A a an interjection of casual response

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HAYAHAN DAHŪ a court garment trimmed with sable, lynx, or black fox

HAYAHAN I ERGUME a fur-trimmed court dress

HAYAHAN I ULHUN a sable-trimmed shoulder piece

HAYAHAN UNDURAKŪ trimmed dragon satin

HAYAKTA a wild pig with upturned tusks

HAYALJAMBI to wind, to twist, to slither

HAYAMBI 1. to coil, to twist, to twine 2. to hem, to trim, to edge

HAYAHA HIYAN coiled incense

HAYAHA MEIHE USIHA the name of a Chinese constellation that has the appearance of a coiled snake

HAYAN licentious, loose, dissolute

HE stretcher, litter

HE FA SEME gasping, panting

HE GI the hoki pheasant; cf. gūnggala


HEBDEBUMBI caus. of hebdembi

HEBDEMBI to discuss, to talk over, to consult

HEBDENEMBI to go to talk over

HEBDENJIMBI to come to talk over

HEBDEŠEMBI to talk over carefully or thoroughly

HEBE 1. consultation, deliberation, planning 2. plan, plot, intrigue

HEBE ACAMBI to hold a consultation, to come together to deliberate

HEBEI with forethought, deliberately

HEBEI AMBAN Councillor, BH 867, 880

HEBEI BA an office in charge of receiving and handling memorials concerning affairs of state

HEBEI LATUMBI to have an adulterous affair

HEBENGGE 1. of one mind, in agreement 2. obedient to the pull of the reins

HEBEREMBI to investigate, to inquire into

HEBEŠEBUMBI caus. of hebešembi

HEBEŠEMBI to discuss, to talk over, to consult about

HEBEŠENJIMBI to come to discuss

HEBTE IRAN a cow with white hair on both sides of the belly

HEBTEHE a wide waistband (worn by women)

HEBTEŠEMBI 1. to struggle for breath, to gasp 2. to greet someone with bows and raised hands

HEBU the end of a thread, a snag

HEBUNEMBI to form thread ends or snags

HECEBUMBI caus. of hecembi

HECEMBI 1. to scoop out completely 2. to use up

HECEME GAMAME completely, thoroughly

HECEN city, city wall

HECERI ILHA an exotic yellow flower that blooms in spring

HEDE 1. stump 2. the scar of a boil 3. remainder, leftover

HEDEI a bunghole, a mortise

HEDEREBUMBI caus./pass. of hederembi



HEDEREMBI to rake, to rake in, to scratch (of thorns)

HEDERENUMBI to rake together

HEDU itch, scabies

HEFA SEME see he fa seme

HEFELI belly

HEFELI HŪWAITAKŪ a maternity girdle

HEFELI NIMEMBI to have a belly ache

HEFELI WAKJAHŪN the belly hangs down in a paunch

HEFELIYEBUMBI caus. of hefeliyembi

HEFELIYEMBI to carry at the bosom, to cherish

HEFELIYEN 1. bosom 2. see hefeli

HEFELIYENEMBI to have diarrhea

HEHE woman, female

HEHE DETHE the smaller feathers on a bird's wing

HEHE DOOSE a Taoist nun

HEHE FEYESI female undertaker, female coroner

HEHE KELI husband's brother's wife

HEHE NAKCU wife of mother's brother

HEHE TOHON loop for a button

HEHEI LANG young girl

HEHENGGE female, pertaining to women, feminine

HEHERDEMBI to become a woman, to become nubile

HEHEREKU old-womanish, possessing feminine pettiness

HEREREMBI to act in a feminine way

HEHERI 1. palate 2. indentation, groove, crevasse

HEHERI FAITAME cutting across a crevasse

HEHERI MADAHA the palate has swollen (a sign of sickness in cattle)

HEHESI plural of hehe

HEI HAI (onom.) the sound of crying

HEIHEDEMBI to stagger, to reel (of a drunk person)

HEIHERI HAIHARI staggering, reeling

HEIHERI HAIHARILAMBI to reel, to stagger

HEIHULE a small round fish with a small mouth

HEIHUWE Nasus dauricus--a type of fish resembling the salmon

HEJEMBI 1. to mend by stitching threads in a crisscross pattern 2. to have difficulty in breathing, to gasp 3. to make a betrothal

HEJEN FIYAKA a dog sled

HEJIHE 1. a steep area on the side of a mountain 2. the horizontal wooden bar on a pounder or pestle (for rice)

HEJIHELEME along the steep part of the side of a mountain

HEJIMBI see hejembi

HEKCEHUN falling of the flood waters in autumn

HEKCEMBI to ebb, to go out

HEKDEREHUN see hekderhen

HEKDEREMBI to go across a steep area on a mountainside

HEKDERHEN a steep slope

HEKDERHUN see hekderhen

HEKTEREMBI (-ke) to lose consciousness

HELE 1. mute, dumb 2. see helen

HELE HEMPE stuttering

HELE HEMPE AKŪ speechless, without talent for speaking

HELEDEMBI to stutter

HELEN 1. a spy, an informer, an enemy captive who gives information 2. see hele

HELEN AKŪ speechless, inarticulate; cf. hele hempe akū

HELEN BURUBUMBI to lose one's speech due to illness

HELEN HEMPE stuttering; cf. hele hempe

HELEN HEMPE AKŪ see hele hempe akū

HELEN JAFAMBI to catch an enemy in order to extract information from him

HELERI HALARI careless, neglectful, sluggish

HELIYEN 1. pounder for grain, pestle 2. praying mantis

HELIYEN SEBSEHE praying mantis

HELME see helmen


HELMEHEN I AŠU spider web

HELMEKU spider; cf. helmehen

HELMEMBI to spin a web

HELMEN 1. shadow, shade 2. reflection

HELMEN URAN echo, reaction

HELMENEMBI to cast shadows

HELMEŠEMBI to reflect light, to cast a shadow

HELNEBUMBI caus. of helnembi

HELNEMBI to invite, to go to invite

HELNERE ŠUSIHE a silver identification plaque carried by dignitaries while on an inspection

HEMHIMBI to grope one's way along

HEMILEMBI to gather up (the hem of a garment)

HEMPE stuttering, stutterer

HEN a small portable chair made of wood or bamboo

HEN TAN I needy, in need

HENCEBUMBI caus. of hencembi

HENCEHEN a small hoe-shaped implement (for scraping the sides of cooking pots)

HENCEKU mortar for pounding grain

HENCEMBI to pound in a mortar

HENDEN see hente

HENDUBUMBI caus. of hendumbi

HENDUMBI to say, to speak

HENG O ENDURI the moon goddess Heng O

HENGGE see hengke

HENGGENEMBI to have an unkempt appearance, to be uncombed and dirty

HENGGILEMBI see hengkilembi

HENGKE melon, cucurbitaceous plants

HENGKERI a type of small melon

HENGKERI FULANA ILHA Pirus spectabilis

HENGKI shortened imperative of hengkilembi

HENGKILEBUMBI 1. caus. of hengkilembi 2. to have shares equally apportioned according to the number of people

HENGKILEKU 1. a clamp for holding together broken objects 2. the hammer on a musket 3. one who kowtows

HENGKILEKU UMIYAHA a 'kowtow bug'--a small black beetlelike bug that makes a kowtowing motion

HENGKILEMBI to kowtow, to prostrate oneself


HENGKILENEMBI to go to kowtow, to go to court

HENGKILENJIMBI to come to kowtow, to come to court

HENGKIN a kowtow, a prostration

HENGKIN I TUWABUN name list of officials granted audiences at court

HENGKIN I TUWABUN I KUNGGERI an office of the Court of Banqueting concerned with the above-mentioned list

HENGKIŠEMBI to kowtow repeatedly

HENI 1. a little, a bit 2. a pinch (the amount one can pick up with four fingers) 3. at all (with negative expressions)

HENI AKU not in the slightest

HENI ŠEREME BAHAKŪ did not foresee at all

HENI TANI a bit, a little, only

HENJEMBI see hencembi

HENJIMBI to come to invite

HENTE 1. full-grown wild pig 2. pitchfork

HENTE NIRU a forked arrow

HENTELEMBI to use a pitchfork

HEO marquis

HEO SEME passable, sufficient but not perfect, fairly well

HEO SEME BANJIMBI to get by fairly well

HEO SEME ISIKA sufficient

HEOLEDEMBI to be careless, to be negligent, to be idle

HEOLEKEN rather negligent

HEOLEN negligent, lazy, slovenly

HEOŠEMBI to be hesitant, to be undecided

HEPEREMBI (I) (-ke) to dodder from old age

HEPEREME SAKDAHA has become a doddering old man

HEPEREMBI (2) 1. to rake in greedily, to grab up greedily 2. to drink to excess

HER HAR (onom.) the sound of clearing one's throat

HER HAR SERAKŪ doesn't speak to anyone, doesn't pay attention to anyone, haughty, snobbish

HERCIBUMBI caus. of hercimbi

HERCIMBI to wind thread onto a spool

HERCUN aforethought, attention

HERCUN AKŪ inattentive, not paying attention

HERCUN AKŪ DE without realizing it

HERDEMBI 1. to wander about begging, to be in dire straits 2. to pick up from the ground, to pick up from horseback

HERDEME HARDAME roaming about begging

HEREBUMBI caus. of herembi

HEREKU a ladle for lifting things from water

HEREKU MAŠA a perforated spoon for lifting things from water

HEREMBI 1. to ladle out, to fish for, to drag for, to take out of water with a net 2. to produce (paper)

HEREN corral, stable

HERESU a grass growing along the edges of salt marshes that is eaten by camels

HERGEBUMBI caus. of hergembi

HERGEMBI 1. to skim the top of a liquid 2. to produce (paper)

HERGEN 1. writing, written characters, letter 2. design, lines on the palm 3. rank, title


HERGEN DASAKŪ a clerk in the Supervisorate of Imperial Instruction

HERGEN FOLORO FALGA engraving office in the Imperial Library

HERGEN I KEMUN lined paper, paper with cells for characters

HERGENEMBI to form designs or characters

HERGENEHE CECE silken gauze with inwoven characters

HERGENEHE SUJE silk with inwoven characters

HERGESI a clerk of the Board of Rites

HERGIBUMBI caus. of hergimbi

HERGICE thread wound onto a spool from a hank, spindle

HERGIMBI 1. to wind (thread) 2. to wander, to vagabond 3. to circle (of predatory birds)

HERGIME HEJEME winding and crisscrossing

HERGIN 1. the border or margin of a net 2. an outline 3. tie, bond 4. orderer, leader 5. cycle 6. order

HERGIN BE TEKSILERE HASHŪ ERGI FIYENTEN the name of a section of the Board of Punishments in Mukden

HERGIN ŠOŠOHON outline, general account

HERGINEMBI see hergenembi

HERGITU spindle

HERIN a high spot in the bed of a body of shallow water

HERSEMBI to be attentive

HERSERAKŪ inattentive, paying no attention to others

HERŠEMBI see hersembi

HERSU see kersu

HERU spokes of a wheel

HESE 1. imperial order, edict 2. divine decree, fate

HESE WASIMBUMBI to issue an edict

HESEI by imperial order, by decree

HESEI BUHENGGE ordained by decree

HESEI KIRU TEMGETU a banner sent by the emperor to dignitaries in the border regions

HESEBUMBI to ordain, to determine

HESEBUN fate, determination

HESEBUN BE ALIHA USIHA the stars iota, kappa, lambda, mu, nu, and ksi in the Big Bear

HESIHEŠEMBI to saunter along

HESIHETEMBI to stumble along

HESITEMBI the same as hesihetembi

HEŠELEMBI to pull in a fishnet

HEŠEMILAMBI see hešemimbi

HEŠEMIMBI to close a bag with a drawstring

HEŠEN 1. cord or rope along the edge of a net, selvage 2. guiding principle, fundamental principle, rule of conduct 3. boundary, border, shore, margin

HEŠEN BE FESHELEMBI to extend the border

HEŠEN HERGIN guiding principles

HEEN I CAMHARI a boundary marker, a boundary stone

HEŠEN ULHUN basic principles, leading principle, outline

HEŠENEMBI to wear tattered or dirty clothes

HEŠU HAŠU trifling, petty, annoying


HEŠUREBUMBI caus. of hešurembi


HEŠUREMBI 1. to rake in, to rake up 2. to do completely, to do thoroughly

HETEBUMBI caus. of hetembi

HETEHEN a nail or hook used for hanging objects

HETEMBI 1. to roll up, to turn back (the sleeves of a garment), to lift up (the hem of a garment) 2. to fold, to fold up 3. to perform a half kowtow in the Manchu fashion (of women) 4. to recede (of fog)

HETEME GOHOLOMBI to grab one leg and pull up on it (at wrestling)

HETEME ILHA a cup-shaped piece of iron atop a helmet

HETEME ŠUFATU a type of rolled turban

HETEME TASIHIMBI to grab after the sole of the foot and push (at wrestling)

HETEREMBI see hederembi

HETHE 1. property, possessions, wealth 2. occupation, undertaking 3. stalk, stubble 4. bridle without a metal buckle 5. line on the crupper 6. pressed cuff on a court garment

HETHEBUMBI caus. of hethembi

HETHEMBI 1. to pluck out (grass) 2. to pull vegetables out of boiling water

HETU 1. horizontal 2. stocky, broad (of a person's build) 3. located at the side, peripheral 4. woof (in cloth)

HETU BAITA gossip, scandal

HETU BOO wings lying to both sides of the main house, side rooms

HETU DALANGGA dam on a river

HETU FICAKŪ a horizontal flute

HETU HITHA ornament on the girth of horse

HETU NIYALMA a third party, a third person, an outsider, someone else

HETU ŠAMBI to look at askance

HETU TUWAMBI the same as hetu šambi

HETU ULIN a sudden windfall

HETU UNDU horizontal and vertical, warp and woof

HETU UNDU SARKŪ doesn't know anything, doesn't know up from down

HETUKEN rather stocky

HETULIYAN rather horizontal

HETUMBI (-he/ke) to transverse, to pass across, to cross, to spend (a period of time)

HETUMBUMBI 1. caus. of hetumbi 2. to manage to get by 3. to raise through the winter

HETUREBUMBI caus. of heturembi

HETUREMBI 1. to cut off, to block, to intercept, to interrupt 2. to intercept and rob, to ambush

HETUREN a horizontal beam or rafter

HETURHEN hobby (Falco subbuteo)

HETURI 1. ordinary, commonplace 2.unofficial, private 3. unexpected, sudden

HETURI BADE in private life, in one's unofficial life

HETURI BAITA private matter, peripheral matter

HETURI DASARGAN a popular remedy, an unauthorized prescription

HETURI FAIDAN an ordinary escort

HETURI FAIDAN I KIYOO a sedan chair with gold-colored curtains that was carried by eight men

HEYE discharge from the eyes

HEYENEMBI to discharge matter from the eyes

HI CY one name for the mandarin duck; cf. ijifun niyehe

HIB SEME striking solidly (of an arrow shot at an animal)

HIBCAN 1. scarce, needy, meager 2. frugal

HIBCARABUMBI caus. of hibcarambi

HIBCARAMBI to be frugal, to act frugally


HIBCILAKŪ frugal person, miser

HIBSA see hiyabsa

HIBSU honey

HIBSU EJEN honeybee

HIBSUNGGE pertaining to honey

HIBSUNGGE USIHA a chestnutlike fruit

HIBTA 1. a protective shoulder pad of felt for carrying 2. a type of shawl

HICAN frugal, abstemious, simple in one's way of life, uncorrupted

HICUMBI to look for faults in someone, to find fault

HIDA curtain made of bamboo or reeds

HIDAKŪ a curtain in front of a door or window to protect from rain

HIDAMBI to wind yarn onto a wooden spindle

HIFE barnyard grass (Panicum crusgalli)

HIFE BELE a type of millet

HIFE HARA a type of millet with spreading ears

HIHAJAMBI see hiyahanjambi

HIHALAMBI 1. to be rare, to be precious 2. to value, to esteem

HIHAN rare, precious

HIHANAKŪ not precious, worthless, not worthy

HIHŪN BUDUN listless, lacking enthusiasm, depressed, uninterested, desultory

HIJA a stove for melting silver and other metals

HIJA I NUHALIYAN a heated ovenbed

HIJA I TUKDA grate on a smelting stove

HIJADA a person in charge of smelting stoves


HILTERI armor scales worn visibly on the outside of a mail skirt

HILTERILEMBI to attach hilteri to a mail skirt

HIMCI in two, asunder

HIN GIRANGGI the tibia

HINA one ten-thousandth of a Chinese foot

HINCEO silk woven from twisted thread, worsted silk

HINCI see himci

HINCU see hinceo

HING JE mendicant monk

HING SEME 1. honest, sincere, earnest 2. serious (of an illness)

HING TSAI see hinggari

HINGGARI floating heart (Nymphoides peltatum)

HINGGE school of fish, swarm of fish

HINGGERI the name of a constellation

HINGGERI TOKDONGGO KIRU a banner depicting the constellation hinggeri

HINGKE land not suitable for agriculture



HINGSENGGE sincere, honest

HIO SEME sighing deeply

HIOHŪN see hihūn

HIONG SEME (onom.) the sound of wings flapping

HIONGHIOI GASHA the Chinese great shrike (Lanius sphenocercus)


HIR SEME sad, bereaved

HIRACAMBI to keep looking askance, to spy on intently

HIRAMBI to look askance at, to spy on

HIRANDUMBI to spy on one another

HIRGA see hirha

HIRGAMBI see hirhambi

HIRGEN the dried bed of a creek or river

HIRHA flint

HIRHABUMBI caus. of hirhambi

HIRHAMBI to cut off, to shear off

HIRHELEMBI to flow along

HIRHO corsac; cf. kirsa

HIRHŪBUMBI caus./pass. of hirhūmbi

HIRHŪMBI 1. to scrape 2. to irritate, to provoke 3. to scrape against a wall or tree to stop itching (of animals)

HIRI 1. firmly, fast (asleep) 2. disappointed

HIRI AKDAMBI to trust firmly

HIRI OHO became disappointed

HIRI ONGGOHO completely forgot

HIRIHŪN thick-skinned

HIRSA corsac; cf. kirsa

HISALABUMBI caus. of hisalambi

HISALAMBI to pour a libation of liquor in honor of the dead

HISDAKŪ cymbals

HISE actor, actress

HISHABUMBI caus. of hishambi

HISHAKŪ a brush

HISHAMBI 1. to brush, to brush against, to scrape 2. to strike -(a flint) 3. to sharpen, to whet

HISHAN dirty spot, dirt adhering to something

HISHANAMBI to form a dirty spot, to become dirty

HISHŪN shy, modest, restrained

HISY a very steep and dangerous spot on a mountainside

HITAHA see hitha

HITAHŪN 1. nail (of the finger or toe) 2. pick for a stringed instrument

HITAHŪŠAMBI to press firmly with a fingernail

HITARHŪN wrinkled

HITARŠAMBI to wrinkle

HITEREMBI (-ke) to knit the brow, to frown

HITERENEMBI to bunch up in wrinkles--said of clouds that are piled one atop another like fish scales

HITHA 1. ornament on a horse's bridle or crupper 2. a scale of armor 3. dividing wall in a beehive 4. see šu ilhai hitha

HITHALAMBI to make a beehive

HITHALAME GIYALAMBI to make cells in a beehive

HITHARI an exotic red fruit with a skin resembling armor scales

HITHEMBI 1. to sprinkle water 2. to sprinkle chopsticks with wine at shamanistic rites

HITHEN chest, trunk

HITHŪN see htitahūn

HIYA 1. guard, page, specifically an imperial guard who wore peacock feathers (cf. BH 99) 2. drought 3. spindle for winding thread

HIYA GURUN I SIRDAN a type of ancient arrow

HIYA KADALARA DORGI AMBAN Chamberlain of the Imperial Bodyguard, BH 98

HIYA KADALARA DORGI AMBAN I BA office of the above officer

HIYA SILMEN female sparrow hawk (Accipiter virgatus)

HIYAI IDUI JANGGIN Commander of a Relief of the Bodyguard, BH 99

HIYAI JUWAN I DA Sergeant of the Imperial Bodyguard, BH 99

HIYABAN coarse hempen cloth

HIYABSA 1. a press 2. two boards bound by cords used as a cover for books or documents 3. a halter made of two pieces of board

HIYABSA ENGGEMU a yoke for beasts

of burden

HIYABSA JAHŪDAI a type of large seagoing vessel

HIYABSALABUMBI caus. of hiyabsalambi

HIYABSALAMBI to splint a broken limb

HIYABSAMBI to lick (as a mother cow its young)

HIYABULAKŪ a lantern rack

HIYABULE see hiyebele

HIYABUN lantern

HIYADABUMBI caus. of hiyadambi

HIYADAMBI 1. to plait, to weave (a net or basket) 2. to darn, to mend

HIYADAN 1. a rack of shelves 2. compartments in a closet or chest

HIYADANGGA KUNGGERI a section of the Office of Discipline in the Board of War

HIYAGANJAMBI see hiyahanjambi

HIYAGANJAME TUHEKE fell in heaps--said of the corpses of bandits that have been executed

HIYAHABUMBI caus. of hiyahambi

HIYAHALABUMBI caus. of hiyahalambi

HIYAHALAMBI to cross one another, to cross back and forth

HIYAHALAME TABUMBI to string a bow by bending it with the knees

HIYAHALI CECIKE crossbill (Loxia curvirostra)

HIYAHALJAMBI see hiyahalambi

HIYAHAMBI to cross, to crisscross

HIYAHAN 1. an abatis--a means of military defense consisting of pointed stakes jutting outward from a central shaft 2. crosspiece on a crupper

HIYAHAN I ENGGEMU a saddle with a support on it for holding a child

HIYAHAN MULAN 1. chair with a back 2. folding chair

HIYAHAN MULAN I ILETU KIYOO an open litter with a folding chair

HIYAHAN SILTANGGA JAHŪDAI a ship with crossing masts

HIYAHANJAMBI to be piled up, to lie in a confused heap

HIYAHANJAME TUHEKE see hiyaganjame tuheke

HIYAHŪ wheezing, a rattling sound in the throat, asthma

HIYAIJAI see tontu

HIYAK SEME furious, in a rage

HIYALAMBI to carry a child on the back

HIYALAR SEME the sound of metal or porcelain falling

HIYALHŪWA hemp stalks

HIYALHŪWARI a match (made from hemp stalks)

HIYALU a net carrying bag

HIYALURI ILHA an exotic small white flower that resembles a net made from silk thread

HIYAMTUN the name of a small sacrificial vessel of the Hsia dynasty

HIYAN 1. incense, perfume 2. hsien, county, district

HIYAN CENG assistant district magistrate

HIYAN DABUKŪ incense burner

HIYAN DABUKŪ I SINDAKŪ a table on which an incense burner is placed

HIYAN DERE a table used for burning incense

HIYAN FILA a dish on which incense is burned

HIYAN I CALIYASI district tax clerk

HIYAN I EJESI Jail Warden, BH 857

HIYAN I FANGŠAKŪ a bag in which incense is placed

HIYAN I HOSERI a box for incense

HIYAN I JUMANGGI a small bag for holding incense

HIYAN I SARACI District Magistrate, BH 856

HIYAN I SIHAN a cylindrical container used for burning incense

HIYAN I SIRAMSI Assistant District Magistrate, BH 857

HIYAN I TACIBUKŪ HAFAN District Director of Schools, BH 857

HIYAN SISIKŪ a flat wooden or clay vessel for incense

HIYANCI a hunting rifle with a long thin barrel

HIYANCILAMBI to form a herd (of deer in summer)


HIYANG BE eunuch

HIYANG BING cake of incense

HIYANG CA jasmine tea

HIYANG CUN MOO Cedrela sinensis

HIYANG HING SEME energetically, vigorously

HIYANG SEME vociferously, energetically



HIYANGCILAMBI the same as hiyangci sindambi

HIYANGLU an incense burner; cf. hiyan dabukū

HIYANGTARŠAMBI to act overbearingly, to be arrogant

HIYANGTU somewhat squint-eyed

HIYANJUHŪ NIMAHA see hiyancuhu nimaha

HIYARI squint-eyed

HIYARIBUMBI to wither up from a drought

HIYARŠAMBI to get up and leave, to evade

HIYASA plural of hiya


kitchen of the Imperial Bodyguard

HIYASE 1. box 2. a box containing offerings attached to the top of a pole (used by shamans) 3. a Chinese peck

HIYASEKU a person who watches over weights in a market place

HIYATAHAN a bejeweled goblet of the Hsia dynasty

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