Proximity: Location. Location. Location. If the event is happening close by, it will have a greater impact on your readers.
Timeliness: If something is happening NOW, it has more impact on the reader. The most recent development in a story can be used as a feature.
Prominence: If the people in the story are well known, the story will have more impact on the reader. Most people are not as impacted if the story involves people they do not know.
What makes News “News”?: 6 main reasons
Conflict: Readers are interested in rivalries, arguments, fights, and disagreements.
Novelty: If something is unusual, original, or unique, readers want to know what it is and why it happened.
Human Interest: If the story evokes (inspires) emotion in the reader such as anger, sadness, or happiness, the reader will have a greater connection with the story and the story will have a greater impact.
Basic News Reporting
Most news stories are written in a very concise way in order to pack as much information into every line on the page.
In journalism, space is of a premium so your writing must lend itself to this medium or form.
The simplest and most common structure of this kind of writing is called the Inverted Pyramid.
To understand what the "inverted pyramid" name means, picture an upside-down triangle -- one with the narrow tip pointing downward and the broad base pointing upward.
The broad base represents the most newsworthy information in the news story, and the narrow tip represents the least newsworthy information in the news story.
When you write a story in inverted pyramid format, you put the most newsworthy information at the beginning of the story and the least newsworthy information at the end.
Why does this format lend itself well to journalism, especially news reporting?
Why does the Inverted Pyramid lend itself well to journalism?
It gets the point of the story to the reader in the fastest way possible.
It provides the facts without all of the “fluff” of normal writing.
It lends itself to quick editing of story length.
Even if you cut off the last few sentences of a story in this format to fit in a column on a page, the story is still complete. It only lacks some of the specifics.
FLAG The name of the paper that usually appears at the top of page one
GRAF A paragraph in news writing. These are often short, around 2-3 sentences.
HAMMER A form of headline consisting of a few very large words over a smaller subheadline
HEADLINE Large type designed to summarize a story and grab the reader's attention
HUMAN INTEREST An element of news that includes people or events with which the audience can identify; stories that are just interesting
INVERTED PYRAMID A style of writing most commonly applied to news stories in which the most important facts appear early in the story and less important facts later in the story
KICKER A short (one or two word) statement at the beginning of a caption that serves to grab the reader's attention
LEAD The beginning of the story which serves to summarize the story and/or grab the reader's attention
LIBEL Written defamation; damaging false statements against another person or institution that are in writing or are spoken from a written script
QUOTATION A statement made by another person included in a published story. A direct quotation is exactly what the person said and appears inside quotation marks. An indirect quote is a paraphrase of what a person said and does not appear in quotes.
REVIEW A form of editorial written to comment on a play, movie, piece of music or some other creative work