University of madras

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Marine Management


  1. Managing & Managers : Organisation and the need for management ; the management process, types of managers, management level and skills, managerial roles, the challenge of management.

  1. The evolution of management theory: Why study management theory? The classical management theories, the behavioural school, the quantitative school – operations research and management science; the evolution of management theory.

  1. The external environment of organizations: The external environment and its importance: elements of the direct-action environment; elements of the indirect-action environment; theories of total organization environments, managing the total environment.

  1. Planning and strategic management: planning – an overview, the formal planning process; the evolution of the concept of strategy.

  1. Social responsibility and ethics: The changing concept of social responsibilities; the shift to ethics; the tools of ethics; the challenge of relativism.

  1. Strategy implementation: Matching strategy implementation to strategy; matching structure and strategy; institutionalizing strategy.


  1. Decision making : Problem and opportunity finding; the nature of managerial decision making; the rational model of decision making; challenges to the rational model; improving the effectiveness of decision making and problem solving.

  1. Planning and decision making tools & techniques: The management science approach; the management science process; planning for the future – forecasting; planning for the future scheduling; planning to meet goals with uncertainty.

  1. Organisational structure, coordination and design: Organisational structure, types of organizational structures, coordination, organizational design.

  1. Authority, delegation and decentralization: Authority, power and influence, line and staff authority, delegation, job design, decentralization.

  1. Human resource management: The HRM process – a traditional view, human resource planning, recruitment, selection, orientation or socialization, training and development, performance appraisal, promotions, transfer, demotions and separation, HRM and strategy.

  1. Managing organizational change and innovation: Why planned change in needed? A model of the change process, types of planned change, organizational development, managing creativity and innovation.


  1. Motivation, performance and job satisfaction: Theories of motivation – an overview, content theories of motivation, process theories of motivation: reinforcement theory, a system view of motivation in organizations.

  1. Leadership: Defining leadership the trait approach of leadership, the behavioural approach to leadership, contingency approaches to leadership, the future of leadership theory.

  1. Groups and committees: Types of groups, characteristics of groups, problem solving in groups, making formal groups effective.

  1. Communication and negotiation: The importance of communication, interpersonal communication, barriers to effective interpersonal communication, communication in organizations, using communication skills – negotiating to manage conflicts.

  1. Effective control : The meaning of control, types of control methods, designing control systems, financial controls, budgetary control methods.

  1. Operations management: The nature of operations, the importance of operations management, designing operations systems, operational planning and control decisions, quality control.

  1. Information systems: Information and control, management information systems, designing a computer based MIS, implementing a computer based MIS, end user computing, the impact of computers and MIS on managers and organisations.

Commercial Shipping Management

  1. International Trade and Shipping: Seaborne trade of the world composition and direction of cargoes – different types of ships which carry them – Technological developments – Role of Shipping on national economic development.

  1. Basic structure of shipping industry: Types of shipping services – Linear and tramp – Role of intermediaries in shipping business; Freight brokers, Clearing and Forwarding Agents – Stevedores – Ship brokers, Bunker and Stores suppliers etc. Shipping Agencies.

  1. Liner Trades – characteristics – liner conferences – how freight rates are fixed components of liner freight – non conference lines – competition, procedures of shipping cargoes and related documentation; mate’s receipt, bill of landing, unitload systems – containerisation and multimodal transport.

  1. Tramp Trades – chartering – different types of chartering ships – their relevance to trades – procedures and documentation relating chartering – charter markets of the world – how freight / charter hire is fixed.


  1. Organisation of shipping company – manpower planning – business and cargo management – statutory regulations to be complied with like foreign exchange regulation.

  1. Role of ports : Port locations – functions and range of services – financial aspects of utilization and cargo handling. India’s ports, their organization and administration. Modernisation and development of ports.

  1. Role of customs : Customs act and documents relating to customs relating to ship operations and trade.

  1. Indian shipping development: India’s merchant fleet – role of government – maritime administration in India – India’s shipping policy.

  1. Maritime frauds: Safeguards to be taken to prevent frauds with special reference to shipping industry, operators and seafaring personnel.

  1. Role of international organization: IMF, World Bank, IMO, UNCTAD, WTO


  1. Management - Stoner & Freeman

  2. Basic Marine Management - Dr.A.V.Athalye

  3. The Practice of Management - Drucker .P

  4. People in Organisation, and Introduction to Organisation Behaviour - Michell,


  1. Consumer Behaviour, Basic Findings & Managerial Implegations - Zaltman G & Wallendrof.A

  2. Mathematics of Investment - Hart W.L

  3. Theory and Practice of Management Information Systems - Burch Strater &


  1. A Concept of Corporate Planning - Russel L & Ackroff

  2. IACOCCA : An Autobiography - Lee Lacocca

  3. An Introduction to Financial Management - Solomon & Pringle

  4. Manpower Management - Dwivedi R.S.

  5. Industrial Relations In India's Developing Economy - N.M.Chaterjee

  6. An Introduction Database System - Dale C.J

  7. Monetary Planning for India - Gupta Suraj B

  8. Economics of Shipping & Other Papers Dr.S.N.Saklecha

  9. Internationals Maritime Fraud - Ellen and Campbell

  10. Elements of Shipping - Alan Branch

  11. Containerisation era in India - Dr.K.V.Hariharan



Unit 1 : Geometrical Optics
Spherical aberration in lenses - methods of minimizing spherical aberration - condition for minimum spherical aberration in the case of two lenses separated by a distance - Chromatic aberration in lenses - Condition for achromatism of two thin lenses (in and out of contact) - Dispersion produced by a thin prism - Achromatic prisms - Combination of prisms to produce - Dispersion without deviation - Deviation without dispersion.
Unit 2 : Interference
Analytical treatment of interference - expression for intensity - condition for maxima and minima in terms of phase and path difference - Airwedge - determination of diameter of thin wire - test for optical flatness - Haidinger's fringes - Michelson's interferometer - theory - applications - determination of wavelength; thickness of thin transparent material and resolution of interferometer.
Unit 3 : Diffraction
Fresnel diffraction - diffraction at a circular aperture and narrow wire. Fraunhoffer diffraction - single slit - double slit - (simple theory). Plane diffraction grating - missing order - overlapping spectra - maximum number of orders - Determination of wavelengths using grating - normal incidence - oblique incidence (theory). Dispersive power of a grating. Rayleigh's criterion for resolution - limit of resolution of the eye - resolving power of Telescope and microscope - resolving power of prism and grating - Difference between resolving power and Dispersive power.
Unit 4 : Polarisation
Double refraction - Nicol prims -polarizer and analyzer - Huygen's explanation of double refraction in uniaxial crystals - Dichroism - polaroids and their uses - Double image polarizing prisms - Quarter wave plate and Halfwave plate - plane, elliptically and circularly polarized light - production and detection - Babinet's Compensator - optical Activity - Fresnel's explanation of optical activity - specific rotatory power - determination using Laurent's half shade polarimeter.
Unit 5 : Spectroscopy
Introduction to spectroscopy - Electromagnetic spectrum - characterization of electro magnetic radiation - quantization of energy - regions of the spectrum – classification of molecules – microwave spectroscopy – rigid rotator - vibrational spectroscopy – harmonic oscillator - Raman effect - experimental set up - Characteristics of Raman lines - Laser - Ruby laser - He-Ne, CO2 laser construction and working - application of laser.
Books for Study :

1. A Text book of Optics by Subrahmanyam N., Brij Lal and M.N. Avadhanulu,

S.Chand & Co., New Delhi(2006).

2. Optics by Khanna D.R. & Gulati H.R., S.Chand & Co., New Delhi (1979).

3. Optics and Spectroscopy by R.Murugeshan and Kiruthiga Sivaprasath, S. Chand & Co., New Delhi (2006).

  1. Molecular structure and spectroscopy by Aruldhas, Prentice Hall of India Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi (2005).

Books for Reference :

1. Fundamentals of Physics, by D.Halliday, R. Resnick and J. Walker, Wiley, 6th

Edition, New York (2001).

2. Optics by Ajay Ghatak, Tata McGraw-Hill publishing Co. Ltd., New Delhi(1998).

3. Spectroscopy by Gurdeep Chatwal, Sham Anand, Himalaya Publishing House(1990).


Unit 1 : Discharge Phenomenon Through Gases
Moving of a charge in transverse electric and magnetic fields - specific charge of an electron - Dunnington's method - magnetron method - positive rays – Aston’s , Dempster’s mass spectrographs.
Unit 2 : Photo-electric Effect
Richardson and Compton experiment - Laws of photoelectric emission - Einstein photo electric equation - Millikan's experiment - verification of photoelectric equation - photo electric cells - photo emissive cells - photovoltaic cell - photo conducting cell - photomultiplier.
Unit 3 : Atomic Structure
Bohr and Sommerfield atom models - Vector atom model - Pauli's exclusion principle - explanation of periodic table - various quantum numbers - angular momentum and magnetic moment - coupling schemes - LS and JJ coupling - special quantisation - Bohr magnetron - Stern and Gerlach experiments.
Unit 4 : Ionisation Potential and Splitting of Energy Levels
Excitation and ionization potential – Frank and Hertz’s experiment - Davis and Goucher's method. Spectral terms and notions - selection rules - intensity rule and interval rule - fine structure of sodium D lines - alkali spectra - fine structure of alkali spectra - spectrum of Helium - Zeeman effect - Larmor's theorem - Debye's explanation of normal Zeeman effect. Anamalous Zeeman effect - theoretical explanation. Lande's `g' factor and explanation of splitting of D1 and D2 lines of sodium. Paschen-Back effect - Stark effect (qualitative study only).

Unit 5 : X-Rays
Bragg's law - X-ray spectroscopy - characteristic X-ray spectra - satellite and Auger effect - continuous X-ray spectra - X-ray absorption and fluorescence - Moseley's law - uses of X-rays - Compton effect - experimental verification of Compton effect.
Books for Study
1. Modern Physics by R. Murugeshan, Kiruthiga Sivaprasath, S. Chand & Co., New Delhi(2008).

2. Modern Physics by D.L.Sehgal, K.L.Chopra and N.K.Sehgal. Sultan Chand & Sons Publication, 7th Edition, New Delhi(1991).

3. Atomic Physics by J.B. Rajam, S. Chand & Co., 20th Edition, New Delhi (2004).

4. Atomic and Nuclear Physics by N. Subrahmanyam and Brij Lal, S. Chand & Co. 5th Edition, New Delhi(2000).

Book for Reference :
1. Modern Physics by J.H. Hamilton and Yang, McGraw-Hill Publication, (1996).

2. Concepts of Modern Physics by A. Beiser, Tata McGraw-Hill, New Delhi(1997).

3. Fundamentals of Physics by D.Halliday, R.Resnick and J. Walker, Wiley, 6th Edition, New York(2001).

4. Modern Physics by Kenneth S.Krane, John Willey & sons, Canada(1998).

Website :

Unit 1 : Chemical Effects of Electric Current
Faraday's laws of Electrolysis - ionic velocities and mobilities. Calculation and experimental determination of ionic mobilities - transport number. Thermoelectricity- Peltier effect - Experimental determination of Peltier coefficient - Thomson coefficient - experimental determination of Thomson coefficient - application of thermodynamics to a thermocouple and connected relations - thermoelectric diagram and uses.
Unit 2 : DC and AC Circuits
DC Circuits

Growth and decay of current in a circuit containing resistance and inductance - growth and decay of charge in a circuit containing resistance and capacitor - growth and decay of charge in an LCR circuit - condition for the discharge to be oscillatory - frequency of oscillation - network analysis - Thevenin and Norton's Theorems.

AC Circuits

AC Voltage and current - Power factor and current values in and AC circuit containing LCR circuit - series and Parallel resonant circuits - AC motors - single phase, three phase - star and delta connections - electric fuses - circuit brakers.

Unit 3 : Magnetic Effect of Electric Current
Biot and Savart's law - magnetic field intensity due to a solenoid carrying current - effect of iron core in a solenoid - Helmholtz galvanometer - moving coil ballistic galvanometer - theory - damping correction - determination of the absolute capacity of a condenser using B.G.
Unit 4 : Electromagnetic Induction and Its Applications
Faraday's laws of electromagnetic induction - inductor and inductance - determination of self inductance of a coil using Anderson method - mutual inductance - experimental determination of absolute mutual inductance - coefficient of coupling - Earth inductor - uses of earth inductor - measurement of horizontal component of the earth's magnetic field - measurement of vertical component of earth's magnetic field - calibration of B.G. - Induction coil and its uses.
Unit 5 : Maxwell's Equations and Electromagnetic Theory
Basic equations - types of currents - vaccum displacement current - Maxwell's equations - Maxwell's equations in free space - electromagnetic waves in free space - propagation of electromagnetic wave in a non conducting medium - Hertz Experiment - energy density of e.m. wave - Poynting's theorem - energy per unit volume.
Books for Study :

1. Electricity & Magnetism by M.Narayanamurthy & N.Nagarathnam, NPC pub., Revised edition.

2. Electricity and Magnetism by Brijlal and Subrahmanyam; S.Chand & Co., New Delhi, (2000).

3. Electricity & Magnetism by D.Chattopadhyay and P.C. Rakshit, Books and Allied (P) Ltd.(2001).

4. Fundamentals of electricity and magnetism by B.D. Dugal and C.L. Chhabra, Shobanlal Nagin, S. Chand & Co., 5th edition, New Delhi(2005).

5. Electricity and Magnetism by R. Murugeshan, S.Chand & Co., New Delhi, (2008).

Books for Reference:

1. Electricity & Magnetism by K.K.Tewari, S.Chand & Co., New Delhi, .(2002).

2. Introduction to Electrodynamics by D.J.Griffiths, Printice Hall of India Pvt. Ltd., 3rd Edition, New Delhi(2003).

3. Fundamentals of Physics, D.Halliday, R.Resnick and J.walker, Wiley, 6th Edition, New York (2001).
Web Site : module-home/px207. web/physics/8-311 spring 2004/lecture notes.


Unit 1 : General Properties of Nuclei
Nuclear size, charge, mass-determination of nuclear radius-mirror nucleus method-mass defect and binding energy-packing fraction - nuclear spin - magnetic dipole moment - electric quadrupole moment-nuclear models-liquid drop model-Weizacker semi empirical mass formula-shell model and magic numbers-collective model-nuclear forces-meson theory of nuclear force (qualitative).
Unit 2 : Radioactivity
Natural radioactivity-law of disintegration-half life and mean life period-units of radioactivity-transient and secular equilibrium-radiocarbon dating-age of earth - alpha rays-characteristics-Geiger Nuttal law - α-ray spectra-Gamow's theory of α-decay (qualitative study)-beta rays-characteristics-beta ray spectra-neutrino hypothesis-violation of parity conservation-experimental verification with Co60-gamma rays and internal conversion-nuclear isomerism.
Unit 3 : Radiation Detectors and Particle Accelerators
Ionisation chamber-G.M.Counter-quenching and resolving time-scintillation counter-photo multiplier tube – thermoluminescence -thermoluminescence dosimetry (TLD) - Linear accelerator-cyclotron-synchrocyclotron, betatron.
Unit 4 : Nuclear Reactions
Conservation laws-nuclear reaction Kinematics-Q-value-threshold energy - artificial radioactivity-radioisotopes and its uses-classification of neutrons-nuclear fission-chain reaction - critical mass and size-nuclear reactor-breeder reactor - transuranic elements-nuclear fusion-thermonuclear reactions-sources of stellar energy.
Unit 5 : Elementary Particles
Classification of elementary particles fundamental interaction-elementary particle quantum numbers - isospin and strangeness - conservation laws and symmetry-basic ideas about quark-quark model.
Books for study

1. Atomic and Nuclear Physics by N. Subrahmanyam and Brijlal, S Chand & Co.,

New Delhi(1996).

2. Nuclear Physics by Tayal D.C., Himalaya Publishing House, Mumbai(2006).

3. Nuclear Physics by R.C.Sharma, K.Nath & Co., Meerut (2000)

4. Nuclear Physics by Irving Kaplan, Narosa Publishing house, New Delhi.

Books for Reference
1. Nuclear Physics by R.R.Roy and B.P.Nigam, New Age International (P) Ltd., New Delhi(1997).

2. Fundamentals of Elementary Particle Physics by Longo, Mc Graw-Hill.

3. Nuclei and Particles by Serge., W.A. Benjamin, USA

4. Elements of Nuclear Physics by ML Pandya and RPS Yadav, Kedarnath Ram Nath, Meerut

Web Site Web/physics/8-701 spring 2004/Lectine notes. Atomic/Lectures/Lect.html.

Unit 1 : Crystal Structure
Crystal lattice – primitive and unit cell – seven classes of crystal – Bravais Lattice – Miller Indices – Structure of crystals – simple cubic, hexagonal close packed structure, face centred cubic structure, body centred cubic structure – Sodium chloride structure, Zinc Blende structure, Diamond structure.
Unit 2 : Defects in Solids
X ray diffraction – Bragg’s law in one dimension – Experimental methods – Laue Method, powder crystal method and rotating crystal method.
Defects in solids - Point defects - Frenkel and schottky defects - Equilibrium concentrations - Line defects - Edge dislocation and screw dislocation - Surface defects - Grain boundary - Effects of Crystal imperfections.

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