Welcome to Oman Driving in Oman Road Safety



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Welcome to Oman Driving in Oman - Road Safety

  • Trevor Harrison - CSM/6
  • Corporate Road Safety Adviser

Driving in Oman is Different!

  • Arrive
  • in
  • Oman
  • Fit &
  • Healthy
  • Road
  • Traffic
  • Accident?
  • Enjoy
  • Working
  • &
  • Living
  • In Oman
  • (2 - 4 years?)
  • Leave
  • Oman
  • Fit &
  • Healthy
  • No Injury /
  • Minor Injury!
  • NO
  • YES
  • The PDO Journey

Coastal Driving - Some Characteristics

  • Rule Breaking is Common
  • Erratic / Unpredictable
  • Inconsiderate
  • Roads Difficult

Interior Driving - Some Characteristics

  • Graded Roads
  • Wadis
  • Animals - Collision Risk
  • Remote - In the event of an Accident:
    • may take hours to get help
    • Police Only
    • NO EFFECTIVE AMBULANCE OR FIRE SERVICE
  • Hostile Environment
  • Summary - Harsh / Unforgiving Environment
  • What Are the Risks?
  • Driving is probably Your Most Dangerous
  • activity
  • Driving in Oman is some 5 to 10 times more dangerous than driving in Europe
  • Oman:
  • 1996: - 512 Road Accident Fatalities
  • 1997: - 549 Road Accident Fatalities
  • 1998: - 614 Fatalities - Including 50 children below the age of 6 (not wearing Seat Belts?)
  • PDO Road Safety Figures are comparable
  • with some European countries
  • Note - 1966 to 1998.
  • RTA Fatalities
  • have increased
  • by 20%

What causes most accidents?

  • The Driver
  • Acts to cause an accident - Deliberate Acts of Rule Breaking - eg speeding, illegal overtaking
  • Fails to act to prevent an accident - eg not looking ahead, not driving defensively
  • Fails to act to reduce the consequences of an accident - eg does not ensure seatbelts are worn

What Keeps you Safe on the Road?

  • A GOOD DRIVER
  • “Root cause analysis, shows that human error accounts for more than
  • 90% of road accidents.”
  • - Safety Features of Light Vehicles and Mini Buses.
  • Shell Health, Safety and Environment Committee, July 1997.
  • “In more than 90% of traffic accidents, human error is the cause;
  • accidents do not just happen by chance, they are the consequences of unsafe driving practices.”
  • - Roadcraft - The Police Driver’s Handbook, Page 1, Chapter 1, The Stationary Office, UK, 1997.
  • The Driver
  • controls
  • 90% of the Risk
  • - see below

What Does it Mean to be a Good Driver?

  • A Good Driver
  • Knowledge
  • Skills
  • ATTITUDE
  • Training
  • Personal Decision
  • Experience
  • Medically
  • Fit
  • Expect the Unexpected
  • Be Fully Aware of what is happening around you on the road - at the same time maintain a Relaxed and Detached ATTITUDE
  • Make a Personal Decision that:
  • Your First Objective
  • should be to:
  • To Complete Your
  • Journey Safely
  • ATTITUDE
  • ATTITUDE
  • Personal Decision:
  • Safety of People Comes First
  • Anything else comes second

Some Local Laws

  • Illegal to Drink and Drive - Permitted Alcohol Level for driving is ZERO (Check your insurance policy - you are probably not insured if you have been drinking)
  • Illegal to drive whilst using GSM
  • Illegal to overtake on the right
  • Traffic from the left has priority - traffic turning right gives way to traffic turning left - see ‘A Guide to Family Safety, p62’

Vehicle Wish List - Safety

  • Keep the Driver Comfortable and in Control:
  • Good:- Lights / Brakes / Steering / Tyres
  • Accident Mitigation: Mass of at least 1000 kg / 3 point inertia seat belts / air bags / head restraints / side impact protection / roll cage & luggage screen (4WD)
  • Personal Choice
  • Conceptual Difference - 2WD vs 4WD
  • 1
  • Tonne
  • 2 to 3
  • Tonnes
  • Saloon Car
  • 4 Wheel Drive
  • 4WDs - BIG ADVANTAGES:
  • High Driving Position / Excellent Visibility
  • Enables: - look ahead / early hazard identification /
  • early reaction to hazards
  • 4WDs - BIG DISADVANTAGES:
  • Large mass / High CG / Long, soft springs
  • Can be difficult to control
  • DANGER OF ROLLOVER
  • This utility vehicle handles and maneuvers differently
  • from many passenger cars both on-road and off-road.
  • You must drive it safely. As with other utility vehicles if
  • you make sharp turns or abrupt maneuvers, you may
  • cause this vehicle to go out of control and roll over
  • and crash.
  • You or your passengers may be seriously injured.
  • Safety Notice displayed inside a Jeep Cherokee
  • Avoidance:
  • Good Driving
  • Rules - Speed
  • Tyres
  • Driving Course
  • Danger - Rollover
  • Survival:
  • Speed
  • Seat Belts
  • Rollcage
  • First Aid
  • Avoidance:
  • Good Driving
  • Rules - Speed
  • Safe Distance Rule
  • Defensive Driving
  • ATTITUDE
  • Survival:
  • Seat Belts
  • Air bags
  • Mass
  • First Aid
  • Danger - Graded Road:
  • - Collision
  • - Rollover
  • Avoidance:
  • Good Driving
  • Dust Code
  • Headlights
  • Speed - 80 kph max
  • Survival:
  • Seat Belts
  • Rollcage
  • First Aid
  • Danger - Getting Lost
  • - Stuck
  • - Broken-down
  • Avoidance:
  • Planning / Maps
  • Good Maintenance
  • 2nd Vehicle
  • Equipment:
    • Spade / Rope /
    • Sand boards
    • Air Jack / Spares
  • Survival:
  • Journey Management
  • Stay with vehicle
  • WATER!
  • Danger - Rain
  • - Wadis
  • Avoidance:
  • - Stay home if it is Raining!
  • Roads:
  • - Safe Following Distance
  • Wadis
  • - Slow down
  • - Don’t cross unless it is safe
  • - 4WD Low Ratio
  • - IF IN DOUBT WAIT!
  • Survival:
  • Water level can change quickly
  • Reach place of safety if possible
  • Danger - Driving on Camp
  • Avoidance:
  • Good Driving
  • Rules - Speed - 50 kph
  • Survival:
  • Seat Belts
  • First Aid
  • 5555
  • Vehicle - Pedestrian Collision
  • Likelihood of killing the Pedestrian
  • 30kph - 5%
  • 50 kph - 50%
  • 65 kph - almost 100%
  • That Extra Speed does make a Difference!
  • Bullbars make the front of a vehicle
  • “more aggressive”.
  • In the event of a collision the
  • likelihood of a fatality is increased.
  • Danger - School Car Park
  • Avoidance:
  • Speed - Walking Pace!!!
  • Survival:
  • First Aid
  • 5555
  • School Car Park: -
  • The place where
  • 20 kg children meet
  • 2000 kg vehicles

Night Driving

  • Avoid it if you can outside of the coastal area:
  • Difficult on graded roads
  • Increased risk of hitting camels and other animals
  • Other vehicles may not be using lights or do not use them properly
  • Try to complete your journey by sunset

What to do in case of an accident

  • Documents to carry:
    • Driving Licence / Motor Vehicle Licence / Labour Card-Expats
  • Call Police Directly or Call PDO
  • Do Not Move Vehicles
  • Injured people - first aid / common sense
  • Emergency Numbers:
    • ROP EMERGENCY - 999
    • PDO - Immediate Assistance - (67)5555
    • PDO - Vehicle Damage - 677488 / 675445
          • Pager 9124003 - Outside Office Hours

Courses

  • Occupational Training International
  • Al Khuwair
  • Tel - 604741 / 695363
  • Fax 692201 / 692203
  • Driving:
  • Interior Driving - 1 Day - OR45
  • Off Road -  Day - OR 45
  • Defensive Driving - 1 Day - OR 85
  • First Aid:
  • Basic Life Support - 1 Day - OR 25
  • Practical 1st Aid - 2 day - OR 40
  • Industrial 1st Aid - 4 day - OR 70
  • National Training Institute
  • Madinat Qaboos
  • Tel- 605273
  • Fax - 607720
  • Offroad Driving - Thursday am (Now cancelled due to lack of interest!)
  • Defensive Driving - Thursdays 8 am to 3 pm - OR 60
  • Child & Infant CPR - 1 Day - OR 22

Enjoy Driving in Oman

  • Personal Decision:
  • Safety of People Comes First
  • Anything else comes second
  • Seatbelts Save Lives
  • - Use Them!


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