The Project Gutenberg ebook of The Koran



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Thus have we distinctly set forth our signs, that the way of the wicked might

be made known.


SAY: Forbidden am I to worship those whom ye call on beside God. SAY: I will

not follow your wishes; for then should I have gone astray, and should not be

of the guided.
SAY: I act upon proofs from my Lord, but ye treat them as falsehoods. That

punishment which ye desire to be hastened is not in my power; judgment is

with God only: He will declare the truth; and He is the best settler of

disputes.


SAY: If what ye would hasten on, were in my power, the matter between me and

you had been decided: but God best knoweth the impious.


And with Him are the keys13 of the secret things; none knoweth them but He:

He knoweth whatever is on the land and in the sea; and no leaf falleth but He

knoweth it; neither is there a grain in the darknesses of the earth, nor a

thing green or sere, but it is noted in a distinct writing.14


It is He who taketh your souls at night,15 and knoweth what ye have merited

in the day: then he awaketh you therein, that the set life-term may be

fulfilled: then unto Him shall ye return; and then shall be declare to you

that which ye have wrought.


Supreme over his servants, He sendeth forth guardians who watch over you,

until, when death overtaketh any one of you, our messengers take his soul,

and fail not:
Then are they returned to God their Lord, the True. Is not judgment His?

Swiftest He, of those who take account!


SAY: Who rescueth you from the darkness of the land and of the sea, when

humbly and secretly ye cry to Him�"If thou rescue us from this, we will

surely be of the thankful?"
SAY: God rescueth you from them, and from every strait: yet afterwards ye

give Him companions!


SAY: It is He who hath power to send on you a punishment from above you, or

from beneath your feet, or to clothe you with discord,16 and to make some of

you to taste the violence of others. See how variously we handle the wondrous

verses, that haply they may become wise!


But thy people hath accused the Koran of falsehood, though it be the truth:

SAY: I am not in charge of you: To every prophecy is its set time, and bye-

and-bye ye shall know it!
And when thou seest those who busy themselves with cavilling at our signs,

withdraw from them till they busy themselves in some other subject: and if

Satan cause thee to forget this, sit not, after recollection, with the

ungodly people:17


Not that they who fear God are to pass any judgment upon them, but the object

of recollection is that they may continue to fear Him.


And quit those who make their religion a sport and a pastime, and whom this

present life hath deceived: warn them hereby that every soul will be

consigned to doom for its own works: patron or intercessor, beside God, shall

it have none: and could it compensate with fullest compensation, it would not

be accepted from it. They who for their deeds shall be consigned to doom�for

them are draughts of boiling water, and a grievous torment; for that they

believed not!
SAY: Shall we, beside God, call upon those who can neither help nor hurt us?

Shall we turn upon our heel after that God hath guided us? Like some

bewildered man whom the Satans have spell-bound in the desert, though his

companions call him to the true guidance, with, "Come to us!" SAY: Verily,

guidance from God, that is the true guidance; and we are commanded to

surrender ourselves to the Lord of the Worlds.


And observe ye the times of prayer, and fear ye God: for it is He to whom ye

shall be gathered.


And it is He who hath created the Heavens and the Earth, in truth, and when

He saith to a thing, "Be," it is.


His word is the truth: and His the kingdom, on the day when there shall be a

blast on the trumpet: He knoweth alike the unseen and the seen: and He is the

Wise, the Cognisant.
And remember when Abraham said to his father Azar,18 Takest thou images as

gods? Verily, I see that thou and thy people are in manifest error.


And thus did we shew Abraham the kingdom of the Heavens and of the Earth,19

that he might be stablished in knowledge.


And when the night overshadowed him, he beheld a star. "This," said he, "is

my Lord:" but when it set, he said, "I love not gods which set."


And when he beheld the moon uprising, "This," said he, "is my Lord:" but when

it set, he said, "Surely, if my Lord guide me not, I shall surely be of those

who go astray."
And when he beheld the sun uprise, he said, "This is my Lord; this is

greatest." But when it set, he said, "O my people! I share not with you the

guilt of joining gods with God;
I turn my face to him who hath created the Heavens and the Earth, following

the right religion:20 I am not one of those who add gods to God."


And his people disputed with him.�He said: "Dispute ye with me about God,

when He hath guided me? And I fear not the deities whom ye join with Him, for

only by the will of my Lord have they any power:21 My Lord embraceth all

things in His knowledge. Will ye not then consider?


And how should I fear what ye have joined with God, since ye fear not for

having joined with Him that for which He hath sent you down no warranty?

Which, therefore, of the two parties is more worthy of safety? Know ye that?
They who believe, and who clothe not their faith with error.22 theirs is

safety, and they are guided aright."


This is our reasoning with which we furnished Abraham against his people: We

uplift to grades of wisdom whom we will; Verily thy Lord is Wise, Knowing.


And we gave him Isaac and Jacob, and guided both aright; and we had before

guided Noah; and among the descendants of Abraham, David and Solomon, and Job

and Joseph, and Moses and Aaron: Thus do we recompense the righteous:
And Zachariah, John, Jesus, and Elias: all were just persons:
And Ismael and Elisha and Jonas and Lot: all these have we favoured above

mankind:
And some of their fathers, and of their offspring, and of their brethren: and

we chose them, and guided them into the straight way.
This is God's guidance: He guideth by it such of his servants as he will: But

if they join others god with Him, vain assuredly shall be all their works.


These are they to whom we gave the Scripture and Wisdom and Prophecy: but if

these their posterity believe not therein, we will entrust these gifts to a

people who will not disbelieve therein.
These are they whom God hath guided: follow therefore their guidance. SAY: No

pay do I ask of you for this:23 Verily it is no other than the teaching for

all creatures.
No just estimate do they form of God when they say, "Nothing hath God sent

down to man." SAY: Who sent down the Book which Moses brought, a light and

guidance to man, which ye set down on paper, publishing part, but concealing

most: though ye have now been taught that which neither ye nor your fathers

knew? SAY: It is God: then leave them in their pastime of cavillings.24
And this Book which we have sent down is blessed, confirming that which was

before it; and in order that thou mightest warn the mother-city and those who

dwell round about it. They who believe in the next life will believe in It,

and will keep strictly to their Prayers.


But is any more wicked than he who deviseth a lie of God, or saith, "I have

had a revelation," when nothing was revealed to him?25 And who saith, "I can

bring down a book like that which God hath sent down"? But couldst thou see

when the ungodly are in the floods of death, and the angels reach forth their

hands, saying, "Yield up your souls:�this day shall ye be recompensed with a

humiliating punishment for your untrue sayings about God, and for proudly

rejecting his signs!"
"And now are ye come back to us, alone, as we created you at first, and ye

leave behind you the good things which we had given you, and we see not with

you your intercessors whom ye regarded as the companions of God among you.

There is a severance between you now, and those whom ye regarded as partners

with God have deserted you."
Verily God causeth the grain and the date stone to put forth: He bringeth

forth the living from the dead, and the dead from the living! This is God!

Why, then, are ye turned aside from Him?
He causeth the dawn to appear, and hath ordained the night for rest, and the

sun and the moon for computing time! The ordinance of the Mighty, the Wise!


And it is He who hath ordained the stars for you that ye may be guided

thereby in the darknesses of the land and of the sea! clear have we made our

signs to men of knowledge.
And it is He who hath produced you from one man, and hath provided for you an

abode and resting-place!26 Clear have we made our signs for men of insight.


And it is He who sendeth down rain from Heaven: and we bring forth by it the

buds of all the plants, and from them bring we forth the green foliage, and

the close growing grain, and palm trees with sheaths of clustering dates, and

gardens of grapes, and the olive and the pomegranate, like and unlike.27 Look

ye on their fruits when they fruit and ripen. Truly herein are signs unto

people who believe.


Yet have they assigned the Djinn to God as his associates, though He created

them; and in their ignorance have they falsely ascribed to him sons and

daughters. Glory be to Him! And high let Him be exalted above that which they

attribute to Him!


Sole maker of the Heavens and of the Earth! how, when He hath no consort,

should He have a son? He hath created everything, and He knoweth everything!


This is God your Lord. There is no God but He, the creator of all things:

therefore worship Him alone;�and He watcheth over all things.


No vision taketh in Him, but He taketh in all vision:28 and He is the

Subtile, the All-informed.


Now have proofs that may be seen, come to you from your Lord; whoso seeth

them, the advantage will be his own: and whoso is blind to them, his own will

be the loss: I am not made a keeper over you.
Thus variously do we apply our signs,29 that they may say, "Thou hast studied

deep:" and that to people of understanding we may make them clear.


Follow thou that which hath been revealed to thee by thy Lord: there is no

god but He! and withdraw from those who join other gods with Him.


Had God pleased, they had not joined other gods with Him: and we have not

made thee keeper over them, neither art thou a guardian over them.


Revile not those whom they call on beside God,30 lest they, in their

ignorance, despitefully revile Him. Thus have we planned out their actions

for every people; then shall they return to their Lord, and He will declare

to them what those actions have been.


With their most solemn oath have they sworn by God, that if a sign come unto

them they will certainly believe it; SAY: Signs are in the power of God

alone; and He teacheth you not thereby, only because when they were wrought,

ye did not believe.31


And we will turn their hearts and their eyes away from the truth, because

they did not believe therein at first, and we will leave them in their

transgressions, wandering in perplexity.
And though we had sent down the angels to them, and the dead had spoken to

them, and we had gathered all things about them in tribes, they had not

believed, unless God had willed it! but most of them do not know it.
Thus have we given an enemy to every prophet Satans among men and among

Djinn: tinsel discourses do they suggest the one to the other, in order to

deceive: and had thy Lord willed it, they would not have done it. Therefore,

leave them and their vain imaginings�


And let the hearts of those who believe not in the life to come incline

thereto, and let them find their content in this, and let them gain what they

are gaining.
What! shall I seek other judge than God, when it is He who hath sent down to

you the distinguishing Book? They to whom we have given the Book know that it

is sent down from thy Lord with truth. Be not thou then of those who doubt.
And the words of thy Lord are perfect in truth and in justice: none can

change his words: He is the Hearing, Knowing.


But if thou obey most men in this land, from the path of God will they

mislead thee: they follow but a conceit, and they are only liars.


Thy Lord! He best knoweth those who err from his path, and He knoweth the

rightly guided.


Eat32 of that over which the name of God hath been pronounced, if ye believe

in his signs.


And why eat ye not of that over which the name of God hath been pronounced,

since He hath made plain to you what He hath forbidden you, save as to that

which is forced upon you? But indeed many mislead others by their appetites,

through lack of knowledge. Verily, thy Lord! He best knoweth the

transgressors.
And abandon the semblance of wickedness, and wickedness itself.33 They,

verily, whose only acquirement is iniquity, shall be rewarded for what they

shall have gained.
Eat not therefore of that on which the name of God has not been named, for

that is assuredly a crime: the Satans will indeed suggest to their votaries

to wrangle with you; but if ye obey them, ye will indeed be of those who join

gods with God.


Shall the dead, whom we have quickened, and for whom we have ordained a light

whereby he may walk among men, be like him, whose likeness is in the

darkness, whence he will not come forth? Thus have the doings of the

unbelievers been prepared for them.


Even so have we placed in every city, ringleaders of its wicked ones, to

scheme therein: but only against themselves shall they scheme! and they know

it not.
And when a sign cometh to them they say, "We will not believe, till the like

of what was accorded to the apostles of God, be accorded to us." God best

knoweth where to place his mission. Disgrace with God, and a vehement

punishment shall come on the transgressors for their crafty plottings.


And whom God shall please to guide, that man's breast will He open to Islam;

but whom He shall please to mislead, strait and narrow will He make his

breast, as though he were mounting up into the very Heavens! Thus doth God

inflict dire punishment on those who believe not.


And this is the right way of thy Lord. Now have we detailed our signs unto

those who will consider.


For them is a dwelling of peace with their Lord! and in recompense for their

works, shall he be their protector.


On the day whereon God shall gather them all together . . . "O race of

Djinn," will He say, "much did ye exact from mankind." And their votaries

from among men shall say, "O our Lord! we rendered one another mutual

services: but we have reached our set term, which thou hast set for us." He

will say, "Your abode the fire! therein abide ye for ever: unless as God

shall will." Verily, thy Lord is Wise, Knowing.


Even thus place we some of the wicked over others, as the meed of their

doings.
O race of Djinn and men! came not apostles to you from among yourselves,

rehearsing my signs to you, and warning you of the meeting of this your day?

They shall say, "We bear witness against ourselves." This world's life

deceived them; and they shall bear witness against themselves that they were

infidels:�


This,34 because thy Lord would not destroy the cities in their sin, while

their people were yet careless.


And for all, are grades of recompense as the result of their deeds; and of

what they do, thy Lord is not regardless.


And thy Lord is the Rich one, full of compassion! He can destroy you if He

please, and cause whom He will to succeed you, as he raised you up from the

offspring of other people:
Verily, that which is threatened you shall surely come to pass, neither shall

ye weaken its might.


SAY: O my people! Act as ye best can: I verily will act my part, and

hereafter shall ye know


Whose will be the recompense of the abode! Verily, the ungodly shall not

prosper.
Moreover, they set apart a portion of the fruits and cattle35 which he hath

produced, and say, "This for God"�so deem they�"And this for his companions,

whom we associate with Him." But that which is for these companions of

theirs, cometh not to God; yet that which is for God, cometh to the

companions! Ill do they judge.


Thus have the companion-gods induced many of these, who join them with God,

to slay their children, that they might ruin them, and throw the cloak of

confusion over their religion. But if God had pleased, they had not done

this. Therefore, leave them and their devices.


They also say, "These cattle and fruits are sacred: none may taste them but

whom we please:" so deem they�"And there are cattle, whose backs should be

exempt from labour." And there are cattle over which they do not pronounce

the name of God: inventing in all this a lie against Him. For their

inventions shall He reward them.
And they say, "That which is in the wombs of these cattle is allowed to our

males, and forbidden to our wives;" but if it prove abortive, both partake of

it. God shall reward them for their distinctions! Knowing, Wise is He.
Lost are they who, in their ignorance, have foolishly slain their children,

and have forbidden that which God hath given them for food, devising an

untruth against God! Now have they erred; and they were not rightly guided.
He it is who produceth gardens of the vine trellised and untrellised, and the

palm trees, and the corn of various food, and olives, and pomegranates, like

and unlike. Eat of their fruit when they bear fruit, and pay the due thereof

on the day of its ingathering: and be not prodigal, for God loveth not the

prodigal.
And there are cattle for burdens and for journeys. Eat of what God hath given

you for food; and follow not the steps of Satan, for he is your declared

enemy.
You have four sorts of cattle in pairs: of sheep a pair, and of goats a pair.

SAY: Hath He forbidden the two males or the two females; or that which the

wombs of the two females enclose? Tell me with knowledge, if ye speak the

truth:
And of camels a pair, and of oxen a pair. SAY: Hath He forbidden the two

males or the two females; or that which the wombs of the two females

enclose?36 Were ye witnesses when God enjoined you this? Who then is more

wicked than he who, in his ignorance, inventeth a lie against God, to mislead

men? God truly guideth not the wicked.


SAY: I find not in what hath been revealed to me aught forbidden to the eater

to eat, except it be that which dieth of itself, or blood poured forth, or

swine's flesh; for this is unclean or profane, being slain in the name of

other than God. But whoso shall be a forced partaker, if it be without

wilfulness, and not in transgression,�verily, thy Lord is Indulgent,

Merciful!


To the Jews did we forbid every beast having an entire hoof, and of both

bullocks and sheep we forbade them the fat, save what might be on their

backs, or their entrails, and the fat attached to the bone. With this have we

recompensed them, because of their transgression: and verily, we are indeed

equitable.
If they treat thee as an impostor, then SAY: Your Lord is of all-embracing

mercy: but his severity shall not be turned aside from the wicked.


They who add gods to God will say, "If God had pleased, neither we nor our

fathers had given him companions, nor should we have interdicted anything."

Thus did they who flourished before them charge with imposture, until they

had tasted our severity! SAY: Have ye any knowledge that ye can produce to

us? Verily, ye follow only a conceit: ye utter only lies!
SAY: Peremptory proof is God's! Had He pleased He had guided you all aright.
SAY: Bring hither your witnesses who can witness that God hath forbidden

these animals; but if they bear witness, witness not thou with them, nor

witness to the conceits of those who charge our signs with falsehood, and who

believe not in the life to come, and give equals to our Lord.


SAY: Come, I will rehearse what your Lord hath made binding on you�that ye

assign not aught to Him as partner; and that ye be good to your parents; and

that ye slay not your children, because of poverty: for them and for you will

we provide:37 and that ye come not near to pollutions, outward or inward:38

and that ye slay not anyone whom God hath forbidden you, unless for a just

cause. This hath he enjoined on you, to the intent that ye may understand.


And come not nigh to the substance of the orphan, but to improve it, until he

come of age: and use a full measure, and a just balance: We will not task a

soul beyond its ability. And when ye give judgment, observe justice, even

though it be the affair of a kinsman, and fulfil the covenant of God. This

hath God enjoined you for your monition�
And, "this is my right way." Follow it then; and follow not other paths lest

ye be scattered from His path. This hath he enjoined you, that ye may fear

Him.
Then39 gave we the Book to Moses�complete for him who should do right, and a

decision for all matters, and a guidance, and a mercy, that they might

believe in the meeting with their Lord.
Blessed, too, this Book which we have sent down. Wherefore follow it and fear

God, that ye may find mercy:


Lest ye should say, "The Scriptures were indeed sent down only unto two

peoples before us, but we were not able to go deep into their studies:"40


Or lest ye should say, "If a book had been sent down to us, we had surely

followed the guidance better than they." But now hath a clear exposition come

to you from your Lord, and a guidance and a mercy. Who then is more wicked

than he who treateth the signs of God as lies, and turneth aside from them?

We will recompense those who turn aside from our signs with an evil

punishment, because they have turned aside.


What wait they for, but the coming of the angels to them, or the coming of

thy Lord Himself, or that some of the sings of the Lord should come to pass?

On the day when some of thy Lord's signs shall come to pass, its faith shall

not profit a soul which believed not before, nor wrought good works in virtue

of its faith. SAY: Wait ye. Verily, we will wait also.
As to those who split up their religion and become sects, have thou nothing

to do with them: their affair is with God only. Hereafter shall he tell them

what they have done.
He who shall present himself with good works shall receive a tenfold reward;

but he who shall present himself with evil works shall receive none other

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