Unit – I prose mobile and mixed up



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Nehru Arts and Science College

E- Learning – Department of English

Semester: IV

Subject: English – IV
Unit – I

PROSE

Mobile and mixed up

ANIL DHARKER



Paragraph Questions:

Give the introduction about Anil Dharker

Anil Dharker is a noted journalist, writer and media critic. Anil Dharker is an Indian columnist. His articles appear in several Indian newspapers such as the Times of India, Mid-Day, The Hindu, Gulf News, and other similar publications. He has been editor of The Illustrated Weekly of India, The Independent, MidDay, Sunday MidDay. He has also been a producer, anchor and interviewer, head of a TV Channel and critic on The Sunday Times of India and The Sunday Observer. In addition, he has also written a book on state television broadcaster Doordarshan — "Sorry, Not Ready", published by Harper Collins. He is the father of actress Ayesha Dharker.



Write a paragraph about the hurry sickness of Anil Dharker’s friend.

Anil Dharker’s friend doesn't know it, but she is a victim of a new disease. "Hurry Sickness" was the term coined for it by a leading American cardiologist, Meyer Friedman some years ago. He had begun to notice that a great number of his heart patients had identical behavioural patterns: all of them were, almost always, in a rush.

That was 40 years ago; now rushing and hurrying has become so much a part of our lives, that we do not even notice it. But at the end of the day, we are hot and bothered, we are stressed out and fatigued, and we can't figure out why. We haven't even noticed that the laptop and the e-mail and the cellphone are always with us and there's not a moment when one of them doesn't engage us. On the commuter train journey when we would earlier have just looked out of the window, we are now trying to catch up on that missed call; in the office, faced with a minute's hiatus, we switch to "chat". There's always an urgent e-mail to reply to and a letter to be couriered because it is to reach tomorrow (which a few years ago we would have planned ahead and written four days earlier).

This hurry sickness, obviously, is taking a physical toll on an increasing number of people: hypertension, heart disease, weakened immune systems and migraine hit people as they approached 50; now 20 year olds show the same symptoms. In fact, an article in an American newspaper tells me that occasionally children as young as 10 show many of these signs, brought on by anxiety and pressure.



Questions & Answers:

  1. Mobile and mixed-up was written by_Anil Dharker

  2. Anil Dharker is a noted __________

  3. Anil Dharker is an ______columnist

  4. His articles appear in several Indian newspapers such as the ______,_____,_____,_____

  5. He has been editor of The _______, _____, ____, _____.

  6. He has also been a ____, _____and ________

  7. He is the head of a ______

  8. He is a critic on ______

  9. He is also a critic on _____

  10. He has also written a book on state television broadcaster _____-“ sorry,Not Ready” published by ______

My Vision for India

Dr. A.P.J Abdul Kalam



Write an Essay on “My vision for India” by Dr.A.P.J.Abdul kalam
Introduction:

            Dr. A.P.J Abdul Kalam was the President of India between 2002 and 2007.  He became the 11th President of Indian and is one of the most distinguished scientists of India.  He was born in Rameswaram in Tamil Nadu.  The essay is one of the most popular speeches of Abdul Kalam. He wants the Indians to be more responsible and to take care of future India and plea to change their attitudes to feel pride of the nation and appreciate the wealth and advancements in India.



First Vision:

            Kalam has three main visions about India.  The first vision is that of ‘Freedom’.  Though many countries invaded us, captured us, conquered our minds starting from Alexander to that of British Government who came and looted us completely and yet we have not done this to any other nation since we respect the freedom of others.  That is why the vision of Kalam was that of ‘Freedom’.  He believes that India got its first vision of freedom in the year 1857 when India first started the war of Independence. We must protect and nurture our freedom otherwise no country will respect us.



Second Vision:

            The second vision of Kalam is ‘Development’.  For the past 50 years we have been a developing nation. It is time to look upon ourselves as a development nation.  We are among top 5 nations of the world in GDP (Gross Domestic Product) and 10% growth in most areas.  We achieved globally in major fields but still we lack self confidence to see our nation as a developed one.  We should change this nature.



Third Vision:

            The third vision is that India must stand up to the world.  Unless we stand up to the world no one will respect.  Only strength respects strength.  We must be strong not only as a military power but also as an economic power and both must go hand in hand.  He feels very proud to work along with great minds such as Dr. Vikram Sarabhai of the Dept. of Space, Prof. Satish Dhawan who succeeded him and Dr. Brahm Prakash, father of nuclear material.



Media Exposure in India:

            We are a great nation, and we stand first in milk production, second in wheat production yet we lack to recognize our own strengths and achievements.  We have millions of such achievement, still our media is only obsessed (fixed) with bad news, failures and disasters. Kalam narrates an incident that took place in Israel.  Once he was in Tel Aviv, reading an Israeli newspaper and it was the day after lot of attacks and deaths, but the front page had the picture of Jewish gentlemen who in five years had transformed a desert into an orchid and a granary (place to store grains).  The killings, attacks and death were described in middle paper and were buried with other news.  Why Indian newspapers are so NEGATIVE?



Adapting foreign culture:

            Kalam once went to Hyderabad and he got an opportunity to meet a 14 year old girl who asked for an autograph.  He asked her what her goal in life is.  She replied that, she wanted to live in a developed India.  For her, we should build a developed nation by working together and by praising our own culture. In Singapore we don’t throw cigarette butts or eat in stores, we wouldn’t eat in public during Ramdan (festival) in Dubai, we don’t dare to drive in Washington and tell traffic police that I am so and so’s son, or chuck an empty coconut shell in the beaches of Australia and New Zealand.  We will throw cigarette butts and throw papers on the road the moment we touch Indian soil.  Why is that we can’t follow the same as we respect the foreign system?


Blaming others:

            We wanted to sit back comfortably and expecting someone to pamper us in all deeds. We expect the government to clean the garbage all over the place, but we will never stop throwing stray papers.  We blame Indian Railways and Indian Airlines to provide the best in everything but we fail to learn the proper use of Public property.  We talk about burning social issues like dowry, child marriage but we fail to follow them when it comes to our own life.  We vacate India to foreign nation in order to earn more money, if there is some problem they will plead to Indian government to save them.



Conclusion:

             “ASK WHAT WE CAN DO FOR INDIA AND DO WHAT HAS TO BE DONE TO MAKE INDIA WHAT AMERICA AND OTHER WESTERN COUNTRIES ARE TODAY”. The article was written by Kalam to create awareness amongst the Indian and a call upon to all the Indian citizens to contribute towards making our country a great one.


Paragraph Questions:
Write a paragraph about the first vision of Dr.APJ Abdul kalam
The first vision is that of ‘Freedom’.  Though many countries invaded us, captured us, conquered our minds starting from Alexander to that of British Government who came and looted us completely and yet we have not done this to any other nation since we respect the freedom of others.  That is why the vision of Kalam was that of ‘Freedom’.  He believes that India got its first vision of freedom in the year 1857 when India first started the war of Independence. We must protect and nurture our freedom otherwise no country will respect us.
Write a paragraph about the second vision
The second vision of Kalam is ‘Development’.  For the past 50 years we have been a developing nation. It is time to look upon ourselves as a development nation.  We are among top 5 nations of the world in GDP (Gross Domestic Product) and 10% growth in most areas.  We achieved globally in major fields but still we lack self confidence to see our nation as a developed one.  We should change this nature.
Write a paragraph about the third vision
            The third vision is that India must stand up to the world.  Unless we stand up to the world no one will respect.  Only strength respects strength.  We must be strong not only as a military power but also as an economic power and both must go hand in hand.  He feels very proud to work along with great minds such as Dr. Vikram Sarabhai of the Dept. of Space, Prof. Satish Dhawan who succeeded him and Dr. Brahm Prakash, father of nuclear material


Questions & Answers:


  1. Dr. A.P.J Abdul Kalam was the President of India between _______.

  2. Kalam has _____ main visions about India.

  3. The first vision is that of _____

  4. The second vision of Kalam is ______

  5. The third vision is that ________

  6. We are a great nation, and we stand first in _______. 

  7. We achieved globally in major fields but still we lack _______ to see our nation as a developed one. 

  8. In Singapore we don’t throw _______ in stores, we wouldn’t eat in public during Ramdan (festival) in Dubai.

  9. We will throw cigarette butts and throw papers on the road the moment we touch ______

  10.  We talk about burning social issues like ______ but we fail to follow them when it comes to our own life. 

  11. We are a great nation, and we stand second in_____

  12. We are a great nation, yet we lack to recognize our own ____ & _____

Common Sense

Summary


In Common Sense, author argues for American independence. His argument begins with more general, theoretical reflections about government and religion, then progresses onto the specifics of the colonial situation.

The authors begin by distinguishing between government and society. Society, according to Paine, is everything constructive and good that people join together to accomplish. Government, on the other hand, is an institution whose sole purpose is to protect us from our own vices. Government has its origins in the evil of man and is therefore a necessary evil at best. They say that government's sole purpose is to protect life, liberty and property, and that a government should be judged solely on the basis of the extent to which it accomplishes this goal.

They then considers an imagined scenario in which a small group of people has been placed on an island, and cut off from the rest of society. In time, these people develop ties with one another, and lawmaking becomes inevitable. They said the people will be much happier if they are responsible for the creation of the laws that rule them. Paine is also implicitly arguing that such a system of representation is also better for the American colonists. Having expressed his disagreement with British reign in America, Paine proceeds to launch a general attack on the British system of government. Paine says the British system is too complex and rife with contradictions, and that the monarchy is granted far too much power. The British system pretends to offer a reasonable system of checks and balances, but in fact, it does not.

From here they move on to discuss, in general, the notions of monarchy and hereditary succession. Man, Pain argues, was born into a state of equality, and the distinction that has arisen between king and subject is an unnatural one. At first, they, the world was without kings, but the ancient Jews decided they wanted a king. This angered God, but he allowed them to have one. Paine presents pages of biblical evidence detailing God's wrath at the idea of the Jews having a king. The conclusion they reaches is that the practice of monarchy originates from sin, and is an institution that the Bible and God condemn. The authors hereditary succession an abominable practice. He says that even if people were to choose to have a king, that does not legitimize that King's child acting as a future ruler. Furthermore, hereditary succession has brought with it innumerable evils, such as incompetent kings, corruption, and civil war.

Questions :


  1. In his essay on Common sense the author discusses _____________

  2. Common sense is more valuable than ________________

  3. Common sense is a kind of _______________

  4. The essential qualities are the native simplicity and _________

  5. Common sense is _______________

  6. The minds of those who are the slaves minute details of ________

  7. The deadliest enemy of common sense is ________________

  8. Tom Jones is a ____

  9. Common sense is more valuable than _____

  10. The hindrance to acquire common sense is ______


UNIT-II

POEM

On Killing a tree

Gieve Patel



Write an essay on the poem “On killing a tree” by Gieve patel.
On Killing a Tree is a poem with a hard-hitting environmental message by Gieve Patel, an Indian poet, writer and medical practitioner.  In the urban landscapes that we live in where nature has been pushed to the fringes, do we care about trees?  Aren’t we just watching or callously killing trees to make way for malls and a conglomerate of concrete structures?  Trees which have stood for hundreds of years are cut down in a matter of minutes.  What are your thoughts on the killing of trees in the modern age that we live in?  Reflect on all these questions as we discuss the deeply moving poem.

Gieve Patel portrays the destruction of trees in a powerful manner throughout the poem.  Read and reflect on the very first lines.

The poet immediately makes readers reflect on the cutting down of trees by likening the act to murder with the poignant first lines of the poem.   Have you ever thought of cutting down of trees as killing of trees or murdering of trees?  How long does it take to kill a tree?  Imagine that there is a banyan tree in your neighbourhood which has stood there for more than 300 years.  It is one of the few remaining trees of a bygone era.  How would you describe an incident where such a tree (let us hope that such destruction does not occur) is cut down?

Here, the poet describes the resilience of trees and how they bounce back after all sorts of onslaughts.  The alliterative imagery “bleeding bark” and similar careful threading together of words is used in the poem.  This is to make the reader realize in vivid graphic imagery the cruelty of cutting down of trees.

The poet ends the poem “On Killing a Tree” with how the resilient tree is finally destroyed by hitting at its very roots.  The very essence or soul of the tree is destroyed and it undergoes a final destruction.  This can also be likened to how human beings can also be torn apart by greed, materialism and callousness.

The cruel and painful last stages of the death of the tree when the roots are pulled out and exposed to the elements are poignantly described.   All this leads to the final withering and death of the tree which is described with extreme vividness.   Will you continue to watch trees getting destroyed due to human excesses?  What are your thoughts?  What can you do?

Question & Answers:


  1. Gieve Patel is _______

  2. The poet in his poem” On killing a Tree” describes how _______

  3. The leaves of the tree look like the discoloured skin of a _____

  4. The tree is a symbol of _____

  5. The source of the root of the tree is its ______

  6. The sensitive part of the tree is ______

  7. The bleeding of the tree will_______

  8. The curled green twigs are called_____

  9. The poet suggested that the root should be pulled out from the anchoring ____

  10. “And then it is done”, here it refers to ____

I KNOW WHY THE CAGED BIRD SINGS

Maya Angelou



The plight of the Afro-Americans:

 Maya Angelou describes her coming of age as a precocious but insecure black girl in the American South during the 1930s and subsequently in California during the 1940s. Maya’s parents’ divorce when she is only three years old and ship Maya and her older brother, Bailey, to live with their paternal grandmother, Annie Henderson, in rural Stamps, Arkansas. Annie, whom they call Momma, runs the only store in the black section of Stamps and becomes the central moral figure in Maya’s childhood.



The caged bird wants to get its freedom:

As young children, Maya and Bailey struggle with the pain of having been rejected and abandoned by their parents. Maya also finds herself tormented by the belief that she is an ugly child who will never measure up to genteel, white girls. She does not feel equal to other black children. One Easter Sunday, Maya is unable to finish reciting a poem in church, and self-consciously feeling ridiculed and a failure, Maya races from the church crying, laughing, and wetting herself. Bailey sticks up for Maya when people actually make fun of her to her face, wielding his charisma to put others in their place.

Growing up in Stamps, Maya faces a deep-seated southern racism manifested in wearying daily indignities and terrifying lynch mobs. She spends time at Momma’s store, observing the cotton-pickers as they journey to and from work in the fields. When Maya is eight, her father, of whom she has no memory, arrives in Stamps unexpectedly and takes her and Bailey to live with their mother, Vivian, in St. Louis, Missouri. Beautiful and alluring, Vivian lives a wild life working in gambling parlors. One morning Vivian’s live-in boyfriend, Mr. Freeman, sexually molests Maya, and he later rapes her. They go to court and afterward Mr. Freeman is violently murdered, probably by some the underground criminal associates of Maya’s family.

The caged birds and free birds:

In the aftermath of these events, Maya endures the guilt and shame of having been sexually abused. She also believes that she bears responsibility for Mr. Freeman’s death because she denied in court that he had molested her prior to the rape. Believing that she has become a mouthpiece for the devil, Maya stops speaking to everyone except Bailey. Her mother’s family accepts her silence at first as temporary post-rape trauma, but they later become frustrated and angry at what they perceive to be disrespectful behavior.

To Maya’s relief, but Bailey’s regret, Maya and Bailey return to Stamps to live with Momma. Momma manages to break through Maya’s silence by introducing her to Mrs. Bertha Flowers, a kind, educated woman who tells Maya to read works of literature out loud, giving her books of poetry that help her to regain her voice.

During these years in Stamps, Maya becomes aware of both the fragility and the strength of her community. She attends a church revival during which a priest preaches implicitly against white hypocrisy through his sermon on charity. The spiritual strength gained during the sermon soon dissipates as the revival crowd walks home past the honky-tonk party. Maya also observes the entire community listening to the Joe Louis heavyweight championship boxing match, desperately longing for him to defend his title against his white opponent.



Angelou opposes the racial discrimination:

Maya endures several appalling incidents that teach her about the insidious nature of racism. At age ten, Maya takes a job for a white woman who calls Maya “Mary” for her own convenience. Maya becomes enraged and retaliates by breaking the woman’s fine china. At Maya’s eighth grade graduation, a white speaker devastates the proud community by explaining that black students are expected to become only athletes or servants. When Maya gets a rotten tooth, Momma takes her to the only dentist in Stamps, a white man who insults her, saying he’d rather place his hand in a dog’s mouth than in hers. The last straw comes when Bailey encounters a dead, rotting black man and witnesses a white man’s satisfaction at seeing the body. Momma begins to fear for the children’s well-being and saves money to bring them to Vivian, who now lives in California.

When Maya is thirteen, the family moves to live with Vivian in Los Angeles and then in Oakland, California. When Vivian marries Daddy Clidell, a positive father figure, they move with him to San Francisco, the first city where Maya feels at home. She spends one summer with her father, Big Bailey, in Los Angeles and has to put up with his cruel indifference and his hostile girlfriend, Dolores. After Dolores cuts her in a fight, Maya runs away and lives for a month with a group of homeless teenagers in a junkyard. She returns to San Francisco strong and self-assured. She defies racist hiring policies in wartime San Francisco to become the first black streetcar conductor at age fifteen. At sixteen, she hides her pregnancy from her mother and stepfather for eight months and graduates from high school. The account ends as Maya begins to feel confident as a mother to her newborn son.

ONE WORD QUESTIONS:



  1. Angelou refers to the black as _________

  2. The free bird thinks of another __________

  3. The free bird rejoices on its __________

  4. The poet Angelou opposes __________

  5. The caged bird sings with __________

  6. The poet speaks about the pathetic situation of the Afro-Americans in __________

  7. The poet uses the imagery of caged and free birds to represent__________

  8. A wrongful tradition of slavery existed for more than_________

  9. The death of the dreams of the black was caused by________

  10. The poem is a strong , affirmative voice against _______

Essay on Man

Alexander Pope

About the Poem

Hope springs eternal in the human breast' (I.95) writes Alexander Pope in his famous poem An Essay on Man. There's a good chance you've heard this quote before, which illustrates just how influential this work is. In addition to its impressive breadth and innovative use of poetic forms,An Essay on Man is known for its insightful wisdom. In fact, Pope has become one of the most quoted English poets not only because of the beauty of his work but also because of the wise insight that pervades much of his poetry.

The Enlightenment emphasized the glory of reason and science and reflected the ideal that man could understand the world around him. This hope for understanding and outlining what the human condition is is at the heart of An Essay on Man.

In the poem, Pope attempts to 'vindicate' God's ways to man, a task that clearly echoes John Milton's famous claim in the epic poem. Paradise Lost, which was first published in 1667 and told the story of the fall of man in the Garden of Eden. However, unlike Milton's Paradise LostAn Essay on Man is not specifically Christian and instead attempts to identify an ethical system that applies to humanity in a general sense. When Pope began An Essay on Man, he originally intended to make it much longer than the final version became, which further demonstrates just how idealistic he was. The poem was dedicated to Lord Bolingbroke, a political figure with whom Pope had many philosophical conversations and who likely helped Pope come to believe in many of the ideas he presents in An Essay on Man.



Write an Essay on Poem Essay Poem?

An Essay on Man consists of four epistles, which is a term that is historically used to describe formal letters directed to a specific person. The first epistle looks at man's relation to the universe in order to present the concept of harmony that is referred to throughout the rest of the poem. Pope explains that human beings cannot come to fully understand their purpose in life by using only their mental faculties. Although humanity is at the top of the fixed hierarchy of the natural world, there are many things we cannot know and so we must not attempt to become godlike. Rather, human beings must accept that their existence is the result of a perfect creator who created everything as perfectly as it can possibly be.

The second epistle uses the harmony described between humanity and the cosmos in the previous epistle to illustrate how humans can achieve harmony within themselves. Whereas the first epistle explores the inherently complex relationship man has with his material existence, the second describes the relationship that man has with his own desires, mental faculties, and spiritual aspirations. Pope again reinforces the idea that humans cannot fully understand God, but he also claims that self-love and reason can help man understand himself.

The third epistle deals with how the individual interacts with society. Pope argues that, in addition to the insight that it can offer regarding a person's relationship with himself, the cosmos offers insight into how individuals can find harmony with society and the natural world. At the core of this argument is the idea that humans must understand themselves as pieces in a great puzzle; the value of each person and animal comes from their relationship with each other.

The fourth epistle is concerned with happiness and our ability to apply our love for ourselves to the world around us. Happiness, Pope argues, can be achieved by all people through the process of living a virtuous and balanced life. If a person understands that he or she cannot understand God, then he or she will not attempt judge other people. Rather, people must strive to embrace the universal truths of humanity's existence. One of the main terms that Pope returns to throughout this epistle is the importance of virtue as a way to temper human imperfections and help people be content in their God-given position.

Choose the Best Answers:


  1. The Essay on Man is a _____

  2. The Essay on Man is composed of _____

  3. The poem speaks about the _____

  4. The proper study of Mankind is ______

  5. Pope says that man always oscillates between ______

  6. Man is abused by ______

  7. The glory, jest and riddle of the world is______

  8. One who doubts the value of an idea or belief is called____

  9. Chaos means ____

  10. Man is placed somewhere between an animal and ______

UNIT-III

SHORT STORY

A ROOM 10X 8

K.S.Duggal

A Room 10x8 - KS-Duggal

Mrs. Malik had great plans when they started building their own house in Delhi. She was very particular that her mother in law's room had to be smaller so that after her death the room could be converted to a spacious store room. The plan was executed but the room turned out to be her room when the house was completed in her very old age.

Summary

Mrs. Malik and Mr. Malik finally decided to build their home in Delhi. Transfer from one place to another had almost ruined their life. Children need to get proper education and changing their school every third year was not going to be desirable. Family needs an address, neighbors and friends. Let Mr. Malik be transferred but this time it will be only he to be transferred, if that is a must; the family will not follow him.

With all this plans the Maliks got a plan drawn for their new house, their own house, in Delhi. Spotting a store room, Mrs. Malik asked the architect to redraw it to 10’x8’, the size of a medium size bathroom these days. She wanted it a little bigger than a store room and much smaller than a living room because she thought her mother-in-law could fit in it for the few years left for the old woman.

When the construction was progressing, Mrs. Malik could be seen standing with an umbrella, overseeing, working and planning in her husband’s absence and when the construction got completed, government acquisitioned their house for emergency purposes. Then another transfer took the whole family away from Delhi. During this time Mr. Malik died and left Mrs. Malik crippled with lost dreams. After a few years, her son got married.

It took several years before the Maliks got the house back from the government. They had to wait for an auspicious day for a move. That night when her son and her daughter in law made all the plans, Mrs. Malik was given a room of her own – the very small room that Mrs. Malik had planned for her mother in law!

Questions :


  1. Mrs.Malik planned her home in such a way that a room 10*8 is specially made for _____

  2. The maliks were a middle class couple in____

  3. Mr.Malik was frequently transferred from and back to ____

  4. In Mrs.Malik’s family,her _____

  5. For the release of their house,the Maliks had to fight with ____

  6. The Maliks planned their shifting to the new house on one______

  7. The Maliks decided to do the shifting in_____

  8. The Maliks went to the new house ______

  9. In the car Mrs.Malik sat______

  10. In the car the daughter-in-law sat_______

THE FACE OF THE WALL

E.V.LUCAS

Questions:



  1. The story told by the narrator is_____

  2. The narrator was staying in a house in Great Ormond Street in _____

  3. A patch on the painted wall of the narrator’s house resembled the face of _____

  4. Mr. Ormond was a millionaire from_____

  5. Mr.Ormond Wall was ____

  6. Mr.Ormond Wall was heading for_____

  7. Mr.Ormond Wall got into the ship with_____

  8. Holborn is ______

  9. Piccadilly is _____

  10. The word ‘mortification’ means _______

The Face on the Wall” by: E. V. Lucas

He was a versatile and popular English writer. His nearly 100 books demonstrate great facility with style, and are generally acknowledged as humorous by contemporary readers and critics. Some of his essays about the sport cricket are still considered among the best instructional material.He is remembered best for his essays and books about London and travel abroad; these books continue through many editions. He is particularly noted for his biography of Charles Lamb.

He was born in Eltham, Kent into a Quaker family, and educated at Friends Public School in Saffron Walden. He worked first in a Brighton bookshop and then on a Sussex newspaper followed by The Globe; rising without university education to the Punch magazine 'table' in 1904. He became a prolific writer, providing extensive content for Punch and a column "A wanderer's notebook" for the Sunday Times.

Some people were talking of unusual events. There was a young man among the strangers and Dabney wanted to include him in the talk. At last he talked about an event that happened to him personally. He was in an old house, and he saw a patch on the wall. It was exactly like a human face. He went to places where men collected together searching for the man. At last he saw him in a taxi and followed him to France. He took the man’s card bearing his name and address. The man’s name was Mr. Ormand Wall, the millionaire. One day Mr. Ormand had a car accident and he died. The strangest thing is that the face on the wall disappeared with the man’s death



For clear understanding

  • What kind of events were they talking about?
    They were talking about unusual events that had no natural explanation.



  • Who encouraged the stranger to talk? Mr. Dabney.
    What did the stranger say about his story?
    He said it was a true story that happened to him personally and completed itself this afternoon.



  • What did the storyteller say about “truth”?

Truth is stranger and more interesting than stories.



  • What was strange about one of the patches on the wall?

One of them was exactly like a human face.



  • How was it different from the other patches?

It remained exactly the same and didn’t change like the other patches around it.



  • Why does the storyteller feel sure that the face on the wall was the face of a real person?
    Because it had such a firm hold of him that it was real.



  • What happened to the storyteller when he was ill?
    The face became the chief thing in his thoughts day and night.



  • Where did the storyteller search for that face?
    He went to places where men collected as busy corners, political meetings and football matches.



  • Why did the police begin to suspect the storyteller?
    Because he has been standing at busy corners watching the crowd and looking at men.



  • Where did he see the man with the face? He saw him in a taxi.



  • Why did the man with the face go to Charing Cross Railway Station?

To take the train to Folkestone and to France by boat.



  • Who was standing with the man at the platform?

  • Two ladies and a little girl.


  • What did he ask the man to give him and what was written in it?
    His card and found “Mr. Ormand Wall, with an address at Pittsburg, U.S.A”



  • When the storyteller asked Mr. Ormand for his card, he didn’t ask him why. What did the storyteller say about this?He said it was clear that Mr. Ormand thought he was a mad man.



  • What made the storyteller faint? When he read the man’s name on the card, he fainted because it was the same name of the street and the second name was “Wall”.



  • What knowledge did the storyteller get about Mr. Ormand when he returned from hospital?
    He was American millionaire with English parents who had lived in London.



  • What did he read in the evening papers? Mr. Ormand had had an accident and was in a very bad condition.



  • What happened to the face when the millionaire made the accident? The face grew faint.



  • When did the face on the wall disappear? At the moment Mr. Ormand died.



  • What were the three extraordinary things about the story?
    First, the face on the wall of a house in London was like the face of a gentleman in America. It disappeared when the man died. Second, The gentleman’s name was related to the place where the face appeared. Third, the storyteller made the story up half an hour before.

QUOTATION

“One of these patches, as indeed often happen, was exactly like a human face.”

a) Where was that patch?


b) What was the strange thing about that patch?
c) When did it disappear?

“Follow that taxi.”
a) Who to whom?
b) Why did he want to follow that taxi?
c) Where was it going?
“excuse me, but do u mind giving me your card?”
a) Who to whom?
b) What was written on the card?
c) What happened to the speaker when he read it? Why

“The third extraordinary thing about the story is that I made it up about half an hour ago.”

a) What was the speaker doing when he said this?

b) Why was this statement a great surprise to the hearers?

c) What was the only true thing in the story?



THE NEVER NEVER NEST

  1. The Never Never Nest is a fine _____

  2. Jack and Jill are ______

  3. Jack and Jill have ______

  4. Aunt Jain is _____

  5. Jack is leading ____

  6. Jack says that he has bought all the things ____

  7. Aunt Jain Leaves jacks village presenting the couple with _____

  8. Jack earns per month _____

  9. Cash down was the motto of _____

  10. Aunt Jain had hatred for ______


THE NEVER NEVER NEST

INTRODUCTION

The Never Never Nest is a comic one-act play about a young couple. They make full use of the buy-now-pay-later marketing system. This comedy is very relevant today, because we can buy almost anything now on the installment basis.

JACK AND JILL


Jack and Jill was a young married couple who had a small baby. One day Anut Jane visited them. She was surprised to find that eventhough jack's salary was not very high; they lived in a beautiful house with all comforts, such as a radio, a car and a refrigerator. She began to wonder whether, as a wedding gift she had giving those 2000 pounds instead of the 20 pounds she had wanted to give them. Otherwise how did jack and jill buy all these things? She suggested that the rent for such a house must be very high. Jack replied that they owned the house.

AUNT JANE’S SUPPORT


Then Aunt Jane understood that though jack and jill had everything, nothing really belong to them. They bought everything they had on the installment basis. Only a steering wheel of the car, a wheel and two cylinders had been paid for. And only one leg of the sofa that aunt jane sat on, belonged to them. The total amount to be paid towards installments per week came to more than seven pounds. Jack was earning only six pounds a week. Jill was a housewife. When aunt jane asked how he could pay seven pounds a week when he was earning only six pounds, jack said that they could take a loan. Aunt jane was shocked at the way jack and jill ran their family. Before she left, she gave ten pounds to jill and told them to make at least one article completely theirs, using that money. While jack went with aunt jane to the bus stop, jill sent the money to Dr.Martin. Jack came back and said that he wanted to pay two months instalments on the car using that money. But jill said that by paying the money to Dr.Martin, their baby would become completely theirs!

CONCLUSION


The end of the play is ironical, though it is an exaggeration. The play is really a satire on the materialistic bent of the modern man.

Theme of the Play

The play points to the fact that the hire-purchase system enables the low-income group to have things, which they cannot buy with their money. On the other hand the system makes people Extravagant they fall into the habit of borrowing which makes them unhappy.



Characters

  • Jack – An easy going person. He thinks it wise to buy even an expensive villa by paying for it in installments.

  • Jill – An avid supporter of her husband’s views.

  • Aunt Jane – Jack’s (or Jill’s) aunt. She is glad to see that Jack and Jill have all the luxuries but is awestruck when she heard that the couple was going into trouble soon.



THE DEAD TRAP

1. The name of the Physician of the prince was Dr. Stronez

2. The ruler of Kedaria was Prince Dimitri

3. Prince Dimitri was only fourteen years

4. Prince Dimitri’s enemy was Prince Karl

5. Prince Dimitri had ruled the country for Three Years

6. The number of plotters who plotted to murder Prince Dimitry was three

7. The death trap brings out the Prince cunning

8. The prince enjoyed shooting

9. Prince Dimitry was good axc

10. The person who drew his sword to kill the prince was ______

T H E DEATH-TRAP

Characters.

Dimitri. [Reigning Prince of Kedaria.)

D r. STRONETZ \

Col. Girnitza I Officers of the Kranitzki

Major Vontieff [ Regiment of Guards.

Captain Shultz



  • The Death Trap Summary

The Death Trap is the story of a prince named Dimitri, who is the reigning prince of Kedaria. As the scene opens, Dimitri arrives in the outer room of his chamber where several guards are talking. The guards are obviously planning a coup and Dimitri's death at their hands is imminent.

When one asks if it's necessary to kill Dimitri who is still just a boy, another says that Dimitri will eventually marry and create more heirs to the throne, meaning they'll have to kill an entire family in order to put another in his place as ruler. Dimitri dismisses the men, having apparently overheard nothing of their conversation.



They leave the room and Dr. Stronetz arrives. Dimitri tells Stronetz that all his weapons have been taken away and that he has nothing with which to defend himself, not even a hunting knife.


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