World History Syllabus and Student Packet Table of Contents Page 2



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Unit 2: The Industrial Revolution

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Title

Page

Essential Question

Main Ideas

2.1

Contributing Factors

254

Why did the IR begin in England?

6 reasons Britain led the Industrial Revolution (¶1-6)

2.2

Changes in Cotton Production

255

How was cloth made initially? Explain how the 2 machines described changed that process.

Complete the Primary Source Worksheet Handout & answer the essential question

2.3

New Products

296-297

Why was steel important to the IR?

Steel, Electricity, New inventions (¶ 3-4), Internal Combustion Engine

2.4

New Patterns

297

Why was a mass market so important to the IR?

Reasons for mass market, Department stores

2.5

Growth of Population and Cities

259-260

What were negative effects of the Industrial Revolution in cities?


Reasons for population growth, Reasons for city growth, {skip ¶ 3}, Problems with cities

2.6

The Industrial Middle Class

260

Who was in the middle class and what power did they receive?

{Skip ¶ 1}, Bourgeoisie, Industrial Middle Class

2.7

The Industrial Working Class

260-261

Why was life difficult for Industrial Workers?

Complete the Primary Source Worksheet Handout & answer the essential question

2.8

Trade Unions p.

300

How did labor unions help industrial workers?

Labor unions, Strike

2.9

The New Urban Environment

302-303

How were cities improved?

Political impact of lower class, Health concerns of cities, {skip ¶ 3-5}, Reforms (¶ 6-9)

2.10

Marx’s Theory

299-300

How is society divided according to Marx? What eventually will occur?

Complete the Primary Source Worksheet Handout & answer the essential question

2.11

New Age of Science

283-284

How were Darwin’s ideas used incorrectly during IR?


{Skip ¶ 1-3}, Charles Darwin, {skip ¶ 5}, Natural Selection, {skip ¶ 7}


Unit 3: Imperialism

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Title

Page

Essential Question

Main Ideas

3.1

The New Imperialism

336-337

When & why did imperialism start?


{Skip ¶ 1}, Imperialism (¶ 2-3), Motives (¶ 4-7)

3.2

Colonial Economies

340

What were the positives & negatives of imperialism?


Raw materials, Plantations and taxes, Infrastructure and other benefits



3.3

East Africa

346

What was the Berlin Conference & why was it important?


Colonial rivalries (¶ 1 & 3), Berlin Conference (¶ 4)

3.5

Colonial Rule in Africa

348

What effect did European rule have on Africans?

{Skip ¶ 1}, Indirect rule (¶ 2-4), Direct Rule (¶ 5-6)

3.7

The Opium War

380-381

Why was the Treaty of Nanjing important?

{Skip ¶ 1}, Unfavorable trade balance (¶ 2-3), Opium, Chinese reaction to opium, Opium War (¶ 6-7), Treaty of Nanjing (¶ 8-9)

3.8

Mounting Pressures

384

Why did Europeans create spheres of influence in China?

Sphere of Influence (¶ 2 only)

3.9

Opening the Door to China

385

Why did the US begin the Open Door Policy?


Open Door Policy, Reasons and Results

3.10

Internal Crisis

385

Why did China feel the need to reform?

100 Days of Reform, Critics of Reform

3.11

Boxer Rebellion

386

What were the effects of the Boxer Rebellion?


Society of Harmonious Fists, Boxers upset, Response to killings (¶ 2-3)

3.12

Rise of Sun Yat-Sen

388-389

Why did Sun Yat-Sen want democracy?


Sun Yat-Sen, 3 Stages of Reform, 3 Principles of the People


Unit 4: World War I

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Title

Page

Essential Question

Main Ideas

4.1

Nationalism and System of Alliances

422

What two alliances were formed in Europe?

Alliances (¶ 2)

4.2

Militarism

423

What is a negative aspect of a larger army?

Size and technology of armies, {skip ¶ 2}, Conscription

4.3

Serbian Problems

424

Why was there tension in the Balkans?

Serbia and Russia (¶ 2)

4.4

Assassination in Sarajevo

424

Why was the assassination a cause of WWI?

Archduke Francis Ferdinand, Assassination attempt and Princip

4.5

Austria-Hungary Responds

424

Why was the ultimatum a cause of WWI?

Assassination as an excuse, Role of Germany, Ultimatum

4.6

Russia Mobilizes

424

Why was mobilization a cause of WWI?

Czar and mobilization, Role of Russian army

4.7

The Conflict Broadens

424-425

What was an immediate cause of WWI?

Germany’s reaction, Schlieffen Plan (¶ 2-4), Belgium’s role and Great Britain

4.8

Western Front

431

What was the Western Front?

Battle of the Marne, Stalemate and trench warfare

4.9

Eastern Front

432

How were the eastern & western fronts different?

Difference between Eastern and Western Front, Russian defeats, Italian deceit, Russian casualties, Serbia

4.10

1916 to 1917: The Great Slaughter

432

Why was Trench Warfare a terrible strategy?

Trenches



4.11

Tactics of Trench Warfare

432-433

Why was Trench Warfare a terrible strategy?

Solution to stalemate, Description of trench warfare (¶ 2-3), Battle of Verdun, Role of Industrial Revolution

4.12

War in the Air

433

How did new weapons change war tactics?

Airplanes and use (¶ 1-2), Zeppelins use and weakness

4.13

Widening of the War

433-434

What were the alliances during WWI?

New allies, {skip ¶ 2}, Italy enters, {skip ¶ 4}, German colonies

4.14

Entry of US

434-435

How was the US pulled into WWI?

{Skip ¶ 1}, Blockade, Lusitania, {skip ¶ 4}, Boost from US to the Allies

4.15

Home front and Impact of Total War

435

How did governments affect civilians during war?

Total war (¶ 1-2)

4.16

Increased Government Powers

435-436

Why did governments take over their economies?

Why government expanded powers, Planned economies

4.17

Manipulation of Public Opinion

436

Why did governments use propaganda?

Civilian Morale, Government reaction to opponents of war, Propaganda use (¶ 3-4)

4.18

Total War and Women

436-437

How did the war help women?

New roles for women, Women in workforce (¶ 2-3), Gains for women (¶ 4-5)

4.19

Wilson’s Proposal

449-450

What were the main goals of Wilson’s 14 Points?

14 Points (¶ 1-4)

4.20

Paris Peace Conference

450-451

Why did the US not want to join the TOV?

{skip ¶ 1}, British platform, French desires, {skip ¶ 4-5}, US wishes & refusal

4.21

Treaty of Versailles

451

Why was Germany angry about the Treaty?

Treaty of Versailles & what it did to Germany (¶ 1-4)

4.22

The Armenian Genocide

503

What happened to the Armenians?

Ottoman policies, results of deportations, European response (¶ 5)




Unit 5: Rise of Totalitarian Leaders

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Title

Page

Essential Question

Main Ideas

5.1

The United States

p469

What was the New Deal & how did it help?

Production & Unemployed, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, New Deal & Programs, Results of New Deal

5.2

Five-Year Plans

p474-475

What was the 5 year plan & how was it enforced?

Goals, Results, Effect on workers, Collectivization

5.3

Costs of Stalin’s Programs

p476

What were the effects of Stalin’s plans?

Famine, Great Purge, Effects on Women

5.4

The Nazi State

p481

How did Hitler keep his power?

Aryan, Reichs, Third Reich. Creation of Totalitarian State

5.5

The State and Terror

p481-482

What was the purpose of the SS?

Schutzstaffeln (SS), Heinrich Himmler, Terror, SS Chief Goal

5.6

Economic Policies

p482

How did Hitler fix the German economy?

Hitler’s solution to Depression/Unemployment, Role it played in Hitler’s rise to power

5.7

Spectacles and Organizations

p482-483

Why did Hitler use mass demonstrations?

Nuremberg/Mass demonstrations, spread of Nazi ideology

5.8

Anti-Semitic Policies

p483

How did Hitler limit the freedoms of Jews?

Anti-Semitism, Nuremberg Laws, Kristallnacht, oppression of Jews

5.9

First Steps

p536-537

Why did Great Britain appease Hitler?

Treaty of Versailles violations, Reaction to violations, Rhineland, Appeasement


5.10

New Alliances

p537

What did the Axis powers have in common?

Mussolini, Rome-Berlin Axis

5.11

Union with Austria

p537

Why didn’t France & Great Britain stop Hitler?

Anschluss, Annexation

5.12

Demands and Appeasement

p537

What was the Munich Conference?

Sudetenland, Munich Conference, Neville Chamberlain

5.13

Great Britain & France React

537-538

Was appeasement a good policy? Why or why not?

Czechoslovakia, Poland

5.14

Hitler & the Soviets

p538

Was the Nazi-Soviet Pact significant?

Hitler & Stalin, Nazi-Soviet Nonaggression Pact, Reaction, September 1st

5.15

Japanese path to war

p539

What was the effect of Japan invading Manchuria

Manchuria (¶ 1-3)

5.16

New Asian Order

p539-540

How did Japanese military keep their power?

New Order, New alliance, Southeast Asia, US objects (¶ 4-5)



Unit 6: World War II

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Title

Page

Essential Question

Main Ideas

6.1

Europe at War

542

Why was blitzkrieg successful?

Blitzkrieg, Poland

6.2

Hitler’s Early Victories

542-543

How did isolationism contribute to WWII?

Phony War, Maginot Line & German strategy, Armistice, Vichy France, US & isolationism, Neutrality Acts

6.3

The Battle of Britain

543

What allowed Britain to stop the Germans?

Hitler attacks Britain, Radar, Effect of bombing cities

6.4

Attack on the Soviet Union

543-544

What allowed the Soviets to stop the Germans?

Reasons to attack USSR, {skip ¶ 2}, Initial successes, Winter problems

6.5

Japan at War

544-545

Why did the Japanese attack Pearl Harbor?

Pearl Harbor, Invasions, Community of nations, reasons for control, hopes & beliefs, new alliances (¶ 6-7)

6.6

Asia Theater #1

547-548

Why were the first Pacific battles important?

Battle of the Coral Sea, Battle of Midway, MacArthur & “island hopping”

6.7

European Theater #1

546

Where were the Germans losing by 1943?

{skip ¶ 1}, Rommel (¶ 2-4), Stalingrad (¶ 5-6)

6.8

The Soviet Union

559

How was the Soviet home front affected by WWII?

Leningrad, Soviet factories, Mobilization, Women

6.9

The United States

560-561

How was the U.S. home front affected by WWII?

US production, {skip ¶ 2}, Migration, African-Americans (¶ 4-5), Japanese-Americans (¶ 6-7)

6.10

European Theater #2

549-550

What helped the Allies win in Europe?

Mussolini, Germany, D-Day, Allied successes, Soviet Union (¶ 5-6,), Hitler

6.11

Asian Theater #2

550

What ended the war in the Pacific?

Truman, Reason to use A-bomb, Hiroshima & Nagasaki

6.12

Slave Labor in Germany

553

What were the Final Solution?

Forced labor, {skip ¶ 2-3}, Final Solution

6.13

Einsatzgruppen

554-554

What was the purpose of the Einsatzgruppen?

Einsatzgruppen, Ghettos, Death Squads

6.14

Death Camps

554-555

What were death camps? What was the Holocaust?

{skip ¶ 1}, Auschwitz, inmate treatment

6.15

Death Toll

555

What impact did the Holocaust have on European Jews?

Holocaust, Gypsies, other deaths



Unit 7: The Cold War

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Title

Page

Essential Question

Main Ideas

7.1

Peace & a New War

563-564

What was the Cold War competition over?

Cold War

7.2

The Tehran Conference

564

What did the Big 3 decide at Tehran?

Big Three; Tehran Agreements

7.3

The Yalta Conference

564-565

What did the Big 3 decide at Yalta?

Stalin’s wants; FDR’s idea; Japan; UN; Germany; Poland & Eastern Europe

7.4

The Potsdam Conference

565

How are the Big 3 different & what was decided at Potsdam?

Truman vs. Stalin


7.5

A New Struggle

565

What was the Iron Curtain?

Western Views, Soviet Views, Iron Curtain

7.6

Rivalry in Europe

584

What was containment?

Civil War, result

7.7

Truman Doctrine

584-58

What was the Truman Doctrine?

Goal of Doctrine

7.8

Marshall Plan

585

What was the Marshall Plan?

{skip ¶ 1}, Purpose of plan, Soviet view of plan, {skip ¶ 3}, Containment

7.9

Division of Germany

585

What was the Berlin Airlift?

{skip ¶ 1-2}, Blockade, Berlin Airlift

7.10

Spread of the Cold War

586

What made the Cold War more tense?

China; Arms Race

7.11

New Military Alliances

586-587

What were the military alliances of the Cold War?

NATO; Warsaw Pact; Korean War; SEATO; CENTO

7.12

The Arms Race

587

How did the Arms Race lead to the Space Race?

Hydrogen bomb; ICBM; Deterrence; Sputnik

7.13

A Wall in Berlin

587

Why was the Berlin Wall built?

Khrushchev; Why people left East Germany; Soviet Solution

7.14

The Cuban Missile Crisis

587-588

What was the Cuban Missile Crisis?

Castro; Bay of Pigs; Nuclear Weapons; US response

7.15

Vietnam & the Domino Theory

589

How did the Domino Theory perpetuate the Cold War?

Purpose of War, Domino Theory, Anti-war movement (¶ 3-4), Results of withdrawal, End of theory

7.16

The Soviet System Under Stress

616-617

Why was the Soviet Union under stress?

{Skip ¶ #1}, Brezhnev & Doctrine, Détente, Economic & Political problems, Afghanistan, Ronald Reagan

7.17

Gorbachev & Soviet Reform

617

How did Gorbachev change the Soviet Union?

Gorbachev & perestroika (¶ 1-2), gov’t reforms

7.18

End of the Cold War

617-618

What weakened the Soviet’s power?

{Skip ¶ #1}, INF Treaty & reason, changes in Eastern Europe (¶ 3-4)

7.19

The End of the Soviet Union

618

How did the U.S.S.R. officially end?

Nationalist movements (¶ 1-2), failed overthrow, end of USSR



Unit 8 Notes : The Modern World

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Title

Page

Essential Question

Main Ideas

8.1

What is the Middle East?




How does the diversity and complexity of the ME influence US foreign policy?

Middle Eastern (definition), Differences between Middle Eastern Countries (4 things), Results of Differences, US interest (3 things), Questions facing US

8.2

Zionism




Why was there a need/desire for a Jewish state?

Creation of Israel – supporters & opponents, Zionism & reasons for it, Balfour Declaration, British Promises, Palestine problem, Holocaust role, United Nations role

8.3

Creation of Israel Leads to Conflict




How did the creation of Israel create conflict?

Jewish/Arab view of partition, Jewish/Arab violence, Recognition of Israel, Invasion and response (¶4-6), Refugees & security, US division

8.4

The Intifada and Oslo Accords




What were the outcomes of the Intifadas and Oslo Accords?

Notes taken from Power Point lecture

8.5

Palestinians Call for Statehood




What tactics did Palestinians use to try and gain statehood?

Palestinian v. Israeli view on achieving statehood, Role of US in negotiations & results (¶2-3), Abbas deadline

8.6

Unresolved Israeli-Palestinian Issues




What issues remain unresolved between Israel and the Palestinans?

Reasons both claim Jerusalem, Jerusalem Population, Palestinian proposed capital, Jewish Settlements and US stance (¶4-5), Barrier Wall, Demands of Palestinian Refugees, Water, Borders/Two-State Solution

8.7

US Invasion of Iraq




Why did the US invade Iraq again in 2003?

Sanctions, UN monitors, Saddam & terrorism, Military intervention, Critics & UN

8.8

Operation Iraqi Freedom




What happened while US military forces were in Iraq?

Notes taken from Power Point lecture

8.9

Building Democracy in Afghanistan and Iraq




Have the campaigns in Afghanistan and Iraq been successful?

Afghan Constitution, Iraqi Constitution, Insurgency, Targeting US military, Iraqi elections, AQI & ISIS, Airsrikes

8.10

Egypt




What happened in Egypt in 2011 and how did the US respond?

Hosni Mubarak, US & Mubarak, Muslim Brotherhood/Morsi, Reasons for coup/new leader (¶4-5),US response

8.11

Syria




How did the Syrian Civil War begin and what have been the consequences?

US view on Syria, Rebellion & results, Chemical Weapons, US stance on Assad & results, ISIS

8.12

The Islamic State Group (ISIS) Part 1




How does ISIS threaten stability in the Middle East?

Territory (¶1-2), ISIS success, Propaganda, Oil, Weapons, ISIS compared to Al-Qaida (¶8-9), Centralization, What territory leads to

8.13

The Islamic State Group (ISIS) Part 2




How does ISIS threaten stability in the Middle East?

ISIS exploitation & appeal (¶1-4), Style of ISIS attacks (¶5-7), US worries (¶8-10)

8.1 What is the Middle East?

The term “Middle East” can create an image of a group

of similar countries and peoples with shared politics and

histories, but this is deceptive. The people of this part

of the world have diverse ethnicities, religions,

languages, and understandings of their histories. They

experience a variety of different ways of life.


Women in Saudi Arabia, for example, where there are

strict rules about how women dress and move around,

live very different lives from their counterparts in

Turkey, where women are used to more European styles

of dress and have a more public role. In Iran, society

includes city dwellers in Tehran, a city of fourteen

million, as well as nomads who live in the desert. In

Egypt, Syria, and Lebanon, there are large Christian

minority populations as well as Muslims. The religion

of Islam (which is the identity most frequently associated



A park in Tehran, Iran

with the Middle East) is understood and practiced in

many different ways across the region. The landscape



also varies—from sparsely populated arid deserts to vast urban metropolises to green forests, mountains, rivers, and marshes.
The great variation in culture, history, and geography influences the societies, governments, businesses, and some of the tensions in the area. This diverse and complex region plays an important role in U.S. foreign policy.
The U.S. role in the Middle East is a subject of debate in the United States. The United States has had an active role in the Middle East for three main reasons. First, the United States wants to ensure the steady flow of oil, the fuel which currently drives much of the global economy. Second, the United States is concerned about long-term stability and wants to retain power and influence in this important area of the world. The U.S. involvement in Iraq and its concerns about Iran’s nuclear program fall under this category. Finally, the United States has long been involved in the dispute between Israel and the Palestinians. Each of these reasons overlaps with the others, making the U.S. role in the Middle East very complicated. Within the United States, there is often strong disagreement about the best approach to these issues.




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