A a an interjection of casual response

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AMBARAME SIMNEMBI to hold the tri-yearly examination in the capital

AMBARAME WECERE WECEN the sacrifice offered every five years by the emperor to all the imperial ancestors

AMBASA 1. plural of amban 2. rather large

AMBASA SAISA a worthy, wise man, a true gentleman

AMBU mother's elder sister

AMBUHAI AMBUHAI unintentionally

AMBULA greatly, widely, very, much

AMBULA ASARARA FIYENTEN Department of the Privy Purse, BH 77

AMBULA BEIKŪWEN extremely cold

AMBULA IKTAMBURE NAMUN the name of an armory under the

Board of Works

AMBULAKAN rather greatly, rather much

AMBUMA mother's elder sister's husband

AMBUMBI to overtake and catch

AMBUTA plural of ambu

AMCABUMBI caus./pass. of amcambi

AMCADAMBI see amcatambi

AMCAKŪŠAMBI 1. to follow, to pursue 2. to interrogate, to question 3. to investigate

AMCAMBI 1. to pursue, to chase, to catch up to 2. to hurry, to rush 3. to act in retrospect, to act posthumously 4. to review (a case) 5. dobori be amcame 'under cover of darkness' 6. to take advantage of 7. to make up for gambling losses

AMCAME FUNGNEMBI to enfeoff post-humously

AMCAME GEBU BUMBI to give a name posthumously

AMCAME GŪNIMBI to think back in retrospect

AMCARAKŪ can't make it on time, unable to meet a deadline

AMCANAMBI to go to pursue, to rush (over)

AMCANGGA pertaining to pursuit

AMCANGGA JAHŪDAI the name of a type of large warship

AMCANJIMBI to come to pursue, to come pursuing, to catch up with

AMCATAMBI 1. to strive to overtake 2. to speak before someone else has a chance to 3. to overstep one's competence

AMDA MŪŠIHI 1. just sufficient 2.lacking in feeling, indifferent

AMDULABUMBI caus. of amdulambi

AMDULAMBI to paste, to glue

AMDUN glue, paste, birdlime

AMDUN BILCAMBI to spread glue

AMGABUMBI 1. caus. of amgambi 2. to put to bed

AMGACUMBI to sleep together

AMGAMBI to sleep

AMGANAMBI to go to sleep

AMHA wife's father

AMHABUMBI same as amgabumbi

AMHACAMBI same as amgacambi

AMHAMBI same as amgambi

AMHAN same as amha

AMHANAMBI same as amganambi

AMHŪLAN a whistle

AMIDA aspen tree


AMIHŪN realgar

AMILA the male of fowl

AMILAMBI 1. to anoint a Buddhist icon's eyes with blood and thereby impart life to it 2. to grasp the cantle of a saddle

AMILAME CASHŪN FIYELEMBI to vault backwards grasping the cantle of a saddle

AMIN cantle

AMJI father's elder brother

AMJITA plural of amji

AMSU food presented to the emperor

AMSU I DA Chief Trencher-Knight, BH 91

AMSU IBEBUMBI to set food before the emperor

AMSULAMBI to dine (used for the emperor)

AMSUN wine and food offerings to a deity

AMSUN DAGILARA BOO the place where wine and food offerings were prepared

AMSUN I DA official in charge of preparing offerings of food and wine

AMSUN I JANGGIN an official concerned with the preparation of offerings of food and wine

AMSUN I YALI meat used as an offering to a deity

AMSUN JAFAMBI to prepare a food or wine offering

AMTALAMBI to test, to try (food), to taste

AMTAN 1. taste, smell 2. interest

AMTAN ACABUMBI to flavor, to add seasoning

AMTAN AKŪ 1. tasteless 2. uninteresting

AMTAN BAHAMBI to acquire a taste

AMTAN DOŠIMBI to be satisfied with, to be pleased with

AMTAN GAIMBI to take a taste

AMTAN SIMTEN taste, flavor

AMTAN SIMTEN AKŪ listless, bored

AMTAN TUHEMBI to lose taste, to lose interest

AMTANGGA 1. tasty, delicious, 2. enjoyable, interesting, fun

AMTANGGAI pleasurably

AMTAŠAMBI to taste continually or often

AMTUN a type of ancient sacrificial vessel

AMU 1. father's elder brother's wife, mother's sister 2. sleep 3. the pancreas of a pig

AMU GAIMBI to take a nap

AND GETEMBI to awake from sleep

AMU MANGGA very sleepy

AMU SEKTU sleeping lightly

AMU SUREKE wide awake after waking up

AMU SUWALIYAME half asleep, having a sleepy aspect

AND ŠABURAMBI to become sleepy

AMURAN fond of, intent on, good at,


AMURANGGA devotee, one who is fond of something

AMŪRGAN a type of fine-grained, yellow wood used to make arrow shafts

AMŪRTU SARLA a swift gray horse

AMUTA plural of amu

AN usual, ordinary, common

AN AKŪ irregular, unusual

AN BE TUWAKIYAMBI to follow what is customary

AN CIKTAN I TANGGIN a hall where the emperor gave instruction or lectured

AN I as usual, as customary

AN I BAITA an everyday matter

AN I GISUN saying, proverb

AN I GU ordinary jade

AN I JERGI ordinary, usual

AN I ŪCŪRI usually, ordinarily

AN I WESIMBŪRE BITHE a memorial dealing with a private matter that did not have the official seal attached

AN JERGI see an i jergi

AN KEMUN rule, common practice, custom

AN KOOLI custom, usage

AN WEHE whetstone

ANABUMBI 1. caus./pass. of anambi 2. to yield to, to be defeated

ANABŪRE ETERE victory and defeat, loss and gain

ANAFU garrison, border garrison

ANAFU COOHA garrison troops

ANAFULABŪMBI caus. of anafulambi

ANAFULAMBI to garrison, to guard a frontier

ANAGAN 1. excuse, pretext 2. intercalary

ANAGAN ARAMBI to make an excuse or pretext

ANAGAN I BIYA the intercalary month

ANAHŪN MOO nanmu tree (Machilus nanmu.)

ANAHŪNGGA GŪRUNG an emperor's coffin

ANAHŪNJAMBI to be yielding, to be humble, to be modest, to yield to

ANAHŪNJAN modesty, reticence

ANAHŪNJANGGA modest, humble, reticent

ANAKŪ 1. key 2. pretext

ANAKŪ AKAMBI to make an excuse, to use a pretext

ANAKŪ FA a sliding window

ANAKŪ JUI a child born after its father is dead

ANAKŪ SEJEN a one-wheeled pushcart

ANAKŪI DA Keeper of Palace Keys, BH 108

ANAMBI 1. to push 2. to urge, to prompt 3. to extend (a date or a deadline) 4. to appoint 5. to make excuses, to blame others 6. to push wider (a battue)

ANAME 1. even: ama (ci) aname 'even father'; . . . ci aname . . . de isitala 'from . . . to . . .' 2. in order, in sequence, one after another, one by one

ANAMELIYAN with the chest protruding

ANAMI a grown Manchurian elk; cf.kandahan

ANAN 1. an imperial carriage 2. pushing, urging 3. sequence

ANAN I in turn, successively

ANAN I SILGASI a graduate promoted to a position that became vacant yearly

ANAN ŠŪKIN obsequious, timid, lacking in self-confidence

ANANGGA 1. a pretext 2. having a pretext

ANASHŪN flexible, yielding

ANATAMBI 1. to push together or repeatedly 2. to put off (until),to procrastinate 3. to refuse

ANCU HIYAN a type of fragrant grass burnt at sacrifices


ANCULAN GŪWARA same as ancun gūwara

ANCUN earring, ear pendant

ANCUN GŪWARA probably the North China eagle owl (Bubo bubo)

ANCUN I BOHORI decorations of gold, coral, or some other precious material attached to ear pendants

ANCUN ILHA a type of jasmine


ANCURAHI gilded leather; cf. gina

ANDA a sworn brother, bosom friend, friend from childhood

ANDA JAFAMBI to swear an oath of brotherhood

ANDA SADUN friends and in-laws

ANDA SAIKAN really good, very good

ANDAHALAMBI to be ashamed, to become ashamed

ANDAHAŠAMBI to turn red from embarrassment

ANDALA on the way, midway, halfway

ANDALA GIYAMUN a post-station along the route

ANDAN an instant, a moment

ANDANDE suddenly, in an instant, at once

ANDARAMBI to be shy of strangers (said of children)

ANDARGI same as adaki

ANDASI halfway, half of the way

ANDŪBŪMBI to distract a person from his worries, to get away from one's cares

ANDUHŪRI indifferent, coldhearted, unfriendly

ANDUHŪRILAMBI to treat (a person) coldly

ANFU a garrison, a border post; cf.anafu

ANFULAMBI same as anafulambi

ANG the sound made by camels and donkeys, a scream used in battle

ANG SEME AFAMBI to attack while shrieking war whoops

ANGGA 1. mouth 2. opening, hole 3. pass, gate

ANGGA ACAMBI to testify in court

ANGGA AIFUMBI to break one's word

ANGGA AKŠUN abusive, slanderous

ANGGA ALJAMBI to promise, to agree to

ANGGA ARAMBI to acknowledge orally

ANGGA BAHAMBI to obtain a confession

ANGGA BAIBI MIOSIRI MIOSIRILAMBI to have a slight smile on one's face constantly

ANGGA BAIMBI to interrogate (a criminal)

ANGGA CAKCAHŪN tight-mouthed, hard to control (of horses)

ANGGA CIRA tight-mouthed (of horses)

ANGGA CUKCUHUN lips protruded--an expression of annoyance

ANGGA DE GAMAHA BA AKŪ (liquor) has never touched his lips

ANGGA DE GAMAMBI to touch the lips--said of liquor

ANGGA DUYEN weak-mouthed (of horses)

ANGGA FAKSI clever in speech, glib

ANGGA FECUHUN without appetite

ANGGA FODOROMBI to protrude the lips in annoyance


ANGGA GAKAHŪN with the mouth gaping

ANGGA HETUMBI to make a living, to scrape along, to get by

ANGGA HETUMBUMBI to make a living, to get by

ANGGA HOTOHON having lips that protrude upward

ANGGA I ANAKŪ a pretext for scandal or gossip

ANGGA I HOBO the corner of the mouth

ANGGA ICI not thinking before speaking, fluently, effortlessly (of speech)

ANGGA ISI please try some (said when offering food to a guest)

ANGGA ISIBUMBI to make or let taste first

ANGGA ISIMBI to taste first

ANGGA JAFAMBI 1. to close the mouth 2. to catch a prisoner of war who is to be used as an informer

ANGGA JOHIMBI the opening (of a boil) shrinks and heals

ANGGA LABDAHŪN having lips that hang downward

ANGGA MENTUHUN without feeling in the mouth (of horses)

ANGGA MIMIMBI to close the mouth


ANGGA SONJOMBI to have a craving for odd foods when one is pregnant

ANGGA SULA loose-mouthed (of horses)

ANGGA SULFAMBI to migrate to another place because of an insufficiency of food

ANGGA TUCIMBI to come to a head (of a boil)

ANGGAI ANAKŪ pretext for gossip

ANGGAI DAMBI to blow, to puff

ANGGAI JASIMBI to transmit by word of mouth, to deliver an oral communication

ANGGALA 1. population, persons 2. (postposition) in place of, instead of, rather than, not only

ANGGALAMBI to request, to demand

ANGGALINGGŪ fluent, glib

ANGGARA a large jar, a container for water

ANGGARI JANGGARI all mixed up, in disarray



ANGGASIBUMBI caus. of anggasimbi

ANGGASILAMBI to be a widow, to preserve widowhood

ANGGASIMBI to taste, to try

ANGGATU muzzle for domestic animals

ANGGIR NIYEHE the ruddy sheldrake (Cascara ferruginea)

ANGGIYAN thornback (a type of seafish)

ANGGŪTA 1. muzzle 2. a piece of iron attached to the end of the hilt of a sword

ANIYA year

ANIYA ALIHA GŪSAI SIDEN YAMUN General Headquarters of the Banners, BH 718

ANIYA AKAMBI to celebrate New Year's

ANIYA BIYA the first lunar month


ANIYA HŪSIME for an entire year, a whole year

ANIYA I FE INENGGI the last day of the year

ANIYA INENGGI New Year's day

ANIYA TOME every year

ANIYADARI every year

ANIYAINGGE pertaining to a (certain) year

ANIYALAME for an entire year, a whole year

ANIYANGGA 1. pertaining to a certain year in the twelve-year cycle 2. aged


ANJA plow

ANJIBUMBI caus. of anjimbi

ANJIKŪ hatchet

ANJIMBI to hack, to chop with a hatchet

ANJU meat and fish, animal products, food forbidden to Buddhists

ANJU BELHERE BA a place in the banqueting court where food was prepared for state occasions

ANTA for antaka

ANTAHA guest, stranger


ANTAHA BE TUWAŠATARA BOLGOBURE FIYENTEN department for the reception of foreign guests

ANTAHA I KUREN hostel for foreign envoys

ANTAHALAMBI to entertain

ANTAHARAMBI to be a guest, to act as a guest, to stand on ceremony

ANTAHASA plural of antaha

ANTAHASI a scribe in a military or governmental office

ANTAHAŠAMBI to be a guest

ANTAI same as antaka

ANTAKA how is it? what is it like? what about . . . ? how about . . . ?

ANTARHAN CECIKE one of the names of the sparrow; cf. fiyasha cecike

ANTU the south side of a mountain, the sunny side of a mountain

ANTUHŪRI cold, indifferent

ANWAN sea perch

AO an interjection expressing doubt

AR the sound of calling or shouting

AR SEME shouting loudly

ARA 1. chaff 2. interjection of pain or surprise

ARA FARA an interjection of pain, the sound of expectorating

ARABUMBI caus. of arambi

ARAKE same as ara (as an interjection)

ARAMBI 1. to do, to make 2. to write 3. to feign, to pretend 4. to celebrate 5. to appoint 6. to recognize as an adopted relation

ARAHA adopted, appointed

ARAHA BAYARAI JALAN I JANGGIN an appointed Colonel of the Guards Division, BH 734

ARANDUMBI/ARANUMBI to do, write, etc., together

ARANJIMBI to come to do, write, etc.

ARAŠAN propitious, refreshing

ARAŠAN AGA a seasonable rain, a propitious rain

ARASAN AGANGGA KIRU a gray banner with the symbol of a dragon sewn upon it

ARBUN 1. form, shape, image 2. situation, circumstances

ARBUN BE TUWAME in view of the circumstances, depending upon circumstances

ARBUN DURSUN form, appearance

ARBUN GIRU appearance

ARBUN I ANGGA juncture of two rivers

ARBUN I BA a strategic point

ARBUN MURU situation


ARBUNGGA possessing form, having good form, pertaining to images


ARBUŠAMBI to move, to behave



ARBUTAI in appearance only, for appearance's sake

ARCA BURGA Salix Urbaniana; cf. arsan burga

ARCAMBI to block, to block the way

ARCAN cream, milk thickened with wine and sugar

ARCILAN BURGA same as arca burga

ARDA untried, new, a greenhorn

ARDASHŪN delicate, fragile

ARE an interjection of pain

ARFA barley, grain

ARFA DIB (Sanskrit Yavadvipa 'Isle of Grain') Java

ARFUKŪ fly swatter, fly whisk

ARGA plan, method, plot

ARGA AKU there is nothing one can do about it

ARGA BAIMBI to look for a way

ARGA DERIBUMBI to think up a plan

ARGA JALI plot, deceit

ARGABUMBI caus. of argambi

ARGABUHA DALAN a dike built in the shape of a crescent moon

ARGACAN a large ax

ARGADABUMBI caus. of argadambi

ARGADAMBI to use artifice or cunning (against), to outwit

ARGALI female of Darwin's sheep; cf.uhūlja

ARGAMBI to hunt animals in the mountains using a sickle-shaped battue line, to form a crescent or sickle shape

ARGAN 1. sprout 2. crescent 3. fang, tooth of a saw

ARGAN MUDUN a fine file

ARGAN OŠOHO fangs and claws

ARGANAMBI 1. to form a crescent 2. to germinate, to sprout

ARGANAHA formed a crescent moon

ARGANGGA crafty, cunning

ARGAT same as arhat

ARGAT MOO lohan tree

ARGATU male roe, roebuck; cf. sirga

ARGATU SIRGA same as argatu

ARGIYABUMBI caus./pass. of argiyambi

ARGIYAMBI 1. to peel off, to shave off, to scrape off 2. to graze with a

knife or sword

ARGŪMA SARLA an isabella horse

ARHAT an arhat

ARI 1. an evil spirit 2. a good-for-nothing, a thoroughly mischievous person

ARJAN liquor made from milk, kumiss

ARKAN scarcely, barely, just, just, right

ARKAN KARKAN barely, scarcely

ARKAN SEME scarcely, barely, just, reluctantly

ARKE interjection of pain used when bumping into something

ARKI distilled liquor, strong liquor


ARSALANGGA pertaining to the lion, lionlike

ARSARAKŪ strange, out of the ordinary

ARSARI ordinary, common, everyday, commonplace

ARSARI BANJIMBI to lead an average life

ARSARI ŠANYAN BELE medium quality rice

ARSARI ARAKA half-white, impure white

ARSARI TUWABUNGGA HOOŠAN medium-size paper used for announcements

ARSUMBI (-ka) to sprout, to germinate

ARSUN bud, sprout

ARSUN I CAI tea made of the buds of tea leaves

ARAN BURGA Salix Urbaniana--'big leaf willow'

ARŠU one of the names of the quail; cf. mušu

ARTABUMBI pass. of arcambi

ARTAMBI to delay, to hold up

ARTU a three-year-old horse

ARUN DURUN AKŪ without a trace


ARUN FURUN AKŪ without news

ASAHA FASAHA hurried, rushed, busy

ASANGGI 100 quadrillion, countless, infinite

ASARABUMBI caus. of asarambi

ASARAMBI to put away for safekeeping, to store

ASARI tower, throne room, archive


AMBAN ( 4 - ) Assistant Director of the Library, BH 104B


ASARI I BAITA BE SIRAME KADALARA HAFAN Officials on duty at the Library, BH 104B

ASHA 1. wing 2. anything worn hanging from the belt 3. a piece of iron placed on the back of armor under the shoulder piece

ASHABUKŪ a leather clasp for the belt

AŠHABUMBI caus. of ashambi

ASHAMBI to wear hanging from the belt, to wear hanging from a button on the lapel

ASHARA FUNGKŪ a kerchief carried from the belt

ASHARA ŠUSIHE a wooden plaque worn on the belt that served as identification for an official who wished to enter a walled city after dark

ASHAN 1. side 2. appendage 3. peripheral, subordinate

AŠHAN DA Sub-chancellor of the Grand Secretariat, BH 133 ~~

ASHAN I AMBAN Vice-President of a Board, BH 279

ASHAN I BAICARA AMBAN ( J47) Vice-President of the Censorate, BH 207B, 208

ASHAN I BITHEI DA Sub-chancellor of the Grand Secretariat, BH 133

ASHAN I DUKA a side entrance to the palace


ASHANAMBI 1. to develop wings 2. to become distended on two sides


ASHANGGA MAHALA an old style hat having long black wings on two sides


ASHANGGA YERHUWE a winged ant, flying ant

ASHARGAN a pendant for the belt

ASHŪBUMBI pass. of ashūmbi

ASHŪLAMBI see ashūmbi

ASHŪMBI 1. to draw the right hand back to shoot an arrow or throw a spear 2. to resist, to reject, to fend off (insects)

ASHŪME SINDAMBI to shoot an arrow by drawing the right hand back

ASI very

ASIHA young, small

ASIHAKI having a youthful appearance in spite of one's age

ASIHAN young, youth



ASIHATA plural of asihan

ASIHIYABUMBI caus. of asihiyambi

ASIHIYAMBI to trim off, to pare off, to prune

ASIKALIYAN somewhat small

AŠIKAN somewhat small

ASIKASI someone or something rather small

ASU a net (for catching game)

ASU UKSIN net armor

ASU WEŠEN net for deer and rabbits

ASUCI a hunter who uses a net for catching game

ASUKI a small noise

ASUKI AKŪ noiseless

ASUKI WEI AKŪ without the slightest noise

ASUKILABUMBI caus. of asukilambi

ASUKILABŪRE FU a wall that causes echoes to rebound

ASUKILAMBI to make a small noise

ASUKINGGA noisy, boisterous

ASUMBI to lift up a garment that is too long

ASURI Asura, a demigod who fights with devas in the air

ASURŠAMBI to threaten one another, to provoke one another

ASURU very, exceedingly

ASURU ENCU BA AKŪ not too different

AŠA elder brother's wife

AŠATA plural of aša

AŠŠABUMBI caus. of aššambi

AŠŠALAMBI to move slightly, to squirm

AŠŠAMBI to move, to shake, to vibrate


AŠŠAN 1. movement, vibration 2. behavior

AŠŠANDUMBI to move together

AŠUMBI (-ka) to hold in the mouth

AŠUMBUMBI 1. caus. of ašumbi 2. to stick in the mouth

AŠUMBUHA FADU JAN a 'duckbill' whistling arrow

ATAN the point of a fish hook


ATANGGI BICIBE no matter when

ATANGGI OCIBE before long, soon

ATARAMBI to make a commotion, to cause a row; cf. abtarambi

ATMULA one of the names for the Chinese sweet olive (Canarium album)

ATŪ a female fish

ATUHA a male fish

ATUHA DAFAHA a male salmon

ATUHŪN dowry

ATUHŪN FUDEMBI to bring the dowry to the groom's house

AYA 1. interjection of praise or surprise 2. see ai

AYALAMBI 1. to wax, to cover with a wax coating 2. to fester

AYALAHA ILHANGGA HOOŠAN a kind of flowered paper covered with a layer of wax

AYAMBI to flutter, to struggle (like a fish that has taken the hook)

AYAMBŪMBI to captivate, to entice; cf. gisurehei ayambumbi

AYAN 1. large, great 2. wax, candle 3. Manchurian wapiti (Cervus elaphus)

AYAN BUHŪ Manchurian wapiti--see above


AYAN DOBOKŪ candlestick

AYAN EDUN storm wind

AYAN FODOHO purple osier (Salix purpurea)

AYAN GAHA a type of large crow with a white neck

AYAN GINTEHE a tree with green bark, small leaves, and fine wood--good for bows and knife handles

AYAN GURJEN black tree cricket

AYAN HARSA beech marten

AYAN HIYAN the name of grass burnt at sacrifices--rue

AYAN I CALU wax store-house of the imperial household

AYAN I HAFIRAKŪ a candle snuffer

AYAN I NIYAMAN wick (of a candle)

AYAN I NIYAMAN TEBUKU a container for burnt wick ends

AYAN JELKEN a species of weasel


AYAN SILMEN the male of the sparrow hawk

AYAN SUWAYAN truly precious

AYAN ŠUGIRI HIYAN incense made from Indian resin

AYAN TOKTOKU a lantern with a candle in it

AYAN WEHE a shiny smooth stone

AYANTUMBI to soar upwards (of hawks and eagles)

AYAO same as ayoo

AYARA sour milk, buttermilk

AYARI waxlike

AYARI ILHA an exotic yellow flower similar to a plum blossom

AYOO a final particle denoting fear or doubt

BA 1. place 2. local 3. li--a Chinese mile 4. circumstances, occasion, situation, reason, condition, matter

BA ARAMBI to make place, to get out of the way

BA BA everywhere, every place

BA BUMBI to give a place to, to give a portion to

BA DZUNG Sublieutenant, BH 752F

BA I GISUN dialect, local language

BA JIYOO plantain, banana

BA NA territory, land, local


BA NA I NIRUGAN NIRURE BOO department of cartography in the Workshop of the Imperial Household


BA SIYAN DERE a large round dining table

BA SULABUMBI to leave a vacant place

BA WANG hegemon king

BA WANG ASU a kind of net for catching fish

BABACI from everywhere

BABADE everywhere

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