Use of Simpson’s Rules for the computation of areas, second moment of areas, volumes, moments of volumes and centroids. Centre of Pressure for regular shapes and parabolic shapes, when given horizontal and vertical co-ordinates.
Derivations of the formulae for TPC, FWA, BM (Transverse), MCTC, Angle of Loll, virtual loss of GM due to Freesurface effect. Virtual loss of GM on dry-docking, list with zero GM, wall-sided formula and Attwood formula.
Stability at moderate and large angles of heel. Use of the wall-sided formula.
Effect of beam and freeboard on stability.
Dynamic Stability – calculation by the GZ curve.
Stability and Trim when Dry-docking or Grounding.
Theory of rolling – synchronization
The danger to a ship at the angle of Loll. Ballasting sequence to rectify the same.
Dangers to a ship with a heavy list. Dangers associated with deck cargoes including timber. Preventive and corrective actions.
Bilging of compartment. Permeability of a compartment. Calculation on bilging of a compartment – amidship, end and intermediate compartments.
The inclining experiment.
Shearing forces and Bending moments. The ship as a box girder. The calculation and graphical representation of the SF and BM for box-shaped vessels on even keel under various conditions of Loll.
Modern methods of determining the effect of different conditions of Loll and ballast on the ship’s structure and stability – Loadicator.
Calculations based on the foregoing and on the syllabi of Naval Architecture in the first and second year.
Properties of steel, aluminium and other construction materials used for shipbuilding. Effects of fire, heat, shock etc. in these materials
Type of ships. General ideas on strength and construction. Midship sections of specialized carriers, passenger ships, Rolash, refrigerated cargo, LNG, LPG, chemicals etc.
An outline knowledge of shipyard practice and procedure including drawing office methods, place and section marking, process control and pre-fabrication.
Methods used in welding of steel ships. Welding of Ferrous and non-ferrous metals as practiced in shipyards. Testing and inspection of welds. Types of joints and edge preparations. Stresses set up due to welding and stress relieving.
Classification Societies and their functions.
Surveys for assignment and retention of Class.
Harmonized system of surveys and certification (HSSC)
Port State Control (PSC)
Outline knowledge of Tonnage regulations.
Loadline regulations. Assignment of Freeboards.
Books recommended for reference:
Ship Construction - Pursey
The Rules and Practice of Ship Construction - Capt. Erol Fernandes
Ship Construction Notes - Kemp & Young
Ship Construction - Taylor
Ship Stability I, II & III - Capt. H. Subramaniam
Problems on M.V. Hindship - Capt. T.K. Joseph & Capt. S.S.S
Merchant Ship stability for Masters & Mates - Derrett
CORE – III
MARINE ENGINEERING AND CONTROL SYSTEM – III
a) Fuels—Different types & properties.—Fuel supply & storage arrangements on board
ships—Treatment of fuel
b) Turbines – Impulse & Reaction Turbines, gas Turbines.—Steam turbine operation &
care--Turbines as prime movers for various duties including cargo pumping
operation in Tankers.
c) Propeller & Main Shafting—Types of propellers—Fixed pitch & Variable pitch
propellers—Pitch, Pitch angle, Real & Apparent Slip, Propeller efficiency &
calculations—Shafting, Tail shaft, Intermediate shaft, Thrust shaft & Thrust
block- Alignment of shafts.
d) Deck Machinery---Cargo winch, Windlass, Life boat winches—Hydraulic,
Pneumatic & Electric devices—Description & operating principles--Safety features
e) Pollution control—Sewage disposal, Method, Limits, Regulations—Bilge Oil Water
Separator, Regulations—Control of pollution from machinery exhaust.
MAIN PROPULSION UNITS (I C. ENGINES & OTHERS)
I C ENGINES,
a) Process of Exhausting, Scavenging & Super-charging—Scavenge fires.
b) Lubricating oil & Cooling water systems- Types of lubricating oils for different
duties—Simple Cooling water, Lube oil & Fuel oil flow circuits for large diesel
c) Reasons & method of chemical treatment & testing of jacket cooling water.
d) Operation of I C Engine as main propulsion engine- Warming-up, Starting,
Manoeuvering, Reversing & Full Power running of Main engines- Limitations &
cares to be taken during operation- The Electric telegraph description & operation
I C ENGINES (CONTD)
a) Selection criteria for I C Engines—Power to Weight ratio- Specific fuel consumption-
Indicated power, Brake power, Shaft power, Delivered power, Thrust power &
Effective power—various efficiencies & calculations—Maximum continuous
Rating (MCR)— Calculation of fuel consumption, Economical Speed—Heat
balance, various losses & calculations.
b) Other Propulsion units- Steam Turbine & Gas Turbine as main propulsion units
SECTION-B- AUTOMATION & CONTROL ENGINEERING
a) Introduction & growth in shipboard operation—understanding terminology—Sensors
& Measuring elements for temperature, pressure, level, flow etc—
Transmitters & Actuators.
b) Automatic control systems—Open& Closed Loop control systems- - Controllers &
c) Pneumatic, Hydraulic, Electric & Electronic control systems—Applications to various
d) Bridge control of main Propulsion system—Maneuverings aids – C.P.Propeller,
Bow Thruster—Care & Applications.
e) Trim Indicator, Heel Indicator, Draft Gauge, and Load & stress Indicators.
f) Liquid cargo loading- Storage & Discharge operations—Monitoring –Remote level
gauges-Remote control valves.
g) Remote control operation of hatch covers—Remote operation of Loading,
Discharging & Ballast operations.
h) Information Display, Data Logging & Alarm Systems—Testing & Maintenance
SECTION- C- SAFETY ARRANGEMENTS
a) Detectors- Fire, Smoke, Heat & Flame—Fire Alarm Circuits.
b) Fire Fighting Systems-0- Fixed fire fighting systems for Engine Room,
Accommodation Space & Cargo Holds – Co-2 Flooding, High pressure water
system, Water sprinkling system, Bulk dry powder & Foam systems—High
expansion foam systems.
c) Inert Gas System Plant—Inert Gas production, Generation from boiler flue
gases—use of O-2 Analyser, Explosive meter Dragger Pump & other
portable measuring instruments.
d) Smoke helmets, Breathing Apparatus, Fire Suit & other Safety Equipments
e) Role of Classification Society in quality of Construction, Machinery& Operation
Surveys & Importance of the same
f) Life Boat Engine, Emergency Fire Pump Engine—Operation & care
Familiarity with parts of internal combustion engine-medium and large size.
Familiarity with parts of pumps, compressor heat exchangers, valves and valves
Assembly of certain engine components.
Starting and running operations of motor boat engines, emergency fire pump
Starting, running and care of centrifugal pumps and air compressors.
Simple turning operations on lathe machine.
Use of instruments like portable O 2 analyser, explosivemeter, dragger pump.
MARINE ENGINEERING AND CONTROL SYSTEMS – III
TITLE AUTOR PUBLISHER
1. General Engineering L.Jackson Thomas Reed
Knowledge for Marine & T.Morton Publications Ltd
2. Reeds Engineering W.Embleton Thomas Reed
Knowledge for Deck Officers & T.Morton Publications Ltd
3. Basic Electro Technology Thomas Reed
for Engineers Publications Ltd
4. Marine Engineering Series - Gth Flanogan Henemann
Marine Boilers Professional
5. Marine Engineering Series Wharton A.S. Henemann
Diesel Engines Professional
6. Marine Auxiliary Machinery D.W.Smith Thomas Reed
7. Marine Electrical Practice G.O.Watson Thomas Reed
8. Instrumentation and Control Thomas Reed
for Engineers Publications Ltd
9. Fire Fighting Equipment and its Thomas Reed
uses on Ship Marine Engineering Publications Ltd
Volume - 1
10. Principles and Practice of D.K.Sanyal Thomas Reed
Marine Diesel Engines Publications Ltd
Cargo Work and Marine Communication
A. Cargo gear
Stress and strain, Elastic Limit, Yield Point, Breaking Strength, Proof Load, Factor of Safety, Safe Working Load (SWL).
The Factory Act. Requirements for annealing, normalizing and periodic testing of cargo gear.
The Chain Register and other requirements of the Factory Act.
B. Cargo equipment
Grabs – Description of types of grabs (mechanical and remote operated), working principle, precautions when in operation.
Chutes and Conveyor belts – Description of types, working principle, precautions when in use.
Gantry cranes – Description of types, working principle, precautions when in operation
Pumps – Brief description of various types of cargo pumps used on board tankerships. Working principle. Explanation of terms – cavitation, pump racing, suction head, discharge head, priming of pumps and testing of pumps.
Eductors – Description of parts of an eductor, working principle, precautions for operation.
A. Codes, Regulations and Guidelines
Categories of cargo.
Introduction to codes and guidelines for carriage of bulk cargoes, petroleum products in bulk, chemicals in receptacles as well as in bulk and gas cargoes.
Dangerous Goods Code – Brief description of categories and contents of the code. Symbols and markings used in packaging of dangerous goods.
Methods of cargo carriage including container and refrigerated (reefer) modes
MARPOL 73/78 – Brief description of MARPOL 73/78, highlighting of salient features.
B. Cargo stowage
Principle of stowage and securing of all types of cargo including the lashing arrangements, if any, in each case.
Planning stowage of different types of cargo based on nature of cargo, cargo compatibility, port rotation and any special stowage requirements.
Safety precautions – including measures for fire, water ingress, cargo sweat, cargo shifting, heavy weather enroute
Hatch covers – Brief description of different types of hatch covers and their closing/securing arrangements.
Cargo watches in port and in the anchorage – description of duties and responsibilities of the duty officer, day/night orders by the Chief officer, port regulations, duties of support staff during cargo operations.
Ship to ship operations – Lightering, bunkering and offshore replenishment. Brief description of each operation, related precautions.
Vapour Recovery and Vapour Balancing operations.
Draft surveys and calculations for cargo loadable quantity in bulk carriers. Concept of Lightship and Loadship with respect to cargo calculations.
Liquid cargo calculations (for tankers) – including wedge formula.
Explanation of conversions – API to Specific Gravity and vice-versa, Temperature in deg C to deg F and vice-versa, US barrels to cubic metres and vice-versa.
Radio communication equipment on board ships – introduction, features, method of usage, selection of suitable frequencies
Radio regulations relating to Maritime Services including maritime frequency allocation.
Satellite communication and alerting systems – equipment on board and ashore. Methods adopted.
Understanding of the Morse code
Morse signaling with the Aldis Lamp
Morse signaling with daylight signaling apparatus
Books recommended for reference:
Stowage of cargo O.P. Thomas
IMDG Code IMO Publication
Cargo Work Capt. Errol Fernandes
Cargo Work Notes Kemp and Young
International Code of Signals HMSO
MARPOL (Consolidated edition) IMO Publication
MARINE MANAGEMENT AND MARITIME COMMERCE