In modern times, Giza is a suburb of Cairo, the fifth largest city in the world. In ancient times, it was the location of the royal burial site for the capital city of Memphis. King Khufu choose this site when he was in need a new necropolis after the burial of Sneferu had taken the last convenient space left at the more southern location of Dahshur. Giza is the location of the three “great pyramids” and the Sphinx with their associated temples and other buildings, the private mastabas of nobility, and in a separate area, the private tombs of citizen of various classes.
Side view of Giza