Words: 538 Student: Pravin Anand Tutor: Prof. Peter Barker

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Words: 538 Student: Pravin Anand Tutor: Prof. Peter Barker

Whether nuclear power plants should continue to be used as an energy source

In our world today, one may question the use of nuclear fusion and nuclear power plants as a source of energy for our ever growing nations. There are some who are for the continued use of nuclear power plants and some who hold strong views against the effect of using nuclear power as an energy source.

The biggest advantage is that it is an established way to generate electricity without emitting carbon dioxide. This is more and more important as global warming becomes a real threat to the environment. In one sense therefore, nuclear power plants are as clean as solar, wind, geothermal and hydropower. Nuclear power production does not contribute any harmful gases to the atmosphere. In fact they have discovered that many endangered species of animals live very near to the power plants. Spent fuels from a nuclear power plant are radioactive and highly toxic however with the right facilities used these are very easily contained and nuclear power plants thrive with their efficiency.

Nuclear fuels are derived from uranium and plutonium. Uranium is available in plentiful quantities in the United States, and plutonium is created as a byproduct of the nuclear fission process. This in course could also be used as a nuclear fission power source due to technology advances and therefore causing nuclear to be extremely efficient and powerful in providing energy to nations such The United States of America.

On the other hand, there various disadvantages of using nuclear fission as a method to obtaining energy as a source of energy through nuclear power plants. It cannot be stressed enough at how the process which takes place within nuclear power plants is controlled. For if any ‘accidents’ were to occur, the results would be catastrophic; and in argument against the use of nuclear power plants, there are many examples across the world that support the claim that using them is dangerous!

This is a case of an extreme failure, where in japan a natural disaster occurred which resulted in a nuclear meltdown. The reacting nuclear material burned through the containment vessel within the nuclear power plant and caused the ‘fuel rods’ to melt where huge clouds of radioactive steam and debris had gone into the atmosphere. In these cases a risk of an explosion could occur. Substantial numbers of people were forced to evacuate a large distance away from the facility in fear of their lives. This one example just goes to show the danger of nuclear power plants can be to the world.

Furthermore, Nuclear power plants as well as nuclear waste could be preferred targets for terrorist attacks and no atomic energy plant in the world could withstand an attack similar to 9/11. Such a terrorist act would have catastrophic effects for the whole world.

In conclusion, nuclear power has advantages of energy innovation and its negligible effect to carbon emission as well as the disadvantages; it is a facility with catastrophic effects if components within it were to malfunction somehow or someway. To sum up, only with great thought and caution should nuclear power plants be used otherwise the energy would be quite simply insignificant.

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