Types of Essays



Download 9,95 Kb.
Date conversion28.12.2016
Size9,95 Kb.
Types <a href="/of-your-essay-is-due-tuesday-october-12.html">of Essays</a>

Types of Essays

  • ... and why we write them.

Why do we write essays?

  • Hint: The answer is NOT ‘because sir/miss told me to’

Why do we write essays?

  • Measurement
  • Development
  • Professionalism

Measurement??!!??

  • Implying that it is to:
  • Assess your knowledge and understanding?
  • Grade your achievements?
  • Judge your writing skills?
  • Measure you against your peers?

Measurement??!!??

  • Implying that it is to:
  • Assess your knowledge and understanding?
  • Grade your achievements?
  • Judge your writing skills?
  • Measure you against your peers?
  • Of course, but it isn’t the main reason

Development

  • Far more important is that you are given the opportunity:

Development

Professionalism

  • Sustained, coherent and complex thinking cannot be done silently.
  • That is to say, most people cannot sit alone and think CLEARLY about something COMPLICATED for A LONG PERIOD of time

Professionalism

  • But, what do you do when there is no-one you can talk to

Professionalism

Professionalism

  • Which is important because….

Professionalism

  • Anybody can make a gut decision
  • but
  • only someone who is practiced in communicating and reasoned argument will be able to justify how the more difficult decision was made

So anyway, …..

  • ….what kind of essays are there.

There are generally considered to be three types of essay

  • There are generally considered to be three types of essay
      • Descriptive
      • Contrast/compare
      • Argumentative

The descriptive essay

  • In describe essays, you are merely asked to describe, something, be it an event, object, graph or table.
  • Your OPINION is not required unless specifically asked for

1. The descriptive essay

  • Introduction
  • major aspects of the subject.
  • description of aspect B
  • etc.
  • Conclusion
  • Plan – Object or place
  • Questions are often introduced by:
    • Describe ....
    • Narrate...
    • Tell....
  • Questions are often introduced by:
    • Give an account of...,
    • Trace...,
    • Examine developments in...
  • Introduction
  • First situation
  • then A happened
  • etc.
  • Final situation
  • Conclusion
  • Plan – A Process
  • Questions are often introduced by:
    • Explain/What is the connection between....
    • Describe the procedures by which...
  • Step One
  • leads to
  • Step Two
  • leads to
  • Step Three
  • Conclusion
  • Summary of process
  • Plan – Describing and explaining
  • Questions often introduced by:
  • Explain the causes/reasons....
  • Account for....
  • Analyse the causes....
  • Comment on (the reasons for)....
  • Show that....
  • Show why...
  • Examine the effect of....
  • Suggest reasons for....
  • Why did...?
  • What are the implications of...?
  • Discuss the causes of....
  • Discuss the reasons for....
  • Plan – Describing and explaining
  • Introduction to causes of A
  • Cause 1 + example
  • Effects 1
  • Cause 2 with example
  • Effects 2
  • etc.
  • Conclusion
  • Introduction to causes of A
  • Transition
  • Effects
  • Conclusion
  • OR

Compare and contrast essays

  • Contrast or distinguish between questions usually present you with two or more terms, instruments, concepts or procedures that are closely connected, and sometimes confused. The purpose of the essay is to explain the differences between them.

2. Compare and contrast essays