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Units

Learning Objectives

01

To know the chemistry of members of boron and carbon family

02

To know the chemistry of members of increased family

03

To understand the chemistry of halogen and noble gases

04

To know the chemistry of organic molecules based on the spatial orientation of constituent atoms or groups

05

To know solid state and the liquid crystals


UNIT 1: CHEMISTRY OF GROUP III A AND GROUP IV A FAMILIES (20) : General characteristics of elements of Group IIIA- Extraction of Boron-Physical and Chemical properties of B-Uses-Chemical of some compounds of boron: Boric acid, Borax, Diborane, Boron nitride – Extraction of Al-Physical and Chemical properties – Uses Allums.

General characteristics of Elements of Group IVA- Difference of carbon and silicon from the rest of the family Chemistry of oxides of carbon (CO&CO2) - Use of CO2 in fire extinguishers – Preparation of silicon – Physical and Chemical properties of Si-Uses-Oxides of Silicon – Extension of lead-Physical properties Chemical properties – Uses – Lead pigments.



UNIT 2 : CHEMISTRY OF GROUP V A FAMILY (10)

General characteristics of Elements of VA Group – The unique features of nitrogen from the rest of the family Chemistry of some compounds of Nitrogen-Hydrazine, Hydroxylamine, Hydrazoic acid, Nitric acid – Chemistry of PH3, PCI3, PCI5, POCI3, P2O5 and oxyacids of phosphorus.



UNIT 3: CHEMISTRY OF HALOGEN AND NOBLE GAS FAMILIES (10)

General characteristics of halogen with reference to electronegativity, electron affinity, oxidation states and oxidising power. Peculiarities of fluorine. Hydrides, oxides and oxo acids of halogens. Inter halogen compounds and pseudo halogens- Basic nature of iodine.

Noble gases: Position in the periodic table-Isolation from atmosphere. General Characteristics – Structure and shape of Xenon compounds – XeF2, XeF4, XeF6, XeOF4 – uses of noble gases.

UNIT 4: STEREOCHEMISTRY (15)

Stereoisomerism-Types-Optical Isomerism-Chirality's based on Symmetry elements (Cn, n, i, and Sn) – Idea of asymmetry and dissymmetry – Optical activity – Measurement of optical activity Concept of enantiomerism, diastereomerism-Axial chirality in substituted allenes and spiranes Atropisomerism in substituted biphenyls-R, S and D, L notations to express configurations Erythro, threo conventions – Meso and dl-forms of tartaric acid-Stereoselectivity and Stereospecificity in organic reactions with suitable examples – Resolution of Racemic mixture using chiral reagent –Walden Inversion-Asymmetric synthesis-Asymmetric induction.



UNIT 5: SOLID STATES AND LIQUID CRYSTALS – 20

Classification of solids – Isotrophic and anisotropic crystals. Laws of crystallography Representation of planes – Miller Indices, Space lattice, Crystal systems – Seven primitive, unit cells – X-ray diffraction-Derivation of Bragg's equation – Determination of structure of Nacl by Debye Scherre (Power method) and rotating crystal method – Determination of Avogadro's number-Discussion of structures of KCl & CsCl – Defects in crystals – Stoichiometric and non stoichiometric – Methods of growing crystals – From melt from solution (hydrothermal method), Gel method – Packing of ions in crystals – Radius ratio rules and its limitations. Liquid Crystals – Types, theories and applications.



Book for Reference

01. Puri B.R., Sharma L.R., Kalia K.K.,

Principles of Inorganic Chemistry, (23rd edition), New Delhi, Shoban Lal Nagin Chand & Co., (1993)

02. Lee J.D.,

Concise Inorganic Chemistry, UK, Black well science (2006)

03. Puri B.R., Sharma L.R., Pathania M.S.,

Principles of Physical Chemistry, 23rd edition) New Delhi, Shoban Lal, Nagin Chand & Co., (1993)
04. Glasstone S., Lewis D.,

Elements of Physical Chemistry, London, Mac Millan & Co. Ltd.

05. Morrison R.T. and Boyd R.N.,

Organic Chemistry (6th edition), New York, Allyn & Bacon Ltd., (1976)

06. Bahi B.S. and Arun Bahl

Advanced Organic Chemistry, (12th edition), New Delhi, Sultan Chand & Co., (1997)



PAPER - VII


Semester

IV


Subject Title

Subject Code

Total Hours

Credit

GENERAL CHEMISTRY - IV




75

5




Units

Learning Objectives

01

To know the basic principles of metallurgy. To understand chemistry of d-block elements

02

To know the chemistry of members of f-lock elements

03

To understand the chemistry of organometallic compounds and their synthetic uses

04

To know the chemistry of organochalcogens – alcohols, phenols and epoxides

05

To understand the colloidal state and their applications


UNIT 1: d- BLOCK ELEMENTS (15):

Chemistry of Transition Elements – Electronic configuration – General periodic trend – Group study of Titanium, Vanadium, Chromium, Manganese and iron group's Coinage metals – Comparative study of Zinc group metals – galvanization, Evidences for the exercise of mercurous ion as Hg22+.



Unit 2 : CHEMISTRY OF f-BLOCK ELEMENTS (15)

General characteristics of f-block elements – Comparative account of lanthanides and actinides – Occurrence, Oxidation states, Magnetic properties, Colour and spectra – Lanthanides and Actinides Separation by ion-Exchange and Solvent extraction methods – Lanthanide contraction-Chemistry of thorium and Uranium-Occurrence, Ores, Extraction and uses – Preparation, Properties and uses of ceric ammonium sulphate, thorium dioxide, Thorium nitrate, Uranium hexa fluoride, uranylacetate.



Unit 3 : CHEMISTRY OF ORGANOMETALLIC COMPOUNDS (15)

Introduction – Preparation of OrganoMagnesium compounds – Physical and Chemical Properties – Uses, Preparation of OrganoZinc compounds – Physical and Chemical Properties – Uses – Preparation of OrganoLithium compounds – Physical and Chemical properties – Uses – Chemistry of OrganoCopper, OrganoLead, OrganoPhosphorus and OrganoBoron compounds.



UNIT 4: CHEMISTRY OF PHENOLS (10)

Preparation of phenols including di and tri-hydric phenols – Physical and Chemical properties – Uses – Aromatic electrophilic substitution mechanism – Theory of orientation and reactivity.



UNIT 5: COLLOIDS (20)

Definition – Types of colloids Sols – Preparation, Purification, properties – Kinetic, optical and electrical, stability of colloids, Gold number, Associated colloids. Emulsions – Types of emulsions, preparation, properties and applications. Gels – Types of gels, preparation, properties and applications. Donnan – Membrane equilibrium – Osmosis, Reverse Osmosis, Dialysis and desalination – Macromolecules – Molecular weight of macro – Molecules – Determination of molecular weight by osmotic pressure method and light scattering methods.



Books for Reference

01. Puri B.R., Sharma L.R., Kalia K.K.,

Principles of Inorganic Chemistry, (23rd edition), New Delhi, Shoban Lal Nagin Chand & Co., (1993)

02. Lee J.D.,

Concise Inorganic Chemistry, UK, Black well science (2006)

03. Puri B.R., Sharma L.R., Pathania M.S.,

Principles of Physical Chemistry, 23rd edition) New Delhi, Shoban Lal, Nagin Chand & Co., (1993)

04. Glasstone S., Lewis D.,

Elements of Physical Chemistry, London, Mac Millan & Co. Ltd.

05. Morrison R.T. and Boyd R.N.,

Organic Chemistry (6th edition), New York, Allyn & Bacon Ltd., (1976)

06. Bahi B.S. and Arun Bahl

Advanced Organic Chemistry, (12th edition), New Delhi, Sultan Chand & Co., (1997)

PAPER - VI AND VIII
MAJOR CHEMISTRY PRACTICALS IIA AND IIB


Semester

III & IV


Subject Title

Subject Code

Total Hours

Credit

SEMIMICRO INORGANIC QUALITATIVE ANALYSIS




90

4

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