True or False



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World Religions Name_______________

Mr. Brogan Hinduism Study Guide




True or False


____ Brahman is personal and is easily perceived by humans.


____ Brahman is Atman.
____ Hindus believe that a person dies only once before moksha is achieved.
____ Hindus worship as many as 330 million gods and goddesses.
____ Karma is delivered by Hindu deities to reward good behavior and to punish bad behavior.
____ Dharma has much in common with the Christian ethical principle of unconditional love.


Multiple Choice

Write the letter of the single best answer in the blank before each question.


____ The doctrine of monism holds that (p43)

a. one personal God created all things

b. money reigns supreme

c. all reality is ultimately one

d. animals have no afterlife

____ Brahman is the (p43)

a. eternal essence of reality

b. highest of the four classes

c. source of the universe

d. both a and c

____ Krishna compares reincarnation to (p47)

a. getting undressed at night and putting on a different set of clothes in the morning

b. putting on a mask

c. enjoying an endless banquet

d. climbing a tower that goes on forever

.
___ Hinduism’s closest equivalent to the Western term religion is (p48)

a. maya

b. dharma

c. brahmin

d. artha

____ A person’s particular dharma is determined by his or her (P48)

a. gender

b. class

c. stage of life

d. all of the above

____ Which of the following concepts is not one of Hinduism’s four goals of life? (p52-53)

a. kama

b. artha

c. maya

d. dharma

____ Which of these Hindu gods is known for destruction and is worshiped by millions? (P58)

a. Brahma

b. Vishnu

c. Shiva

d. Rama

____ Which of the following entities is an avatar of Vishnu? (p58-9)

a. Krishna

b. Rama


c. Kali

d. both a and b

____ Hindu worship includes (p59-60)

a. household and village rituals

b. pilgrimages to holy places

c. veneration of cows

d. all of the above

____ Which of the following events occurred in 1948? (p61)

a. Mohandas K. (Mahatma) Gandhi was assassinated.

b. The Indian government officially forbade discrimination against outcastes.

c. both a and b

d. none of the above







Identification

Listed below are Hinduism’s three paths to liberation, and examples and descriptions of those paths. Write the letter of each path in the blanks before the examples and descriptions that fit it.


a. karma marga

b. jnana marga

c. bhakti marga
____ Meditating and studying (54)

____ The path that the Bhagavad-Gita is most closely associated with (59)

____ The path that was advocated by Mahatma Gandhi and that is marked by an attitude of unselfishness in all its aspects (53)

____ The predominant path a yogi would follow (56)

____ Helping out in a homeless shelter or soup kitchen (53)

____ Worshiping at a temple or a household shrine (59)



Identification
Listed below are three schools of Hindu philosophy within the path of knowledge, and descriptions of those schools. Write the letter of each school in the blanks before the descriptions that fit it.
a. Vedanta

b. Yoga


c. Sankhya
____ Emphasizes physical and psychological practices (56)

____ Asserts that reality comprises two distinct categories: matter, and an infinite number of eternal selves (56)

____ Is most faithful to the predominant monism of Hinduism, and embraced by the majority of Hindus who traverse the path of knowledge (54)

____ Teaches that the world and all finite beings within it are the stuff of maya (55)



Matching

Write the letter of each word in the blank before the word’s definition.


a. samsara

b. dharma

c. Rig Veda

d. Atman


e. Bhagavad-Gita

f. moksha

g. brahmin

h. avatar

i. Upanishads

j. samadhi

k. karma

l. maya

m. shudra

n. sati

o. the Untouchables
____ 1. Hinduism’s earliest sacred text

____ 2. The Hindu term for liberation

____ 3. Ancient philosophical texts that form the basis of Hindu doctrines

____ 4. The eternal self

____ 5. The wheel of rebirth

____ 6. Hinduism’s most popular sacred text

____ 7. The moral law of cause and effect of actions

____ 8. Ethical duty based on the divine order of reality

____ 9. The group of people whom Mahatma Gandhi renamed Harijan, “God’s children”

____ 10. The highest of the four classes, made up of priests

____ 11. The lowest class, made up of servants and laborers

____ 12. Cosmic illusion

____ 13. A trancelike state in which self-consciousness is lost, and the mind is absorbed into the ultimate reality

____ 14. An incarnation, or living embodiment, of a deity (generally Vishnu), who is sent to earth to accomplish a divine purpose

____ 15. The traditional practice of burning a widow on her husband’s funeral pyre, outlawed since 1829 though it still occurs rarely






Essay

1. How does the image of many rivers flowing into one ocean characterize Hinduism?

2. Describe the Hindu caste system. Build a case stating why it is fair or unfair.

3. Name and briefly explain each of Hinduism’s four goals in life. Compare them with goals that are considered worthwhile in your society today.



4. If you were Hindu, what path to liberation would you choose? Explain your choice and include examples of what following your path would entail.


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