Writing a Persuasive Essay Higher Folio Contents
- 1) Getting Started
- A) Facts and Opinions
- B) What issue should I write about?
- C) Steps towards creating a Persuasive essay
- 2) Types of Evidence
- A) Using Anecdotal Evidence
- B) Using Facts
- C) Using Statistics
- D) Using Someone's Opinion
- 3) Research and Note taking advice
- 4) Creating a Catchy Title
- 5) Suggested Essay Structure
- 6) Writing your Introduction
- A) Playlet Introduction
- B) Banner Headline Introduction
- C) Vox Pops Quote Introduction
- D) Statistical Introduction
- E) Emotive Introduction
- F) Anecdotal Introduction
- 7) Making your Argument
- 1) Forms of Evidence
- 2) Recommended Structure
- 3) Rebutting Counter Arguments
- 8) Using Techniques
- General Approaches
- i) Take ownership
- ii) Provide information on the history of your issue
- iii) Provide information on the geography of your issue
- Specific Techniques
- 1) Use a Rhetorical Question
- 2) Use Statistics
- 3) Use Personal Experience
- 4) Use the Language of Persuasion
- 5) Ask a question and answer it
- 6) Use Emotive Language
- 7) Set out quotations correctly
- 8) Repetition
- 9) Create Flow (Link Words)
- 10) Using a one sentence paragraph to finish
- 11) Link conclusion to the introduction
- 12) Finish with a quotation
1) Getting Started
- When you write a Persuasive essay you form arguments and present them for or against an issue.
- You have a strong personal stance and aim to persuade the reader that your view on the issue can be fully supported.
- It is important, however, to be clear about the difference in writing a Persuasive essay, as outlined above, and in writing a Discursive essay (sometimes called Argumentative Writing).
Difference between Discursive and Persuasive
- In writing a Discursive essay the writer examines both sides of an issue in a balanced way, without a clear personal stance and (usually) in a formal neutral tone.
- In a Persuasive essay the emphasis is on a more personal, more emotional way of writing.
- This is why in a Persuasive essay you are encouraged to use techniques. Techniques help convey emotion.
- Think of your essay as 50% argument and 50% emotion. This should help you write an effective essay.
- Please note that each type of essay has its own individual structure.
FACTS AND OPINIONS
- When you write your persuasive essay you will be writing both facts and opinions so it is important to know the difference between the two.
- Facts are things known for certain to be true.
- The following are facts:
- • Edinburgh is the capital of Scotland.
- • The main character of J K Rowling's novels is Harry Potter.
- Opinions are things believed to be true.
- The following are opinions:
- • Edinburgh is a great city.
- • J K Rowling is the greatest living novelist.
- These are opinions and not facts because facts are true regardless of people's view.
- For example, a person living in Edinburgh may not consider it to be "great", and many people prefer other writers to J K Rowling despite her huge success.
- In a convincing persuasive essay opinions are supported by facts. This makes an argument.
What issue should I write about?
What issue should I write about?
- Before you can choose your issue you have to think about your own opinions.
- The list below shows you the kind of issue students have written about in recent years:
- the war in Afghanistan, voting at 16, size zero modelling, abortion, Scottish Independence, downloading music on the internet, film classification, testing cosmetics on animals.
- Choose an issue that you genuinely feel strongly about. This can help your writing.
- Your choice could be about:
- • an international issue (...Third World poverty)
- • a national issue (...student fees at universities)
- • a local issue (..the building of a new bridge over the Forth)
- • a personal issue (...your school should be given better facilities)
- Once you have decided on the issue to write about you have to form arguments which you use to present your case.
- → some issues overlap in categories, for example, a local issue could also be a national issue
- In this PowerPoint, whenever we look at the idea of persuasive writing, we will do this in the context of a student who is arguing the issue that the tax on tobacco should be increased.
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