The “Top Bun” of your essay! 4-6 sentences



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  • How To Do a
  • D
  • B
  • Q
  • The “Top Bun” of your essay!
  • 4-6 sentences
  • The Introductory Paragraph
  • Establish TIME & PLACE.
  • Create a clear, THESIS STATEMENT Answer the question.
  • List the SUB-TOPICS or categories you will use to support your thesis statement.
  • Focus on the question at hand—do NOT begin with a “flowery” or “cheesy” sentence! Never “ I am going to write about…” Or … “for many reasons”!!!
  • No “laundry list!”
  • The Introductory Paragraph

Thesis

  • The thesis of your essay will be the answer to the question you have constructed. It can be more than one sentence, AND it must include WHY that is the answer to the question.
  • Your answer (thesis) should take into account all sides of the issue. Stronger essays show analysis of the issue from different perspectives.
  • Remember, every single sentence of your essay should support your thesis.
  • The “tasty” part of your essay!
  • 8-12 sentences+ per paragraph
  • Make the 1st sentence of each paragraph your Topic Sentence. (~paragraph thesis)
  • Include the documents that are relevant to support the ideas in the paragraph.
  • Use most of the documents given.
  • Bring in supportive outside information. This is critical!! * o.i.’s = “outside information”
  • Organize you docs w/ with your thoughts. Why were these documents selected?
  • Every sentence you write should have something to do with the Thesis which is the answer to the question.
  • The “”Meat”” Paragraphs
  • Attribution  Who is this person?
  • Why might they be significant?
  • What is the point of view (POV) of the author?
  • How reliable and accurate is the source?
  • What is the tone or intent of the document author?
  • What other information does this document call to mind? Use all available clues.
  • Remember, docs. can be used in a variety of ways!
  • Questions to Ask Yourself About the Documents
  • Bernal Diaz del Castillo, in his book on the Conquest, said: “………………….”
  • The Tlaxcalan Codex, an Aztec book recording history, shows a…..
  • The Roman historian of 400 C.E., Ammianus Marcellinus, felt that …………………. (Doc. E)
  • NEVER begin with: In Document 3, …..
  • The “Bottom Bun” of your essay!
  • It holds it all together!
  • 3-4 sentences
  • The Concluding Paragraph
  • Start with a “concluding phrase.”
  • Restate your thesis statement a bit differently.
  • Put your essay answer in a larger historical perspective.
  • End of some trend/movement/idea, etc.
  • Beginning of some trend/movement/idea
  • End of one & beginning of another.
  • Do NOT end on the note that this is the reason we are where we are today!
  • The Concluding” Paragraph
  • Put It All Together, And . . . .
  • Ummmmm, Burger!
  • I Mean, A Perfect Essay!

DBQ STEPS

  • 1. Evaluate the question.
  • Graphic Organizer based on the question.
    • Outside Information = 50%
    • Document Placement?
  • 2. Work the Documents
  • 1. Go back to graphic organizer and add info/ place docs/ or categorize docs = PES?
  • Thesis
  • Outline
  • Just add grammar!

STEP 1 = Evaluate the question. What IS the question asking me?????

  • What is the directive?
  • Analyze the differences and similarities between the collapse of both the Roman and Aztec Empires. Use the following areas:
  • Domestic
  • Foreign
  • Social

Step 1: What is the Topic?

  • Political
  • Economic
  • Social
  • Step 2: Put in the form of a question.

Step 1: Put in the form of a question

  • What were the differences and similarities between the Roman and Aztec Empires collapse?

Step 1: The exact time period

  • Analyze the differences and similarities between the Roman World and the Aztec World in terms of TWO of the following:
  • Domestic (Political Affairs)
  • Foreign (Invaders)
  • Social
  • WHEN? 400 – 500 C.E. and 1500 – 1530 C.E.

Step :2 Brainstorm ALL facts

  • Domestic/ Political
  • Foreign
  • Social
  • Roman
  • Aztec

Step 2

  • Brainstorm and list all facts that can possibly be used in the essay. You may decide not to use all the facts in the list, but it is better to have too many facts than not enough.
  • Organize your facts, paying close attention to their significance. Remember, using significant, relevant facts will move an essay from a 2-4 to a 5-7.

Step 3: Thesis

  • Your thesis is the ANSWER to the question you posed AND the thesis must also include WHY that is the answer.

Thesis

  • The thesis of your essay will be the answer to the question you have constructed. It can be more than one sentence, AND it must include WHY that is the answer to the question.
  • Your answer (thesis) should take into account all sides of the issue. Stronger essays show analysis of the issue from different perspectives.
  • Remember, every single sentence of your essay should support your thesis.

Organize Your Thoughts

  • Outline
  • Pseudo Outline
    • Number and letter your Graphic organizer and Docs

Outline

  • Thesis Statement:
  • Introduction
  • Includes your thesis. Your thesis for historical writing does not need to be one sentence. You may take the paragraph if you wish.
  • First Topic Sentence
    • Evidence 1 ( Supporting Sentences)
    • Evidence 2
    • Evidence 3
    • Evidence 4
  • First Topic Sentence
    • Evidence 1 ( Supporting Sentences)
    • Evidence 2
    • Evidence 3
    • Evidence 4
  • First Topic Sentence
    • Evidence 1 ( Supporting Sentences)
    • Evidence 2
    • Evidence 3
    • Evidence 4
  • Conclusion
    • Refer back to your thesis
    • Sum up your essay.

Just Add Grammar

  • YOU
  • CAN
  • DO
  • IT!!


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