The United Nations



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IIFT UNITED

So here is the GKDOZE #1. Trying to give a concise and brief ( looks huge though believe me there is lots and lots more … ) about the United Nations.

Important things to remember are :

Headquarters , Abbreviations , date of formation of UN & various agencies .

Till next week.

The United Nations

Origin: The United Nations Organization is an association of states which have pledged themselves to maintain international peace and security and cooperate in solving international political, economic, social, cultural and humanitarian problems towards achieving this end.

The United Nations officially came into existence on Oct. 24,1945, with the deposit of the requisite number of ratifications of the Charter, the constituting instrument of the UN with the US Department.

United Nations Day is celebrated on 24 Oct. each year. The headquarters of the UNO is in New York.

Flag : White UN Emblem (two bent olive branches open at the top and in between them in world map) on a light blue background.

Official Languages: Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish.

The United Nations has six principal organs according to the Charter which are indicated as below :



  • The General Assembly

It consists of all 193 member nations and functions as the main deliberative body. It meets once a year on the third Tuesday of the month of September and session lasts for two weeks.
At each session the Assembly elects a new President, 21 Vice-Presidents and Chairmen of the six main committees. For proper geographical representation, the Presidency of the Assembly rotates every year among the five geographical groups–Africa, Asia, Eastern Europe, Latin America and Caribbean, and Western Europe and other stares.

  • The Security Council

The UN Charter has entrusted the primary responsibility for maintenance of international peace and security. The Security Council is made up of 15 member states, consisting of 5 permanent members–China, France, Russia, the United Kingdom and the United States–and 10 non-permanent members, currently Azerbaijan, India, South Africa, Colombia, Morocco, Togo, Germany, Pakistan, Guatemala, and Portugal.

  • The Economic and Social Council (ECO-SOC)

  • The Trusteeship Council

  • The International Court of Justice

The International Court of Justice (ICJ), located in The Hague, Netherlands, is the primary judicial organ of the United Nations.

The UN Secretariat

The United Nations Secretariat is headed by the Secretary-General, assisted by a staff of international civil servants worldwide. It provides studies, information, and facilities needed by United Nations bodies for their meetings. It also carries out tasks as directed by the UN Security Council, the UN General Assembly, the UN Economic and Social Council, and other UN bodies. The current Secretary-General is Ban Ki-moon, who took over from Kofi Annan in 2007 and has been elected for a second term to conclude at the end of 2016.



Important Years Observed by UNO

2005 Year of Physics

2006 International Year of Desert and Desertification

2008 International Year of the Potato

2009 International Year of Reconciliation

2010 International Year of Biodiversity

2011 International Year of Forests

2012 International Year of Cooperatives

2013 International Year of Water Cooperation

2014 International Year of Family Farming



Organizations and specialized agencies of the United Nations

FAO

Food and Agriculture Organization

Rome, Italy

1945

IAEA

International Atomic Energy Agency

Vienna, Austria

1957


ICAO

International Civil Aviation Organization

Montreal, Canada

1947


IFAD

International Fund for Agricultural Development

Rome, Italy

1977

ILO

International Labour Organization

Geneva, Switzerland

1946 (1919)



IMO

International Maritime Organization

London, United Kingdom

1948

IMF

International Monetary Fund

Washington, D.C., USA

1945 (1944)

ITU

International Telecommunication Union

Geneva, Switzerland

1947 (1865)



UNESCO

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization

Paris, France

1946

UNIDO

United Nations Industrial Development Organization

Vienna, Austria

1967


UPU

Universal Postal Union

Bern, Switzerland

1947 (1874)



WB

World Bank

Washington, .C., USA

1945 (1944)

WFP

World Food Programme

Rome, Italy

1963

WHO

World Health Organization



Geneva, Switzerland

1948


WIPO

World Intellectual Property Organization

Geneva, Switzerland

1974


WMO

World Meteorological Organization

Geneva, Switzerland

1950 (1873)



UNWTO

World Tourism Organization

Madrid, Spain

1974


GDP growth estimates for 2011-12

Ministry of Finance

8.6%

PMEAC (C. Rangrajan)

9.0%

RBI

8.0%

IMF

8.2%(2011), 7.8% (2012)

Crisil (Oct)

7.6%

FICCI

7.9% (7.5 to 8.0)



  • SBI reduced Interest Rate on Home and Car Loans by Up to 0.5 Percent

  • US Imposed Sanctions on Banks Handling Iranian Oil Transactions

  • Karnataka Bank signed MoU with NABCONS for Bank customer’s consultancy services

  • A Special Tribunal upheld the Ban imposed by the Centre on the SIMI

  • RBI signed MoU with Financial Regulators of 9 Countries to promote Sharing of Information

  • Toshiba launched its new Thinking LED range RZ1 of TV sets

  • EGoM approved 50% Diesel Subsidy to farmers in Drought Hit Areas to save Kahrif Crop

  • Orissa is the first state to commence e-payment facility for government employees



  • Ecuador Granted Wikileaks Founder Julian Assange Political Asylum

  • UP Roadways introduced Bus Service from Noida to Agra via Yamuna Expressway

  • PMEAC pegged India’s Growth at 6.7 Percent in the Fiscal Year 2012-13

  • UN Security Council decided not to extend the UN Observer’s Mission in Syria

  • Noted Indian Cinematographer Ashok Mehta passed away

  • Rogelio Sierra Diaz, Vice Minister of Foreign Affairs of Cuba visited India

  • Joint Statement on the First India-CELAC Troika Foreign Ministers Meeting Held in New Delhi

  • Prime Minister Shram Awards for year 2011 announced

IIFT GK Analysis -From 2007 to 2011


Sections covered : Questions and asked

1.India : Indian Culture (Festival and Fairs of State, Folk Dances- Questions has been asked), Constitution (the question which was asked in the paper was “name of the act was was provided and we have to answer from which countries constitution it was taken”- till date only one question has been asked on our constitution),Election , Geographical Border (question was with how many countries does india share its border name of the countries were given), State and Sex Ratio, State and Products (Question was Product name was given and States were arranged according the product production in large amount -identify the wrong pair), Indian Defence (Name of Person and his Rank -match the following ), National Park (Name of national park and in which state is situated), National Highway( Route No. and from which state it passes through- Match the following ),State Governors (Governor of which state match the following), Sea Port (Questions asked were of two types- State having maximum no. of ports & name of port was given identify the state), SEZ (Questions asked were of two types – State having maximum no. of ports & Name of SEZ and state associated with it ), List of places under UNESCO –World Heritage (Name of the places were given and we have to answer on that particular year which was added on the list ) , Ministry and Public Programmes (question was which ministry started which program – Match the following), State and River , Mountain and Peaks (questions to find the peak that was not in India ), Indian Railway (Question was to match the Head-Quarter and Name of train were given we have to select the route)


2.World: Name of country, their capital, their president, currency , River flowing , their Parliament Name & Name of their Stock Exchange ( Questions were match the following type ), History of any particular country, New name of the Country (Question was to match their changed names with the old ones), Soubriquet and Primary Name, Treaties and Policies (Which country signed which treaty )


3.Business World : FDI (Question were for a particular month which country has the highest inflow in India, Sectorwise analysis of FDI), Name of Company- their CEO, originating country, Punchlines , their Products, Founder of the Company, Merger & Acquisitions (which company acquired which one or which company merged with which, Till date highest acquisitions ), Summits, Conference, Trades and Agreement (questions were either you have to find the members associated with it, new member involved , which country signed a deal with which country ), TV Channel and their Parent Company, Bank and its Policies (Indian Banks and question was on RBI), Basic Economic Terms and its meaning - Now this is one of the important sections you will find 3 to 4 questions every year .


4.Sports : Questions in this section were based on the following : Awards (Arjuna Awards etc.), Olympics (country and the year they held the Olympic), Tennis : Question was to find the pair of Sania Mirza with whom she won the tournament,Commonwealth Games and other questions which were asked was that event happened who was the winner or runner up – Kindly go through all the important events held this year and who was the winner , runner up , place where it was held etc., and any happening news for a particular year like this year in the news was Lance Amstrong – one to mention like this there will be some more go for it.


5.International Organizations : Questions were based on the organization their purpose, any particular scheme or events they lauched what was the purpose, Indentify the correct full form of the organization, their HQ , person who is the head of the agency (questions asked were not only on UNO and its Pricipal Organs but also on many Intergovernmental Organizations has been asked )- This section also has 3- 4 questions every year, questions asked are direct you can answer them easily.


6.Music and Films : Name of film directors , name of actor/ actress, From Music Section the question asked was in the year 2007 and it was that we have to identify the Raag and in which time they are being sung – peculiar question ; wheel was drawn and time with trhe name of the raag was given,we have to match the right combination)


7.Awards : Nobel Prize, Literary Awards (Sahitya Awards etc.), Dada Saheb Phalke Awards, Business Awards , Dara Sikoh award etc – One more award on which question can be asked is in the field of Journalism ie Ramnath Goenka Award.


8.Personality : Question was to identify the person and with his particular thing he is associated like Rahul Dravid is associated with which Bank etc., one more type of question asked was name of the person was given and we have to identify the false statement about that person.


9.Cartoon Character and Creator – asked only twice in 2007 and in 2011


10.Painter and Title of Creation : Only one one question asked in 2007 for eg. The Last Supper- Vinci


11.Science and Technology : Invention and Discoveries , Chemical Name of the Medicine, Some common words and its meaning, Name of scientific instrument and and their purpose, Space Mission name , Name of Disease.



Overall Observation : In GK section the number of question if increased then marks per question has been reduced .If you go through the paper starting from 2007 you will find that 2007 paper was the difficult one because it has asked questions from each and every sphere , paper of 2008 was difficult but not as 2007 , and from 2009 to 2011 GK paper was easy there were questions mostly from Business world and International Organization if you combine these two topics you wil get 7- 8 questions and which were direct no deep study is required simply you have to keep things in mind other doable questions were name of country and currency or river flowing 1-2 questions easy one . Now your work is to go through these section & find out the type of question that has not been asked because questions in coming years will be from these section only. The GK paper from last three years has been easy 12- 15 questions can be done easily & if you answer all the attempted questions correctly you will easily sail through even if Section –Cut off is there. So don’t worry ALL THE BEST
1) Which of the following State Governments has announced to launch the biggest ever door-to-door campaign for early detection of cancer?

1. Punjab -


2. Delhi
3. Haryana
4. West Bengal
2) The tunnel that connects the two monuments of historical importance- Amber Palace and Jaigarh Fort, has been inaugurated in which of the following cities of Rajasthan?
1. Udaipur
2. Jaipur -
3. Jodhpur
4. Nagaur

3) The Shadman Chowk has been renamed as Bhagat Singh Chowk on the 105th birth anniversary. Shadman Chowk is located in which among the following cities?


1. Amritsar
2. Peshawar
3. Lahore -
4. Patiala

Various Abbreviations in News in 2012


1. NCTC - National Counter-Terrorism Centre

2. GAAR - General anti avoidance rule

3. TCS -Tax Collection at Source

4. DTAA – Double Taxation Avoidance Agreement

5. TIEA – Tax Information exchange Agreement
6 . EFSF – European Financial Stability Facility
7. NPS – New Pension Scheme
8. MMRCA – Medium Multi Role Combat Aircraft
9. DRDO - Defence Research and Development Organisation
10. GSLV - Geo-Synchronous Launch Vehicle
11. ISRO - Indian Space Research Organisation
12. EEFC - Exchange Earner's Foreign Currency
13 . NDMA – National Disaster Management Authority
14 . BRICS – Brazil, Russia, India, Chinaand South Africa
15. BASIC – Brazil, South Africa, India and China
16. PPP – Public Private Partnership and Purchasing Power parity
17. MTCR – Missile Technology ControlRegim
18 . NSG – Nuclear Suppliers Group
19 . IAEA – International Atomic Energy Agency
20. CEPA – Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement
21. CECA - Comprehensive Economic Cooperation Agreement
22. FIPB – Foreign Investment Promotion board
23. PSLV – Polar Satellite Launch vehicle
24. ICBM – Inter-continental Ballistic missile
25 . CCEA – Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs
26. IDF – Infrastructure Debt Fund
27. CRIS – Comparative Rating Index for Sovereign
28. GRAIL – Gravity Recovery and Interior Laboratory
29. NCHER – National Commission for Higher Education and Research
30. NCHRH - National Commission for Human Resources for Health
31 . FII – Foreign Institutional Investor
32 . DII – Domestic Institutional Investor
33. GST – Goods and Services Tax
34. DTC – Direct Tax Code
35 . MPLADS – MP Local Area Development Scheme
36 . FCNRA – Foreign Currency Non Resident account
37. MFI - Micro Finance Institutions
38. MFDC – Micro Finance Development Council
39. TRAI - Telecom Regulatory Authority of India
40. CIC - Central Information Commission
41 . BCCI - Board of Control for Cricketin India
42. SAARC - South-Asian Association for Regional Co-operation
43. ASEAN – Association of South EastAsian Nation
44 . TAPI - Turkmenistan-Aghanistan-Pakistan-India
45 . NLD –National League for Democracy
46. MSF – Marginal Standing Facility
47 . MIRV - Multiple Independently Targetable Re-entry Vehicle
48 . ECBs - External Commercial Borrowings
49. NHRC - National Human Rights Commission
50. NEFT - National Electronic Funds Transfer
51 . RTGS - Real Time Gross Settlement
52. NIA - National Investigation Agency
53. S&P; - Standard and Poor’s

according to forbes-2011 report..


top 10 earning dead celeb..
1)Michael Jackson
2)Elvis Presley---actor
3)Marilyn Monroe--isse to saab jante honge..
4)Charles Schulz--cartoonist
5)John Lennon--musician--beatles...
6)Elizabeth Taylor--actress
7)Albert Einstein--amazed to see him in the list..
8)Theodor Geisel--author
9)Jimi Hendrix-musician
10)Stieg Larsson—author

according to fortune global 500...


no-1 in terms of revenue generation--Royal Dutch Shell--origin of Netherland
no-1 in terms of profit--Exxon Mobil..US multinational gas and oil company..

Fortunes 500 rates company in terms of annual revenue not annual profit..


so
1)Royal Dutch Shell
2)Exxon Mobil
3)Wal-Mart(Always remember this company acquired no-1 position for maxm no of times in fortune global 500)

Indian Company


89)Indian Oil
99)Reliance Industries(1st Indian Private firm to come in top 100)
225)Bharat Petrolium
267)Hindustan Petrolium
285)SBI
314)tata motors
357)ongc
401)tata steel

8 indian company figured in fortune global 500

Always remember the diff b/w fortune 500 and fortune global 500
first one is of a specific country and 2nd one global

10 most valuable IT compnay...released by Brand Finance..


source--www.siliconindia.com/news/tech...

10)Wipro
9)Cognizant


8)Atos Origin
7)Computer Services Corporation (CSC)
6)Cap Gemini
5)Infosys
4)Tata Consultancy Services (TCS)...
3)Accenture
2)HP
1)IBM

In terms of indian market...


1)TCS
2)Cognizant
3)Infy
4)Accenture
5)Wipro
6)Mahindra Satyam
7)CSC

India's most valuable companies--BT500 ranking


1)TCS..
2)RIL
3)ONGC
4)Coal India
5)ITC
6)Infosys

world most powerful men-= obama


www.forbes.com/powerful-people...
world most power ful women== angela merkel from germany
www.forbes.com/power-women/lis...

world's most powerful women of past century list..==


www.time.com/time/specials/pac...

2 indian in this list


Indira Gandhi
Mother Teresa

for the 1st tym forbes is giving a list of world's most powerful women in buisness

1)Facebook COO-Sheryl Sandberg
2)Indira Nooyi.
please go through this once..
www.forbes.com/sites/jennagoud...

World's most power ful couples--


1)Clintons
2)Gates
www.forbes.com/sites/jennagoud...

Apple is the most valuable company in the histroy...surpassing Microsoft..


www.forbes.com/sites/benzingai...

world university ranking


www.timeshighereducation.co.uk...
for 2011-2012--1 indian university in top 350..IIT Bombay
for 2012-2013-- 3 indian university in top 350..IIT Bombay,IIT Kgp,IIT Roorkee..

no IIM's....



Largest, Smallest, Highest and Longest in India

Biggest Hotel

Oberai-Sheraton on the Shore of the

Arabian Sea in South Bombay.



Highest Mountain Peak

K2(8,611 meters)

Largest Populated City

Mumbai

Longest River (Flow in India)

Ganga (2510 Kilometers)

Highest Waterfall

Gersoppa Waterfall, Karnataka, (830 feet)

Largest Lake

Wular Lake, Kashmir

Longest Electric Railway Line

Kolkata to Delhi

Longest State (area)

Rajasthan (4,43,446 sq. kilometers)

Largest State (population)

Uttar Pradesh (166,17, 921)-2001 census

Longest River Bridge

Mahatama Gandhi Setu, Patna (5.75 kilometer Long)

Highest Gateway

Buland Darwaja 54 meters (Fatehpur sikari, Agra)

Wettest place or heaviest rainfall

Masinram (Meghalaya)

Tallest Statue

Statue of Gomateshwar, Karnataka (47 meters high)

Largest Tunnel

Jawahar Tunnel (J & K State), 1½ kilometer., Banihal Pass)

Largest Museum

Indian Museum, Kolkata

Densest population

West Bengal (904 persons per sq. kilometers)

Largest Zoo

Zoological Gardens, Alipur, Kolkata

Largest Forest State

Asom

Largest Road

Grand Trunk Road (2,400 kilometers)

Largest Delta

Sunderban Delta (12,872 sq. kilometers)

Largest Cave Temple

Ellora (Kailash Temples, Maharashtra)

Largest Cantilever Span Bridge

Howrah Bridge (Kolkata)

Highest Tower

Qutub Minar, Delhi

Largest Mosque

Jama Masjid, Delhi

Highest Straight Gravity Dam

Bhakra Dam

Smallest State (area)

Goa

Smallest State (population)

Sikkim

Largest Desert

Thar (Rajasthan)

Largest man-made lake

Govind Sagar (Bhakra)

Largest Corridor

Rameshwaram Temple Corridor

Largest Animal Fair

Sonepur Fair, Bihar

list of imp ceo-
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