Warm-Up: Critical Reading and Writing



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Warm-Up: Critical Reading and Writing

    • French army captain Alfred Dreyfus was
    • unjustly ---- for the crime of espionage, but he
    • was later ----.
  • (A) fabricated…vindicated
  • (B) condemned…obviated
  • (C) incarcerated…exculpated
  • (D) convoked…disbursed
  • (E) promoted...absolved

It’s not what students know— it’s what they show!

  • Knowledge
  • Performance

What causes the gap? Pieces of the Puzzle

  • A broad range of content
  • High stakes
  • An essay in 25 minutes
  • Rigidly timed

How do we bridge that gap?

  • Knowledge
  • Performance

Foundations of Test Readiness

  • Know the CONTENT
  • Know the TEST
  • Know the STRATEGIES
  • instruction
  • of concepts and skills

Agenda

  • Understanding the SAT
  • Program Structure
    • Student Introduction
    • Assessments
    • Appendix
    • Lesson Structure
  • Critical Thinking for Test Readiness: Test- Taking Strategies
  • Essay Scoring and Strategies

SAT Format

  • http://www.collegeboard.com/newsat/
  • Sections
  • Timing
  • Question Type and (#)
  • Critical Reading
  • Two 25-min. sections
  • Sentence Completions (19)
  • Reading Comprehension (48)
  • One 20-min. section
  • Mathematics
  • Two 25-min. sections
  • Multiple-Choice (44)
  • Grid-ins (10)
  • One 20-min. section
  • Writing
  • One 25-min. section
  • Identifying Sentence Errors (18)
  • Improving Sentences (25)
  • Improving Paragraphs (6)
  • One 10-min. section
  • One 25-min. essay
  • Experimental
  • One 25-min. section

Test Order

  • SAT Section #
  • Time
  • Content
  • 1
  • 25 min.
  • Essay
  • 2-7
  • 25 min.
  • Critical Reading, Writing, Mathematics, and Experimental
  • 8-9
  • 20 min.
  • Critical Reading, Mathematics
  • 10
  • 10 min.
  • Writing

How the SAT is Scored

  • Raw Score
  • Students receive 1 point for every correct answer.
  • For every incorrect answer to a MC question, they lose 1/4 point.
  • There is no guessing penalty for grid-in questions.
  • Scaled Score
  • Each section is scored 200-800. (Critical Reading, Writing, Mathematics)
  • The maximum score is 2400.
  • The average score is 1500.

Guessing: Can it work?

  • What happens if a student guesses on five questions?
  • Result:
  • no gain, no loss.
  • But if we could eliminate a few answers each time…

The SAT is Standardized

  • norm-referenced vs. criterion-referenced

The Bell Curve

  • 500
  • 400
  • 600
  • 200
  • 800

Program Organization: Critical Reading and Writing

  • Each lesson can be delivered in 45-60 minutes.
  • Student Introduction
  • Unit 1
  • Reading Comprehension
  • Unit 2
  • Sentence Completions
  • MPT
  • Mini Practice Test: Critical Reading
  • Unit 3
  • Grammar and Usage
  • MPT
  • Mini Practice Test: Grammar and Usage
  • Unit 4
  • Essay
  • MPT
  • Mini Practice Test: Essay
  • Appendix
  • SAT Grammar & Vocabulary in a Nutshell

Student Introduction

Assessments

  • Type
  • Basics
  • Timing
  • 3 tests
  • Allows students to apply strategies they have just learned to SAT-like questions
  • 25 min. each
  • Full-Length Practice
  • Test
  • Provides students with a test-like experience in terms of content and length
  • 60 min.
  • This slide is intentionally hidden to allow for presenter’s notes.

Appendix: SAT Critical Reading and Writing in a Nutshell

  • Overview
  • p. A1
  • Appendix teaching suggestions
  • SmartPoints
  • p. A3
  • Ranks most frequently tested skills
  • Content
  • pp. A4-A33
  • Content summarizing sections

Unit Introduction

  • Objectives identified for each lesson in the unit
  • Explanations of strategies students will learn

Advantage SAT: Lesson Structure

  • PROGRAM COMPONENT
  • DESCRIPTION
  • APPROX. TIME
  • Thinking KAP
  • Each lesson begins with a brief warm-up activity.
  • 4 Min.
  • Instruction
  • Students learn new strategies and practice them with feedback from the teacher.
  • 24 Min.
  • Independent Practice
  • Students practice applying the strategies on their own and then review their work.
  • 12 Min.
  • KAP Wrap
  • Students reflect on what they have learned in the lesson.
  • 5 Min.

Thinking KAP

Instruction

Student Supports

  • Provides helpful information about the SAT
  • Hints that support working with the content
  • Opportunity to apply strategies

Independent Practice

  • 6-8 questions in each section
  • Hints provided for each question

Reviewing Independent Practice

  • As Students Work:
  • Redirect students as needed by asking effective questions.
  • To Review:
  • Focus on students’ solutions, not their answers. Look out for classic traps.

KAP Wrap

  • Purpose:
  • To apply, review, and reflect on strategies
  • Complete:
  • For homework, for a journal entry, with a partner, or alone

Instructional Support

  • Teacher’s Notes provide tips from mentor teachers.
  • Hazard symbols alert you to common student errors.
  • Content Background boxes provide content tips as needed.

Activity: Teacher and Student Roles

  • In each section of the lesson, what does the
  • teacher do?
  • What does the student do?
  • What would you do differently?

Unit 1, Lesson 1

  • Thinking KAP, session guide page 17
  • Instruction, session guide pages 18-21
  • Independent Practice, session guide pages 22-23
  • KAP Wrap, session guide page 24

Critical Thinking: Knowing what to do NEXT!

  • But how do we teach it?

Meeting the Challenges

  • Kaplan’s programs meet the challenges of test taking with a toolbox of strategies.

Activity: Strategy Synopsis

  • Using your assigned strategy:
    • Summarize the strategy in your session guide (pp. 25-30).
    • Present your strategy to the group in a 3-minute
    • presentation.

Strategy: Knowing vs. Knowing

  • Know for Sure!
  • Don’t
  • Have
  • a Clue
  • Don’t Have
  • a Clue
  • Sort of Know
  • Sort of Know

Plan an Essay

  • Carefully consider the following quote and the assignment below it.
  • “Reading, after a certain age, diverts the mind too much from its creative pursuits. Any man who reads too much and uses his own brain too little falls into lazy habits of thinking.”
  • Albert Einstein, Autobiography
  • Assignment: Does reading divert us from creative work? In an essay, support your position by discussing an example (or examples) from literature, the arts, science and technology, current events, or your own experience or observations.

How is the Essay Scored?

  • This slide is intentionally hidden to allow for presenter’s notes.

Scoring Guide

  • 6: Clear and consistent mastery
  • 5: Reasonably consistent mastery
  • 4: Adequate mastery
  • 3: Developing mastery
  • 2: Little mastery
  • 1: Very little or no mastery
  • http://www.collegeboard.com/prod_downloads/highered/ra/sat/2007-08_sat_program_handbook.pdf

Anchor Papers

  • Read each anchor paper and identify the defining qualities of each paper by considering the following:
    • Point of view
    • Support
    • Organization
    • Use of language
    • Mechanics

Essay Scoring Criteria

  • Use the Essay Scoring Guide.
  • Read quickly to gain an impression of the whole essay.
  • Read the entire essay before scoring, and then score it immediately.
  • Read supportively, looking for and rewarding what is done well than what is done badly or omitted.
  • Disregard the quality of handwriting.
  • Judge an essay by its quality, not by its length.
  • Understand that no one aspect of writing is more important than another.
  • http://professionals.collegeboard.com/testing/sat-reasoning/scores/essay

Strategy for Essay Writing

    • Know it and understand it.
    • Collect your ideas.
    • Write the essay.
    • Read for consistency and errors.
    • PROMPT
    • PLAN
    • PRODUCE
    • PROOFREAD

Plan

  • Take a position.
  • Write a thesis.
  • Create an outline—Formula for a Five-Paragraph Essay
  • Produce
  • Write a strong introduction.
  • Write strong body paragraphs—Say it! Support it! Explain it!
  • Write a strong conclusion.

How will you implement Advantage?

  • When will you start the program? When will you need to end the program?
  • How many days a week will you devote? How many minutes of each day will you devote?
  • 2007-2008 SAT Test Dates
  • March 1, 2008
  • May 3, 2008
  • June 7, 2008

Implementation Tips

  • Section
  • Page Number
  • Thinking KAP
  • p. vi
  • Instruction
  • p. vii
  • Independent Practice
  • p. viii
  • KAP Wrap
  • p. ix

Planning a Lesson

  • Activity: Using the planning guide on pages 43 and 44 in your session guide, plan a lesson that you will use with your class.
    • Review the sample lesson on pages 41 and 42 in your session guide.
    • Use the implementation tips from the Teacher’s Introduction.
    • Use the guiding questions on your lesson planning guide.
  • Kaplan K12 Mission Statement
  • If you have questions, please contact us at: advantage@kaplan.com
  • We partner with schools to provide high-quality instructional programs that improve results and help all students achieve.



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