Writing Recipe INTRODUCTION Paragraph #1: Five (5) sentences – Get the reader’s attention quickly, give any background, and state your position. “HOOK” or “Grabber” (Get reader’s attention) “Hook” the reader with a fascinating fact, an intriguing quote, a provocative proposition, or anything else that would make the reader want to continue reading.
Some “Hooks” include: Opening with a strong statement: Cigarettes are the number one cause of lighter sales in America.
Opening with an unusual detail: Manitoba, because of its cold climate, is not thought of as a great place for reptiles.
Opening with a Quotation: Elbert Hubbard once said, “Truth is stronger than fiction.”
Opening with a Statistic or Fact: In a recent survey, 87% of Americans stated that they believe in Santa.
Opening with a Rhetorical Question: Have you ever considered how many books we would read if it were not for television?
Opening with an Exaggeration or Outrageous Statement: The whole world watched as the comet flew overhead.
Connection: Gives background on issues and/or prepares the reader for your position
Position (thesis): In your thesis sentence, state your position.
You do not need to say: “I believe that we should financially support the space station.” Using
the first person (I, me, my, mine) weakens your argument. Say “Funding for the space station is imperative to maintain America’s competitive edge in a global economy.”
For example: “A dog is man’s best friend.” That common saying may contain some truth, but dogs are not the only animal friend whose companionship people enjoy. There is another animal friend to man. For many people, a cat is their best friend. Despite what dog lovers may believe, cats make excellent house pets.
BODY PARAGRAPHS Paragraph #2: (Five Sentences) Paragraph 2 begins with a topic sentence that introduces a counterargument. For example: It is true that man has had a domesticated dog in his life for thousands of years.
The Turn Against – The counter-argument in an essay turns against your position to challenge it. You first imagine a skeptical reader who might resist your position by pointing out a disadvantage or practical drawback to what you propose. You introduce this turn against your position with a phrase like: One might object that…or It might seem that…or It is true that…or Admittedly…or Of course one might say…Then you state the case against yourself (your position) as briefly but as clearly and as forcefully as you can.
Paragraph #3: (Eight Sentences) Paragraph 3 begins with a transitional phrase and a return to your position.
For example: Nevertheless, people enjoy the companionship of cats.
The Turn Back-Argument: You turn back to your position and present your first argument to affirm it. (Return to your own position, which you announce with Yet, However, Nevertheless or Still).
State an argument for your position and elaborate to back up the argument through careful reasoning that leads up to a conclusion that your argument is sound. Anticipate objections and make concessions.
Paragraph #4: (Eight Sentences) Paragraph 4 begins with a transitional phrase and your second argument to support your position.
For example: Furthermore, one of the most attractive features of cats as house pets is their ease of care.
This is your second argument that supports your position. Begin this argument with transitional words/phrases like Also, Furthermore, In addition, Moreover, Likewise. State an argument for your position and elaborate to back this argument through careful reasoning that leads up to a conclusion that your argument is sound. Consider including repercussions if your position is not taken.
CONCLUSION Paragraph #5: (Five Sentences) Restate your thesis statement (position) and summarize your man ideas OR summarize your argument and reasoning then restate your thesis statement (position). Begin with a transitional phrase like All in all, In brief, In summary, In the final analysis, To summarize.
For example: In brief, cats are civilized and low maintenance companions. Because they understand the concept of a litter box, they do not often have accidents. They do not make a lot of noise. People who have small living quarters or less time for pet care should appreciate these characteristics, but many people who have plenty of space and time opt to have a cat. In essence, cats are the ideal house pets.
Why Cats Make Excellent House Pets (Sample Argumentative Essay) “A dog is man’s best friend.” That common saying may contain some truth, but dogs are not the only animal friends whose companionship people enjoy. There is another preferred animal friend. For many people, a cat is their best friend. Despite what dog lovers may believe, cats make excellent house pets.
It is true that man has had a domesticated dog in his life for thousands of years. Dogs have no judgment to render, and everyone sometimes needs nonjudgmental love. For some, dogs are a confidant, someone to talk to. Others value them for their usefulness in frightening away intruders. As a result, dogs have a way of warming themselves into homes.
Nevertheless, people enjoy the companionship of cats because they are civilized members of the household. Unlike dogs, cats do not bark or make other loud noises, and they do not even meow very often. They generally lead a quiet existence. Cats also do not often have “accidents”. Mother cats train their kittens to use the litter box, and most cats will use it without fail from that time on. Even stray cats usually understand the concepts when shown the box and will use it regularly. Cats do have claws, and owners must take provisions for this. A tall scratching post in a favorite cat area of the house will often keep the cat content to leave the furniture alone. As a last resort, of course, cats can be declawed.
Furthermore one of the most attractive features of cats as house pets is their ease of care. Cats do not have to be walked. They get plenty of exercise in the house as they play. Cats also take care of their own grooming. Bathing a cat is almost never necessary because under ordinary circumstances cats clean themselves and are particular about personal cleanliness. In addition, cats can be left home alone for a few hours without fear. Unlike some pets, most cats will not destroy the furnishings when left alone. They are content to go about their usual activities until their owners return.
In brief, cats are civilized and low maintenance companions. Because they understand the concept of a litter box, they do not often have accidents. They do not make a lot of noise. People who have small living quarters of less time for pet care should appreciate these character tics, but many people who have plenty of space and time still to opt to have a cat. In essence, cats are the ideal house pets.