Topic no.: #5 Topic Title: gut almighty paragraph 1: Introduction



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Theory of Knowledge – Essay Planning Sheet

Name: Leimomi Carlbom Topic no.: #5

Topic Title: GUT ALMIGHTY

Paragraph 1: Introduction.
Rewrite the essay topic legibly and highlight/underline key words:
That which can be asserted without evidence can be dismissed without evidence.
List of key words including explanation on how you interpret/define them (NOT dictionary definitions!!!).

The key word that I am going to be focusing on majorly throughout my essay is the word “evidence”. To me, this word is PROOF, proof that is able to prove or disprove something. This word is something that a lot of people need to ensure accuracy of MOST things.
Complete the following sentence, answering the TOK Essay title (this is your thesis statement):
In this TOK Essay I will show / it will be shown .....
… that anything that can be declared without evidence, can be dismissed without evidence.
Paragraph 2: Here you support your thesis.

Complete it: In this paragraph I will show that.....
Example supporting your thesis:
Everyone has been through that weird phenomenon where you have had a “gut feeling” about something that has then later turned out to be true. A gut feeling is an illogical expression that is a common occurrence that humans go through everyday.
Explanation of example:
There is no explanation that explains what a gut feeling is caused by or evidence that proves that gut feelings exist or don’t exist. There are many different discussions and debates about whether or not gut feelings are real or not, no one can know for sure because this topic could be asserted and dismissed WITHOUT EVIDENCE.
Reread your thesis statement ("In this TOK Essay I…." and the essay topic. Then read your example and its explanation. Do example and explanation answer the thesis? Is there a clear link? __ yes __no
Yes
What area(s) of knowledge or way(s) of knowing are addressed in this example?
Emotion and Perception
Is the example very specific to one particular event? Is it broad? To what extent can it be generalized? Are there limitations, exceptions? Look at the ways of knowing / areas of knowledge and try to find some "holes". __ is a specific example __ is a general example Why? What exceptions are there?
I don’t believe that my topic is specific because there are many different types of gut feelings or things that we feel that can’t be supported by proof or evidence. It is a general example and I want it to because that way I will be able to provide different real life examples and ways to relate.
Paragraph 3: Here you support your thesis. Complete it: In this paragraph I will show that.....
Example supporting your thesis:
In a book called “Gut Feelings: The Intelligence of the Unconscious” by Gerd Gigerenzer he discussed a situation where his friends was trying to decide between two women that he was dating, so he thought it would be a good idea to follow the same advice that Benjamin Franklin gave to a nephew that was once in a similar situation, which was to come up with a list that stated the pros and cons separately for each women. Then after making that list he was to give a value to each entry and decide how the scales for each tip. The friend noticed that the calculations began to point him toward one woman; however for some reason an “inner voice” told him he really wanted the other woman.
Explanation of example:
Gerd Gigerenzer discussed that this was an example of unconscious outsmarting careful rationale. He said that the problem with making big decisions based on complex calculations, he said, is that you can’t know all of the variables in an uncertain world, and not all the information from your past is relevant to your future, so your judgment can get clouded with irrelevant noise.
Reread your thesis statement ("In this TOK Essay I…." and the essay topic. Then read your example and its explanation. Do example and explanation answer the thesis? Is there a clear link? __ yes __no
Yes
What area(s) of knowledge or way(s) of knowing are addressed in this example?

Emotion and Perception


Is the example very specific to one particular event? Is it broad? To what extent can it be generalized? Are there limitations, exceptions? Look at the ways of knowing / areas of knowledge and try to find some "holes". __ is a specific example __ is a general example Why? What exceptions are there?
Yes this example is specific to one particular event. It could be generalized because I would be able to give other examples such as personal ones.
Paragraph 4: Here you support your thesis. Complete it: In this paragraph I will show that.....
Example supporting your thesis:
In the British Journal of Psychology there was one example about a Formula One driver couldn’t explain why he braked sharply when nearing a hairpin turn, avoiding an unseen pileup, but for forensic analysis showed that the turned heads and frozen faces of the spectators in the stands might have ignited subconscious cues that something was amiss.
Explanation of example:
Although gut feelings can be a great way to decide upon something it could also lead you astray.
Reread your thesis statement ("In this TOK Essay I…." and the essay topic. Then read your example and its explanation. Do example and explanation answer the thesis? Is there a clear link? __ yes __no
Yes
What area(s) of knowledge or way(s) of knowing are addressed in this example?
Perception, reasoning
Is the example very specific to one particular event? Is it broad? To what extent can it be generalized? Are there limitations, exceptions? Look at the ways of knowing / areas of knowledge and try to find some "holes". __ is a specific example __ is a general example? Why? What exceptions are there?
Paragraph 5: Conclusion - Do not introduce new ideas here. If you have new ideas, then make a separate paragraph out of it.

Reread your thesis statement ("In this TOK Essay I…." and the essay topic. Then in a line or two summarize your answer to this topic question, based on paragraphs 2-4:


There is no proof or physical evidence that can support the idea of gut feelings. It is just a “known” thing that people base their decisions off of everyday. ­­


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