Ways to Improving Writing Skill

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  • Study writing principles and techniques.
  • Watch for their appearance in the writing of others.
  • Try them out in your own writing—over and over and over again.
  • Imitate sentences and passages of good writing.
  • Breast cancer strikes more than 212,000 American women each year and kills more than 40,000, making it the most common cancer and second leading cause of cancer death in women, after lung cancer.
  • MRI tends to produce false positives at about twice the rate of mammography, forcing more women to undergo repeated tests and sometimes biopsies and subjecting them to anxiety, distress and discomfort. But the panel concluded that the benefits outweigh the downside for those at high risk.
  • The champion smiled, recalling the roar of the crowd.
  • His mother waited, tapping her foot on the hardwood floor.
  • Dicey looked out over the tall marsh grasses, blowing in the wind.
  • The children stared down at the honeybees, careening from flower to flower.
  • Congress gave final approval to a broad overhaul of federal student loan programs Friday, sharply cutting subsidies to lenders and increasing grants to needy students.
  • The United States Air Force has decided to push development of a new type of fuel to power its bombers and fighters, mixing conventional jet fuel with fuels from nonpetroleum sources that could eventually limit military dependence on imported oil.
  • The World Health Organization on Wednesday urged nations with rampant AIDS epidemics to begin offering free or subsidized circumcisions in hopes of preventing millions of new infections and deaths.
  • The American Cancer Society’s guidelines stress that the MRI exams should be done in addition to annual mammograms and regular physical exams in the hope of driving down the death toll from the common, widely feared malignancy.
  • Novartis said it will stop phase II development of NKS104, a treatment for elevated total cholesterol, after data showed the drug wasn't competitive enough to invest further resources.

Outline for “English Technical Writing” Course

  • Traits of good technical writing
  • Five steps to successful writing
  • Structure and content for scientific papers/research reports, and proposals
  • Elements of composition: words, phrases, clauses, sentences, paragraphs, and punctuation
  • Diction
  • Phrases
  • Clauses
  • Sentences: structures and patterns
  • Punctuation
  • Variation of sentences: expansion, transformation, reduction, sentence combining, inversion, and ellipsis
  • Keys to clear, concise, and grammatically correct sentences
  • Transition words and phrases: conjunctive adverbs and conjunctions
  • Paragraphs: topic sentence, elaboration, unity, and coherence
  • Essays: thesis statement, unity, and coherence
  • Common expressions in technical writing
  • Critical analyses of published journal articles
  • Demonstration of editing with drafts of students’ papers

Unit 1

  • Traits of Good Technical Writing

Good Technical Writing Is :

  • Technically accurate
  • Clear
  • Concise
  • Correct in spelling, punctuation, and grammar
  • Compliant with the conventions of institutions or professional societies
  • Well organized
  • Useful
  • Targeted
  • Complete
  • Consistent
  • Ethical

Unit 2

Five Steps to Successful Writing

  • Planning
    • Establish your purpose or objective.
    • Identify your readers.
    • Define your scope.
    • Select the appropriate medium.
  • Research
    • Find information and take notes.
    • Gather all your own data.

Five Steps to Successful Writing (Continued)

  • Organization
    • Group related information with headings and subheadings.
    • Arrange information in a logical order (e.g., general to specific, specific to general, chronological, spatial, sequential, cause and effect, and comparison).
    • Write an outline.
  • Composing
    • Articulate your thesis and support it with evidence.
    • Achieve unity and coherence in structure.

Five Steps to Successful Writing (Continued)

  • Revision
    • Check for completeness and accuracy.
    • Check for unity and coherence.
    • Activate the writing.
    • Clarify the writing.
    • Check for sentence variety (i.e., structure and length).
    • Check for appropriate word choice.
    • Eliminate problems with grammar.
    • Check for spelling and punctuation.
    • Check for the adherence to format guidelines.

Unit 3

  • Structure and Content for Scientific Papers/Research Reports, and Proposals

Elements of Technical Paper or Reports

  • Title – What is the paper about?
    • Need to reflect an overview of the paper’s content and emphasis.
    • Be brief, honest, and communicative.
    • Avoid phrase such as “on the”, “a study of”, “research on”, “regarding”, and “use of”.
    • Avoid nonquantitative, meaningless word such as “rapid” and “new”.

Capitalizing Words in Titles Always capitalize the first and last words and main words of titles and subtitles. Also capitalize in accordance with parts of speech.

  • Nouns
  • Pronouns
  • Verbs
  • Adjectives
  • Adverbs
  • Articles
  • Prepositions
  • Coordinating conjunctions
  • To in infinitives
  • Subordinating conjunctions
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