World History Syllabus and Student Packet Table of Contents Page 2

Unit 2: The Industrial Revolution

Download 6.17 Mb.
Size6.17 Mb.
1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   ...   13

Unit 2: The Industrial Revolution

  1. 1832 Reform Act

  2. Agricultural Revolution

  1. Assembly Line

  2. Bessemer Process

  3. Bourgeoisie

  4. Capitalism

  1. Classicism

  2. Communism

  3. Corporation

  1. Cottage Industry

  1. Cotton Gin

  2. Economics

  3. Enclosure Movement

  1. Entrepreneur

  2. Factors of Production

  3. Factory System

  4. Impressionism

  5. Industrial Revolution

  1. Interchangeable Parts

  2. Labor Union

  3. Laissez Faire

(aka Free Market Economy)

  1. Middle Class

  2. Natural Resources

  3. Proletariat

  4. Realism

  5. Romanticism

  6. Rural

  7. Social Darwinism

  8. Socialism

  9. Standard of Living

  10. Steam Engine

  11. Textile

  12. Urban

extended suffrage (voting) to virtually all middle class men in England

Advancements in farming techniques in Europe which led to a significant increase in the quantity and quality of food produced.

production method that breaks down a complex job into a series of smaller tasks

procedure developed in the 1850s that made steel production cheaper and easier

middle class

An economic system in which the government allows a lot freedom, but still retains some control, through rules & regulations

style of art inspired by the ancient Greeks & Romans

an economic system in which the government has total control over the economy

business owned by many investors who buy shares of stock and risk only the amount of their investment

system in which a merchant paid peasants in the countryside to do work such as spinning and weaving (before factories & industrialization)

machine by Eli Whitney that helped to speed up the process of removing seeds from cotton

What to produce? How to produce it? Who are you producing it for?

the practice of fencing off common (shared) lands during the 1700’s in Britain by individual landowners who gave most of the land to the Aristocrats.

individuals risking money to start a business

four types of resources: land, capital (money/technology), labor (workforce), & entrepreneurs

system in which workers and machines are brought together in one place to make a product

style of art which concentrated on using quick brush strokes to capture quick moments of time

Transition of countries from mainly an agricultural, hand-made type of economy to an economy based upon factories/machines

the development of identical parts to replace damaged pieces of machinery

when workers join together to gain better wages, hours, & working conditions

an economic system in which the government does not interfere with the economy
Factory owners, artisans, bankers, entrepreneurs

items supplied by nature such as land, minerals, waterpower, etc.

the working class

style of art and literature which presented a realistic view of life

style of art and literature which glorified the individual, beauty, and nationalism

Countryside, farms, villages, very little population.

the concept of “survival of the fittest” applied to economics, culture, and politics

An economic system where the factors of production are largely controlled by the government.

A people or country’s access to resources and consumer goods.

An engine using steam under pressure to supply mechanical energy (replaced water power)

Woven cloth.

City; extremely high population

Unit 3: Imperialism

  1. Assimilation

  2. Cash Crops

  3. Colony

  4. Conquistador

  5. Culture

  1. Direct Rule

  1. Empire

  2. Home Rule

  3. Imperialism

  4. Indirect Rule

  1. Infrastructure

  2. Legitimacy

  3. Middle Passage

  1. Nationalism

  2. Plantation

  3. Protectorate

(aka Puppet Gov‘t)

  1. Sphere of Influence

  2. White Man’s


replacing your native culture with the culture of a dominant country or people

crops grown for the sole purpose of making money (usually not something you can eat)

direct political and economic control of one country by another country

Spanish military leaders who colonized South America for Gold, God, and Glory

What are people’s values & beliefs? How do people display their values & beliefs? Where do people learn their values & beliefs?

taking complete control of a colony’s government, replacing all native officials with Europeans, & ignoring the native’s traditional way of governing

group of territories or peoples controlled by one ruler

local/native people have complete control over the government of their country/region

the control of one country and its people by another country

European country makes the laws for their colony, but the native people are the government officials & have some authority over the colony

The physical things like roads, bridges, railroads that allow industry and trade to happen.

a belief by powerful groups and a majority of citizens that the government has the right to rule

voyage of African slaves across the Atlantic ocean headed towards the Americas / Caribbean under extremely harsh and deadly conditions

desire to make your country powerful & respected (prestigious) within the world

extremely large farm that grows cash crops & uses slavery or hired labor for growing

country where its government and officials are told what to do by another country

economic control over regions (small areas) of one country by another country

European belief that industrialized culture was superior to other ways of life & needed to be spread around the world (to their colonies)

Unit 4: World War I

  1. Alliance

  2. Armistice

  3. Assassination

  4. Coalition

  5. Czar

  6. Genocide

  7. Home front

  8. Domestic Mobilization

  9. Militarism

  10. Mobilization

  1. Propaganda

  2. Rationing

  3. Reparation

  4. Total War

  5. Trench Warfare

  1. Ultimatum

  2. Western Front

agreement between two or more groups to protect/help one another during a time of war

end to fighting in a war

planned execution/murder of a political figure in the hopes of changing the 3 questions of politics

temporary alliance between two or more groups

title of the ruler of the Russian Empire

the systematic killing of an entire people

term used to describe the location of people (civilians) who are not fighting in the war

Organizing national resources like personnel, supplies, and materiel during war.

glorification of the military and readiness for war; usually leads to a build-up of weapons/troops

process of calling troops into active service; movement of troops & weapons into better position in case of war

spread of ideas/beliefs that further a particular cause or damage and opposing cause

government forced limits/quotas on the use of certain products

payment for war damage

attacking both civilian and military targets

military strategy of digging long “ditches” that were very difficult to attack; machine gun made it almost impossible to attack an enemy trench

final set of demands; if not met it usually leads to war

term used to describe the battlefield in Southern Belgium & Northern France during WWI

World History Vocabulary: 2nd Semester

Unit 5: Rise of Totalitarian Leaders

  1. Anti-Semitism

  2. Appeasement

  3. Axis Powers

  4. Bolsheviks

  5. Capital Goods

  6. Collectivization

  7. Dawes Plan

  8. Domestic Policy

  9. Export

  10. Fascism

  1. Foreign Policy

  2. Heavy Industry

  3. Import

  4. Inflation

  5. International

  6. Isolationism

  7. Kulaks

  8. Mein Kampf

  9. Nazi

  10. New Deal

  11. Protectionism

  12. Quotas

  13. 1st Red Scare

  1. Roaring Twenties

  2. Stocks

  3. Totalitarian

  4. Unemployment

Discrimination/hatred towards & against Jewish people

giving in to the demands of an aggressor to avoid a fight

alliance between Germany, Italy, & Japan, before & during World War II

name given to communist revolutionaries in Russia

the tools and equipment that factories use to produce items and services

gov’t takes control of all privately owned farmland & answers the 3 questions of economics

plan where the US helped Germany with reparation payments to the allies after World War I

government programs/actions that affect that government’s own country

selling domestic-made goods to foreign countries

Government that glorified the state, condemned democracy, and supported a single political party led by a dictator.

programs/actions of a government that affect countries outside the home country’s borders

factories/businesses that create goods for industry use

receiving foreign-made goods to sell within your own country

Increase in the price of most goods

between or among nations

being concerned with only your country’s problems & ignoring problems around the world

Russian peasants that fought against collectivization

book written by Hitler while in prison discussing his ideology

political party that rose to power in 1930s Germany under Hitler

FDR’s economic policy to solve the problems created by the Great Depression

high tariffs on imports to protect a country’s home-made products

system of reserving a fixed number of openings for certain groups of people

period in 1920s America when paranoia about Communism corrupting/taking over the US government existed

time of brief prosperity/wealth for most Americans after World War I

represents partial ownership (share) of a business

government in which a single party dictatorship controls every aspect of citizens’ lives

without work or a job

Unit 6: World War II

  1. Allied Powers

  2. Blitzkrieg

  1. D-Day

  2. Genocide

  3. Holocaust

  4. Internment

  5. Neutrality

alliance between Britain, France, and eventually Russia and US during World War II

“lightning war”; a form of warfare in which surprise attacks with fast moving airplanes are followed by massive attacks with infantry forces

code name for June 6, 1944 Allied invasion of France

the systematic killing of an entire people

systematic murder of Jews carried out by the Nazis

forced relocation and imprisonment of people

not taking sides during a time of conflict/war

Unit 7: The Cold War

  1. Brezhnev Doctrine

  2. Bureaucracy

  1. Coexistence

  2. Cold War

  3. Containment

  1. Coup

  2. Denazification

  3. Destalinization

  4. Detente

  5. Domestic Policy

  6. Foreign Policy

  7. INF Treaty

  1. Perestroika

  2. Police Action

stated USSR could intervene in countries if communism was threatened by democracy

An administration with different levels of authority and numerous offices that have fixed procedures

slowdown in the arms race between US and USSR; spirit of cooperation

the state of tension and hostility among nations without armed conflict

policy whereby the United States tried to prevent the Soviet Union from expanding beyond its borders

a sudden overthrow of a government, usually by the military

removal of all traces of Nazism in Germany after World War II

Khrushchev’s policy of eliminating all memory of Joseph Stalin in the Soviet Union

French word meaning relaxation; easing of international tensions btwn USSR & US

Government policy decisions, programs, and actions that primarily deal with internal matters

The diplomatic policy of a nation in its interactions with other nations

Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces) 1987 agreement b/w US & USSR to reduce nuclear weapons

Gorbachev’s plan to reform the Soviet Union by restructuring the economy

military action sanctioned/ordered by the United Nations

Unit 8: The Modern World

1. Autonomy: the power or right of a country, group, etc. to govern itself

2. Caliphate: is a form of Islamic government led by a caliph—a person considered a political and religious successor to the Islamic prophet, Muhammad, and a leader of the entire Muslim community.

3. Diplomacy: the conduct by government officials of negotiations and other relations between nations

4. Insurgency: a usually violent attempt to take control of a government (usually one's own)

5. Islam: The religion which teaches that there is only 1 God and that Muhammad is God's prophet: the religion of Muslims

6. Jihad: a war fought by Muslims to defend or spread their beliefs

7. Oust: to cause or force (someone or something) to leave a position of power, a competition, etc.

8. Refugee: someone forced to leave a country because of war or for religious or political reasons

9. Sanctions: a threatened penalty for disobeying a law or rule

10. Statehood: becoming or forming an independent nation

11. Terrorism: the use of violence and threats to intimidate or coerce, especially for political purposes

12. WMD: weapons of mass destruction like nuclear, chemical, or biological weapons that can cause indiscriminate death or injury on a large scale

13. Zionism: political support for the creation and development of a Jewish homeland in Israel

Unit 9: Career Unit

  1. AA Degree

  2. Admittance Requirements

  3. AP

  4. Apprenticeship

  5. BA Degree

  6. Benefits

  7. Certificate Program

  8. College Essay

  1. Community College

  2. Deductions

  3. Expenses

  4. FAFSA

  5. Financing Fees

  6. Grant

  1. Guaranteed Admissions

  2. Loan

  3. Nature of Work

  4. Post-Secondary

  5. Qualifications

  6. Salary

  7. Scholarship

  8. Standardized Test

  9. Technical School

  10. Transcript

  11. Vocational Education

  12. Work Experience

  13. Work Study

Degree given after completion of a 2-year college (i.e., community college)

The minimum grades/courses a college expects you to have before you apply for acceptance

Advanced Placement. College level courses offered in high school

Job that provides salary and benefits as you learn. Usually associated with labor unions

Degree received upon completion of a 4-year college (i.e., UC or CSU system)

Non-salary related “bonuses” a person gets with a job

Given by community colleges declaring your fitness for specific jobs

Part of the college application process in which you explain what qualities you have that the college is looking for

Two year school that provides vocational or pre-4 year college opportunities

What a person subtracts or what gets taken from their paycheck

What it costs in money for a person to live their lifestyle

Free Application for Federal Student Aid. Application for grants & loans for school.

The interest a bank or lender charges for lending money

Money given to you by a government agency to help pay for college; it is based upon your financial need

programs offered by Community Colleges that promise acceptance to a 4-year college

A way to pay for college. Students borrow money and eventually pay it back with interest

Actual type of work you perform at your job

After high school

What experience or education a person needs to apply for a job & be considered for hiring

the amount of money one makes before taxes & expenses

Money given to you by a private source for the purpose of paying for all/part of college

Any test that measures you against thousands of other students

Usually a private school that prepares you for a very specific career

The record of your high school grades and activities

Education that prepares/trains you for jobs/the workforce

High School program that allows 16 year olds and above to gain credits by having a job

College program that allows students to work part-time during the school year as a type of scholarship to help pay for school

Europe Map

Europe Map: Blank

Europe Map: Blank

English Channel


Share with your friends:
1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   ...   13

The database is protected by copyright © 2019
send message

    Main page