The Project Gutenberg ebook of The Koran



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the angels call to him, as he stood praying in the sanctuary:15
"God announceth John (Yahia) to thee, who shall be a verifier of the word

from God, and a great one, chaste, and a prophet of the number of the just."


He said, "O my Lord! how shall I have a son, now that old age hath come upon

me, and my wife is barren?" He said, "Thus will God do His pleasure."


He said, "Lord! give me a token." He said, "Thy token shall be, that for

three days thou shalt speak to no man but by signs: But remember thy Lord

often, and praise him at even and at morn:"
And remember when the angels said, "O Mary! verily hath God chosen thee,16

and purified thee, and chosen thee above the women of the worlds!


O Mary! be devout towards thy Lord,17 and prostrate thyself, and bow down

with those who bow."


This is one of the announcements of things unseen by thee: To thee, O

Muhammad! do we reveal it; for thou wast not with them when they cast lots

with reeds18 which of them should rear Mary; nor wast thou with them when

they disputed about it.


Remember when the angel said, "O Mary! Verily God announceth to thee the Word

from Him: His name shall be, Messiah Jesus the son of Mary,19 illustrious in

this world, and in the next, and one of those who have near access to God;
And He shall speak to men alike when in the cradle and when grown up; And he

shall be one of the just."


She said, "How, O my Lord! shall I have a son, when man hath not touched me?"

He said, "Thus: God will create what He will; When He decreeth a thing, He

only saith, 'Be,' and it is."
And he will teach him the Book, and the Wisdom, and the Law, and the Evangel;

and he shall be an apostle to the children of Israel. "Now have I come," he

will say, "to you with a sign from your Lord: Out of clay will I make for

you, as it were, the figure of a bird: and I will breathe into it, and it

shall become, by God's leave, a bird.20 And I will heal the blind, and the

leper; and by God's leave will I quicken the dead; and I will tell you what

ye eat, and what ye store up in your houses! Truly in this will be a sign for

you, if ye are believers.


And I have come to attest the law which was before me; and to allow you part

of that which had been forbidden you; and I come to you with a sign from your

Lord: Fear God, then, and obey me; of a truth God is my Lord, and your Lord:

Therefore worship Him. This is a right way."


And when Jesus perceived unbelief on their part, He said, "Who my helpers

with God?"20-21 The apostles21 said, "We will be God's helpers! We believe in

God, and bear thou witness that we are Muslims.
O our Lord! we believe in what thou hast sent down, and we follow the

apostle; write us up, then, with those who bear witness to him."


And the Jews plotted, and God plotted: But of those who plot is God the best.
Remember when God said, "O Jesus! verily I will cause thee to die,22 and will

take thee up to myself and deliver thee from those who believe not; and I

will place those who follow thee above those who believe not, until the day

of resurrection. Then, to me is your return, and wherein ye differ will I

decide between you.
And as to those who believe not, I will chastise them with a terrible

chastisement in this world and in the next; and none shall they have to help

them."
But as to those who believe, and do the things that are right, He will pay

them their recompense. God loveth not the doers of evil.


These signs, and this wise warning do we rehearse to thee.
Verily, Jesus is as Adam in the sight of God.23 He created him of dust: He

then said to him, "Be"�and he was.


The truth from thy Lord! Be not thou, therefore, of those who doubt.
As for those 24 who dispute with thee about Him, after "theknowledge" hath

come to thee, SAY: Come,25 let us summon our sons and your sons, our wives

and your wives, and ourselves and yourselves. Then will we invoke and lay the

malison of God on those that lie!


This recital is very truth, and there is no god but God; and verily God is

the Mighty, the Wise.


But if they turn away, then verily God hath knowledge of the corrupt doers.
SAY: O people of the Book! come ye to a just judgment between us and you�That

we worship not aught but God, and that we join no other god with Him, and

that the one of us take not the other for lords,26 beside God. Then if they

turn their backs, SAY: Bear ye witness that we are Muslims.


O people of the Book! Why dispute about Abraham,27 when the Law and the

Evangel were not sent down till after him? Do ye not then understand?


Lo! ye are they who dispute about that in which ye have knowledge; 28 but why

dispute ye about that of which ye have no knowledge? God hath knowledge, but

ye know nothing.
Abraham was neither Jew nor Christian; but he was sound in the faith,29 a

Muslim; and not of those who add gods to God.


They among men, who are nearest of kin to Abraham, are surely those who

follow him, and this prophet Muhammad, and they who believe on him. And God

is the protector of the faithful.
A party among the people of the Book would fain mislead you: but they only

mislead themselves, and perceive it not.


O people of the Book! why disbelieve the signs of God, of which yourselves

have been witnesses?


O people of the Book! why clothe ye the truth with falsehood? Why wittingly

hide the truth?


Others of the people of the Book say: "Believe in what hath been sent down to

the believers, at daybreak, and deny it at its close"�Thus do they go back�


"And believe in those only who follow your Religion." SAY: True guidance is

guidance from God�that to others may be imparted the like of what hath been

imparted to you. Will they wrangle then with you in the presence of their

Lord? SAY: Plenteous gifts are in the hands of God: He imparteth them unto

whom He will, and God is Bounteous, Wise.
He will vouchsafe His mercy to whom He will, for God is of great

bounteousness.


Among the people of the Book are some, to one of whom if thou entrust a

thousand dinars, he will restore them to thee: And there is of them to whom

if thou entrust a dinar, he will not restore it to thee, unless thou be ever

instant with him.


This�because they say, "We are not bound to keep faith with the ignorant

(Pagan) folk, and they utter a lie against God, and know they do so:"


But whoso is true to his engagement, and feareth God,�verily God loveth those

that fear Him.


Verily they who barter their engagement with God, and their oaths, for some

paltry price�These! no portion for them in the world to come! and God will

not speak to them, and will not look on them, on the day of resurrection, and

will not assoil them! for them, a grievous chastisement!


And some truly are there among them who torture the Scriptures with their

tongues, in order that ye may suppose it to be from the Scripture, yet it is

not from the Scripture. And they say, "This is from God;" yet it is not from

God: and they utter a lie against God, and they know they do so.


It beseemeth not a man, that God should give him the Scriptures and the

Wisdom, and the gift of prophecy, and that then he should say to his

followers, "Be ye worshippers of me, as well as of God;" 30 but rather, "Be

ye perfect in things pertaining to God, since ye know the Scriptures, and

have studied deep."
God doth not command you to take the angels or the prophets as lords.31 What!

would he command you to become infidels after ye have been Muslims?


When God entered into covenant with the prophets,32 he said, "This is the

Book and the Wisdom which I give you. Hereafter shall a prophet came unto you

to confirm the Scriptures already with you. Ye shall surely believe on him,

and ye shall surely aid him. Are ye resolved?" said he, "and do ye accept the

covenant on these terms?" They said, "We are resolved;" "Be ye then the

witnesses," said he, "and I will be a witness as well as you.


And whoever turneth back after this, these are surely the perverse."
Other religion than that of God desire they? To him doth everything that is

in the Heavens and in the Earth submit, in willing or forced obedience! and

to Him do they return.
SAY: We believe in God, and in what hath been sent down to us, and what hath

been sent down to Abraham, and Ismael, and Isaac, and Jacob, and the tribes,

and in what was given to Moses, and Jesus, and the Prophets, from their Lord.

We make no difference between them. And to Him are we resigned (Muslims).


Whoso desireth any other religion than Islam, that religion shall never be

accepted from him, and in the next world he shall be among the lost.


How shall God guide a people who, after they had believed and bore witness

that the apostle was true, and after that clear proofs of his mission had

reached them, disbelieved? God guideth not the people who transgress.
These! their recompense, that the curse of God, and of angels, and of all

men, is on them!


Under it shall they abide for ever; their torment shall not be assuaged! nor

shall God even look upon them!�


Save those who after this repent and amend; for verily God is Gracious,

Merciful!


As for those who become infidels, after having believed, and then increase

their infidelity�their repentance shall never be accepted. These! they are

the erring ones.
As for those who are infidels, and die infidels, from no one of them shall as

much gold as the earth could contain be accepted, though he should offer it

in ransom. These! a grievous punishment awaiteth them; and they shall have

none to help them.


Ye shall never attain to goodness till ye give alms of that which ye love;

and whatever ye give, of a truth God knoweth it.


All food was allowed to the children of Israel, except what Jacob forbad

himself, ere the law was sent down; SAY: Bring ye then the law and read it,

if ye be men of truth.
And whoso after this inventeth the lie about God: These are evil doers.
SAY: God speaketh truth. Follow, therefore, the religion of Abraham, the

sound in faith, who was not one of those who joined other gods to God.


The first temple that was founded for mankind, was that in Becca,33�Blessed,

and a guidance to human beings.


In it are evident signs, even the standing-place34 of Abraham: and he who

entereth it is safe. And the pilgrimage to the temple, is a service due to

God from those who are able to journey thither.
And as to him who believeth not�verily God can afford to dispense with all

creatures!


SAY: O people of the Book! why disbelieve ye the signs of God? But God is

witness of your doings.


SAY: O people of the Book! why repel believers from the way of God? Ye fain

would make it crooked, and yet ye are its witnesses! But God is not

regardless of what ye do.
O believers! if ye obey some amongst those who have received the Scripture,

after your very Faith will they make you infidels!


But how can ye become infidels, when the signs of God are recited to you, and

his prophet is among you? Whoever holdeth fast by God, is already guided to a

straight path.
O ye believers! fear God as He deserveth to be feared! and die not till ye

have become Muslims.


And hold ye fast by the cord 35 of God, all of you, and break not loose from

it; and remember God's goodness towards you, how that when ye were enemies,

He united your hearts, and by his favour ye became brethren;
And when ye were on the brink of the pit of fire, he drew you back from it.

Thus God clearly sheweth you his signs that ye may be guided;


And that there may be among you a people who invite to the Good, and enjoin

the Just, and forbid the Wrong. These are they with whom it shall be well.


And be ye not like those who have formed divisions, and fallen to variance

after the clear proofs have come to them. These! a terrible chastisement doth

await them,
On THE DAY when faces shall turn white, and faces shall turn black! And as to

those whose faces shall have turned black ". . . .What! after your belief

have ye become infidels? Taste then the chastisement, for that ye have been

unbelievers."


And as to those whose faces shall have become white, they shall be within the

mercy of God: therein shall they abide for ever.


These are the signs of God: we recite them to thee in truth: And God willeth

not injustice to mankind.


Whatever is in the Heavens, and whatever is on the Earth, is God's. And to

God shall all things return.


Ye are the best folk that hath been raised up unto mankind. Ye enjoin the

Just, and ye forbid the Evil, and ye believe in God: And if the people of the

Book had believed, it had surely been better for them! Believers there are

among them, but most of them are perverse.


They will never inflict on you but a trifling damage; and if they do battle

with you, they shall turn their backs to you: then they shall not be

succoured.
Shame shall be stamped upon them36 wherever found, unless they ally them with

God and men! And the wrath of God will they incur, and poverty shall be

stamped upon them! This�for that they believed not in the signs of God, and

slew the prophets unjustly: This�because they rebelled, and became

transgressors.
Yet all are not alike: Among the people of the Book is an upright folk, who

recite the signs of God in the night-season, and adore:


They believe in God and in the latter day, and enjoin justice, and forbid

evil, and speed on in good works. These are of the righteous.


And of whatever good ye do, ye shall not be denied the meed. God knoweth

those who fear Him.


But as for the infidels, their wealth, and their children shall avail them

nothing against God. They shall be the inmates of the fire, to abide therein

eternally.
The alms which they bestow in this present life, are like a freezing wind,

which falleth upon and destroyeth the cornfields of a people who have been to

themselves unjust. God doeth them no injustice, but to themselves are they

unjust.
O ye who have believed! form not intimacies among others than yourselves.

They will not fail to corrupt you. They long for your ruin. Hatred hath

already shewn itself out of their mouths, but more grievous is what their

breasts conceal. The tokens thereof we have already made plain to you, if ye

will comprehend.


See now! ye love them, but they love not you. Ye believe the entire Book. And

when they meet you, they say, "We believe;" but when they are apart, they

bite their fingers' ends at you, out of wrath. SAY: "Die in your wrath!" God

truly knoweth the very recesses of your breasts.


If good befalleth you it grieveth them, and when ill lighteth on you, they

rejoice in it. But if ye be steadfast and fear God, their craft shall in no

way harm you. For God is round about their doings.
And remember when thou didst leave thy household at early morn, that thou

mightest prepare the faithful a camp for the war;37�God heard, knew it�


When two troops of you became full of anxious thoughts, and lost heart, and

when God became the protector of both! In God, then, let the faithful trust.


God had already succoured you at Bedr, when ye were the weaker! Fear God,

then, that ye may be thankful.


Then thou didst say to the faithful, "Is it not enough for you that your Lord

aideth you with three thousand angels sent down from on high?"


Aye: but ye if be steadfast and fear God, and the foe come upon you in hot

haste, your Lord will help you with five thousand angels in their

cognisances!38
This, as pure good tidings for you, did God appoint, that your hearts might

be assured�for only from God, the Mighty, the Wise, cometh the Victory�and

that He might cut off the uttermost part of those who believed not, or cast

them down so that they should be overthrown, defeated without resource.


It is none of thy concern whether He be turned unto them in kindness or

chastise them: for verily they are wrongful doers.


Whatever is in the Heavens and the Earth is God's! He forgiveth whom He will,

and whom He will, chastiseth: for God is Forgiving, Merciful.


O ye who believe! devour not usury, doubling it again and again! But fear

God, that ye may prosper.


And fear the fire which is prepared for them that believe not; and obey God

and the apostle, that ye may find mercy:


And vie in haste for pardon from your Lord, and a Paradise, vast as the

Heavens and the Earth, prepared for the God-fearing.


Who give alms, alike in prosperity and in success, and who master their

anger, and forgive others! God loveth the doers of good.


They who, after they have done a base deed or committed a wrong against their

own selves, remember God and implore forgiveness of their sins�and who will

forgive sins but God only?�and persevere not in what they have wittingly done

amiss.
As for these! Pardon from their Lord shall be their recompense, and gardens

'neath which the rivers flow; for ever shall they abide therein: And goodly

the reward of those who labour!


Already, before your time, have examples been made! Traverse the earth, then,

and see what hath been the end of those who treat prophets as liars.


This Koran is a manifest to man, and a guidance, and a warning to the God-

fearing!
And be not fainthearted, and be not sorrowful: For ye shall gain the upper

hand if ye be believers.39
If a wound hath befallen you, a wound like it hath already befallen others:

we alternate these days of successes and reverses among men, that God may

know those who have believed, and that He may take martyrs from among you,�

but God loveth not the wrongful doers�


And that God may test those who believe, and destroy the infidels.
Thought ye that ye should enter Paradise ere God had taken knowledge of those

among you who did valiantly, and of those who steadfastly endure?


Ye had desired death ere ye met it. But ye have now seen it�and ye have

beheld it�and fled from it!


Muhammad is no more than an apostle; other apostles have already passed away

before him: if he die, therefore,40 or be slain, will ye turn upon your

heels?41 But he who turneth on his heels shall not injure God at all: And God

will certainly reward the thankful!


No one can die except by God's permission, according to the Book that fixeth

the term of life.42 He who desireth the recompense of this world, we will

give him thereof; And he who desireth the recompense of the next life, we

will give him thereof! And we will certainly reward the thankful.


How many a prophet hath combated those who had with them many myriads! Yet

were they not daunted at what befel them on the path of God, nor were they

weakened, nor did they basely submit! God loveth those who endure with

steadfastness,


Nor said they more than this:43 "O our Lord! forgive us our sins and our

mistakes in this our work; and set our feet firm; and help us against the

unbelieving people." And God gave them the recompense of this world, and the

excellence of the recompense of the next. For God loveth the doers of what is

excellent.
O ye who have believed! if ye obey the infidels, they will cause you to turn

upon your heels,44 and ye will fall back into perdition:


But God is your liege lord, and He is the best of helpers.
We will cast a dread into hearts of the infidels because they have joined

gods with God without warranty sent down; their abode shall be the fire; and

wretched shall be the mansion of the evil doers.
Already had God made good to you His promise, when by His permission ye

destroyed your foes, until your courage failed you, and ye disputed about the

order,45 and disobeyed, after that the Prophet had brought you within view of

that for which ye longed.46


Some of you were for this world, and some for the next.47 Then, in order to

make trial of you, He turned you to flight from them,�yet hath He now

forgiven you; for all-bounteous is God to the faithful�
When ye came up the height48 and took no heed of any one, while the Prophet

in your rear was calling you to the fight! God hath rewarded you with trouble

upon trouble, that ye might learn not to be chagrined at your loss of booty,

or at what befel you! God is acquainted with your actions.


Then after the trouble God sent down security upon you. Slumber fell upon a

part of you: as to the other part�their own passions stirred them up to think

unjustly of God with thoughts of ignorance! They said�What gain we by this

affair? SAY: Verily the affair resteth wholly with God. They hid in their

minds what they did not speak out to thee, saying, "Were we to have gained

aught in this affair, none of us had been slain at this place." SAY: Had ye

remained in your homes, they who were decreed to be slain would have gone

forth to the places where they lie:�in order that God might make trial of

what was in your breasts, and might discover what was in your hearts, for God

knoweth the very secrets of the breast.


Of a truth it was Satan alone who caused those of you to fail in duty who

turned back on the day when the hosts met, for some of their doings! But now

hath God pardoned them; For God is Forgiving, Gracious.
O ye who believe! be not like the infidels, who said of their brethren when

they had travelled by land or had gone forth to war, "Had they kept with us,

they had not died, and had not been slain!" God purposed that this affair

should cause them heart sorrow! God maketh alive and killeth; and God

beholdeth your actions.
And if ye shall be slain or die on the path of God, then pardon from God and

mercy is better than all your amassings;


For if ye die or be slain, verily unto God shall ye be gathered.
Of the mercy of God thou hast spoken to them in gentle terms. Hadst thou been

severe and harsh-hearted, they would have broken away from thee. Therefore,

forgive and ask for pardon for them, and consult them in the affair of war,

and when thou art resolved, then put thou thy trust in God, for God loveth

those who trust in Him.
If God help you, none shall overcome you; but if He abandon you, who is he

that shall help you when He is gone? In God, then, let the faithful trust.


It is not the Prophet who will defraud you;49�But he who shall defraud, shall

come forth with his defraudings on the day of the resurrection: then shall

every soul be paid what it hath merited, and they shall not be treated with

injustice.


Shall he who hath followed the good pleasure of God be as he who hath brought

on himself wrath from God, and whose abode shall be Hell? and wretched the

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