1. Do you agree that the advantages cars bring outweigh the disadvantages?


Earlier technological developments brought more benefits and changed the lives of



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51. Earlier technological developments brought more benefits and changed the lives of
ordinary people more than recent technological developments. To what extent do you
agree or disagree
Earlier technological progress had been great with many far-reaching breakthroughs, especially in the early period of the last century. However, the benefits and changes brought by the earlier technological developments to the lives of ordinary people cannot compare with those brought by recent ones. Therefore, I disagree with the given statement. In the following paragraphs, I intend to support my opinion with my arguments. Undoubtedly, recent technological developments have benefited and changed our life so much that we enjoy almost all the comforts and conveniences that life can ever offer. Today, we can breakfast in Japan, lunch in Singapore and dine at New Delhi. This is all because of the faster means of travel. The Internet has revolutionized communication. Today we send and receive emails at the click of a mouse. We chat and do videoconferencing with our kith and kin in any part of the world. These are just two examples of how dramatically recent technological developments have benefited and changed our life. Furthermore, in the field of medicine, we have gadgets to diagnose cancers and many other diseases at such early stages that almost complete cures are possible Also, if we look at the means we use to go to work, the Electrical appliances we use at home, the devices we use in offices, the facilities and equipment we use in factories, we can say with certainty that recent technology has transformed our lives beyond imagination. Admittedly, earlier technological developments did benefit and change the lives of ordinary people from the time when they were achieved, especially after the Industrial Revolution. However, it is self-evident as to what benefited and changed people's life more, telegraph or mobile phone, Phonograph or Mp, Steam train or the monorail
In conclusion, I believe that, recent developments of technology have certainly benefited and changed our lives more than the earlier ones did.

52. In order to learn a language well, we should also learn about the country as well as the
cultures and lifestyles of the people who speak this language. To what extent do you
agree or disagree with this opinion

Language and society areas inextricably linked as a chicken and an egg. Language is the verbal expression of culture. I strongly agree that in order to learn a language 'well' you must also know the culture and lifestyle of the people who speak that language. In the following essay, I intend to support my views with my arguments. It is true that some successful language learners have never learned about the culture and lifestyle of the native speakers. Such learners probably have a gift for learning languages and would be successful under any circumstances with regular effort. For most people, however, learning in asocial context is the key to learn the language well. Language is much more than just a means of communication. It is an art, a science, a culture, an identity and a vision. It is a lifestyle. It is like seeing the world through different eyes. For instance, the Eskimos have 24 different words for snow like - 'aput' means snow on the ground, 'gana' means drifting snow. Snow has a greater impact on their culture than ours and so is their language. So definitely learning about their culture and lifestyle would help understand the importance of these meanings. There are dialects, nuances and idioms of a language which can only be learnt if we learn about the culture and lifestyle of the people. For example, Punjabi is the mother tongue of people who live in Punjab. It has two dialects which mean ways of pronunciation and speaking. The two dialects are quite different and can only be learnt if you spend time with those people or learn about their culture. Then there are the nuances in a language which means subtle shades of meaning which can also not be learnt without knowing the lifestyle of people. Finally, it is more enjoyable
to learn a language if we learn about the culture and lifestyle. We are more motivated to learn another language. In conclusion, I believe that, it is definitely needed to know about the culture and lifestyle of people if you have to learn a language well. It makes learning fun and it helps to understand the dialects and nuances of the language.

53. Multicultural societies, in which there is a mixture of different ethnic peoples, bring
more benefits than drawbacks to a country. To what extent do you agree or disagree
I definitely agree with the statement that cosmopolitan societies are better for the overall progress of a country. That is perhaps why nations such as the USA, Canada and Australia, which are primary multicultural societies, enjoy great prosperity, stability and harmony. In the following paragraphs. I shall provide arguments to support my views. Apparently, a multicultural society can bring a wide variety of benefits to a nation in terms of economic, cultural and social development. To begin with, the majority of immigrants from different cultural backgrounds are high achievers including experts, scholars, engineers, business people and other well-trained people. Their arrival means an inflow of expertise, experience, investments as well as a dynamic labour force which are all key factors to the increase of competitiveness, efficiency and productivity of a nation's economy. What is more, the new arrivals know very well the importance of respecting the local traditions and customs Therefore, they cooperate and collaborate well with the natives. They work very harmoniously side by side in offices, factories and schools. In addition, with a rich blend of peoples cultures and lifestyles, people in multicultural societies tend to be more open-minded and tolerant of other people's customs and religions. However, multi-societies also have some problems. Sometimes, people from overseas will try to maintain their unique ethnic cultures with their own distinctive characteristics. These differences many seem trivial, but they can cause some conflicts that make it difficult for immigrants to become assimilated into the mainstream of the local social
life. But multicultural societies are usually based on equality and diversity so these problems can eventually be dealt with successful. To sum up, after what I have discussed, the advantages of multicultural societies far outweigh the disadvantages. That is the reason so many countries make great efforts to attract more immigrants from abroad.
54. Some people think the main purpose of schools is to turn the children into good citizens
and workers, rather than to benefit them as individuals. To what extent do you agree orb bdisagree with this opinion
I definitely agree with the statement that the primary aim of schools is to turn the pupils into good citizens and workers rather than benefit them as individuals. I feel that schools have to fulfil both things but the primary aim is towards the welfare of society and the benefit to the individual Automatically ensues. Schooling can do a lot for shaping children. Firstly, school is a system with so many possibilities fora child to grow into what he or she actually is. For example, teachers are able to mould children by identifying their hidden strengths, and the same strength may later make the child what he actually is in this world for. Secondly, since children spend a sizeable amount of their time with teachers and a community of boys and girls from different faiths, statuses and family values - there is great possibility fora child to undergo a transformation into a good human being. Teachers area great force to influence children. Of course, learning academic subjects is the main aim for what students go to schools. Definitely, the job market requires professional knowledge the most. But it is also true that if students become good citizens and workers, they themselves equally benefit too. In conclusion, I believe that, raising children into real human beings involves several factors. Among them, the prominent one is good schooling. School’s main function is to make students
good and responsible workers and the personal benefit to students also takes place simultaneously.
55. Throughout the history, male leaders always lead us to violence and conflict. If a society
is governed by female leaders it will be more peaceful. To what extent do you agree orb bdisagree with this opinion
In the history of mankind there have been many records of violence and conflicts in the form of wars. Some people think that if a society were governed by female leaders, it would be more peaceful. However, if we look into the past history we can get numerous examples when there have been wars and conflicts even during the rule of women rulers. So, I disagree with the statement. If we had female only rulers, we probably would not be alive today. Sure most wars were caused by men, but that is only because more than 90% of rulers were men. Female rulers have also caused wars and their fraction is a lot higher than male rulers. For example, during the Tang Dynasty, the first female ruler of China, Wu Zetian who was well-known for her tyranny and cruelty, launched a series of wars to expand the territory of the empire. This didn't happen only in China. It was Queen Victoria who invaded India, China and many other countries n close succession. Even our late Prime Minister, Indira Gandhi, led India in a war against neighboring Pakistan which resulted in the creation of Bangladesh, formerly East Pakistan. It is understandable if you say that generally, women are more affectionate, thoughtful and gentle as compared with men. They are also less ambitious and aggressive. However, politics is decided by the interest. If you are the leader of a society, you surely have the required leadership qualities regardless of the gender Apparently, leaders, male or female, will have to make a decision according to the citizens' interest. In conclusion, I believe that, a society will not necessarily become more peaceful merely because it is governed by a female leader because, essentially, there is no difference between female and male leaders when it comes to politics.


56. With the increase in the use of mobile phones and computers, fewer people are writing
letters. Some people think that the traditional skill of writing letters will disappear
completely. To what extent do you agree or disagree How important do you think is
letter-writing?
It is irrefutable that in today's era of modern technology, many people struggle to produce letters and often avoid writing letter altogether. Nevertheless, I don't agree that this skill is gradually disappearing. In this essay, I shall put forth arguments to support my view and also talk about the importance of letter writing. Firstly, let us consider the reasons why writing letters is less frequent nowadays. This is because of modern technology. These days we are much more likely to email someone than write a letter. In addition, our business communications have become more informal than in the past. As a result, a less formal style of writing is more acceptable. Other forms of communication such as text messaging have reduced our need to write letters even more. However, in my opinion, there are times when there is no alternative to writing a letter. Letters are generally more formal and carefully composed than emails. This makes them more suitable for occasions when they are likely to be kept and reread, perhaps several times, by the recipient, as with formal letters of thanks or sympathy. Letters provide a written record, unlike telephone calls, so they are also a better way of setting out an important or complex argument, as in the official complaints or legal matters. Moreover, that time is still very far when everyone will have a computer and internet connection. Till that time letter writing can never disappear. So, it can be seen that letter writing is a very important skill to learn because there are many parts of the world where it is very important to be formal. This is particularly true if you are involved in international business. Because of globalization the business world is becoming more and more international and it is not always possible to pickup the telephone to talk to people. Consequently, I believe that letter writing will never die out completely. And even though these letters maybe written on computers rather than by hand we still need to learn and practise this skill.
In conclusion, I believe that, there are fewer times when we need to write letters than in the past. On the other hand, I feel there are still some important occasions when a letter is the most appropriate form of communication.

57. When international media including movies, fashion shows, advertisements and other
TV programmes convey the same messages to the global audience, people argue that the
expansion of international media has negative impacts on cultural diversity. What is
your opinion
As international media companies expand across the world, the growing popularity and uniformity of some media programmes such as TV shows, movies, fashion shows is causing worldwide concern. Many people have strong views toward this trend. In my opinion, international media is closely linked to cultural globalisation and cultural homogeneity The dominance of international media is a sign of Western cultural imperialism and has the potential to thwart cultural diversity. It is not a secret that international media is owned and operated by a handful of giant corporations, such as Time Warner. They control large sectors of the media market and place national media companies at risk. The contraction in the number of media owners will cause a proportional reduction in the variety of programmes broadcasted. For example, painting, music and movies accessible in the media have a small number of genres, imposing restraints on one's knowledge of artworks of different cultural backgrounds In addition to seizing control over those creative industries, global entertainment companies affect cultural diversity by reshaping the perceptions, beliefs and norms of ordinary citizens indifferent countries. Most of the cultural values and ideals promoted by the leading mainstream media are of American origin. American culture values individuality, maximisation of one's benefits and material wealth, rather than communal life and family solidarity the values and norms previously treasured in many Asian countries. Unfortunately, many Asian people now imitate American people, causing the alteration of their perceptions of family. This radical change can be attributed to hose movies and TV programmes that portray the success of American individuals or corporations.
The loss of media diversity is also responsible for people's narrow sense of ways of life. The ruling class of many countries speaks English, favours Western food, wears Western-style jackets and even prefers Western weddings. Young people re captivated by American basketball and some even daubing the names of NBA stars on their school sweatsuits. All these transformations in life are the result of the audience's exposure to Hollywood movies, TV shows and sports reports. The loss of media diversity will lead to degradation of culture and to a minimisation of cultural diversity. It is a worrying trend, as people need cultural diversity to preserve and pass on their valuable heritage to future generations, including lifestyle. As shown above, international media, controlled by a handful of transnational media corporations, is exporting Western culture worldwide and putting many indigenous cultures at the risk of extinction. The uniformity of media programmes has led to that of artworks, norms and ways of life wherever international media goes.


58. Team activities can teach more skills for life than those activities which are played alone.
Explain the benefits of each and give your own view
Both teamwork and individual work Require different skills and teach different things. Most of our daily life depends on teamwork like doing a job and raising a family. Therefore, I agree with the given statement that team activities teach more skills for life than solo activities, in the following paragraphs, I shall support my view with my arguments. Some important skills of life are communication skills, cooperation and conflict management skills All these are only learnt through teamwork. In solo activities, we do not need to communicate and so we do not learn these skills. However, when we step into daily life we realize that communication skills are the most needed skills. We also have to cooperate also with our family members, colleagues, friends and neighbors in daily life. When we do team activities, we learn cooperation also. Conflict management skills are also learnt when we do team activities. You have differences of opinion and you learn to manage tough situations very diplomatically. All these are very necessary skills of life.
Furthermore, we also learn leadership skills, decision making and critical thinking skills while doing team activities. We learn how to make our voice heard and we also learn how to accept the correct suggestions of others. Finally, we learn sportsman-spirit which is a very good trait. We learn to accept victory with modesty and defeat with grace. This is an important life skill. On the other hand, we learn many skills of life through solo activities also. We earn a sense of competition and perseverance through individual activities. All life skills are important for us. We cannot forget that man is asocial animal and cannot live alone. So, what we learn in teams can be applied more in our daily lives. In conclusion, I believe that, team activities and individual activities - both teach important skills of life but team activities are definitely better teachers of life skills than solo activities.
59. Some people say that the government should not put money on building theatres and sport
stadiums. Others argue that they should spend more money on medical care and education.
Discuss both views and give your opinion.
It is a highly debatable issue whether the government should spend money on medicine and education rather than on theatres and sports stadiums. In my opinion, all these things are important for the people and therefore, the government should allocate equal resources for both. Basic medical care is very important for the general public. If people are healthy, there will be more work productivity and the country will prosper as a whole. There are many people who live below the poverty line and it is the government's responsibility that they should receive
medical aid whenever needed. There are also the elderly who have paid taxes throughout their working life and now need good medical care.
Adequate education facilities are also the duty of the government. Today, there area number of children from deprived backgrounds who get substandard education. They would definite
require a high quality of education if they are to succeed in later life. What is more, an educated

society has less crime and violence and the country gets good recognition the whole world if its people are educated. On the other hand, theatres and sports stadiums are equally essential for people. Art and entertainment is also a basic human need. Theatrical shows provide entertainment and at the same time preserve our culture and tradition. Our artists earn name and fame for our country. Sports stadiums, similarly, attract millions of spectators to watch matches every year. Many more millions watch games on television, read about them in newspapers, and discuss them with their friends. Therefore, we cannot say that these are unnecessary expenses and therefore the government should not ignore them. In conclusion, I believe that, medicine and education are needs that we recognize, but theatrical or sports events are also basic needs. Therefore, governments should allocate resources for both these things.
A highly debatable issue (phrase) a hot topic
Allocate equal resources (phrase) spend on these equally
Work productivity (phrase) ability to do well atones work
Prosper as a whole (phrase) develop
Live below the poverty line (phrase) be poor
Receive medical aid (phrase) get medical help
Adequate education facilities (phrase) good facilities in education
Deprived background (phrase) poor family
Substandard education (phrase) bad education
Require a high quality of education (phrase) need better education
Educated society (phrase) society in which there area lot of educated people
Good recognition (phrase) known by other nations
A basic human need (phrase) what people need
Preserve our culture and tradition (phrase) protect culture and tradition

Earn name and fame for (phrase) make the country famous
Attract millions of spectators (phrase) Attract many people to there
Earn name and fame for (phrase) make the country famous
Unnecessary expense (phrase) waste money
Allocate resources for (phrase) spend money on




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