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Everyone should stay in school until the age of eighteen. Evaluate the arguments both

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28. Everyone should stay in school until the age of eighteen. Evaluate the arguments both
and against this before reaching an opinion
In many countries, school attendance is mandatory for all children up to a specific age. In India this is 14 years of age. In the UK and many other countries it is 16, although the UK government now has plans to raise the school leaving age to 18. I agree that children should be in school till the age of 18. In the following paragraphs, I intend to put forth my arguments to support my views. The most important reason for raising the school leaving age to 18 is that, the age of 14-18 is the most impressionable age of a child's life. During this period of adolescence the children Undergo physical and hormonal changes because of which they are under a lot of pressure. Therefore, lengthening compulsory schooling helps protect childhood. While at school students will be protected from some of the pressures in life. They have the rest of adulthood to work, earn a living and make choices. Providing them with space to grow for as long as possible can make them better prepared for adult life. Secondly, more education provides the opportunity to acquire more skills and therefore more Options. It has been shown many times that Otiose with more education find it easier to find work and that they are more likely to find that work satisfying. What is more, raising the school-leaving age is a crucial investment in society's future. Doing so increases the economic potential of the future workforce, and so will bring increased tax revenues in the long term. However, the opponents claim that extending the period of compulsory education requires a huge investment teachers, books and new school buildings which would be very expensive. They also say that many families need their children to make an economic contribution to the family income and working early can help these families to survive. Finally, just being in school does not guarantee that a student is learning. Unwilling students become disruptive. And damage the education of others in their class. In conclusion, I believe that, as every garden has weeds, similar compulsory schooling also has some drawbacks. However, these drawbacks are nothing as compare to the vast benefits this approach would bring and the cost needed to implement would be negligible if compared to the huge economic potential of the future workforce. Therefore, I believe that everyone should stay in school until the age of eighteen.

29. Some people argue that individuals can do nothing to improve the environment.
Therefore, only governments and large companies can make a difference. To what extent
do you agree or disagree with this opinion
Everyone is becoming aware that the environment is a serious issue. There is bad air and water pollution everywhere and we also know that the greenhouse effect is changing our weather and that the hole in the ozone layer is causing skin cancer. However, not enough is being done to solve these problems, because most people seem to think that they can do nothing. They think that only governments and large companies can combat this massive problem. 1 feel that the responsibility for protecting the environment must be shared by everyone. Individuals can and should do many things to help to solve the problem. First of all, people can make sure that they are responsible in the way that they dispose of waste. If people throw rubbish like plastic into rivers and oceans, it always stays there, and causes fish and seabirds to die. It is also important to make sure that we do not buy goods that have too much wrapping on them, especially plastic wrapping, because if we do we are adding to the huge amounts of waste. People also need to be responsible in the way that they use water. In some countries, like Australia, an enormous amount of water is wasted for swimming pools, washing cars and soon. Most countries are running out of freshwater. If people used their cars less this would help to prevent the greenhouse effect. Everyone can try to use public transport more, or use bicycles, or even walk, instead of using their cars for even short trips. Finally, the most important thing that individuals can do is to let their governments know that they want something to be done about the environment. It is obvious that the governments will not do anything unless the people force them to. It is therefore clear that individuals must take responsibility for the environment, otherwise it will soon be too late, and we and the next generation will suffer from serious consequences.
30. Today, majority of children are raised by their grandparents due to the fact that their
parents are busy working. To what extent do you think it affects the whole family
It is irrefutable that both parents are working nowadays and as a result children have to be raised by either maids or grandparents. Definitely, grandparents are better than any other option and this situation affects the family in both positive and negative ways which I shall highlight in this essay. On the positive side, looking after the grandchildren keeps the grandparents energetic and vibrant. Grandparents bathe, feed and even read books to the child. This leads to a sort of symbiotic relationship in which both grandparents and grandchildren can profit from. In other words we can say that it is a win- win situation for both. Grandparents will no longer suffer from loneliness and depression which is very common at that age and children are also well looked after. Moreover, such a situation Encourages joint family system. Therefore, all the benefits of a joint family are there. There is security in the family as we all know that there is Security in numbers. Another big advantage is that grandparents teach moral values to children. If grandparents do not look after children then parents use TVs as babysitters and children can become couch potatoes On the negative side, it is generally seen that grandparents are over-doting and, out of love may pamper and spoil the grandchildren. Another disadvantage is that if there is not enough harmony between the parents and grandparents then it can lead to frustration and spoil the whole atmosphere of the house. In such cases children are the worst sufferers. In conclusion, I believe that, it is very beneficial if grandparents look after their grandchildren. Grandchildren learn moral values, are looked after well and grandparents enjoy themselves and don't suffer from loneliness and depression.

31. Fossil fuels coal, oil, natural gas are the main sources in many countries, but in some
countries the use of alternative sources of energy wind energy and solar energy are
encouraged. To what extent do you think it is a positive or negative development

It is irrefutable that fossil fuels are the main source of energy in many parts of the world, but some nations are taking a step forward and using renewable sources like wind, solar and tidal energy. Definitely it is a positive development. In the following paragraphs. I intend to support my views with my arguments.
The main advantage of using alternate sources is that the conventional sources like coal and oil are nonrenewable. They take millions of years to form and we are consuming them at an alarming rate. This means that if we use up the existing resources they will begone forever as far as our and the coming many generations are concerned. Energy from the wind, the sun and the sea is an everlasting source of power. So, more and more governments should forward in promoting these sources. Another big advantage of these non-conventional sources is that they do not pollute the environment. We all know that global warming and damage to the protective ozone layer are caused by carbon-dioxide and other byproducts of fossil fuels. If urgent step are not taken towards the use of natural sources like sun and wind, then the time is not far when the whole earth will transform into a boiling pot. Although the use of these Alternative sources has some hurdles such as the initial cost of setting up solar panel sand wind farms is very high and these Are also dependent on the geographical locations. However, once the initial cost has been met with, their maintenance is practically negligible. In conclusion, I believe that, the use of these alternative sources is a very positive development. It should be the global priority to invest in such research and development.
32. The society would benefit from a ban on all forms of advertising because it serves nob buseful purpose, and can even be damaging. However, others argue that there are still
some advantages of adverts. Discuss both views and give your opinion
Advertising in modern society is ubiquitous - on the radio, TV, the internet and in our letterboxes. While advertising has many disadvantages, the positive influence of advertising outweighs the negative. So, I disagree that there should be a ban on all advertisements. It is true that advertising provides us with information on new products, if it were not for electronic and print advertising, many products would not be bought. In this way, advertising provides an important service to manufacturers and some consumers. Additionally, it fuels the advertising industry, creating jobs for thousands of people, in this respect it is the backbone of many economies of the world.
Furthermore, advertisements touch social issues. For example, when Amitabh Bachhan tells people to bring their children for polio immunization people listen. Then there are ads against female feticide which are very informative. Advertisements also teach a lot about the country from where the ads come. This is because through satellite TV we can see ads from allover the world. When we see a Japanese advert of a lady in a kimono, we come to know about the clothes of Japan. However, adverts also have a downside. Television commercials area great example of this. Just as we are enjoying a TV program, a commercial break occurs, forcing us to listen. Advertising can also promote consumerism. People can become greedy fora new product and they can become discontent with what they already have. In the end, the consumer is never really satisfied, always wanting 'newer and better' products. Then, ads show dangerous stunts which maybe copied by children and they may get hurt. Finally, some ads target children and so children fester parents to buy things which can upset the family budget. On balance, I believe that as every rose is accompanied by thorns, ads too have their disadvantages. Overall, the advantages far outweigh the disadvantages. So we should not ban ads. The government can, however, ban some ads which show stunts or which make false claims.

33. Food can be produced much more cheaply today because of improved fertilizers and
better machinery. However, some of the methods used to do this maybe dangerous to
human health and may have negative effects on local communities. What are the
advantages and disadvantages
Yesterday's fiction is today's reality. Such Colossal developments have taken place in agriculture which we could not even think of earlier. It is a highly debated issue as to whether these improvements in fertilizers and technology area blessing or a curse. In my opinion, there are both pros and cons of this situation but the advantages are much more than disadvantages. On the positive side, farmers now have a wide range of selections in terms of seeding, irrigation and use of pesticides and fertilizers. Technology has saved people from tedious work and in the meantime increased the production markedly. Machines save the cost of labor and also save time,
so productivity has increased dramatically. All this is needed to meet the demands of the burgeoning population. Furthermore, genetic modification of foods has given us such species which need little or no insecticides and no fertilizers. The quality of food has also improved. For example, fish gene has been added to tomato to make it frost resistant A nut protein has been added to soya bean to increase the protein content. We have more choices and even the color and shape can also be changed. We have sweeter fruits and square watermelons and yellow colored ones. Finally, factory farming in which animals are fed nicely so as to increase their meat, is also the need of the hour. On the downside, such technology has reduced the need for manpower and many people are now jobless. This has a negative effect on communities. Genetic modification also considered unnatural and as it is relatively new, people are also concerned about its long-term harmful effects. Some methods are also dangerous to the environment as there is contamination of the neighboring crops by the altered gene pool. Last but not least, the rich countries can use this technology and further increase the gap between the rich and the poor. In conclusion, I believe that, as every garden has weeds, such developments have their pros and cons. We should know whereto draw the line and take maximum advantage of this technology minimizing its harmful effects.

34. The spread of English as a global language" is an issue nowadays. To what extent dob byou think the advantages outweigh the disadvantages
English has become the lingua franca in many parts of the world. Because of this, I agree with the given statement that the spread of English as an international language will have more pros than cons. Second, English is easier to learn than any other language. Unlike Chinese, for example, English has only 26 alphabets which are combined to make words and sentences. It is easy even for nonnative speakers to read written English. In addition, a number of English words have been borrowed from many other languages, and many English words have been adopted by many
languages and are used as part of their own languages. Therefore, many people indifferent countries already know some of the English. So, it could be the easiest language to learn. Furthermore, it is the language of global business and also jobs. It is the language of technology. You can make the best use of internet if you know English as many websites are written in English. Knowledge of English makes travel easier. There would also be no need of expensive translations. Finally, English will be the most promising language. Since English is used in many fields such as economics, politics, and academics, more and more people will study English in the future. If you have an international meeting in any field, it will probably be done in English. The demand of English will never stop. As every garden has weeds, there would be some disadvantages also. Many people fear that local languages would die out and with that, local cultures would die out because language and culture are interrelated. Moreover, it is bound to be divided into dialects. In conclusion, I believe that, there are more advantages than disadvantages of English as a global language, its popularity and demand will increase more and more in the future.

35. Many people are optimistic of the st century and see it as an opportunity to make
positive changes to the world. To what extent do you share their optimism What
changes would you like to see in the new century
Change is but natural. Everything undergoes a sea of changes over a period. Many changes are expected in the st century. I am an optimistic person and I believe there will be many beneficial changes which I would like to see in the st century. To begin with many positive changes are expected in the medical field. Our researchers are working day and night to find treatment of various types of cancers and other fatal diseases such as AIDS. Because of advanced diagnostic techniques like MRI and nuclear scan, many diseases can be detected so early that treatment is now possible. Advances are also going on for cell transplant instead of organ transplant. If this becomes true, transplant surgeries will become a thing of the past.
Furthermore, terrorism and wars will be there only in history books. The whole planet Earth has already shrunk into a global village. National boundaries will disappear completely. We will also have better alternatives energy sources. Global warming will be dealt with effectively and everyone will have the basic amenities of life. Finally, illiteracy and poverty will be wiped out Everyone would be educated and contented and therefore there would be peace, harmony and happiness all around. Holidays in space might be common. Change is imminent in every sphere of human life. What is certain is that those who accept changes, instead of those resisting them, will be more successful. In conclusion, I believe that, all this might sound too optimistic, but I would surely wish to see all these in the st century.
36. The government is responsible for protecting nation’s culture identity. Thus, some
people believe new buildings should be built in traditional styles. To what extend do you
agree or disagree with this opinion
Every city has its Architectural character, and this architecture represents the culture of the place. However, I disagree that modern buildings should be built in traditional styles. In the following paragraphs I shall put forth my arguments to support my views. Firstly, inmost large cities, land is scarce land consequently it is very valuable. This has led to the construction of all buildings which occupy only a small area of land while providing lots of floor space where people can live or work. We also have to meet the needs of the growing population for which tall buildings are the answer. Moreover, there is no need for deforestation to provide more land. Secondly, modern materials are more practical. Now we use concrete and steel instead of stone, timber or brick. Because of these things buildings can be built comparatively quickly using Are fabricated materials. They do not use local materials, such as stone, timber or brick, which used to give character to those buildings. Finally, changes are taking place in climate and energy sources Are depleting fast. So we need energy efficient houses. Modern buildings use double glass front walls and POP Plaster of Paris ceilings which lessen the energy requirements. Moreover, now we need smaller houses as family structure is changing.
However, I believe that every city should preserve a the already existing historic buildings which give character and identity to the city. The various forts and palaces in Rajasthan, India have been preserved and are being used to attract tourism. I agree with this kind of initiative taken by the government. In conclusion, I believe that, it is the need of the day that modern buildings be built in today's contemporary styles and to give identity to a place one or two historic buildings maybe therein every city.

37. Some people think that the news media nowadays have influenced people's lives in
negative ways. Others disagree and say that it is also positive. Discuss both views and
give your opinion
I disagree with the given statement that media has a negative influence on our lives. In the following paragraphs, both views will be discussed. There are many positive effects of media. To begin with, the usefulness of the media in almost instantly providing information about events around the world is undeniable. It is because of the media that today we do not belong to a big planet Earth we belong to a small global village. Furthermore, media also shapes our opinions. It is a link between the government and the people. Our conceptions of our elected officials spring from television images and newspaper stories. Most of us will never meet prime ministers or presidents but anyone who is regularly exposed to the media will know about them. When it is time to cast our vote, we will make our decision based on the media coverage of candidates. The media are also influential in the way they facilitate the spread of culture and lifestyle. Today, the popularity of Indian culture is an example of the media's enormous impact. It is the media which highlights the good points of our own culture through programs such as 'Americas got Talent. What is more, the reality shows of today have given exposure and fame to the common man with talent today. Indeed, with technological advancements, such as the Internet bringing even more forms of electronic media to our homes and workplaces. it is likely the media's influence will grow even stronger. Finally, the media also helps in providing justice to the common man.
Who has not heard of the Jessica murder case and the case of Nithari killings Were it not for the media, Jessica's parents would have never got justice. As every rose is accompanied by thorns, the media too has its downside. The paparazzi can invade the privacy of famous people. Sometimes violence and vulgarity is shown and at times it can shape our opinion in negative ways. For that my counterargument is that once the person becomes famous then his private life becomes public and he has no right to complain about the paparazzi. People can choose what they want to see and technology has provided them the tools to block those channels which they do not want their children to see. Finally, God has given us brains to judge what is right or wrong. The media is just doing its job by providing us with the latest information. In conclusion, I would like to Reiterate by saying that the influence of media on our lives is largely positive.

38. Many people say that we have developed into a "throwaway" culture, because we are
filling up our environment with so many plastic bags and rubbish that we cannot fully
dispose of. To what extent do you agree with this opinion and what measures can you
recommend reducing this problem
Environmentalists today are campaigning for "reduce, recycle and reuse in a bid to save the world, but we as a nation, have adopted replace" as our mantra. This and many other factors are leading to a throwaway society. In this essay, I shall discuss some steps that can betaken to solve this problem. To begin with, modern lifestyle has contributed greatly to the increasing amount of waste and garbage we produce everyday. In other words, we have turned into a materialistic and mass- consumption society where we use more and throwaway more than ever before. Once new things are acquired we dispose of these "unwanted" things to secondhand shops or just in the trashcans. The solution lies in changing our attitude. We should get old things repaired and try to use them as long as possible.
Secondly, the markets today are flooded with cheap, single-use-only item that are more in demand than high priced quality items. Our houses and closets seem to be overflowing with goods that are more in quantity and less in value. Then, there is too much packaging done by the companies in a bid to make their things more attractive. Here too, the onus lies with us. We should not buy things with Excessive packaging. This will deter companies from Resorting to too much packaging. We can also bring our own personal shopping bags instead of using plastic bags provided by stores and shops. Besides, the government can enforce stricter laws on companies to use biodegradable packaging. Furthermore, plastics, waste metal, glass can be recycled. Companies can also contribute by developing new raw material which is recyclable and will ultimately lead to less garbage. In conclusion, I believe that, individuals, business and the government can share the responsibility to reduce the amount of waste material and to save the earth. If we do not take steps to tackle this problem on a war footing our Earth will become uninhabitable.

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