Types of attachment and Strange Situation past exam questions Q1



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Types of attachment and Strange Situation past exam questions



Q1. 

Ainsworth and Bell observed infants in an unfamiliar room to assess the quality of their attachment to their mother. Observations during this ‘Strange Situation’ related to the following categories of behaviour:

Exploration – how much the infant explored the unfamiliar room; Separation behaviour – how the infant reacted when the mother left; Stranger anxiety – the response of the infant to a stranger; Reunion behaviour – how the infant reacted when the mother returned.

(a)     Select two of these categories and explain how the behaviour of securely attached infants and insecurely attached infants would be different in the ‘Strange Situation’.

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(4)




(b)     Briefly explain why some children show characteristics of secure attachment and some characteristics of insecure attachment.

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(2)

(Total 6 marks)










Q2. 

How does the behaviour of securely attached infants differ from that of insecurely attached infants?

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(Total 4 marks)










Q3. 

By observing interactions between the infants and their mothers in a Strange Situation, Mary Ainsworth was able to identify different types of attachment.

Describe possible demand characteristics in this research.

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(Total 3 marks)











Q4. 

Outline how Ainsworth studied types of attachment.

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(Total 3 marks)










Q5. 

Tick two of the boxes below to indicate which statements best describe the behaviour of a securely attached child in the Strange Situation.

 

A
 

Exploration of the environment is limited because the infant has difficulty moving away from the caregiver.



B
 

The infant explores a strange environment, plays happily withtoys and uses the caregiver as a safe base.



C
 

The infant goes to the caregiver when she returns and is easily soothed.



D
 

The infant goes to the caregiver when she returns but is difficult to comfort.




(Total 2 marks)










Q6. 

         Outline what research has shown about cultural variations in attachment.

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(Total 4 marks)










Q7. 

Ainsworth identified different types of attachment in children, including secure and insecure attachment.

Identify two characteristics of an insecurely attached child.

Characteristic One ...............................................................................................

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Characteristic Two ...............................................................................................

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(Total 2 marks)










Q8. 

Some people say that Ainsworth’s studies lacked validity.

Explain this criticism of Ainsworth.

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(Total 4 marks)










Q9. 

Mary Ainsworth studied insecure and secure attachments in infants by using the ‘Strange Situation’.

Describe how Ainsworth studied types of attachment.

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(Total 5 marks)










Q10. 

Outline what research has shown about cultural variations in attachment.

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(Total 4 marks)










Q11. 

Anya has a 10-month-old son called Ben. Anya sometimes ignores Ben and does not respond when he cries. However, when Anya feels like playing with Ben, she wakes him up, even if he is soundly asleep.

(a)     What type of attachment is Ben likely to show? Explain your answer.

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(3)




(b)     Explain how a psychologist could investigate Ben’s attachment type using


Ainsworth’s Strange Situation.

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(3)

(Total 6 marks)










Q12. 

Describe and evaluate Ainsworth’s work on attachment. As part of your evaluation, you should refer to the work of at least one other researcher.



(Total 12 marks)










Q13. 

Describe and evaluate Ainsworth’s work on attachment. As part of your evaluation, you should refer to the work of at least one other researcher.



(Total 16 marks)










Q14. 

Apart from ethical issues, explain one or more limitations of using the Strange Situation to assess the type of attachment in young children.

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(Total 4 marks)










Q15. 

Sam and Dan are both twelve months old. They are observed separately in Ainsworth’s Strange Situation. Sam is slightly upset when his mother leaves, but Dan is very upset and cries loudly.

(a)     In the table below, identify the type of attachment suggested by the behaviour of each child.

 


 

 

Type of attachment

 

Sam

 

 

Dan

 


(2)




(b)     Sam’s and Dan’s behaviour was then observed when the mothers returned. Give one example of the behaviour that each child would be likely to show.



Sam’s behaviour ..........................................................................................

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Dan’s behaviour ..........................................................................................

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(2)

(Total 4 marks)












Q16. 

Give one limitation of the use of the Strange Situation in attachment research.

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(Total 2 marks)

 


Q17. 

A researcher used the Strange Situation to investigate the attachment types of two infants. Megan was classified as insecure-avoidant. Rosie was classified as insecure-resistant.

Explain how Megan’s behaviour would differ from Rosie’s behaviour in the Strange Situation.

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