Western African Civilizations: Ghana, Mali, & Songhai



Download 6,48 Kb.
Date conversion04.04.2017
Size6,48 Kb.

Western African Civilizations: Ghana, Mali, & Songhai

Bantu

Ghana

  • The first of the West African trading kingdoms

Ghana

  • Gold Salt Trade
    • Location! Location! Location!
      • Ghana was located in the midway between Saharan salt mines and tropical gold mines
    • Caravans of Muslim merchants brought goods, which Ghanaian people exchanged for gold
      • Trade conducted via the silent trade
      • Muslims brought their religion to the people of Ghana

Mali

  • Mansa Musa
    • Devout Muslim king
      • Bases legal and justice system on the Qur’an
    • Makes hajj to Mecca, but stops in Egypt first
      • Gives Egypt so much gold that the value of gold declines for 10 straight years
      • Traveled with 12,000 servants each wearing silk & carrying gold bars, which were given to the poor

Mali

  • Mansa Musa
    • Brings back Islamic scholars and architects to Mali
    • Has Timbuktu built
    • Timbuktu
      • Center of learning and art
      • Increased Islamic influence in West Africa
        • Use of credit
        • Written contracts
        • Education for many classes

Timbuktu

Timbuktu

Ibn Battuta

  • Moroccan born traveler and explorer
    • Travel the Islamic world from North Africa to China
    • Spent 30 years traveling
    • His primary source writings inform historians about the Muslim world in Africa

Songhai

The East African Kingdoms: The Shona of Great Zimbabwe & Axum

Axum (Aksum)

  • Religions
    • Christianity made the official religion after shipwrecked Syrians introduced it
    • However…
      • Both Axumites & Egyptians viewed Jesus differently than Rome
        • Jesus was completely divine. Not human; 100% godly
        • Started a new Christian Church  THE COPTIC CHURCH

Axum

  • Religions
    • Muslim merchants brought trade and Islam
      • Christian and Muslim merchants fought over control of trade routes
    • In order to ensure Islam did not spread into Axum
      • Government reorganized to extend into outlying areas
      • Monasteries built to teach the Coptic Christian faith
      • Built churches

Axum

  • Architecture
    • Used stone instead of mud bricks to construct buildings (unique for this part of the world)
    • Stelae  obelisk shaped pillars built to celebrate king’s conquests and Axum’s greatness

Axum

The Shona of Great Zimbabwe

The Shona of Great Zimbabwe

  • The Great Enclosure

The Shona of Great Zimbabwe

  • Cities
    • Consisted of two parts
      • Residences for the elite
      • Residences for the commoners
        • Homes made of mud and thatch

The Shona & Great Zimbabwe

  • Disappearance
    • Left the Great Enclosure for reasons unknown
      • Historians best guess…
        • Cattle overgrazed and the Shona need to find new land to feed it’s people


The database is protected by copyright ©sckool.org 2016
send message

    Main page