Florence the "heart" of Italian Renaissance culture/birthplace of the Reniassance
Venice the main center of Italian Renaissance trade.
Rome still spiritual capital of Christendom (corrupt popes - ex., Alexander VI)
how did these styles and the artistic themes of the paintings and sculpture reflect the
philosophy of Renaissance humanism?
IV. The Northern Renaissance:
A. "Christian" humanism
Desiderius Erasmus --> In Praise of Folly Thomas More --> Utopia Rabelais --> Gargantua Cervantes --> Don Quixote Michel de Montaigne --> Essays (skepticism)
a trace of mysticism
criticisms of the Church, but WITHIN the Church.
B. Gutenberg printing press What were its effects on the spread of humanist ideas?
C. vernacular writing Shakespeare, Cervantes, Rabelais.
D. the arts:
differences in artistic style between Northern Europe and Italy??
the Flemish School --> Jan van Eyck, Hans Holbein
V. The Decline of the Renaissance Church:
A. general symptoms of failure?
B. the rise of national churches in England, France, Spain, Italy, and the Germanies (as a
result of the breakdown in old feudal ties and obligations).