Interatomic forces  Different types of chemical bonds  Ionic bond  Cohesive energy of ionic Crystals and Madelung constant  Covalent bond  Metallic bond  Van der Waal's bond  Hydrogen bond.
Superconductivity  General properties  Type I and II Superconductors  Meissner effect  BCS theory  applications of super conductors.
Unit 4 : Dielectric Properties
Dielectric materials  Polarization, susceptibility and dielectric constant  Local field or internal field  Clausius  Mossoti relation  Sources of polarizability  Electronic polarizability  lonic polarizability  Orientational polarizability  Frequency and temperature effects on polarization  Dielectric breakdown – Properties of different types of insulating materials.
Unit 5 : Magnetic Properties
Different types of magnetic materials  classical theory of diamagnetism (Langevin theory)  Langevin theory of paramagnetism  Weiss theory of paramagnetism  Heisenberg interpretation on internal field and quantum theory of ferromagnetism  Antiferromagnetism  Hard and soft magnetic materials.
Books for Study
1. Materials Science by M.Arumugam, Anuradha Agencies Publishers.(2002)
2. Solid State Physics by R L Singhal, Kedarnath Ram Nath & Co., Meerut (2003)
3. Introduction to Solid State Physics by Kittel, Willey Eastern Ltd(2003).
4. Materials Science and Engineering by V. Raghavan, Prentice Hall of India Private Limited, New Delhi(2004).
Books for Reference
1. Solid State Physics by S.O.Pillai, New Age International (P) Ltd.,(2002).
2. Solid State Physics by A. J.Dekker, Macmillan India(1985).
3. Solid State Physics by HC Gupta, Vikas Publishing House Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi (2001).
Web Site
http://folk.uio.no//dragos//solid/fys230Exerciser.html.
http://www.physics.brocku.ca/courses/4p7d.
CORE PAPER 10  BASIC ELECTRONICS
Unit 1 : Semiconductor
Bandgap  forbidden energy gap  valence and conduction bands, pure semiconductor  Law of mass action, Impurity in semiconductors  energy band diagram and fermi level  PN junction barrier voltage across the junction.
Unit 2 : Transistor Amplifier
Transistor – different modes of operations – CB mode & CE mode  Two port representation of a transistor  h parameter  AC equivalent circuit using h parameters  analysis of an amplifier using h parameters common emitter only  expression for current gain, voltage gain, input impedance, output impedance and power gain  RC coupled amplifier  frequency response  analysis of low, mid and high frequency regions  classification of amplifiers  class A power amplifier – push pull, class B power amplifier  emitter follower.
Unit 3 : Feedback oscillators
Feedback in amplifiers  effect of negative feedback  concept of feedback – Barkhuesen condition  oscillators  phase shift and Wien's bridge oscillators  expression for frequency of oscillation and condition for oscillation in each case.
Unit 4 : Wave shaping circuits and multivibrators
Clipping and clamping circuits  biased clipper  integrating and differentiating circuits  RC time constant  Multivibrators  astable, monostable and bistable multivibrator  using transistors.
Unit 5 : Special semiconductor devices and applications
Field effect transistor (FET)  characteristics  FET amplifier  Unijunction transistor (UJT)  characteristics  saw tooth generator  VVR action  relaxation oscillator  frequency of oscillation  SCR characteristics  SCR as a switch  SCR rectifier.
Books for Study
1. Hand Book of Electronics by Gupta and Kumar  Pragati Prakashan – Meerut(2002).
2. Principles of Electronics by V.K. Mehta, Rohit Mehta S. Chand & Co.(2006).
3. Electronics by M. Arul Thalapathi, Comptek Publishers(2005).
4. Elements of Electronics by M.K.Bagde and Singh S.P., S. Chand & Co., New Delhi(1990).
5. Applied Electronics by A. Subramanyam – National Publishing Co.(1997)
Books for Reference
1. Electronic Devices by Mittal.G.K., G.K. Publishers Pvt. Ltd., (1993).
2. Basic Electronics by B.L. Theraja, S. Chand & Co., (2008).
3. Solid State Electronics by Ambrose and Vincent Devaraj, Meera Publication.
4. Applied Electronics by R.S. Sedha, S. Chand & Co.(1990).
Web Site
http://www.dear.haward.edu/courses/es154.
http://www.phys.ualberta.ca/~gingrich/phys395/notes/phy 395.html.
SEMESTER  VI
CORE PAPER 11  RELATIVITY AND QUANTUM MECHANICS
Unit 1 : Relativity
Frames of reference  Galilean transformation  Michelson  Morley experiment  Postulates of special theory of relativity  Lorentz transformation  length Contraction  time dilation  Relativity of simultaneity  addition of velocities  variation of mass with velocity – Mass energy relation  Elementary ideas of general relativity.
Unit 2 : Wave Nature of Matter
Phase and group velocity  wave packet  expression of De Brogile's wave length  Davisson and Germer's experiment  G.P.Thompson's experiment  Electron microscope  Heisenberg's uncertainty principle and its consequences.
Unit 3 : Schrodinger Equation
Inadequacy of classical mechanics  Basic postulates of quantum mechanics  Schrodinger equation  Properties of wave function  Probability interpretation of wave function  linear operators  self adjoint operators  expectation value  eigenvalues and eigenfunctions  commutativity and compatibility.
Unit 4 : Angular Momentum in Quantum Mechanics
Orbital angular momentum operators and their commutation relations  separation of three dimensional Schrodinger equation into radial and angular parts  Elementary ideas of spin angular momentum of an electron  Pauli matrices.
Unit 5 : Solutions of Schrodinger Equation
Free particle solution  Particle in a box  Potential well of finite depth (one dimension)  linear harmonic oscillator  rigid rotator and hydrogen atom.
Books for Study
1. A Text book of Quantum mechanics by P.M.Mathews and S.Venkatesan, Tata McGraw  Hill, New Delhi(2005).
2. Quantum Mechanics by V.K.Thankappan, New Age International (P) Ltd. Publishers, New Delhi(2003).
3. Quantum mechanics by K.K.Chopra and G.C. Agrawal, Krishna Prakasam Media (P) Ltd., Meerut First Edition(1998).
4. Modern Physics by R. Murugeshan and Kiruthiga Sivaprasath, S. Chand & Co.,(2008).
Books for Reference
1. Mechanics and Relativity by Brijlal Subramanyam, S.Chand & Co., New Delhi, . (1990).
2. Concepts of modern physics by A.Beiser. Tata McGraw  Hill, 5^{th} edition, New Delhi(1997).
3. Introduction to quantum mechanics by Pauling and Wilson, McGraw – Hill.
4. Quantum mechanics by A.Ghatak and Loganathan, Macmillan India Pvt. Ltd.
Web Site
http://physics.usc.edu/~bars.
http://www.nscl.msu.edu/~pratt/phy851/lectrues/lectures.html.
CORE PAPER 12  MATHEMATICAL METHODS IN PHYSICS
Unit 1 : Matrices and Special Functions
Characteristic equation of a matrix  Eigenvalues and Eigenvectors  Hermition and Unitary matrices  Properties of their eigenvalues and eigenvectors  Diagonalisation of matrices.
Special functions  Gamma and Beta functions  Series solutions of Legendre, Bessel and Hermite equations  Orthogonality properties of Legendre and Hermite Polynomials and Bessel functions.
Unit 2 : Elementary Complex Analysis
Functions of a Complex variable  Continuity and differentiability  single and multivalued functions  Analytic function  Cauchy  Riemann conditions (necessity and sufficiency). Cauchy  Riemann Conditions in the Polar (r,θ) coordinates.
Unit 3 : Vector Analysis
Scalar and Vector fields  Gradient, Divergence and Curl  Equations of motion in the vector notation  equations of motion (components) in cartesian coordinates and spherical polar coordinates  equation of motion in the polar coordinates.
Unit 4 : Classical Mechanics
Generalised coordinates  configuration space  Lagrange's equation  simple applications : to find equations of motion given a lagrangian; central potential and conservation of angular momentum  Hamilton function and Hamilton's equations  harmonic oscillator.
Unit 5 : Statistical Physics
Quantum statistics of identical particles  Maxwell  Boltzmann, Bose  Einstein and Fermi  Dirac statistics  Derivation of Planck's radiation formula from Bose  Einstein statistics  Degenerate Fermi gas.
Books for Study
1. Mathematical Physics by Sathya Prakash, Sultan Chand and Sons, New Delhi (1996)
2. Classical Mechanics by J.C. Upadhyaya, Himalaya Publishing House, Mumbai(2003).
3. Introduction to Statistical Mechanics by S.K. Sinha Narosa Publication(2007).
4. Heat Thermodynamics and Statistical Physics by Brijlal N.Subrahmanyam, P.S. Hemne S.Chand & Co., New Delhi.(2007).
Books for Reference
1. Mathematical Physics by B.D. Gupta, Vikas Publishing House Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi(1996).
2. Advanced Engineering Mathematics by E.Kreyszig, Eighth Edition, Wiley Publishers, New York(1989).
3. Classical Mechanics by H.Goldstein, Special Indian student edition, Narosa Publishing House, New Delhi(1985)
Web Site
http://phy.syr.edu/~trodden/courses/math methods.
http://www.mpipks_dresden.mpg.de/~jochen/methoden/outline/html.
SEMESTER – V ELECTIVE 1
NUMERICAL METHODS
Unit 1 : Simultaneous Linear Algebraic Equations
Method of triangularisation  Gauss elimination method  Inverse of a matrix  Gauss  Jordan method
Unit 2 : Numerical Solution of Algebraic, Transcendental and Differential Equation
Bisection method – Regula falsi method  Newton  Raphson method   Horner's method  Solution of ordinary differential equation  Euler's method.
Unit 3 : Interpolation
Finite differences – operators ,,,,D – relation between operators –linear interpolation – interpolation with equal intervals – Newton forward interpolation formula – Newton backward interpolation formula.
Unit 4 : Curve Fitting
Principles of least squares  fitting a straight line  linear regression  fitting an exponential curve.
Unit 5 : Numerical Integration
Trapezoidal Rule  Simpson's 1/3 rule and 3/8 rule  Applications  Weddle's rule
Books for Study
1. Numerical methods  M.K.Venkatraman, National Publishing Company, (1990).
2. Numerical methods by V. Rajaraman, Prentice  Hall India Pvt. Ltd., (2003).
3. Numerical methods by P. Kandasamy, K. Thilagavathy and K. Gunavathy, S. Chand & Co. (2002).
Books for References
1. Numerical methods for Scientific and Engineering computation by Jain Iyenger and Jain, New Age International (P) Ltd.,(2004).
2. Numerical methods by S.S.Sastry, Prentice Hall of India Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi(2003).
Web Site
http://www.sst.ph.ic.ac.uk/angur/lectures/compphys/compphys.html.
http://www.library.cornell.edu/nn/(Numerical receipier online book in C & Fortran).
SEMESTER – VI ELECTIVE 2
INTEGRATED ELECTRONICS
Unit 1 : Fundamental Digital Electronics
Number systems – binary – hexadecimal – Binary addition – subtraction (1’s and 2’s compliment method) – multiplication  division  BCD – Conversion – simplification of logic circuits  using (i) Boolean algebra, (ii) Karnaugh map – Demorgan’s theorems  NAND and NOR as universal building blocks.
Unit 2 : Combinational Logic Circuits
Half adder, full adder, half subtractor and full subtractor – 4 bit adder/subtractor  decoder, encoder  multiplexer  demultiplexer.
Unit 3 : Sequential Logic Circuits
R.S flip flop, D flip flop and JK flip flops  JK Master Slave flip flop  synchronous and ripple counters  BCD counter – Up/Down counters  shift registers  serial and parallel registers  ring and twisted ring counter.
Unit 4 : OPAMP Basic Applications
Characteristics parameters – differential gain – CMRR – Slew rate – bandwidth  applications – inverter, noninverter, integrator, differentiator, summing, difference and averaging amplifier  solving simultaneous equations  comparator  square wave generator  Wien's bridge oscillator  Schmitt trigger
Unit 5 : Timer, DAC/ADC
Timer 555  Internal block diagram and working  astable multivibrator  schmitt trigger.
D/A converter  binary weighted method  A/D converter  successive approximation method.
Books for Study
1. Digital Principles and Application by Malvino Leach, Tata McGraw Hill, 4th Edition(1992).
2. Digital Fundamentals by Thomas L. Floyd, Universal Book Stall, New Delhi(1998).
3. Introduction to Integrated Electronics by V.Vijayendran, S. Viswanathan (Printers and Publishers) Pvt. Ltd., Chennai(2005).
4. OP  AMPs and Linear Integrated Circuits by Ramakant A. Gayakwad, Prentice
Hall of India(1994).
Books for Reference
1. Digital Electronics by Practice Using Integrated Circuits  R.P.Jain  Tata McGraw Hill(1996).
2. Linear Integrated Circuits by D. Roy Choudhury and Shail Jain  New Age International (P) Ltd.(2003).
3. Electronics  Analog and Digital by I.J. Nagrath  Prentice  Hall of India, New Delhi(1999).
4. Integrated Electronics by J.Millman and C.Halkias, Tata McGraw Hill, New Delhi (2001)
Web Site
http://www.dear.harward.edu/courses/es154.
http://www.phys.ualberta.ca/~gingrich/phys395/notes/phys395.html.
ELECTIVE 3
MICROPROCESSOR FUNDAMENTALS
Unit 1 : Architecture
Architecture of 8085 – registers, flags, ALU, address and data bus, demultiplexing address/data bus – control and status signals – control bus, Programmer’s model of 8085 – Pin out diagram – Functions of different pins.
Unit 2 : Programming Techniques
Instruction set of 8085 – data transfer, arithmetic, logic, branching and machine control group of instructions – addressing modes – register indirect, direct, immediate and implied addressing modes.
Assembly language & machine language – programming techniques: addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, ascending, descending order, largest and smallest (single byte)
UNIT 3 : Interfacing memory to 8085
Memory interfacing – Interfacing 2kx8 ROM and RAM, Timing diagram of 8085 (MOV R_{d}, R_{s} – MVI R_{d},data(8)) .
