The term language skills refers to ‘the mood of manner’ in which language is used. Listening , Speaking , Reading , Writing are the language skills. sometime Speaking and Writing are called ‘the active or productive skills’&
Reading and Listening are called ‘the passive or receptive skills’. Very often these skills are divided in sub-skills.
Listening and speaking are auditor-oral skills which natural acquired in life. Reading and Writing skills are visual-manual skills which later acquired in life.
In language and literature teaching “skills” are more important.
Language teacher :
In the activity of learning there has to be shift from dependence to independence. The language teacher must give help to the learners at the beginning those are depended on their teacher. Errors are unavoidable in the process of learning and language teacher encourage the students to make errors. The teacher plays a role of ‘motivator’ to give confidence to the student. Practice & test is essential in the development of the skills.
Speaking skill :
Speaking skill :
The course (methodology) content needs to be decided by the teacher;
The teacher must have good knowledge of phonology or phonetics
i.e. accent, correct articulation of sounds, intonation etc;
Ability to imitate the models i.e.- Br.E. (British English)
Am.E. (American English)
GIE. (General Indian English)
While teaching ‘Spoken English’ teacher will have to decide which model should be adopted in the class. There is convention of using Br.E as model in classroom. However, in doing so the teacher will try to teach the model that he has not mastered. Therefore, it would be unrealistic in practicable kind of model. General Indian English(GIE) would be realistically useful model. The teacher would be in a position to demonstrate in the class and it would also serve all the communicative needs of the learners.
Some conversation question or asking informal question to student
e.g. What is your name? etc;
Students involvement in the process of Story-telling, repetition, give situation, and talking on that, imagine etc;
4. Read the passage & ask to the summaries the text;
5. Pair-group work;
6. Encourage the students to listen the good public speeches
i.e. T.V. news etc.
Writing skill :
Nancy Araproff says that ‘writing is a thinking process’. Writing is an organization & planning process . Effective presentation of ideas is important in writing. “What” we are going to say and “How” we are going to say both this things are important in writing skill. The difference between good & bad writing is in terms of “How”.
1. Elementary level – to know the letter of the alphabets;
a. controlled composition ; b. guided composition ; c. free composition.
A) Controlled composition :-
In this type student has limited amount of freedom. In other words the teacher controls the process
e.g. The teacher writes an incomplete essay and asks the students to filling in the blanks.
B) Guided composition :-
In guide composition the teacher plays a role of giving some guide lines to the students basically. The teacher assists (help) students to develop writing skill. The idea here is to develop consistency through in expressions –
e.g. i) The teacher might give the first two paragraphs on the essay & asks students to complete the essay.
In the last composition student is given absolute freedom and the teacher does not have any controlled over the ways the topic is developed. The teachers just gives the topic and students are free to write it or anything.