Basic format for books: J. K. Author, “Title of chapter in the book,” in Title of His Published Book, xth ed. City of Publisher, Country if not
USA: Abbrev. of Publisher, year, ch. x, sec. x, pp. xxx–xxx.
Examples: G.O.Young,“Syntheticstructureofindustrial plastics,”in Plastics, 2nd ed., vol. 3, J. Peters, Ed. New York: McGraw-Hill,1964,pp.15–64.
W.-K.Chen,LinearNetworksandSystems.Belmont, CA:Wadsworth, 1993, pp. 123–135.
Basic format for periodicals: J. K. Author, “Name of paper,” Abbrev. Title of Periodical, vol. x, no. x, pp. xxx-xxx, Abbrev. Month, year.
Examples: J. U. Duncombe, “Infrared navigation—Part I: An assessment
of feasibility,” IEEE Trans. Electron Devices, vol. ED-11, no. 1, pp. 34–39, Jan. 1959.
E. P. Wigner, “Theory of traveling-wave optical laser,” Phys. Rev.,
vol. 134, pp. A635–A646, Dec. 1965.
E. H. Miller, “A note on reflector arrays,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagat., to be published.
Basic format for reports: J. K. Author, “Title of report,” Abbrev. Name of Co., City of Co., Abbrev. State, Rep. xxx, year.
Examples: E. E. Reber, R. L. Michell, and C. J. Carter, “Oxygen absorption in the earth’s atmosphere,” Aerospace Corp., Los Angeles, CA, Tech. Rep. TR-0200 (4230-46)-3, Nov. 1988.
J. H. Davis and J. R. Cogdell, “Calibration program for the 16-foot antenna,” Elect. Eng. Res. Lab., Univ. Texas, Austin, Tech. Memo. NGL-006-69-3, Nov. 15, 1987.
Basic format for handbooks: Name of Manual/Handbook, x ed., Abbrev. Name of Co., City of Co., Abbrev. State, year, pp. xxx-xxx.
Examples: Transmission Systems for Communications, 3rd ed., Western Electric Co., Winston-Salem, NC, 1985, pp. 44–60.
Motorola Semiconductor Data Manual, Motorola Semiconductor Products Inc., Phoenix, AZ, 1989.
Basic format for books (when available online): Author.(year,monthday).Title.(edition)[Typeof medium].volume (issue). Available: site/path/file
Example: J. Jones.(1991, May 10). Networks.(2nded.)[Online]. Available:http://www.atm.com
Basic format for journals (when available online): Author. (year, month). Title.Journal.[Typeof medium].volume (issue), pages. Available: site/path/file
Example: R. J. Vidmar. (1992, Aug.). On the use of atmospheric plasmasaselectromagneticreflectors. IEEETrans. PlasmaSci.[Online].21(3),pp. 876–880. Available: http://www.halcyon.com/pub/journals/21ps03-vidmar
Basic format for paperspresented at conferences (when available online): Author. (year,month). Title. Presented at Conference title. [Type of Medium]. Available: site/path/file
Example: PROCESS Corp., MA. Intranets: Internet technologies deployedbehindthefirewall forcorporateproductivity. Presentedat INET96AnnualMeeting.[Online]. Available: http://home.process.com/Intranets/wp2.htp
Basic format for reports and handbooks (when available online): Author. (year, month). Title. Company.City,StateorCountry.[TypeofMedium].Available: site/path/file
Example: S. L. Talleen. (1996, Apr.). The Intranet Archi -tecture: Managing information in the new paradigm.AmdahlCorp., CA. [Online]. Available: http://www.amdahl.com/doc/products/bsg/intra/infra/html
Basic format for computer programs andelectronicdocuments (when available online):ISOrecommendsthatcapitalizationfollowtheacceptedpracticefor thelanguage orscript in whichtheinformation isgiven.
Basic format for patents (when available online): Name of the invention, by inventor’s name. (year, month day). Patent Number [Type of medium]. Available: site/path/file
Example: Musical toothbrush with adjustable neck and mirror, by L.M.R. Brooks. (1992, May 19). Patent D 326 189
[Online]. Available: NEXIS Library: LEXPAT File: DESIGN
Basic format for conference proceedings (published): J. K. Author, “Title of paper,” in Abbreviated Name of Conf., City of Conf., Abbrev. State (if given), year, pp. xxxxxx.
Example: D. B. Payne and J. R. Stern, “Wavelength-switched pas- sivelycoupledsingle-mode opticalnetwork,”in Proc. IOOC-ECOC,1985, pp.585–590.
Example for paperspresentedat conferences(unpublished): D.EbehardandE.Voges,“Digitalsinglesidebanddetectionforinterferometricsensors,”presentedat the2ndInt. Conf.OpticalFiberSensors,Stuttgart,Germany,Jan.2-5, 1984.
Basic format for patents: J. K. Author, “Title of patent,” U.S. Patent x xxx xxx, Abbrev. Month, day, year.
Example: G. Brandli and M. Dick, “Alternatingcurrent fed power supply,” U.S.Patent 4 084 217,Nov.4,1978.
Basic formatfor theses (M.S.) and dissertations (Ph.D.): J. K. Author, “Title of thesis,” M.S. thesis, Abbrev. Dept., Abbrev. Univ., City of Univ., Abbrev. State, year.
J. K. Author, “Title of dissertation,” Ph.D. dissertation, Abbrev. Dept., Abbrev. Univ., City of Univ., Abbrev. State, year.
Examples: J. O. Williams, “Narrow-band analyzer,” Ph.D. dissertation, Dept. Elect. Eng., Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA, 1993.
N. Kawasaki, “Parametric study of thermal and chemical nonequilibrium nozzle flow,” M.S. thesis, Dept. Electron. Eng., Osaka Univ., Osaka, Japan, 1993.
Basic format for the most common types of unpublished references: J. K. Author, private communication, Abbrev. Month, year.
J. K. Author, “Title of paper,” unpublished.
J. K. Author, “Title of paper,” to be published.
Examples: A. Harrison, private communication, May 1995.
B. Smith, “An approach to graphs of linear forms,” unpublished.
A. Brahms, “Representation error for real numbers in binary computer arithmetic,” IEEE Computer Group Repository, Paper R-67-85.
Basic format for standards: Title of Standard, Standard number, date.
Letter Symbols for Quantities, ANSI Standard Y10.5-1968.
Note that author photographs and biographies are not accepted in IEEE TMI papers. This policy can vary among the different transactions.
This template has been modified from the IEEE Template for
Transactions specifically for TMI by the TMI Editorial Office, February 2016.
This paragraph of the first footnote will contain the date on which you submitted your paper for review. It will also contain support information, including sponsor and financial support acknowledgment. For example, “This work was supported in part by the U.S. Department of Commerce under Grant BS123456”. The next few paragraphs should contain the authors’ current affiliations, including current address and e-mail. For example, F. A. Author is with the National Institute of Standards and Technology, Boulder, CO 80305 USA (e-mail: author@ boulder.nist.gov).
S. B. Author, Jr., was with Rice University, Houston, TX 77005 USA. He is now with the Department of Physics, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523 USA (e-mail: email@example.com).
T. C. Author is with the Electrical Engineering Department, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309 USA, on leave from the National Research Institute for Metals, Tsukuba, Japan (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org).
1 Supplementary materials are available in the supporting documents /multimedia tab.
2 It is recommended that footnotes be avoided (except for the unnumbered footnote with the receipt date on the first page). Instead, try to integrate the footnote information into the text.