Thematic Essay Global 10 Mr. Healy Before you start writing!
Before you start writing!
- Read the entire question.
- Determine what it is they are asking.
- Brainstorm - write down all your knowledge of the topic.
- Break your ideas into your three best arguments.
- Introduction - this includes your thesis statement.
- Conclusion - sum up your entire essay.
- Neolithic Revolution - 11,000 years ago, people stop being nomads, develop farming, domesticate animals, permanent settlements resulting in civilization.
- Industrial Revolution - In the 1700’s in England, machines made goods replace hand made goods. This resulted in urbanization, working & living conditions, higher standard of living.
- The Agricultural Revolution started the Industrial Revolution
- The Scientific Revolution - through the Scientific Method people learned to question the Church and ancient Philosophers.
- Geocentric, heliocentric theories.
- Copernicus & Galileo.
- The Enlightenment - People rejected monarchs and supported democracy. New ways of viewing authority, power, government and law.
- John Locke - Natural Rights (Life, liberty & Property.)
- Baron de Montesquieu Separation of powers in government to Judicial, executive and legislative.
- Voltaire - Freedom of press & religion.
- Mary Wollstonecraft fought for Women rights.
- Christopher Columbus
- Start European colonization of the Americas.
- Columbian Exchange is the exchange of foods, plants, animals & disease between Europe and America.
- Triangular Trade - Goods. Slaves and product are traded between Europe Africa and America.
- Starts with the Enlightenment in France.
- People demand representation.
- End the Monarch and try to create a democracy.
- Robespierre and “The Reign of Terror”.
- Collapse of the Soviet Union - the collapse of Communism in the USSR started the end of Communism in Europe.
- Mikhail Gorbachev policy of Perestroika brought freedoms to Soviet people and markets.
- Hinduism - 3,000 years old and is focused in India. Polytheism is the belief in
- more than one God.
- Buddhism - The four Nobles Truth.
- Judaism - Monotheistic belief that they are the chosen one.
- Christianity - Jesus is the son of God. Is Monotheistic.
- Islam - Five Pillars of faith and Mohammad is the founder.
Geography & Environment
- Early River Civilization Early civilization grew up around rivers. They supply irrigation, power, transportation and protection. (Fertile Crescent)
- Archipelago - Island chains need raw materials, & great defense.
- Industrialization in Britain Britain's natural resources, river systems, canals, harbors and raw materials help the Industrial Revolution.
Industrial Revolution & the Environment
- New sources of energy often create new forms of pollution.
- Urbanization creates unsanitary cities.
- Disease increases in unsanitary conditions.
- Traditional Economy - all needs are provided by farm.This uses the Barter System.
- Manorialism - Medieval system based on a manor and the villages that surround the land.
- Mercantilism - When your country builds up it’s money supply.
- This is done by exporting more than you import.
- Capitalism - the factors of production are owned privately and operated for a profit.
- The United States & England
- Communism - the factors of production are owned by the government. People can’t make business decision, only the government.
- The Soviet Union & Communist china.
- Monarchy - Kings or Queen exercise central power. Absolute Monarch has divine Rights and total control.
- Feudalism - Europe & Japan in 1600 - 1800. Peasants belong to lords and pay taxes, work for defense and work on estate.
- People pick leaders through voting.
- All power is in the hands of the people.
- Guarantees freedom of press, religion, speech and assemble.
- Promotes individuality
- It is the government of The West today. This includes the United States.
- This includes Communism, Nazism, Fascism, Authoritarianism.
- There are no freedom.
- People have no say in government.
- People do not have the right of free speech, freedom of the press.
- Government control people with fear and violence.
- Britain in India
- British controlled India since 1700.
- British tried to destroy Indian culture.
- Gandhi led a peaceful nationalist movement
- European Powers in Africa
- Berlin Conference of 1845 divided up Africa.
- Destroyed culture, family, history, language
- Cause of World War I.
- Especially France and Germany.
- Conflict over territory in Africa and trade.
- Also, natural resources and markets.
- Code of Hammurabi - One set of laws for all carved on a pillar.
- First major collection of laws in history.
- Irish Potato Famine - blight killed potato crop in 1840’s.
- Created widespread famine.
- British, who controlled the island exported food as population starved to death.
- Tiananmen Square - In Beijing china, students help a protest.
- They demanded greater say in the government.
- Wanted more democratic government.
- Chinese government answered with tanks and guns. Killed many protester.
Science and Technology
- Neolithic Revolution Farming, permanent structures and society.
- Invention of the Printing Press. Mass production of literature.
- Higher literacy rate
- Spread of political ideas.
- Spread of Christianity.
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