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ELECTIVE III

Title of the Course/ Paper

SOFTWARE ENGINEERING

Core

III Year & Sixth Semester

Credit: 5




Objective of the course

This course introduces the details about the concepts of life cycle of software

Course outline

Unit 1: Introduction to Software Engineering Some definition – Some size factors – Quality and productivity factors – Managerial issue. Planning a Software Project: Defining the problem – Developing a solution strategy – planning the development process – planning an organization structure – other planning activities.

Unit-2: Software Cost Estimation: Software – Cost factors – Software cost estimation techniques – specification techniques – level estimation – estimating software maintenance costs. The software requirements specification – formal specification techniques - languages and processors for requirements specification.

Unit 3: Software Design: Fundamental Design concepts – Modules and modularizing Criteria – Design Notations – Design Techniques – Detailed Design Consideration – Real time and distributed system design – Test plan – Mile stones walk through and inspection.

Unit-4: Implementation issues : Structured Coding techniques – coding style – standards and guidelines – documentation guidelines – type checking – scooping rules – concurrency mechanisms.

Unit-5 : Quality assurance – walk through and inspection - Static analysis – symbolic exception – Unit testing and Debugging – System testing – Formal verification: Enhancing maintainability during development – Managerial aspects of software maintenance – Configuration management – source code metrics – other maintenance tools and techniques.

1. Recommended Texts

i. Richard E.Fairly - Software Engineering Concepts - Tata McGraw-Hill book Company.



2. Reference Books

i. R.S.Pressman, 1997, Software Engineering – 1997 - Fourth Ed., McGraw Hill.

ii. Rajib Mall ,2004,Fundamentals of Software Engineering,2nd Edition, PHI.

06. B.Sc. DEGREE COURSE IN ELECTRONICS AND COMMUNICATION SCIENCE
Syllabus
Semester – III
FOUNDATION COURSE -

PAPER – IV SEMICONDUCTOR PHYSICS
X-ray diffraction Unit – I

Bonding in solids: Cohesive energy – Type of bonds in crystals – ionic, covalent, metallic, molecular and Hydrogen Bonds: Bragg’s law – Experimental method in X-ray diffraction – Laue method.


Unit – 2

Crystal structure: Lattice point and space lattice – Basis and crystal structure – Unit cells and Lattice parameters – primitive cell – Crystal system – symmetry elements in crystals – point group and spae groups – Bravais space lattices – Seven classes of crystals – miller indices – Lattice vibration – phonons – Debye’s theory of specific heat of solids.



Unit – 3

Free electron Fermi Gas: Drude –Lorentz free electron theory of metals – ohms law – Electrical and thermal conductivity – Wiedemann-Franz law – Fermi level – Fermi energy – Density of solids – Relaxation Time – Mean free path in metals – The additive nature of Resistivity (Mathiessen’s rule) – Hall effect and Hall coefficient – importance of Hall effect.


Unity – 4

Energy bands: Kronig-penney model – Brilloin zones – Effective mass of the electron – Energy bonds in solids – classification of on the basis of energy band theory.

Super conductivity: Super conductivity – characteristic properties of super conductor – Types of super conductors – Application of super conductors.
Unit – 5

Semiconductor crystals: Intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductors – Mobility, drift velocity and conductivity of intrinsic semi conductors – carrier concentration in intrinsic semiconductors – Law of mass Action – n-type and p-type semiconductors –p-n junction – Biasing of p-n junction – Expression for potential barrier and width of depletion region – Rectifier equation.


Books for Study and Reference:


  1. Solid State Physics – Gupta and Kumar

  2. Solid State Physics – S.O. Pillai

  3. Solid State Physics and Electronics – C.L. Arora

  4. Introduction to Solid State Physics – Kittel

  5. Fundamentals of Physics, 6th Edition, by D. Halliday, R. Resnick and J. Walker, Wiley, NY, 2001.

  6. Physics, 4th Edition, Vols, 1,2 & 2 Extended by D. Halliday, R. Resnick and K.S. Krane, Wiley, NY 1994.

  7. CRC Handbook of Physics & Chemistry, 80th Ed, CRS Press, NY 1999.

  8. The Feynman Lecturers on Physics, Vols. 1, 2 and 3, by R.P. Feynman,

R B. Leighton and M. Sands, Narosa, New Delhi, 1998

  1. Basic Electronics, 6th Edition by B. Grob, McGraw-Hill, NY, 1989.


fOUNDATION COURSE Paper – V – Numerical Methods
Unit – 1

Interpolation: Newton’s Forward and Backward formulae – Dividend differences and their properties, Stirling’s and Bessel’s formulae – Lagrange’s formula – simple problems.


Unit – 2

Numerical integration: General Quadrature formula – Trapizoidal rule, Simpson’s 1/3 rule, Euler-Maclaurin’s formula, Stirling’s formula for factorial n – Summation of series by Euler – Maclaurin’s formula.


Unit – 3

Solutions of transcendental and polynomial equations in one variable: Method of iteration – Newton-Raphson method – Regula Falsi method – Successive bisection method.

Solution of linear equation: Gauss reduction method – Exchange method – Jacobi iteration method – Gauss-Seidel method.
Unit – 4

Solutions of differential equations: Numerical solution of ordinary differential equation of first order – Euler’s method – Modified Euler’s method – Picard’s method of successive approximation – Runge-Kutta method (second and third order only).


Unit – 5

Methods of curve fitting: Least square analysis – Matrix inversion – Gauss elimination method – Co-factor method – Partition method.


Books for Study and Reference:


  1. Numerical Analysis – B.D. Gupta

  2. Numerical Mathematical Analysis – J.B. Scorborough.

  3. Numerical Mathematics – Balasubramanian and others.

  4. The Calculus of finite differences and Mathematical Analysis – H.C. Saxena.

  5. Numerical Methods in Science and Engineering – M.K. Venkataraman.



CORE COURSE Paper VI – Amplifiers and Oscillators
Unit – 1

Amplifiers I: General principles of small signal amplifiers – classifications – RC coupled amplifiers – Gain – Frequency response – Input and output impedance – Multistage amplifiers – Transformer coupled amplifiers – Equivalent circuit a low, medium and high frequencies – emitter follower.

Class A and Class B Power Amplifiers – Single ended and pushpull configurations – power dissipation and output power calculations.
Unit – 2

Feedback Amplifiers: Basic concept of feedback amplifiers – Transfer gain with feedback – General characteristics of negative feedback amplifier – effect of negative feedback on gain – gain stability – distortion and Bandwidth – Input and output resistance in the case of various types of feedback – Analysis of voltage and current feedback amplifier circuits.


Unit – 3

Oscillators: Feedback requirements of oscillators – Barkausen Criterion for oscillation – Hartley, Colpitts, Phase shift and Wein bridge oscillators – Condition for oscillations and frequency derivation – Crystal oscillator – UJT Relaxation oscillator.

Monostable, Bi-stable and Astable multivibrators – Schmitt trigger.
Unit – 4

Operational Amplifiers: Principles, Transfer characteristics, various offset parameters, differential gain, CMRR, slew rate, band with – basic operational amplifiers circuits under inverting, non-inverting modes.


Unit – 5

Op-Amp Circuits: Adder, Subtractor, integrator, differentiator – Log, Anti log amplifiers, comparators – sine, square, triangular waveform generators, active filters – sample and hold circuits – analog computers for solving simultaneous and second order differential equations.


Books for Study and Reference:


  1. Micro Electronics by J. Milman & Halkias, McGraw Hill International Book Company New Delhi 1990 Edition.

  2. Electronic Circuits by L. Schilling and Belove, 3rd Edition, McGraw Hill, Newyork.

  3. Electronic Devices, Circuits and Applications by W.D. Stanley, Prentice Hall.

  4. Electronic Devices, Circuits Theory by Robert Boylestad and Nashelsky.

  5. Electronic Devices, Circuits by J.P. Agrawal and Amit Agarwal, Praksam Publishers.

  6. Handbook of Electronics by Gupta and Kumar, Pragati Prakashan Publishers

  7. Basic Electronics, 6th Edition by B. Grob, McGraw Hill, NY, 1989.



Allied PAPER III – BASIC PHYSICS – I
Unit – 1

Moment of inertia – Radius of gyration – Moment of inertia of a circular ring, circular disc, solid sphere – Kinetic energy of a rolling object – Acceleration of a body rolling down an inclined plane – Uniform circular motion – Centripetal force – Centrifuge – Banking of curved tracks.


Gravitation: Newton’s law – Determination of G by Boy’s method – Mass and mean density of earth – Variation of g with altitude, depth and latitude – Escape velocity – Weightlessness.

Unit – 2

Elasticity: Young’s modulus – Bending moment – Bending of beams – Young’s modulus by non-uniform bending – Energy stored in a wire – Torsion in a wire – Torsional oscillations – Determination of rigidity modulus by static torsion – Definition of Poisson’s ratio.
Unit – 3

Viscosity: Streamline and turbulent flow – Comparison of viscosities by burette method – Oswald’s viscometer – Stoke’s law – Terminal velocity – Viscosity of a highly viscous liquid – Lubrication.

Surface Tension: Molecular theory of surface tension – Pressure difference across liquid surface – Formation of drops and bubbles – Excess of pressure inside a soap bubble – Surface tension of liquid by Jaeger’s method – Variation of surface tension with temperature.
Unit – 4

Thermal Physics:

Kinetic theory of gases: Vander Wal’s equation of state – Derivation of critical constants – Joule-Kelvin effect – Explanation of Joule-Kelvin effect – Temperature of inversion – Production of low temperatures – Liquefaction of gases – Linde’s process.
Thermal conductivity: Coefficient of thermal conductivity – Thermal conductivity of a bad conductor by Lee’s disc method.
Thermodynamics: Heat engine – Statement of first law of thermodynamics – Statement of second law of thermodynamics – Reversible and irreversible processes – Carnot theorem (without proof).
Unit – 5

Intensity and loudness – Decibel – Intensity levels – Velocity of sound in gas by Kundt’s tube – Measurement of AC frequency

Acoustics of buildings and Ultrasonics: Reverberation – Time of reverberation – Sabine’s formula – Absorption coefficient – Production, detection and uses of ultrasonic waves – Sound recording and reproduction – Fourier analysis.

Books for Study and Reference:


  1. Mechanics – Narayanamurthy and others

  2. Elements of Properties of Matter – Brijlal and Subramanyanm.

  3. Heat and Thermodynamics – J.B. Rajam

  4. A Text Book of Sound – M.N. Srinivasan, Himalaya Publishing House

  5. Sound – Govindarajan, Murugiyan and Jayaraman

  6. College Physics – Weber, Manning and White

  7. Advanced Level Physics – Nelkon and Parker

  8. University Physics – Sears and Zemansky

  9. Fundamentals of Physics, 6th Edition, by D. Halliday, R. Resnick and J. Walker, Wiley, NY, 2001.

  10. Physics, 4th Edition, Vols, 1,2 & 2 Extended by D. Halliday, R. Resnick and K.S. Krane, Wiley, NY 1994.

  11. CRC Handbook of Physics & Chemistry, 80th Ed, CRS Press, NY 1999.

  12. The Feynman Lecturers on Physics, Vols. 1, 2 and 3, by R.P. Feynman,

R B. Leighton and M. Sands, Narosa, New Delhi, 1998

  1. Basic Electronics, 6th Edition by B. Grob, McGraw-Hill, NY, 1989.



Semester – IV

FOUNDATION COURSE

Paper – VII – Semiconductor Devices and

Integrated Circuits
Unit – 1

Junction Diode – biasing – V-I characteristics – Working and characteristics of Varactor Diode, IMPATT Diode and TRAPATT Diodes – Tunnel Diodes – Biasing – Energy band diagram – V-I Characteristics and applications – Uni-Juntion Transistor – Construction and working – Characteristics of UJT – LED – Working and merits


Unit – 2

Junction Transistor – Biasing NPN & PNP Transistors – Transistor as an amplifier – Silicon Controlled Rectifier (SCR) – Construction – operation – V-I characteristics – SCR as an rectifier – Shockley (PNPN) diode – Working and Characteristics – DIAC & TRIAC – Working and characteristics



Unit – 3

Field Effect Transistors – Construction and Working – Static and Transfer Characteristics – Parameters of FET – FET as an amplifier – Metal Oxide Semiconductor FET – Enhancement MOSFET, Depletion MOSFET – Construction and Working – Drain Characteristics of MOSFET – Comparison of JFET and MOSFET.


Unit – 4

Charge Transfer Devices (CTD’s) – Charge Coupled Device (CCD) – Bucket Brigade Device (BBD) – Applications – Schottky Effect – Metal Semiconductor Junction – Depletion Layer – Metal Insulator Semiconductor (MIS) Diode – Working Characteristics of MIS Diode – MIM Diode Working and Characteristics, Excitation – Semiconductor Light Sources – Photo Detectors – PIN Diode – Semiconductor LASER Diode – Tunnel Transistor.


Unit – 5

Integrated Circuit Classification – IC Chip size and circuit complexity – Fundamentals of Monolithic IC technology – Fabrication of a typical Circuit – Active and Passive components – Fabrication of FETs – Thin and Thick Film technology – LSI – MSI – VLSI – IC Package and symbols.


Books for Study and Reference:


  1. Physics of Semiconductor Devices – S.M. Sze, Wiley Interscience

  2. Electronic Devices and Circuits (Applied Electronics Vol-I) – G.K. Mithal, Khanna Publishers.

  3. Semiconductor Devices and Integrated Electronics – A.G. Milnes Von Nostrant, Reinhold Corporation

  4. Linear Integrated Circuits – B. Roy Choudhury & Shail Jain, New Age International (P)Ltd.

  5. Integrated Electronics – Jacob Millman & C.C. Halkias (Tata MaGraw Hill)

  6. Basic Electronics, 6th Edition by B. Grob, MrGraw-Hill, NY, 1989.


FOUNDATION COURSE

Paper – VIII– Programming In ‘C’
A. Computer Experiments: Writing programs in C (about 10 programs)
Unit – 1

Fundamentals: Character set – Keywords – Identifiers – Data types – Constants Variables – Operators – Expression – Statements character I/O functions.


Unit – 2

Decision Making Statements: if-else, while, do-while, for, switch, break, continue, goto statements.

Functions: Definitions – Arguments – Function prototype – Recursion – Library function.
Unit – 3

Arrays: Array definition – Processing arrays – Passing array to a function – Multidimensional arrays – Strings – Storage classes – Multifile programs.

Pointers: Pointer declaration – Pointers and arrays – Pointer operation – Passing pointers to a function – Passing function to a function.
Unit – 4

Structures and Unions: Structure definition – Processing a structure – Structures and Pointers – Passing structures to a function – Self-referential structures – Unions.

Data files: Opening, closing, creating, processing, data files – Register variables and bitwise operations – Command line parameters – C pre processors.
Unit – 5

Programs: Writing Programs for Lagrange’s interpolation formula, trapezoidal and Simpson’s 1/3 rule of integration, Newton-Raphson method, Gauss-Seidal method Runge-Kutta second order method and fitting a straight line.



Books for Study and Reference:


  1. Theory and Problems of programming with C – Schaum’s series – Byron S. Gottfried, McGraw Hill International Book Co.,

  2. Programming in ANSI C – E. Balagurusamy, Tata McGraw Hill

  3. Programming with C – K.R. Venugopal and R.P. Sudep, Tata McGraw Hill

  4. The C Programming Language – Kernighan and Ritchie

  5. Mastering Turbo C – Stan Kelley, Bootle, BPB Publications

  6. Let us C – Yashwant Kanetkar

  7. Computer Oriented Numerical Methods – Rajaraman

  8. Numerical Algorithms – Krishnamurthy and Sen



CORE COURSE Paper – IX – Digital Electronics
Unit – 1

Number Systems and Codes: Decimal, binary, octal, hex numbers, conversion from one to another – codes, BCD, excess 3, gray codes conversion from one to another – Error detection codes.


Unit – 2

Boolean Algebra and Theorems: Basic, Universal logic gates – Boolean theorems – sum of products, products of sums expressions, simplification by Karnaugh Map method, simplification based on basic Boolean theorems – don’t care conditions.




Unit – 3

Combinational Digital Circuits: Arithmetic Building blocks, Basic Adders and Subtractors, BCD adders – Data of Processing circuits, multiplexers, demultiplexers, encoders, decoders – TTL, CMOS digital logic families.


Unit – 4

Sequential Digital Circuits: Flip-flops, RS, Clocked SR, JK, D, T, master-slave types-shift registers, ring counters – ripple counters – synchronous counters, timer IC 555, applications.


Unit – 5

DAC and ADC: Parameters, Accuracy, resolution – DAC, variable resister network, R-2R ladder networks types – ADC, counting continuous, successive approximation, dual – slope types – comparison of various types of DAC and ADC.


Books for Study and Reference:


  1. Digital principles and applications by Malvino and Leach, McGraw Hill, 1996 IV Edition.

  2. Micro Electronics by J. Milman, McGraw Hill International Book Company, New Delhi 1990 Edition.


Core COURSE

PAPER- X – Main Practical – II
A. Electronics Experiments

1. Transistor monostable multivibrator

2. Resistivity and Hall coefficient – Four Probe method

3. Energy gap determination

4. IC regulated power supply

5. Characteristics of SCR

7. SCR power control

8. Characteristics of TRIAC

9. Characteristics of JFET

10. FET as an amplifier

11. Source follower

12. JFET multivibrator

13. Emitter follower

14. Darlington pair amplifier

15. Transistor Hartley oscillator

16. Transistor Colpitt’s oscillator

17. Transistor phase shift oscillator

18. Transistor Wien bridge audio oscillator



Books for Study and Reference:


  1. Basic Electronics A Text Lab Manual by Zbar, Malvino and Miller, Tata McGraw Hill.

  2. B.E.S. Practicals by R. Sugaraj Samuel & Horsley Solomon.



Allied paper – iv– Basic Physics – II
Unit – 1

Optics: Defects of images – Spherical aberration in mirror and lens – Method of minimizing spherical aberration – Chromatic aberration – Achromatic combination of lenses in contact.


Interference – Interference in wedge shaped films – Newton’s rings – Measurement of wavelength and radius of curvature by Newton’s rings with theory – Diffraction – Divisions of wave front into half period zones – Rectilinear propagation of light – Fresnel’s explanation – Elementary theory of formation of spectra by transmission grating (normal incidence) – Determination of wavelength – Polarization – Optical activity – Biot law – Determination of specific rotatory power – Half shade polarimeter – Uses of polarized light.
Unit – 2

Positive Rays: Positive ray analysis – Bainbridge mass spectrograph – Isotopes.


Photo electricity: Photoelectric emission – Einstein’s theory – Millikan’s experiment – Photoelectric cell – Photovoltaic cell – Photoconductive cell.
Atom Model: Vector atom model – Spatial quantization – Electron spin – Quantum numbers – Pauli’s principle – Electronic configuration of atoms.
Unit – 3

Relativity: Frame of reference – Gallilean transformation – Michelson – Morley experiment – Postulates of special theory of relativity – Lorentz transformation – Length Contraction – Time dilation – Relativity of simultaneity – Addition of velocities – Variation of mass with velocity – Mass energy equation – Minkowski’s four dimensional space – Space Time continuum – Four vectors – Elementary ideas of general theory of relativity.


Unit – 4

Quantum Mechanics: Uncertainty principle – Postulates of wave mechanics – Wave function and its interpretation – Concepts of probability and probability density – Non-relativistic Schroedinger equation – Eigenfunctions – Eigenvalues – Normalization – Solutions of Schroedinger equation for linear harmonic oscillator, particle in box – Qualitative study (outlining steps only) of hydrogen atom (non-relativistic case without spin) and rigid rotator.


Radioactivity: Natural radioactivity – Artificial radioactivity – Radio isotopes – Uses of radio isotopes – Nuclear reaction – Q value of a reaction.
Unit – 5

Nuclear and Particle Physics: General properties of nuclei – size, charge, mass & spin – liquid drop model – Semi empirical mass formula – Shell model – magic numbers Elementary particles – classification – hadrons, leptons, mesons, baryons, hyprons – anti-particle & anti-matter – strangeness – isopin – basic ideas of quarks.


Books for Study and Reference:


  1. Text Book of Optics – Brijlal and Subramanyam

  2. Modern Physics – Sehgal, Chopra and Sehgal

  3. Text Book of Quantum Mechanics – Mathews

  4. College Physics – Weber, Manning and White

  5. Advanced Level Physics – Nelkon and Parker

  6. University Physics – Sears and Zemansky

  7. Fundamentals of Physics, 6th Edition, by D. Halliday, R. Resnick and J. Walker, Wiley, NY, 2001.

  8. Physics, 4th Edition, Vols, 1,2 & 2 Extended by D. Halliday, R. Resnick and K.S. Krane, Wiley, NY 1994.

  9. CRC Handbook of Physics & Chemistry, 80th Ed, CRS Press, NY 1999.

  10. The Feynman Lecturers on Physics, Vols. 1, 2 and 3, by R.P. Feynman,

R B. Leighton and M. Sands, Narosa, New Delhi, 1998

  1. Concepts of Modern Physics, 5th Edition by A. Beiser, Tata McGraw-Hill, New Delhi, 1997.


ALLIED PAPER v– Basic Physics Practicals


  1. Young’s Modulus by non-uniform bending – pin and microscope

  2. Young’s Modulus by uniform bending – optic level and telescope

  3. Rigidity modulus by static torsion

  4. Rigidity modulus by Torsional pendulum.

  5. Surface tension by capillary rise method – determination of radius by microscope.

  6. Surface tension and interfacial surface tension by drop weight.

  7. Viscosity of a liquid capillary flow method.

  8. Comparison of viscosities of liquids using ungraduated burette.

  9. Specific heat capacity

  10. Thermal conductivity of a bad conductor by Lee’s disc method

  11. Kundt’s tube – velocity of sound in a rod and Young’s modulus of the rod

  12. Melde’s string – frequency of a vibrator

  13. Sonometer – determination of AC frequency

  14. Focal length of a concave lens – in contact and out of contact methods

  15. Spectrometer – I-d curve

  16. Spectrometer – narrow angled prism

  17. Spectrometer – grating at normal incidence – determination of wavelength of mercury spectrum

  18. Newton’s rings – Wavelength of sodium light


Books for Study and Reference:


  1. A text book of practical Physics by M.N. Srinivasan and Others, Sultan Chand and Sons, New Delhi

  2. Allied Practical Physics by M.N. Srinivasan, Sultan Chand and Sons, New Delhi

  3. B.E.S. Practicals by R. Sugaraj Samuel & Horsley Solomon



Semester V

core COURSE Paper – XI – Microprocessor (Intel 8085)
Unit – 1

Architecture of 8085 microprocessor, registers, flags, ALU-Address bus and data bus-Demultiplexing address / data bus-control and status signals-Control bus-Programmer’s model of 8085-Pin-out signal function diagram-Functions of different pins.


Unit – 2

Instruction set of 8085-data transfer, arithmetic, logic, branching and machine control group of instructions-Addressing modes-register, register indirect, direct, immediate and implied addressing modes.

Assembly language and machine language – Programming exercises – addition, Subtraction, multiplication and division (all 8-bit) of binary and BCD numbers.
Unit – 3

Stack and stack related operations-Subroutines-Advanced programming techniques: Code conversions – Binary to BCD, BCD to Binary, Binary to ASCII, ASCII to Binary, BCD to ASCII and ASCII to BCD, Block transfer, ascending order and descending order – Time delays using single register and register pair-Delay calculations-Debugging a program.


Unit – 4

RAM, ROM, EPROM, EEPROM functional explanation-Memory interface, interfacing ROM, 2K X 8 and 4K X 8-Interfacing RAM, 2K X 8 and 4K X 8-Timing diagrams for memory read and memory write cycles-Instruction cycle, machine cycle and T-state.



Unit – 5

Explanation of timing diagram for 8085 instructions, MOV Rd, Rs, MVIR, data 8, STA addr 16-Introduction of Wait states-Halt state-Dynamic RAM-Cache memory-Direct Memory Access (DMA), explanation with block diagram.



Books for Study and Reference:


  1. Ramesh S. Gaonkar: Microprocessor Architecture, Programming and Application with the 8085-Penram International Publishing, Mumbai

  2. B. Ram: Fundamentals of microprocessors and microcomputers-Dhanpat Rai Publications, New Delhi

  3. V. Vijayendran: Fundamentals of microprocessor-8085- S. Viswanathan publishers, Chennai


core COURSE

Paper – XII – Antennas and Wave Propagation
Unit – 1

Fundamentals of Antenna: Antenna Action, Short Electric Doublet, Radiation from doublet Antenna, Thin linear antenna’s, Current distribution on resonant and Non-resonant types, Effect of ground: image antenna, Field Strength at a point close to the antenna within the range of direct ray.


Unit – 2

Antenna Characteristics: Total effective resistance of antenna, Efficiency of an antenna, Directive gain of antenna, Bandwidth, Beamwidth and polarization, Ungrounded and Grounded antenna’s, Effect of antenna height – Antenna couplers, Dipole arrays – Folded dipole and applications. Non resonant antenna’s.


Unit – 3

Types of Antennas: Microwave Antenna’s – Antennas with parabolic reflectors, Horns Antenna’s, Lens Antenna’s, Folded dipole – Yagi-uda Antenna, Helical Antenna, Discone antenna, Log-periodic Antenna, Loop antenna, Principle of Broad band Antenna


Unit – 4

Wave Propagation: Electromagnetic radiation, Propagation of Waves: Ground waves, Sky waves, Ionosphere and its effect on radio waves – Space waves, Tropospheric Scatter Propagation Extraterrestrial Communications, Skip Distance and Maximum Usable Frequency.


Unit – 5

Wave guides in Communication: Wave guides: Basic Concepts, Maxwell’s Equation, Guided waves between Parallel Planes, Attenuation in Parallel Plane guides, Rectangular wave guides; TM mode, TE mode, TE10 modes-Boundary Conditions, Circular wave guides, TM & TE mode. Impossibility of TEM waves in wave guides. Transmission Line analogy for wave guides, TEM in coaxial line Comparison of waves guides and Coaxial Line, Resonators




Books for Study and Reference:


  1. Electronic Communication System, George Kenney, Tata McGraw-Hill.

  2. Hand Book of Electronics, Gupta & Kumar.

  3. Electromagnetic waves and Radiating Systems by E.C. Jordan & K.G. Balman, Prentice Hall, 1995.


core COURSE

Paper –XIII – Communication Electronics
Unit – 1

Amplitude Modulation and Demodulation: Definition of Amplitude modulation. Generation and detection of Amplitude Modulation-Balanced Modulator – DSB/SC Modulation and detection of SSB-VSB modulation- Frequency Division Multiplexing (FDM)-Block Diagram of AM Radio Transmitter and Superheterodyne Receiver.


Unit – 2

Frequency Modulation and Demodulation: Definition of Frequency Modulation – Generation of FM-Direct and Indirect Method-Varactor Diode-Modulation-FM. Detection-Slope detection – Phase Discriminator – Ratio Detector – Comparison of AM and FM-Block diagram of FM Radio Transmitter and Receiver.


Unit – 3

Analog Pulse Modulation: Sampling Theorem – Basic Principles of Pulse Amplitude Modulation (PAM)-Pulse Width Modulation – Pulse Position Modulation.


Unit – 4

Digital Pulse Modulation and Demodulation: Pulse Code Modulation – Quantizing and Coding – Generation and Demodulation of PCM wave – Quantizing Noise – Application of PCM – Delta Modulation – Adaptive Delta Modulation.


Unit – 5

Data Transmission: Time Division Multiplexing (TDM) in PCM – Binary Systems Amplitude Shift Keying (ASK), Frequency Shift Keying (FSK) and Phase Shift Keying(PSK) – Detection of Digital Communication Signals.


Books for Study and Reference:

  1. Electronic Communication System, Kennedy, McGraw-Hill Inter Student Edition.

  2. Digital and Analog Communication System, Sam K. Shanmugam, Jhon Willey.

  3. Communication Systems, Taub and Shilling, McGraw Hill.

  4. Communication Systems, A.B. Carlson, McGraw Hill India.



core COURSE paper – XIV – Main Practical – III


  1. Construction of dual power supply using Zener diodes.

  2. Construction of dual power supply using IC

  3. OPAMP – Inverting and non-inverting modes, unity follower.

  4. Operational summing amplifiers – Inverting and non-inverting modes.

  5. OPAMP – Integrator and differentiator.

  6. OPAMP – Square wave generator

  7. OPAMP – Sine wave generator

  8. Instrumentation Amplifier

  9. Universality of NAND gate

  10. Universality of NOR gate

  11. Verification of basic Boolean indenties using NAND gates

  12. Verification of basic Boolean indenties using NOR gates

  13. Sum of products and Product of sums – NAND gates

  14. Sum of products and Product of sums – NOR gates

  15. Astable, Monostable multivibrators and Schmitt trigger using NAND gates

  16. Monostable multivibrators and Schmitt trigger using 555 timer.

  17. Study of RS, D and JK flip flops.


Books for Study and Reference:


  1. Basic Electronics A Text Lab Manual by Zbar, Malvino and Miller, Tata McGraw Hill.

  2. B.E.S. Practicals by R. Sugaraj Samuel & Horsley Solomon.



elective paper – I – MEDICAL ELECTRONICS
Unit – 1

Bio-Amplifiers: Bio potentials – bio – electricity, Necessity for special types of amplifiers for biological signal amplifications – different types of BIO-OP-AMPS


Unit – 2

Bio-Potential Recording: ECG – EEG – EMG – ERG – Specific types of electrodes used – different lead systems – their waveforms.


Unit – 3

Measurement of Biological Parameters: Measurement of respiration rate – measurement of heart beat rate – measurement of temperature – measurement of blood pressure – patient monitoring set up – blood flow meters EM and plesthsmographic technique.


Unit -4

High Energy Radiation Applications: Applications of X-ray and isotopes for diagnostics and therapeutic applications – application of Laser in biological medium.


Unit – 5

High Frequency Applications: Diathermy effect – Short wave diathermy – Ultrasonic diathermy – Microwave diathermy.


Books for Study and Reference:


  1. Clinical Engineering – Jacobster and Webster, PHI

  2. Applied Biomedical Instrumentation – Geddes and Baker, Jhon Wiley & Sons.

  3. Biomedical Instrumentation – M. Arumugham, Anuradha Agencies Publishers (II Edition)



elective paper – ii – INDUSTRIAL ELECTRONICS
Unit – 1

Industrial Electronic Devices: Characteristics and applications of Thyratron, Ignitron, Thyristor, SCR and UJT – AC and DC switches – over voltage protection – flashers – static circuit breakers.


Unit – 2

Power Suppliers: DC voltage regulators – different types of series voltage regulators – voltage and current regulation – controlled rectifiers and inverters – uninterruptible power supplies – Switched Mode Power Supply (SMPS)



Unit – 3

Motors and Controls: DC motors – automatic regulation of speed and overload – reversing motors – AC motors – Induction motors – Speed control – Synchronous motors


Unit – 4

Welding and Heating: Principle and Theory of induction heating – dielectric heating – resistance welding – Control Processes – Sequence timer – Synchronous Welding control – Temperature control circuits.


Unit – 5

Applications in Industry: Relays and their characteristic and applications – Generation, Detection and Application of Ultrasonic’s Application of LASER in industry.


Books for Study and Reference:


  1. Electronics and Industry – M.G. Chute and R.D. Chute, McGraw Hill Kogakusha

  2. Industrial and Power Electronics – C. Rai, Umesh Publications, New Delhi

  3. Industrial Electronics – G.K. Mithal, Khanna Publishers (14th Ed) New Delhi.

  4. Industrial Electronics – Noel Morris, Tata McGraw Hill (II edition)



elective paper– iii – Power Electronics
Unit – 1

Power semiconductor devices: Power diode, Power transistor, TRIAC, MOSFET and IGBT – turn on methods, drive circuits – SCR characteristics – Two transistor analogy – methods of turning on and turning off – Series and parallel connections of SCRs.


Unit – 2

Phase controlled converters: Single phase controlled rectifier – Half wave controlled rectifier with (1) Resistive load (2) RL load (3) RL load and battery – Full wave controlled rectifier with above types of loads – Three phase controlled rectifier – HVDC transmission.


Unit – 3

Inverters: Single phase and three phase inverters – series and parallel inverters – bridge inverter – current source inverter.


Unit – 4

Choppers and cycloconverters: Various types of DC choppers – step up chopper – AD chopper – Single phase AC chopper – Step up and step down cycloconverters – Three phase to single phase and Three phase to three phase cycloconverters.




Unit – 5

Control circuits and application: Generation of control pulses – microprocessor based implementation – Static circuit breakers for DC and AC circuits – regulated power supply – UPS – SMPS.


Books for Study and Reference:


  1. Power Electronics – M.H. Rashid, Prentice Hall

  2. Power Electronics – P.C. Sen, Tata McGraw Hill

  3. Thyristorised Power Controllers – G.K. Dybey, Wiley Eastern Ltd.

  4. An Introduction to Thyristors and their application – M. Ramamoorthy, Second Edition – East West Press



elective paper – iv – Computer Networks
Unit – 1

Introduction to computer networks – Uses of network-Network structure – The OSI reference model concepts – Layers of the OSI model.


Unit – 2

The physical layer-Different types of transmission medium-CODEC-Switching techniques-Channel allocation methods-ALOHA protocol-LAN protocol (any one protocol)-IEEE standards 802.3, 802.4 and 802.5.



Unit – 3

The data link layer – design issues – Concept of framing – Different methods – Error detection and correction: Single error correction and cyclic redundancy check.


Unit – 4

The network layer – design issues – Internal organization of network layer – Congestion control algorithm, Leaky bucket algorithm and token bucket algorithm – Dijikstra routing algorithm.


Unit – 5

Repeaters, Bridges, Routers and Gateways-Brief introduction to the transport layer, session layer, presentation layer and application layer-Basic concepts of Internet – WWW.


Books for Study and Reference:


  1. Andrew S. Tanenbaum: Computer networks, Prentice Hall of India.

  2. W. Stallings: Data and computer communication, Prentice Hall of India.

  3. Behrouz and Forouzan: Introduction to data communications and networking, McGraw Hill.



Semester VI

core COURSE

Paper – xv– Microprocessor interfacing (intel 8085)
Unit – 1

I/O interface-IN and OUT instructions – Timing diagrams for IN and OUT instructions – Interfacing an input port – interfacing an output port using I/O mapped I/O technique – Difference between I/O mapped and memory mapped I/O.


Unit – 2

Interrupts-Hardware and software interrupts-SIM and RIM instructions – Interrupt priorities-Interrupt controlled data transfer. Difference between polled I/O and Interrupt controlled I/O data transfer.


Unit – 3

Interfacing peripheral devices – Programmable Interface 8155 and 8255 – Internal architecture, control register and control word – Programming with the above devices-Interfacing LED’s, flashing LED’s, 7-segment display-Multiplexing of 7-segment display – Interfacing D/A converter and waveform generation-Interfacing A/D converters


Unit – 4

Interfacing Hex keyboard using 8255 – Keyboard and Display interface 8279 internal architecture and working-programmable interval Timer 8253/54, internal architecture and different modes of operation – uses of timer.


Unit – 5

Microprocessor applications – Stepper motor interface – Temperature controller – Data acquisition system – A simple traffic light controller.



Books for Study and Reference:
1. Ramesh S. Gaonkar: Microprocessor Architecture, Programming and Application with the 8085-Penram International Publishing, Mumbai

2. Ram: Fundamentals of microprocessors and microcomputers-Dhanpat Rai Publications, New Delhi

3. Vijayendran: Fundamentals of microprocessor-8085- S. Viswanathan publishers, Chennai
Paper – XVi – Television and Video Engineering
Unit – 1

Elements of a TV System: Picture Transmission and Reception – Sound Transmission and Reception. Synchronization, Receiver controls, Colour Television. Image Continuity, Number of Scanning Lines, Scanning-Sequential-Interlaced Picture Tubes – Monochrome – Colour Picture tubes.


Unit – 2

Television Broadcasting: Television Transmitter, Camera Tubes-Image Orthicon-Plumbicon – Vidicon, Vestigial side Band(VSB) Transmission, Composite Video Signal, Positive and Negative Modulation Standards of Television System – CCIR-B Standards.


Unit – 3

Television Receivers: Block Diagram of Monochrome receiver – Separation and reproduction of sound – Intercarrier Sound System – Video Amplification – Contrast and Brightness Controls. Separation of Sync Signals-Sweep Circuits, Horizontal and Vertical Oscillators and Amplifiers, S-band – Hyper band Tuners.


Unit – 4

Colour Television: Colour Television System – Fundamental concepts of a Three Colour System.

Additive and Subtractive Colours, Compatibility with Monochrome and Vice-Versa, Three Colour Picture Tubes. Colour TV Transmission and Reception. Remote control functions and Advanced Television Systems.
Unit – 5

Video Systems: Video Tape Recorders, Transverse and Helical Scanning Systems – Quadruplux Head Recoding and Playback Systems – VCR/VCP – Videos Discs – VCD, VCD Playback System.


Books for Study and Reference:


  1. Monochrome and Colour television, R.R. Gulati, New Age International.

  2. Colour TV Principle & Practice, R.R. Gulati, New Age International.

  3. Basic Television Principle & Servicing, Bernard Grob, McGraw Hill.

  4. Television and Video Engg., A.M. Dhake, Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Co.,


Paper – XVii Opto – Electronics
Unit – 1

Optical Processes in Semiconductors: Electron – hole pair formation and recombination – band to band recombination – absorption in semiconductors – exciton absorption – donor – acceptor and impurity band absorption – absorption in quantum wells – radiation in semiconductors – Luminescence from quantum wells – time resolved photo luminescene.



Unit – 2

Semiconductor Junctions: The heterojunction – LED structure – heterojunction LED – Edge emitting LED – I-V Characteristics – Spectral and frequency response.


Unit – 3

Photodetectors: Junction photo diodes – PIN-APD-Photo transistor – modulated barrier photo diode – Schottky barrier – MSM photo diode – multicavity Photo diodes – Basic Principles of Solar cells.


Unit – 4

Switching Devices and Opto-electronic ICs: Electro optic modulators – Optical switching and logic devices – application of OEIC’S – materials and processing for OEIC’S – Integrated transmitters and receivers – guided wave devices


Unit – 5

Fiber Optic Communication: Optical fibre – Characteristics and fundamental parameters – Propagating modes – low loss fibres – transmission distance with optical fibres – examples of optical transmission techniques – instrumentation and control with optical fibres.


Books for Study and Reference:


  1. Semiconductor opto electronic devices – Pallab Bhattacharya PHI, 1995.

  2. Opto Electronics – Wilson and Hawker.

  3. Opto Electronics – Texas Instruments

  4. Opto Electronics – Jasprit Singh

  5. Opto Fibre Communication – Snematsu and Toa (Jhon Wiley and Sons)

  6. Fibre Optic Communication – R.L. Keiser


Paper – XvIII – Electrical and ElectronicS

Instrumentation
Unit – 1

DC indicating Instruments: PMMC Galvanometer (D’ Arsonal Movement) – Principle, Construction and Working – Current Sensitivity, Voltage Sensitivity & Megohm Sensitivity – Advantages and Disadvantages – Conversion of Galvanometer into Ammeter, Voltmeter and Ohmmeter (Series and Shunt Types) – Multimeter – Loading Effect.

AC indicating Instruments: Electrodynamometer – Principle, Construction and Working – Merits and Demerits – Rectifier Type Instruments – Thermocouple Instruments (Contact & Non-contact types) – Electrostatic Voltmeters – Principle, Construction and Working – Watt-hour Meter.
Unit – 2

DC Bridges: wheatstone bridge – Determination of resistance – Kelvin Double Bridge - Determination of resistance.

AC Bridges: Maxwell’s Bridge – Determination of Self-Inductance – Wien’s Bridge – Determination of Frequency – Schering’s Bridge – Determination of Capacitance
Unit – 3

Oscilloscopes: Block Diagram – Deflection Sensitivity – Electrostatic Deflection – Electrostatic Focusing – CRT Screen – Measurement of Waveform frequency, Phase difference and Time Intervals – Sampling Oscilloscope – Storage Oscilloscopes.


Unit – 4

Instrumentation Amplifiers and Signal Analyser: Instrumentation amplifier – Electronic Voltmeter – Electronic Multimeter – Digital Voltmeter – Ohm meter – Function Generation – Wave analyzer – Fundamentals of Spectrum Analyser.


Unit – 5

Transducers and Display Devices: Strain Gauge – Unbonded Strain Gauge – LVDT – Resistance Thermometer – Thermocouple – Photoelectric Transducer – Pen Recorder – Audio Tape Recorder – Seven Segment Display – LCD


Books for Study and Reference:

  1. Electronic Instrumentation and Measurement Techniques – W.D. Cooper & A.D. Helfrick, Prentice Hall of India.

  2. A course in Electrical and Electronic Measurements and Instrumentation – A.K. Sawhney, Dhanpat Rai and Sons.

  3. Electronic Instruments & Measurements – P.B. Zbar, McGraw Hill International.

paper – xIX - main Practical – IV


  1. Amplitude Modulation and detection

  2. Frequency Modulation and detection

  3. Pulse Amplitude Modulation and detection

  4. Pulse Width Modulation and detection

  5. Pulse Position Modulation and detection

  6. Half, Full and BCD adders using simple logic gates

  7. Half, Full and BCD adders using NAND gates.

  8. Half and Full Subtractors using simple logic gates.

  9. Half and Full Subtractors using NAND gates

  10. Study of 7490 BCD counter, divide by (1 to 10) as scalar

  11. BCD to seven segment decoder 7447/7448

Microprocessor practical experiments

  1. Addition, subtraction, multiplication and division – 8 bit

  2. Picking up the largest/smallest in an array

  3. Ascending order/descending order

  4. Code conversion:

a. Binary to BCD

b. BCD to Binary

c. Binary to AScii

d. AScii to Binary

e. BCD to AScii

f. AScii to BCD



  1. Clock Program

  2. Flashing LEDs

  3. Wave generation using DAC interface


Books for Study and Reference:
1. Basic Electronics A Text Lab Manual by Zbar, Malvino and Miller, Tata McGraw Hill.

2. B.E.S. Practicals by R. Sugaraj Samuel & Horsley Solomon.

3. Fundamentals of microprocessor-8085 – V. Vijayendran, S. Viswanathan Publishers, Chennai.

07. B.Sc. DEGREE COURSE IN HOTEL AND CATERING MANAGEMENT
PAPER-17
FOOD PRODUCTION AND PATISSERIE –III

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