese verse

SIRECU an exotic fruit that grows on a vine and resembles small grapes

SIREMBI to twist (thread or rope), to spin

SIREMI see sirembi

SIREN 1. string, line, thread 2. runner, tendril, creeper (all of plants) 3. fuse 4. vein, capillary 5. a paper figure used for exorcisms

SIREN FAITAMBI to cut the 'thread of life' on a paper figure used in shamanistic exorcism

SIREN FUTA 1. pieces of colored paper and cloth attached to a rope on a willow pole and then tied to the altar 2. string used to bind books between boards 3. rope used to hold a plowshare tight 4. fuse

SIREN SIREN continually, uninterruptedly

SIREN SUDALA the part of the pulse nearest the wristbone

SIREN TATAMBI a rainbow has formed

SIREN WALIYAME ASU ARAMBI to spin a web (of spiders)

SIRENDUMBI to be joined together, to ask secretly for a favor

SIRENEMBI 1. to be connected, to be joined, to be in rows 2. to send out tendrils, to send forth runners 3. to keep on sounding, to continue singing (of birds)

SIRENEHE MAILAN dodder--Cuscuta chinensis

SIRENEME BANJIMBI to grow in rows

SIRENERE DALAN a type of levee longer and narrower than the usual kind


SIRENGGE MUDAN ILHA a flower resembling the peony that grows in shallow water; the red and pink blossoms are smaller than the peony

SIRENTU MOO the banyan tree

SIRENTUMBI to enter into a secret agreement with, to plot with

SIRENTUSI secret agent, plotter

SIRESI 1. puller, one who pulls a rope 2. agent, middleman

SIRGA 1. a light bay (horse) 2. roe deer; cf. gio

SIRGA KŪWARAN a park for keeping wild animals

SIRGACIN see sirhacin

SIRGAHŪN the name of a deep yellow pigment

SIRGATU muntjac, Hydropotes (a variety of deer); cf. gi buhū

SIRGE 1. silk thread, silk floss (from a cocoon) 2. string (of a musical instrument) 3. a strip (of dried meat) 4. measure word for a rib

SIRGE FOLONGGO a type of silk fabric on which the designs resemble carving

SIRGELEMBI to cut apart the ribs (of a slaughtered animal)

SIRGEMBI to be anxious, to worry

SIRGENGGE COKO a variety of chicken whose feathers resemble silk threads

SIRGERI spun silk, pongee, silken yarn; cf. fangse

SIRGERI FISA a type of quail with white feathers on its back

SIRGERI UJU a type of quail with white feathers on its head

SIRGETU GASHA one name for the egret; cf. gūwasihiya

SIRHACIN a female zeren; cf. jeren, onon

SIRHE see sirge

SIRI a young carp


SIRIBUMBI caus./pass. of sirimbi

SIRIKŪ squeezer

SIRIMBI 1. to wring, to squeeze out (a liquid) 2. to milk 3. to blow the nose

SIRIN raw copper

SIRIN MORO a copper bowl

SIRIN SAIFI a copper spoon

SIRKE long lasting, protracted, endless

SIRKEDEMBI to go on endlessly, to last for a long time

SIRKEDEME AGAMBI to rain for a long time

SIRKEDERI persisting, endless

SIRKEMBI see sirgembi

SIRSING an ape

SISA bean, pea

SISA DO a filling made of beans

SISA UFA bean flour

SISA WEHE a weak stone that can be easily crushed

SISABUMBI caus. of sisambi

SISALAMBI to sprinkle; cf. sisambi

SISAMBI to sprinkle, to strew

SISEBUMBI caus. of sisembi

SISEHEN braid, pining, edging

SISEKU a sieve

SISEMBI 1. to sift 2. to baste (sewing)

SISEME ARAMBI to make a rough draft

SISETEMBI 1. to write a rough draft, to make a general plan 2. to manage in a rough or general manner

SISETEME BODOMBI to make a rough estimate

SISETEME BODORO FALGANGGA Department of Estimates, BH 460A

SISETEME GISUREMBI to speak in general terms, to speak in outline form

SISHE a mattress

SISI hazelnut

SISI JAN an arrow with a hazelnut-shaped head made of horn with

three holes in it--used for shooting wild game

SISI MEGU 'hazelnut mushroom'--a small yellow mushroom found in areas where hazelnuts grow

SISI NIRU an arrow similar to the sisi jaw except that it has an iron head and is used for shooting deer

SISI SENCE the same as sisi megu

SISI ŠAŠA shivering (from cold)

SISIBUMBI caus./pass. of sisimbi

SISIKŪ 1. a vessel filled with ashes or sand in which one can insert incense sticks, candles, etc. 2. a vase for flowers

SISIMBI (-ha) to insert, to stick into

SISIHA GESE 'as if stuck in,' said of someone who eats with gusto

SISIN insertion, sticking in, intake

SISIN AMBA 'intake is great'--said of someone who eats a lot

SISINAMBI to stick into (there)

SISINGGA having a large intake, glutton

SISINGGA HUWEJEHEN a small screen placed in a stand, which may be decorated with a picture or calligraphy

SISIRI pistachio nut

SISUHU one name for the fish hawk; cf. suksuhu

SIŠA 1. bells worn on a shaman's belt 2. peacock feather worn on the hat by officials

SIŠA ARKI the last of the liquor distilled from kumiss

SISA SELE an ornament with red tassels that hangs from a horse's breast

SIŠABUMBI caus. of sisambi

SIŠAMBI to worm into (of maggots)

SIŠANAMBI to hang down (of icicles)

SIŠANTUMBI to offer a small amount of food to a dead person on the eighth day after burial; cf. boohalambi

SIŠARGAN a small bird resembling the fiyabkū with a blue breast and black, markings on the back

SIŠARI hemp gathered after a frost from which grass-linen can be woven

SIŠARI CECIKE a small bird with a pink and yellow beak, pink and yellow tail and wings, and white tufts on the cheeks

SITA matter, affair; cf. baita

SITABUMBI 1. caus. of sitambi 2. to be delayed

SITAHŪN few, scarce, deficient, sparse

SITAHŪN NIYALMA term used by rulers in antiquity to refer to themselves

SITAMBI to fall behind, to be deficient, to lag, to be slow, to be late (for an appointment)

SITASHŪN 1. behind, lagging behind, late, deficient 2. poor, wretched

SITEKU a bed-wetter, one who urinates frequently

SITEKU UMIYAHA a winged black bug that bites and causes blisters

SITEMBI to urinate

SITERE TAMPIN a chamber pot, night pan

SITENEMBI to go to urinate

SITHEN box, a box for documents

SITHŪMBI to apply oneself, to be diligent, to exert oneself, to concentrate on

SITHŪN application, diligence

SITUHŪMBI 1. to rinse 2. to grind, to whet

SITUMBI to grow up, to mature

SITUME GENEMBI to grow up gradually

SIYAL mister, gentleman

SIYAN one one-hundred-millionth

SIYAN EL see siyal

SIYAN FUNG vanguard

SIYAN JANG Taoist abbot

SIYAN LO GURUN Thailand, Siam

SIYAN ŠENG mister, gentleman, sir

SIYANCEO a type of silk fabric

SIYANG GUNG see siyanggung


SIYANGGŪNG 1. your honor, respected sir 2. young man of a good family

SIYANGKI the same as siyangci

SIYOO 1. saltpeter 2. flute

SIYOO JIYEI young lady

SIYOO ŠENG a young man's role in opera

SIYŪN AN HAFAN provincial censor (Ming)

SIYŪN FU provincial governor

SIYŪN GIYAN see giyarimsi

SO 1. a bad omen 2. vinegar 3. dewlap

SO JORIMBI to point out a bad omen

SOBONIO a type of monkey with long light yellow hair

SOBORI a horse or cow with one hoof that is a different color from the other three

SOBORO light yellowish green

SOCA rice that is strewn as an offering to a deity

SOCILI NIYEHE pintail duck (Dafila acuta)

SOCO ORHO fodder that is gathered in the mountains or on the steppe

SODZ rice that has turned red from long storage

SOFIDAMBI to mill around, to be jittery (of livestock)

SOFIN restless, jittery (of livestock)

SOFIN AKŪ restless, unsettled,


SOFORO saddle cushion--small square pieces of leather at both sides of the saddle covering the upper part of the stirrup straps

SOGI vegetable, edible plant

SOGIMBI see sohimbi

SOGIYA pock, pustule (especially on a child)

SOHIMBI to become dimmed (the eyes when some foreign object gets in them), to get something in the eye

SOHIN a piece of ice in a river in the autumn

SOHIN GULHA a boot with a round toe

SOHO the name of a wild plant with long white leaves, yellow flowers, and a sweet taste

SOHOCI the name of a small yellow exotic fruit

SOHOCO the name of a variety of sea fish

SOHOHORI bright yellow--the same as sohohūri

SOHOHURI bright yellow--the same as sohohori

SOHOKOLIYAN deep yellow

SOHOKON yellowish, rather yellow

SOHON 1. deep yellow (the color of the sunflower) 2. the sixth of the heaven's stems

SOHON CECIKE one name for the oriole; cf. aūlin cecike

SOHON HIONGHIOI CECIKE one name for the oriole; cf. gūlin cecike

SOHON HOOHAN one name for the heron; cf. hoohan

SOHON MOO boxwood


SOHON SAKSAHA DAMIN a light yellow young eagle

SOHON TASHARI a yellow eagle

SOHON TEMGETUNGGE GU the name of a square jade tablet used at sacrifices to the earth

SOIHO the end of a bird's tail

SOIHON see suihon

SOIKARA WEIJUN one name for the stork; cf. weijun

SOILO hair of the fetlock of horses, mules, and donkeys

SOILOMBI 1. to soar, to fly up 2. to fly up after hitting the target, to ricochet (of an arrow)

SOISON squirrel

SOKJI plants that grow underwater in rivers

SOKO the earth god


SOKSO SAKSA galloping wildly, galloping madly

SOKSOHON pouting, sulking

SOKSOHORI sitting idly, sitting quietly (of a group)

SOKSORI suddenly (of standing up and leaving)

SOKSORJAMBI see sosorcombi

SOKSOROMBI see sosorombi

SOKTOBUMBI caus. of soktombi

SOKTOKŪ a good drinker, one who likes to drink

SOKTOMBI to be drunk, to get drunk

SOKŪ see soko

SOLAMBI to give one's daughter in marriage

SOLBIBUMBI caus. of solbimbi

SOLBIMBI to put an arrow on a bowstring

SOLBIN estimation, guessing; cf. tulbin

SOLHA a covered vessel for holding food and soup

SOLHI see solohi

SOLHO Korea, Korean

SOLHO BING 'Korean cake'--a cake made of honey, flour, and sesame oil

SOLHO BOSO cloth produced in Korea

SOLHO EFEN the same as solho bing


SOLHO GURUN I KUREN the hostel for Korean emissaries

SOLHO HARA a type of sage--Salvia japonica

SOLHO HENGKE Korean muskmelon

SOLHO HOOŠAN a type of durable paper from Korea

SOLHO LEKE flat cakes made of honey, flour, and sesame oil

SOLHO NIRU the banner-chief of the Koreans who surrendered to the Manchus at the beginnning of the dynasty

SOLHO YEYE HANDU BELE Korean glutinous rice

SOLIBUMBI caus./pass. of solimbi

SOLIMBI to invite, to summon, to hire, to engage

SOLIN CECIKE one name for the oriole; cf. gūlin cecike

SOLINABUMBI caus. of solinambi

SOLINAMBI to go to invite

SOLINDUMBI/SOLINUMBI to invite together, to invite one another

SOLINGGIMBI to send to invite

SOLINJIMBI to come to invite

SOLMIN 1. eyelash 2. the end of a hair

SOLO the fine hairlike roots of ginseng

SOLOHI weasel (Mustela sibirica)

SOLOMBI to go against the current, to go upstream

SOLON Solon (a tribe in northern Manchuria)

SOLON JAN an arrow with a narrow steel head used in war and for hunting bears and wild boar

SOLON MAJAN a long Solon arrow

SOMBI (-ha) to strew, to scatter

SOME GABTAMBI to shoot arrows in all directions

SOMIBUMBI caus./pass. of somimbi

SOMIMBI 1. to hide, to store away, to conceal 2. to bury (a coffin), to inter

SOMIHA SAISA a hermit, one who has retired to the country from public life

SOMIME TEMBI to live in retirement, to live as a hermit



SOMINJIMBI to come to hide

SOMISHŪN hidden, secret, concealed

SOMISHŪN COOHA concealed troops

SOMITAMBI to stay hidden, to go into hiding

SOMO the votive or spirit pole erected by Manchu families

SOMOO see somo

SON rafter, roof support of a tent

SON SON I fragmentary, scattered, in every direction, in disarray

SONAMBI to form a callus

SONCOHO 1. pigtail, braid 2. a holder for the bowstring that is made from cow's horn and attached to the ends of the bow 3. odd numbered; cf. sonio

SONCOHO BIYA an odd-numbered month

SONCOHO CECIKE one name for the hoopoe; cf. indahūn cecike

SONCOHO FUTA a rope fastened to the middle of a dragnet

SONCOHO HŪWALAMBI 1. 'to cut the braid'--said of girls who get married 2. to deflower a virgin

SONCOHO HŪWALAME HOLBOHO 'parted the braid and made a chignon'-- i.e., got married

SONCOHO ISAMBI to plait a braid

SONCOHO MUTUKŪ the name of a plant that grows on rocks and on roofs (Cotyledon japonica)

SONCOHO ŠUKUMBI to glue on the holders for the bowstring

SONCOHOLOMBI 1. to plait a braid 2. to be odd

SONDA see suwanda

SONDURI a type of flowered yellow silk

SONGGIHA 1. the tip of the nose 2. a wooden nose hook for camels and cows 3. hook on a quiver to which a strap can be attached 4. catch on a bird trap

SONGGIN see songgiha

SONGGOBUMBI caus. of songgombi

SONGGOCOMBI to weep together

SONGGOCONOMBI to go to weep together

SONGGOMBI 1. to weep, to cry 2. to cry loudly (of birds before rain)

SONGGOME FAMBI to weep bitterly (when parting)

SONGGOME FANCAMBI the same as songgome fambi

SONGGOTU a crybaby, a person who cries frequently

SONGKIYABUMBI see suwangkiyabumbi

SONGKO 1. trace, track, footprint 2. see also songkoi

SONGKO AKŪ without a trace

SONGKO BE BURUBUMBI to blot out one's tracks, to destroy the traces

SONGKO BENEMBI to reveal one's presence to the enemy hoping that they will retreat

SONGKO DE SONGKO first here then there, changeable

SONGKO FAITAMBI to follow the tracks (of a wounded animal)

SONGKO FULU good at seeking advantages for oneself

SONGKO I FAITAMBI the same as songko faitambi

SONGKO WALIYAMBI to leave tracks (in order to deceive the enemy)

SONGKOI (postposition) according to, in accordance with

SONGKOLOBUMBI caus. of songkolombi

SONGKOLOMBI to follow the tracks of, to follow in the tracks of, to imitate, to act in accordance with

SONGKŪ see songko

SONIHON odd (of numbers)

SONIHON MUDURINGGA SUWAYAN ŠUN DALIKŪ a round yellow parasol of the imperial escort

SONINGGA new, fresh

SONIO 1. odd (number) 2. odd numbered line of a hexagram of the Book of Changes

SONIO JURU odd and even

SONIO SABŪ a single shoe

SONIOHON see sonihon

SONJOBUMBI caus. of sonjombi

SONJOKU vulnerable (because of error), objectionable, criticizable

SONJOMBI to choose, to select for an official post after having passed the state examination

SONJOME ABALAMBI to select and kill the animals that have no young in springtime


SONJOSI one who passed the Metropolitan examination (acalame simnembi)

SONOKDUN see sonokton

SONOKTON tassel on a helmet

SONOMBI to protrude the buttocks

SONTAMBI to fling away

SONTU CECIKE a small yellow bird with yellow lines over its eyes, a long tail, and yellowish feet

SOORILAMBI to enthrone

SOORIN throne, seat of honor

SOR SAR SEME in quantity, in profusion

SOR SAR SEME NIMARAMBI to snow in great quantity

SOR SEME many, in great quantity

SOR SIR SEME see sor sar seme

SORBO braid or string on the top of a hat

SORI SAHAMBI during a sacrifice, to make piles of nine flat round cakes on the altar

SORI YALI small pieces of meat used in sacrifices

SORIGANJAMBI to be shaken, to waver (in the face of power or authority)

SORIHA strips of cloth tied to a horse's mane and tail during a sacrifice

SORIHALAMBI to tie strips of cloth to a horse's mane and tail for a religious rite

SORIHANJAMBI see soriganjambi

SORIMBI 1. to kick (of horses), to paw the ground, to jump around 2. to be in disorder, to be confused

SORIHA SIRDAN arrows shot wildly

SORIN DEN running with the chest high (horses)

SORINDUMBI to be in total disarray, to be crisscrossed

SORKO thimble

SORO jujube

SOROBUMBI caus. of sorombi

SOROCOMBI 1. to be very sensitive and painful (of the skin and of embarrassing situations) 2. to be embarrassed

SOROKI taboo, tabooed

SOROKI AMBA strictly tabooed

SOROKIYA a wasp; cf. dondoba

SOROKŪ FUTA multicolored strings hung on a child's neck during a shamanistic rite

SOROMBI (-ho/-ko, -fi/-pi) 1. to turn yellow 2. to avoid as taboo, to shun

SOROME NIMERE NIMEKU jaundice; cf. sohon nimeku

SOROMBUMBI caus. of sorombi

SOROSU a variety of Chinese olive--Canarium Pimela

SOROTU an exotic fruit resembling the sour jujube that is produced at a temple in Kansu

SORSON 1. tassel on a hat 2. the flowers of onions, scallions, and leeks

SORSONGGO pertaining to a tassel

SOSAMBI to capture (prisoners of war)

SOSANDUMBI/SOSANUMBI to capture together

SOSE see sodz

SOSOMBI to have a case of watery diarrhea

SOSORCOMBI to back up, to shrink back, to withdraw

SOSOROBUMBI caus. of sosorombi

SOSOROMBI (-ko) 1. to back up, to withdraw, to retreat 2. to wither, to become senile 3. to rake (grass)

SOTAMBI to strew about, to scatter around

SOTI one name for the parrot

SOTKI sea carp

SOYOMBI 1. to tie up livestock to allow them to dry off after having sweated from running 2. to draw in, to shrink 3. to train a riding horse

SOYON fed to a certain standard, fattened to a certain standard

SOYON ACABUHA the same as soyon

SOYON ACABUMBI to fatten to a certain standard, to feed a special diet in preparation for a race

SOYON ACAHA the same as soyon

SOYONGGŪ a sweating horse tied up so that it can dry off

SOYORI an exotic fruit about the size of a yellow plum

SU whirlwind

SU EDUN whirlwind

SU ORHO see surho

SUBADABUMBI taus. of subadambi

SUBADAMBI to jump about waving the hands and shouting

SUBARGAN see subarhan

SUBARHAN pagoda; cf. sumarhan

SUBARI a wooden tool for digging ginseng and other herbs

SUBCALU uneven in height (plants)

SUBDUNGGA see sultungga

SUBE tendon, nerve, muscle; cf. ca

SUBE HUSIMBI to wrap with sinew (an arrow)

SUBE MAKTAMBI to wrap sinew (around a bow shaft)

SUBEHE 1. the end of a branch 2. the end of a hair from the beard 3. sash, girdle, cord, band, ribbon, mourning sash 4. cord for holding pearls or beads (for a ceremonial garment)

SUBELIYEN silk floss, silk fiber

SUBELIYEN HŪSIMBI to wrap with silk fiber

SUBELIYEN SORSON a tassel of silk floss

SUBERHE a bird used as bait in catching falcons

SUBERI a thin silken fabric with a glossy finish, damask

SUBETU sinewy, muscular

SUBETUNGGE one who is sinewy, muscular

SUBKEJEMBI to unravel (of silk)

SUBKELEMBI to unravel, to take silk floss from a spindle

SUBKERI a mourning garment with unsewn hems

SUBSI 1. chronic, persistent (of an illness) 2. trifling, insignificant, small

SUBSIN ILHA the name of a small fragrant exotic flower that grows on the end of small branches

SUBUHŪN sober, not drunk

SUBUMBI 1. caus. of sumbi 2. to put off, to remove 3. to absolve from guilt or blame 4. to explain, to comment on 5. to become sober, to recover from a drinking bout 6. to abort, to miscarry 7. to slake (one's thirst) 8. to soothe, to calm

SUBUN explanation, discussion, elucidation

SUBURI a sweet-tasting exotic fruit the size of a hen egg that is supposed to sober up a person who is drunk

SUCI fetus of an animal

SUCI SUMBI to miscarry (of an animal)

SUCILEMBI 1. to become pregnant (of animals) 2. to form ears (of grain)

SUCUMBI (-ha) to storm (the enemy's lines), to charge, to attack suddenly

SUCUN WEIHE the incisors

SUCUNAMBI to go to storm, to fly up, to soar upward

SUCUNGGA the first, initial, beginning

SUCUNGGA NADAN the first seven days after death

SUCUNJIMBI to come to storm, to come to charge

SUCUNUMBI to charge together, to storm together

SUCUTU a two-year-old horse

SUDALA 1. vein, artery, blood vessel 2. the geomantic veins of the earth

SUDALA JAFAMBI to take the pulse

SUDALAMBI to wear short hanging hair

SUDAMIMBI to remove the bit, to take out the bit (of livestock)

SUDAMU the temples

SUDAN 1. the hair at the temples of a woman 2. curly hair

SUDARA sutra

SUDERHEN a type of rice-colored skylark

SUDU shin, shinbone

SUDU NIRU an arrow without holes in its head

SUDULI 1. Allium victorialis 2. wild garlic


SUDURI history, chronicle, annal

SUDURI AMBAN annalist, historian

SUDURI BE ALIHA AMBAN historiographer

SUFAN elephant


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