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General Literature

Beck, U., Der eigene Gott – Von der Friedensfähigkeit und dem Gewaltpotential der Religionen, Frankfurt am Main/Leipzig, 2008.

Durkheim, E., Les formes élémentaires de la vie religieuse, Le système totémique en Australie, Paris, Presses Universitaires de France, 1925.

Hesse, H., Siddhartha (translated by H. Rossner, with a preface by Donald McCrory), London, Picador, 1998.

Jaspers, K., Die massgebenden Menschen, Sokrates, Buddha, Konfuzius, Jesus, 12th ed., Munich, Piper Verlag, 2007.

Jessup, P.C., "To Form a More Perfect United Nations," Recueil des Cours, Vol. 129 (1970).

Küng, H., Wozu Weltethos? Religion und Ethik in Zeiten der Globalisierung, Freiburg im Breisgau, Herder, 2002.

Lucretius Carus, T., De rerum natura, Stuttgart, Reclam, 2000.

Mertesdorf, Ch., Weltanschauungsgemeinschaften, Eine verfassungsrechtliche Betrachtung mit Darstellung einzelner Gemeinschaften, Frankfurt am Main, Peter Lang, 2008.

Pfanner, T., “Religion - Humanitarian Debate: Law, Policy, Action” (editorial), International Review of the Red Cross, Vol. 87, No. 858 (2005).

Pictet, J., Développement et principes du droit international humanitaire, Paris, Institut Henry-Dunant/Pedone, 1983.

Pictet, J., Développement et principes du droit international humanitaire, Paris, Instiut Henry-Dunant/Pedone, 1983.

Popper, K., The Open Society and Its Enemies, Vol. 2, Hegel and Marx, 5th ed., Princeton, Princeton University Press, 1966.

Schönherr-Mann, H.-M., Miteinander leben lernen: die Philosophie und der Kampf der Kulturen, Munich, Piper, 2008.

Thürer, D., and K. Furer, “La religion contre le principe fondamental d’humanité? L’interprétation de textes religieux d’après les principes du droit international”, in Liber Amicorum Anne Petitpierre-Sauvain, Economie Environnement Ethique: De la responsabilité sociale et sociétale, Geneva, Schulthess, 2009.

Tomuschat, Ch., “Die Menschenrechte und die Religionen”, in H.R. Schlette (ed.), Religionskritik in interkultureller und interreligiöser Sicht, Bonn, Borengässer, 1998.



Confucianism

Bary, W.T. de, and T. Weiming (eds.), Confucianism and Human Rights, New York, Columbia University Press, 1998.

Chan, W.-T., “The Evolution of the Confucian Concept Jên”, Philosophy East and West, Vol. 4, No. 4, 1955.

Confucius, The Analects of Confucius (translated by B. Watson), New York, Columbia University Press, 2007.

Feng, H., Chinese Strategic Culture and Foreign Policy Decision-Making, Confucianism, Leadership and War, London, Routledge, 2007.

Gimello, R.M., “The Civil Status of Li in Classical Confucianism”, Philosophy East and West, Vol. 22, No. 2 (1972).

Hsu, C.-Y., “Applying Confucian Ethics to International Relations”, Journal of Ethics and International Affairs, Vol. 5, No. 1 (1991).

Kopel, D.B., “Self-Defence in Asian Religions”, Liberty University Law Review, Vol. 2 (2007).

Laozi, Dao De Jing: The Book of the Way (translated with a commentary by M. Roberts), Los Angeles, University of California Press, 2001.

Sun Tzu, The Art of War (translated by J.H. Huang), New York, Quill William Morrow, 1993.

Xiangming, Z., “On Two Ancient Chinese Administrative Ideas: Rule of Virtue and Rule by Law”, The Culture Mandala: Bulletin of the Centre for East-West Cultural and Economic Studies, Queensland (Australia), Bond University, Vol. 5, No. 1 (2002).

Hinduism

Chacko, C. J., India’s Contribution to the Field of International Law Concept, Recueil des cours, Vol. 93 (1958).

Khadduri, M., The Law of War and Pace in Islam, A Study in Muslim International Law, London, Luzac and Co, 1941.

Mani, V.S. (ed.), Handbook of International Humanitarian Law in South Asia, New Delhi, Oxford University Press, 2007.

Mani, V.S., “International Humanitarian Law: an Indo-Asian Perspective”, International Review of the Red Cross, Vol. 83, No. 841 (2001).

Masud, M.K., B. Messick and D.S. Powers, Islamic Legal Interpretation, Muftis and Their Fatwas, Cambridge, Harvard University Press, 1996.

Menski, W., Hindu Law, Beyond Tradition and Modernity, New Delhi, Oxford University Press, 2003.

Nanda, V.P., “International Law in Ancient Hindu India”, in M. W. Janis (ed.), The Influence of Religion on the Development of International Law, Dordrecht, Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 1991.

Olivelle, P., Manu’s Code of Law, A Critical Edition and Translation of the Manava-Dharmasastra, New York, Oxford University Press, 2005.

Robinson, C.A., Interpretations of the Bhagavad-Gita and Images of the Hindu Tradition: The Song of the Lord, New York, Routledge, 2006.

Sastry K.R.R., “Hinduism and International Law”, Receuil des cours, Vol. 117 (1966).

Sinha, M.K., “Hinduism and International Humanitarian Law”, International Review of the Red Cross, No. 858 (2005).

Van der Burg, C., “Traditional Hindu Values and Human Rights: Two Worlds Apart?” in A. A. An-Na’Im (ed.), Human Rights and Religious Values, An Uneasy Relationship?, Michigan, Eerdmans Publishing Co., 1995.

Weeramantry, C.G., “Dissenting Opinion on the Legality of the Threat or Use of Nuclear Weapons”, 8 July 1996, ICJ Reports 1996.

Weeramantry, C.G., Islamic Jurisprudence, An International Perspective, London, Macmillan Press, 1988.

White, D., The Bhagavad Gita, A New Translation with Commentary, American University Studies, Series VII, Theology and Religion, Vol. 39, New York, Peter Lang, 1988.



Taoism

Laotse, Tao te king, Munich, C.H.Beck, 2005.

Laozi, The Dao De Jing, The Book of the Way (translation and commentary by M. Roberts, Los Angeles, University of California Press, 2001.

Moeller, H.-G., The Philosophy of the Daodejing, New York, Columbia University Press, 2006.

Wildisch, P., Daoismus im Überblick, Die Weisheitslehre von Yin und Yang, Freiburg im Breisgau, Herder, 2002.

Buddhism

Arguillière, S., “Peut-on parler des Droits de l’Homme dans le bouddhisme? “, in R. Liogier, Le bouddhisme et ses norms, traditions – modernités, Strasbourg, Presses Universitaires de Strasbourg, 2006.

Berry, T., Buddhism, New York, Columbia University Press, 1996.

Carter, J.R., and M. Palihawadana, The Dhammapada (a new English Translation with the Pali Text and the First English Translation of the Commentary’s Explanation of the Verses, with Notes Translated from Sinhala Sources and Critical Textual Comments), New York, Oxford University Press, 1987.

Jayatilleke, K. N., “The Principles of International Law in Buddhist Doctrine”, in …………….

Schlensog, S., Die Weltreligionen für die Westentasche, Munich, Piper, 2008.

Schmidt-Glintzer, H., Der Buddhismus, Munich, Verlag C.H.Beck, 2005.

Victoria, B.D., Zen at War, 2nd ed., Lanham, Rowman and Littlefield, 2006.

Weeramantry, C.G., Buddhism and Humanitarian Law”, in V. S. Mani, Handbook of International Humanitarian Law in South Asia, New Delhi, Oxford University Press, 2007.

Weeramantry, C.G., “Some Buddhist Perspectives on International Law“, in B. Boutros-Ghali, Paix, Développement, Démocratie, Vol. I, Bruxelles, Bruylant, 1998/1999??.

Yu, X., Buddhism, War, and Nationalism, Chinese Monks in the Struggle against Japanese Aggressions, 1931 – 1945, New York, Routledge, 2005.

Judaism

Broyde, M.J., “Just Wars, Just Battles and Just Conduct in Jewish Law: Jewish Law Is Not a Suicide Pact!”, in L. Schiffman and J. B. Wolowelsky, (eds.), War and Peace in the Jewish Tradition, New York, Yeshiva University Press, 2007.

Feldman, L.H., ‘Remember Amalek!’, Vengeance, Zealotry, and Group Destruction in the Bible according to Philo, Pseudo-Philo, and Josephus, Cincinnati,Hebrew Union College Press, 2004.

Lamm, N., “Amalek and the Seven Nations: A Case of Law v.s Morality”, in L. Schiffman and J. B. Wolowelsky, (eds.), War and Peace in the Jewish Tradition, New York, Yeshiva University Press, 2007.

Maier, J., Kriegsrecht und Friedensordnung in jüdischer Tradition, Stuttgart, W. Kohlhammer, 2000.

Maimonides, Mishneh Torah, Sefer Shoftim, Hilchot melachim u’ milchamoteihem, (a new translation by R. E. Touger), Jerusalem, Moznaim Publishing Corporation, 2001.

Maoz, A., “Can Judaism Serve as a Source of Human Rights?”, Heidelberg Journal of International Law, Vol. 64 (2004).

Maoz, A., “Religious Freedom as a Basic Human Right: The Jewish Perspective”, Annuario Direcom, Facolta di Teologia di Lugano, Vol. 5 (2006).

Plaut, G.W. (ed.), Die Tora, in jüdischer Auslegung, Dewarim, Berlin, Gütersloher Verlagshaus, 2007.

Rosenne, S., “The Influence of Judaism on the Development of International Law: An Assessment”, in M. W. Janis, Religion and International Law, London, Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 1999.

Solomon, N., “Judaism and the Ethics of War”, International Review of the Red Cross, No. 858 (2005).

Tanner, H.-A., Amalek, Der Feind Israels und der Feind Jahwes, Eine Studie zu den Amalektexten im Alten Testament, Zurich, Theologischer Verlag Zurich, 2005.

Wood, J.A., Perspectives on War in the Bible, Macon, Mercer University Press, 1998.

Christianity

Barth, K., The Epistle to the Romans (translated by E. C. Hoskyns), Oxford, Oxford University Press, 1968.



Catechism of the Catholic Church, revised in accordance with the original Latin text, promulgated by Pope John Paul II, 2nd ed., Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 2000.

Clough, D., Ethics in Crisis, Interpreting Barth’s Ethics, Hampshire, Ashgate Publishing Company, 2005.

Dietrich, W., and M. Mayordomo, Gewalt und Gewaltüberwindung in der Bibel, Zurich, Theologischer Verlag Zurich, 2005.

Enzyclica, Pacem in Terris, of 11. April 1963.

Gager, J.G., and L.E. Gibson, “Violent Acts and Violent Language in the Apostle Paul”, in S. Mathhews and L. E. Gibson, Violence in the New Testament, New York, T and T Clark International, 2005.

Gailus, M., Protestantismus und Nationalsozialismus, Studien zur nationalsozialistischen Durchdringung des protestantischen Sozialmilieus in Berlin, Köln, Böhlau Verlag, 2001.

Hensel, H.M. (ed.), The Prism of Just War: Asian and Western Perspectives on the Legitimate Use of Military Force, Farnham/Burlington, Ashgate, 2010.

Hertz, A., and W. Korff (eds.), Handbuch der christlichen Ethik, Bd. 3, Aktualisierte Neuausgabe, Freiburg im Breisgau, Herder, 1993.

Johannes Paul II , „Botschaft Seiner Heiligkeit Johannes Paul II“. zur Feier des Weltfriedenstages am 1. Januar 2000.

Koch, D. (ed.), K. Barth, Offene Briefe 1935 – 1942, Zurich, Theologischer Verlag Zurich, 2001.

Kooijmans, P.H., “Protestantism and Development of International Law”, Recueil des cours, Vol. 152 (1976).

Küng, H., “Religion, Violence and ‘Holy Wars’“, International Review of the Red Cross, No. 858 (2005).

Lächle, R., and J. Thierfelder, Wir konnten uns nicht entziehen, Dreissig Biographien zu Kirche und Nationalsozialismus in Württemberg, Stuttgart, Quell Verlag, 1998.

Lee, T.H., “The Augustinian Just War Tradition and the Problem of Pretext in Humanitarian Intervention”, Fordham International Law Journal, Vol. 28 (2004).

Meier, K., Kreuz und Hakenkreuz, Die evangelische Kirche im Dritten Reich, Munich, dtv Wissenschaft, 1992.

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Primus, A., The Implication of Prevention of Conflicts for Justice and Peace - In the Light of the Pastoral Letter: Gerechter Friede, European University Studies, Frankfurt am Main, Peter Lang, 2007.

Rahner, J., Einführung in die katholische Dogmatik, Darmstadt, Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft, 2008.

Randall, A.B., Holy Scriptures as Justifications for War, Fundamentalist Interpretations of the Torah, the New Testament, and the Qur’an, Lewinston, The Edwin Mellen Press, 2007.

Riedmatten, P.H. de, “Catholicisme et développement du droit international“, Recueil des cours, Vol. 151 (1976).

Riley-Smith, J., The Crusades, A History, 2nd ed., London, Continuum, 2005.

Roberts, D.E., Hope in Times of War, A Theological Ethic of Contemporary Conflict, New York, Peter Lang, 2003.

Slattery, M.W., Jesus the Warrior? Historical Christian Perspectives and Problems on the Morality of War and the Waging of Peace, Milwaukee, Marquette University Press, 2007.

Verdross, A., „Die Weiterbildung der klassischen Völkerrechtslehre durch das 2. Vatikanische Konzil“, in Österreichisches Archiv für Kirchenrecht, Vol. 21, 1970.

Verdross, A., „Das bonum commune humanitatis in der christlichen Rechtsphilosophie, in W.M. Plöchl amd I. Gampl (eds.), Im Dienste des Rechtes in Kirche und Staat Festschrift zum 70. Geburtstag von Franz Arnold, Wien, Verlag Herder, 1963.

Weber, O., Karl Barths Kirchliche Dogmatik, Ein einführender Bericht zu den Bänden I,1 bis IV, 3,2, mit einem Nachtrag von Hans-Joachim Kraus zu Band IV,4, 9. Auflage, Neukirchen-Vluyn, Neukirchener Verlag, 1981.

Islam

Abu-Sahlieh, S. A. A., Introduction à la société musulmane, Paris, Eyrolles, 2003.

Alam, A., “The Islamic Concept of Humanitarian Law”, in V. S. Mani (ed.), Handbook of International Humanitarian Law in South Asia, New Delhi, Oxford University Press, 2007.

Ali, A.Y., The Menaing of the Glorious Qur’an, Text (translation and commentary by A. Y. Ali, Kairo, 1938.

Al-Zuhili, S.W., “Islam and International Law”, International Review of the Red Cross, Vol. 87, No. 858 (2005).

An-Na’Im, A.A., “Human Rights in the Arab World: A Regional Perspective”, Human Rights Quarterly, Vol. 23 (2001).

An-Na’Im, A.A., “Towards an Islamic Hermeneutics for Human Rights”, in id. (ed.), Human Rights and Religious Values, An Uneasy Relationship?, Michigan, Eerdmans Publishing Co., 1995.

An-Na’Im, A.A., Toward an Islamic Reformation, Civil Liberties, Human Rights, and International Law, New York, Syracuse University Press, 1990.

Bantekas, I., “Religion as a Source of International Law”, in J. Rehman and S. C. Breau (eds.), Religion, Human Rights and International Law, A Critical Examination of Islamic State Practice, Leiden, Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 2007.

Chase, A., “Liberal Islam and ‘Islam and Human Rights’: A Sceptic’s View”, Religion and Human Rights, 2006.

Fledman, L.H., “Remember Amalek!” Vengeance, Zealotry, and Group Destruction in the Bible according to Philo, Pseudo-Philo, and Josephus, Cincinnati, Hebrew Union College Press, 2004

Köylü, M., Islam and its Quest for Peace: Jihad, Justice and Education, Washington D.C., RVP, 2003.

Küng, H., Der Islam, Wesen und Geschichte, Munich, Piper, 2007.

Mahmassani, S., “The Principles of International Law in the Light of Islamic Doctrine“, Recueil des cours, Vol. 117 (1966).

Masud, M.K., B. Messick, and D.S. Powers, “Muftis, Fatwas and Islamic Legal Interpretation”, in M.K. Masud, B. Messick, and D.S. Powers (eds.), Islamic Legal Interpretation: Muftis and their Fatwas, London, Harvard University Press, 1996.

Pfanner, T., Editorial, International Review of the Red Cross, Vol. 87, No. 858 (2005).

Pickethall, M.M., The meaning of the Glorious Qur’an, New York, A.A. Knopf, 1930.

Rudolph, U., Islamische Philosophie, Von den Anfängen bis zur Gegenwart, Munich, C.H. Beck, 2004.



CHAPTER FIVE – INTERNATIONAL HUMANITARIAN LAW IN A GLOBAL ERA

Alston, P., „The ‚Not-a-Cat’ Syndrome: Can the International Human Rights Regime Accomodate Non-State Actors?“, in P. Alston (ed.), Non-State Actors and Human Rights, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2005.

Amnesty International, “Landslide UN Vote in Favour of Arms Trade Treaty”, press release, issued on October 31, 2008.

Amnesty International, Dead on Time – Arms Transportation, Brokering and the Threat to Human Rights, London, 2006. Available at: www.amnesty.org.

Bellamy, A.J., Responsibility to Protect: The Global Effort to End Mass Atrocities, Cambridge, Polity Press, 2009.

Boivin, A., “Complicity and Beyond: International Law and the Transfer of Small Arms and Light Weapons”, in International Review of the Red Cross, Vol. 87, No. 859 (2005).

Bourne, M., Arming Conflict: The Proliferation of Small Arms, New York, Palgrave Macmillan, 2007.

Brehm, M., “The Arms Trade and States’ Duty to Ensure Respect for Humanitarian and Human Rights Law”, in Journal of Conflict and Security Law, Vol. 12, No. 3 (2008).

Carbonnier, G., and S. Fleming (eds.), War, Money and Survival, Geneva, ICRC’s FORUM series, 2000.

Clapham, A., “Extending International Criminal Law beyond the Individual to Corporations and Armed Opposition Groups”, in Journal of International Criminal Justice, Vol. 6, No. 5 (2008).

Clapham, A., Human Rights Obligations of Non-State Actors, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2006.

Clapham, C., Sierra Leone – The Political Economy of Internal Conflict, Working Paper 20, The Hague, Clingendael Institute, 2003.

Cockayne, J., „Regulating Private Military and Security Companies: The Content, Negotiation, Weaknesses and Promise of the Montreux Document”, Journal of Conflict & Security Law, Vol. 13 (2009).

Collier, P., “Doing Well out of War”, The World Bank, 1999. The paper is available at: www.worldbank.org.

Control Arms Campaign, Arms without Borders – Why a Globalized Trade Needs Global Controls, 2006. Available at: www.controlarms.org

Frech, S. and P. I. Trummer, Neue Kriege: Akteure, Gewaltmärkte, Ökonomie, Schwalbach, Wochenschau Verlag, 2005.

Freeman, S.P.-P., and E. Sköns, “Arms Production“, in Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (ed.), SIPRI Yearbook 2008 - Armaments, Disarmament and International Security, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2008.

Fukuyama, F., The End of History and the Last Man, New York, Free Press, 1992.

Gillard, E.-C., “Business Goes to War: Private Military/Security Companies and International Humanitarian Law”, in International Review of the Red Cross, Vol. 88, No. 863 (2006).

Gleditsch, N.P., P. Wallensteen, M. Eriksson, M. Sollenberg and H. Strand, “Armed Conflict 1946-2001: A New Dataset”, in Journal of Peace Research, Vol. 39, No. 5 (2002).

Graduate Institute of International Studies, Small Arms Survey 2001: Profiling the Problem, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2001.

Graduate Institute of International Studies, Small Arms Survey 2003: Development Denied, Oxford, Oxford University Press.(Jahr?)

Hamm, B., “Übernahme menschenrechtlicher Verantwortung durch die Privatwirtschaft“, in Deutsches Institut für Menschenrechte (ed.), Jahrbuch Menschenrechte 2007 – Privat oder Staat?, Frankfurt am Main, Suhrkamp Verlag, 2006.

Hobe, S., „Das humanitäre Völkerrecht in asymmetrischen Konflikten: Anwendbarkeit, modifizierende Interpretation, Notwendigkeit einer Reform?“, in A. Zimmermann, S. Hobe, K. Odendahl, E-M. Kieninger, D. König, T. Marauhn, K. Thorn, K. Schmalenbach, Moderne Konfliktformen – Humanitäres Völkerrecht und privatrechtliche Folgen, Heidelberg, C.F. Müller, 2010.

Holtom, P., M. Bromley, and P. D. Wezeman, “International Arms Transfers”, in Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (ed.), SIPRI Yearbook 2008 - Armaments, Disarmament and International Security, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2008.

Human Rights First, “Blueprint for the Next President Provides Step-by-Step Guide to End Private Contractor Impunity”, press release, issued on November 17, 2008.

Human Rights First, Private Security Contractors at War: Ending the Culture of Impunity, New York and Washington D.C., 2008.

Institute of International Law, Resolution on “The Application of International Humanitarian Law and Fundamental Human Rights, in Armed Conflicts in which Non-State Entities are Parties”, 1999.

International Commission on Intervention and State Sovereignty, Report on the Responsibility to Protect, Ottawa, IDRC Books, 2001.

International Committee of the Red Cross, Arms Transfer Decisions: Applying International Humanitarian Law Criteria, Geneva, 2007.

International Institute of Humanitarian Law, “International Humanitarian Law and Other Legal Regimes: Interplay in Situations of Violence”, Proceedings of the 27th Round Table, Sanremo, September 4-6, 2003.

Jean, F., and J.-C. Rufin, Ökonomie der Brürgerkriege, Hamburg, Hamburger Edition, 1999.

Kaldor, M., New and Old Wars: Organized Violence in a Global Era, Cambridge, Polity Press, 1999.

Kellenberger, J., “Sixty years of the Geneva Conventions: learning from the past to better face the future”, Ceremony to celebrate the 60th anniversary of Geneva Conventions, Geneva, 12 August 2009, International Review of the Red Cross, Vol. 91, No. 875 (2009).

Kolb, R., and R. Hyde, An Introduction to the International Law of Armed Conflict, Oxford, Hart Publishing, 2008.

Le Billon, P., Fuelling War: Natural Resources and Armed Conflict, Oxon, Routledge, 2005.

Lock, P., “Privatisierung von Sicherheit: Ist der Irak unsere Zukunft?”, in Deutsches Institut für Menschenrechte (ed.), Jahrbuch Menschenrechte 2007 – Privat oder Staat?, Frankfurt am Main, Suhrkamp Verlag, 2006.

Merle, R., “Census Counts 100’000 Contractors in Iraq”, Washington Post, 5 December, 2006.

Meron, T., Henry’s Wars and Shakespeare’s Laws – Perspectives on the Law of War in the Later Middle Ages, Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1993.

Montreux Document on Pertinent International Legal Obligations and Good Practices for States Related to Operations of Private Military and Security Companies During Armed Conflict, submitted to the UN Secretary-General on September 17, 2008. Available at: www.icrc.org.

Münkler, H., Der Wandel des Krieges: Von der Symmetrie zur Asymmetrie, Weilerswist, Velbrück Wissenschaft, 2006.

Münkler, H., Die neuen Kriege, Reinbeck bei Hamburg, Rowohlt, 2003.

Newman, E., “The ‘New Wars’ Debate: A Historical Perspective is Needed”, in Security Dialogue, Vol. 35, No. 2 (2004).

Nuspliger, N., “Einseitiger Kampf um das Kriegsmaterial”, in Neue Zürcher Zeitung, 11 March 2009.

Pfanner, T., "Asymmetrical warfare from the perspective of humanitarian law and humanitarian action", International Review of the Red Cross, Vol. 87, No. 857 (2005).

Pontifical Council for Justice and Peace, The International Arms Trade – An Ethical Reflection, Vatican City, Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 1994.

Reisman, W. M., “Aftershocks: Reflections on the Implications of September 11”, Yale Human Rights and Development Law Journal, Vol. 6 (2003).

Rosemann, N., Code of conduct: Tool for Self-Regulation for Private Military and Security Companies, Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces (DCAF), Occasional Paper No. 15 (2008).

Ross, M.L., “How Does Natural Resource Wealth Influence Civil War?” International Organization, Vol. 58 (2004).

Ross, M.L., “What Do We Know about Natural Resources and Civil War”, in Journal of Peace Research, 2004.

Sandoz, Y., “Improving Compliance with International Humanitarian Law”, Proceedings of the Bruges Colloquium, September 11-12, 2003.

Scahill, J., Blackwater – The Rise of the World’s Most Powerful Mercenary Army, New York, Nation Books, 2007.

Schintgen, A., “Verantwortlichkeit von Firmen bei der Ausbeutung von Bodenschätzen in bewaffneten Konflikten unter dem Römer Statut“, in TRIAL – Zeitschrift der Schweizerischen Gesellschaft für Völkerrecht, No. 17 (2008).

Silberfein, M., “The Geopolitics of Conflict and Diamonds in Sierra Leone“, in P. Le Billon (ed.), The Geopolitics of Resource Wars, New York, Frank Cass, 2005.

Singer, P.W., Corporate Warriors - The Rise of the Privatized Military Industry, London, Cornell University Press, 2004.

Thürer, D., and M. MacLaren, “Military Outsourcing as a Case Study in the Accountability and Responsibility of Power”, in A. Reinisch, and U. Kriebaum (eds.), The Law of International Relations – Liber Amicorum Hanspeter Neuhold, Utrecht, Eleven International Publishing, 2007.

Thürer, D., “Globalisation of the Economy, Rule of Law and Human Rights”, Paper delivered as a Distinguished Visitor at the University of Hong Kong, December 2000.

Thürer, D., “The ‘Failed State’ and International Law”, International Review of the Red Cross, Vol. 81, No. 836 (1999).

Uesseler, R., Krieg als Dienstleistung, Berlin, Ch. Links Verlag, 2006.

University Centre for International Humanitarian Law, proceedings of the expert meeting on private military contractors, held in Geneva from 29 to 30 August 2005. Available at: www.adh-geneva.ch.

Verlage, C., Responsibility to Protect - Ein neuer Ansatz im Völkerrecht zur Verhinderung von Völkermord, Kriegsverbrechen und Verbrechen gegen die Menschlichkeit, Tübingen, Mohr Siebeck, 2009.

Weeramantry, C.G., “Traffic in Armaments: A Blind Spot in Human Rights and International Law?”, in Development Dialogue, No. 2 (1987).

Yihdego, Z., The Arms Trade and International Law, Oxford/Portland, Hart Publishing, 2007.

Zumach, A., Die kommenden Kriege, Köln, Kiepenheuer and Witsch, 2005.



CHAPTER SIX – A NETWORK OF HUMANITARIAN ACTORS

Abt, J., “Offizielles Statement des IKRK vom 29. März 2005”, in: N. Azimi and Chang Li Lin (eds.), United Nations as Peacekeepers and Nation-Builder: Continuity and Change – What lies ahead?, Leiden/Boston, Martinus Nijhoff Publisher for UNITAR, 2006.

Allott, P., The Health of Nations: Society and Law beyond the States, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2002.

Anderson, K., “The Ottawa Convention Banning Landmines – the Role of International Non-governmental Organisations and the Idea of International Civil Society”, European Journal of International Law, Vol. 11 (2000).

Assembly of the ICRC, “The International Committee of the Red Cross: Its mission and work”, adopted on 19 June 2008, reprinted in International Review of the Red Cross, No. 874 (2009).

Barkhausen, H., Filmpropaganda für Deutschland im Ersten und Zweiten Weltkrieg, Hildesheim, Zurich, New York, Olmspress, 1982.

Bellamy, A. J. and P. Williams, Understanding Peacekeeping, Cambridge, Polity Press, 2010.

Bothe, M., “Peace-Keeping”, in B. Simma (ed.), The Charter of the United Nations – A Commentary, Oxford, University Press 2002.

Bothe, M., „The United Nations Actions for the Respect of International Humanitarian Law and the Coordination of Related International Operations“, in: L. Condorelli, A.M. La Rosa and S. Scherrer (eds.), The United Nations and International Humanitarian Law, Paris, Editions Pedone, 1996.

Bourloyannis, M. Chr., ”Fact-Finding by the Secretary-General of the United Nations“, New York University Journal of International Law and Politics, Vol. 22 (1989-1990).

Boutros-Ghali, B., „Introduction“, in United Nations (ed.), The Blue Helmets: A Review of United Nations Peace-Keeping, New York, United Nations, 1996.

Braumann, R., Humanitaire – Le dilemme, Paris, Éditions textuel, Paris, 1996.

Brett, R., “The Role of NGOs”, in International Institute of Humanitarian Law (ed.), 28th Round Table on Current Problems of IHL: Human Dignity and Protection in Armed Conflict: Strengthening Measures for the Respect and Implementation of International Humanitarian Law and other Rules, 2004.

Buergenthal, T. and D. Thürer, Menschenrechte – Ideale, Instrumente, Institutionen, Zurich, Dike Verlag, 2010.

Cançado Trindade, A.A., "International law for humankind: Towards a new jus gentium”, Recueil des cours, Vol. 316 (2005).

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Chetail, V., “The contribution of the International Court of Justice to international humanitarian law”, International Review of the Red Cross, Vol. 85, No. 850 (2003).

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Gasser, H.P., “The International Committee of the Red Cross and the United Nations Involvement in the Implementation of International Humanitarian Law”, in L. Condorelli, A.M. La Rosa and S. Scherrer (eds.), The United Nations and International Humanitarian Law, Paris, Editions Pedone, 1996.

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Taylor, P.M., War and The Media. Propaganda and Persuasion in the Gulf War, Manchester/New York, Manchester University Press, 1992.

Thürer, D. and T. Kempin, “Kriegsberichterstattung und humanitäres Völkerrecht,” in D. Thürer, Völkerrecht als Fortschritt und Chance – Grundgedanke Gerechtigkeit – Band 2, Zürich, Dike Verlag, 2009.

Thürer, D., “Modernes Völkerrecht: Ein System im Wandel und Wachstum – Gerechtigkeitsgedanken als Kraft der Veränderung”, in D. Thürer, Völkerrecht als Frotschritt und Chance – Grundgedanke Gerechtigkeit – Band 2, Zürich, Dike Verlag, 2009.

Thürer, D., “The emergence of non-governmental organizations and transnational enterprises in international law and the changing role of the state”, in R. Hofmann and N. Geissler (eds.), Non-State Actors as New Subjects of International Law, Berlin, Duncker & Humblot, 1999.

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Thürer, D., “Die Humanisierung des Völkerrechts schreitet voran: Von St. Petersburg bis Oslo – Waffenverbote konkretisieren die Prinzipien der Kriegsführung”, Neue Zürcher Zeitung, 6 January 2009.

Vöneky, S. and R. Wolfrum, “Die Reform der Friedensmissionen der Vereinten Nationen und ihre Umsetzung nach deutschem Verfassungsrecht”, Zeitschrift für ausländisches öffentliches Recht und Völkerrecht, Vol. 62, No. 3 (2002).

Wilke, A., Der völker- und gemeinschafsrechtliche Schutz der Tätigkeit des Auslandkorrespondenten, Berlin, 1994.

Wilke, J., “Deutsche Auslandspropaganda im Ersten Weltkrieg: Die Zentrale für Auslandsdienst”, in J. Wilke (ed.), Pressepolitik und Propaganda. Historische Studien vom Vormärz bis zum Kalten Krieg, Köln/Mainz/Wien, Böhlau Verlag, 1997.

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Wolfrum, R. and D. Fleck, “Enforcement of International Humanitarian Law“, in D. Fleck (ed.), The Handbook of International Humanitarian Law, 2nd edition, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2008.

Wrange, P., “The EU Guidelines on Promoting Compliance with International Humanitarian Law”, Nordic Journal of International Law, Vol. 78 (2010).

Zwanenburg, M., Accountability of Peace Support Operations, Leiden/Boston, Martinus Nijhoff, 2005.

CHAPTER SEVEN – A SYSTEM OF SYSTEMS

Allen, M., “Globalization and Preremptory Norms in International Law: from Westphalian to Global Constitutionalism?”, International Politics, Vol. 41 (2004).

Bogdandy, A. von, “Constitutionalism in International Law”, Harvard International Law Journal, Vol. 47 (2006).

Bothe, M., “International Legal Aspects of the Darfur Conflict,” in A. Reinisch and U. Kriebaum (eds.), The Law of International Relations – Liber Amicorum Hanspeter Neuhold, Utrecht, Eleven International Publishing, 2007.

Buergenthal, T., and D. Thürer, Menschenrechte – Ideale, Instrumente, Institutionen, Zurich/Baden-Baden, Dike and Nomos, 2009.

Cameron, L., „Private military companies: tehri Status under International Humanitarian Law and ist Impacts on their Regulation“, International Review of the Red Cross, Vol. 88, No. 863 (2006).

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Daudet, Y., ”Actualités de la codification du droit international”, Recueil des cours, Vol. 303 (2003).

Delbrück, J., “Laws in the Public Interest – Some Observations on the Foundations and Identification of Erga Omnes Norms in International Law”, in V. Götz, P. Selmer and R. Wolfrum (eds.), Liber amicorum Günther Jaenickezum 85. Geburtstag, Berlin/New York, Springer, 1998.

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Jacoby, S., Allgemeine Rechtsgrundsätze: Begriffsentwicklung und Funktion in der Europäischen Rechtsgeschichte, Berlin, Duncker & Humblot, 1997.

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Karl, W., “Das humanitäre Völkerrecht auf dem Weg vom Zwischenstaats- zum Weltrecht”, in W. Benedek, H. Isak and R. Kicker (eds.), Development and Developing International and European Law, Essays in Honour of Konrad Ginther on the Occasion of his 65th Birthday, Frankfurt am Main/New York, P. Lang, 1999.

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Kennedy, D., The Dark Sides of Virtue: Reassessing International Humanitarianism, Princeton/Oxford, Princeton University Press, 2004.

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Mandela, N., Long Walk to Freedom, Boston/New York, Little, Brown & Company, 1994.

Mani, V.S. (ed.), Handbook of International Humanitarian Law in South Asia, Oxford/New Dehli, Oxford University Press, 2007.

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Meron, T., “Contemporary Conflicts on Minimum Humanitarian Standards”, in K. Wellens (ed.), International Laws: Theory and Practice – Essays in Honour of Eric Suy, The Hague, Martinus Nijhoff, 1998.

Meron, T., “The Humanization of Humanitarian Law”, American Journal of International Law, Vol. 94 (2000).

Meron, T., “The Martens Clause, Principles of Humanity and Dictates of Public Conscience”, American Journal of International Law, Vol. 94 (2000).

Meron, T., The Humanization of International Law, Leiden/Boston, Martinus Nijhoff, 2006.

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Pejic, J., “’Unlawful/Enemy Combatants:’ Interpretations and Consequences,” in M. Schmitt and J. Pejic (eds), International Law and Armed Conflict: Exploring the Faultlines – Essays in Honour of Yoram Dinstein, Martinus Nijhoff, Leiden/Boston, 2007.

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Röling, B.V.A., The Tokyo Trial and Beyond: Reflections of a Peacemonger, Cambridge, Polity Press, 1993.

Rona, G., “International Law under Fire: Interesting Times for International Humanitarian Law: Challenges from the ‘War on Terror’”, Fletcher Forum of World Affairs, Vol. 27, No. 2 (2003).

Rosas, A., The Legal Status of Prisoners of War, Turku/Ǻbo, Institute for Human Rights, Ǻbo Akademi University, 1976/2005.

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Sassòli, M., “Combatants”, in R. Wolfrum (ed.), The Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law, Oxford University Press, 2008 (online edition).

Schircks, R., Die Martens’sche Klausel: Rezeption und Rechtsqualität, Baden-Baden, Nomos, 2002.

Schmitt, M., “Responding to Transnational Terrorism under the Jus ad Bellum: A Normative Framework,” in M. Schmitt and J. Pejic (eds), International Law and Armed Conflict: Exploring the Faultlines – Essays in Honour of Yoram Dinstein, Leiden/Boston, Martinus Nijhoff, 2007.

Simma, B., “From Bilateralism to Community Interest in International Law”, Recueil des cours, Vol. 250, 1994.

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Sirinelli, J.-F., Sartre et Aron: Deux intellectuels dans le siècle, Paris, Fayard, 1995.

Smith, R., The Utility of Force: The Art of War in the Modern World, London, Allen Lane, 2006.

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Thürer, D., “Dunant’s pyramid: Thoughts on the ‘humanitarian space’”, International Review of the Red Cross, Vol. 89, No. 865 (2007).

Thürer, D., “Humanitäres Völkerrecht und amerikanisches Verfassungsrecht als Schranken im Kampf gegen den Terrorismus“, Zeitschrift für Schweizerisches Recht, Vol. 125 (2006).

Thürer, D., “International Humanitarian Law as a Core of a ‘Constitutional System’ of Public International Law?”, in S. Baldini and G. Ravasi (eds.), Humanitarian Action and State Sovereignty International (Congress on the Occasion of the XXXth Anniversary of the International Institute of Humanitarian Law, held in Sanremo from 31 August – 2 September 2000), Milano, 2003.

Thürer, D., “International Humanitarian Law as a Core of a Minimal World Constitutional Order?”, in ibid., Völkerrecht als Fortschritt und Chance – Grundidee Gerechtigkeit, Band 2, Zurich/Baden-Baden, Dike/Nomos, 2009.

Thürer, D., „Guantánamo: ein ‚Legal Black Hole’ oder ein System sich überschneidender und überlagernder ‚Rechtskreise’?“, Schweizerische Zeitschrift für internationales und europäisches Recht, Vol. 14 (2004).

Thürer, D., and M. MacLaren, “Military Outsourcing as a Case Study in the Accountability and Responsibility of Power”, in A. Reinisch and U. Kriebaum (eds.), The Law of International Relations – Liber Amicorum Hanspeter Neuhold, Utrecht, Eleven International Publishing, 2007.

Tomuschat, Ch., “International Law: Ensuring the Survival of Mankind on the Eve of a new Century”, Recueil des cours, Vol. 281 (1999).

Tomuschat, Ch., “Obligations Arising for States Without or Against Their Will”, Recueil des cours, Vol. 241 (1993).

Verdross, A., “Jus Dispositivum and Jus Cogens in International Law”, American Journal of International Law, Vol. 60 (1966).

Verdross, A., “Les Principes généraux du droit dans la jurisprudence internationale“, Recueil des cours, Vol. 52 (1935).

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Wet, E. de, “The International Constitutional Order”, International and Comparative Law Quarterly, Vol. 55 (2006).

Wilber, D. and P. Finn, “U.S. retires 'enemy combatant,' keeps broad right to detain”, The Washington Post, 14 March 2009.

Yoo, J. C. and J. C. Ho, “The Status of Terrorists”, Virginia Journal of International Law, Vol. 44 (2003-2004).



Outlook

Bossier, L., and P. Ruegger, “Atomic Weapons and Non-Directed Missiles”, International Review of the Red Cross, Supplement, Vol. 3, No. 4 (1950).

Brysk, A., Global Good Samaritans: Human Rights as Foreign Policy, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2009.

Dupuy, R.-J., L’humanité dans l’imaginaire des nations, Paris, Julliard, 1991.

Franck, T.M., “The Power of Legitimacy and the Legitimacy of Power: International Law in an Age of Power Disequilibrium”, in A Century of International Law: American Journal of International Law Centennial Essays 1906-2006, Washington, D.C., American Society of International Law, 2007.

Frésard, J.J., The Roots of Behaviour in War: A Survey of the Literature, Geneva, ICRC, 2004.

Hand, L. The Spirit of Liberty, New York, Alfred A. Knopf, 1974.

Henkin, L., International Law: Politics and Values, Dordrecht/Boston/London, Martinus Nijhoff, 1995.

Huber, M., “La fin des hostilités et les tâches futures de la Croix-Rouge”, International Review of the Red Cross, No. 321 (1945).

Jenks, C.W., The Common Law of Mankind, London, Stevens, 1958.

Mauss, M., The Gift, London/New York, W.W. Norton & Co, 2000.

McDougal, M.S., and F.P. Feliciano, The International Law of War: Transnational Coercion and World Public Order, New Haven, New Haven Press, 1994.

Oermann, N.O., Albert Schweitzer (1875-1965) – Eine Biographie, Munich, Beck Verlag, 2009.

Sandoz, Y., (éd.), Quel droit international pour le 21e siècle?, Buxelles, Bruylant, 2007.

Schorlemmer, F., Genie der Menschlichkeit: Albert Schweitzer, Berlin, Aufbau-Verlag, 2009,

Sen, A., The Argumentative Indian: Writings on Indian Culture, History and Identity, London, Allen Lane, 2005.

Tanner, F., “'Obama-Faktor' erzeugt Renaissance der Abrüstung”, Neue Zürcher Zeitung, 5 July 2009.

Trindade, A.A.C., “International Law of Humankind: Towards a new Jus Gentium – a General Course on Pu-blic International Law”, Recueil des cours, Vol. 317 (2006).

Thürer, D. and Malcolm MacLaren, „Might the Future of the ABC Weapons Control Regime lie in a Return to Humanitarism?“ in D. Türer, Völkerrecht als Fortschritt und Chance – Grundidee Gerechtigkeit – Band 2, Zurich/Baden-Baden, Dike/Nomos, 2009.

Yeats, W.B., “An Irish Airman Foresees his Death”, in The War Poets: An Anthology, Hampshire, Pitkin Publishing, 1992.



1 See, methodologically, R.-J. Dupuy, La communauté internationale entre mythe et l’histoire, Paris, Economia, 1986, pp. 41 et seq.; A. Cassese, International Law, 2nd ed., Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2005, p. V.

2 A.A.C. Trindade, “International Law of Humankind: Towards a new Jus Gentium – a General Course on Public International Law”, Recueil des cours, Vol. 317 (2006), p. 35.

3 Ibid., p. 28 ff.

4 A. Schweitzer, Kultur und Ethik (1923), Munich, Beck, 1990, p. 64.

5 R. Higgins, “International Law and the Avoidance, Containment and Resolution of Disputes”, Recueil des cours, Vol. 230 (1991), p. 23.

6 Y. Saul, Breaking the Silence: Soldiers Speak Out about Their Service in Hebron, Jerusalem, 2004. Available at:


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