The Project Gutenberg ebook of Hinduism And Buddhism, Volume II. (of 3)



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The Project Gutenberg EBook of Hinduism And Buddhism, Volume II. (of 3)
by Charles Eliot

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Title: Hinduism And Buddhism, Volume II. (of 3)


       An Historical Sketch

Author: Charles Eliot

Release Date: August 19, 2005 [EBook #16546]

Language: English

*** START OF THIS PROJECT GUTENBERG EBOOK HINDUISM AND BUDDHISM ***

Produced by Jonathan Ingram, Sankar Viswanathan and the


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Transcriber’s Note:

Link to Volume One

Excerpts from the Preface to the book from Volume 1, regarding the method of transcription used.

“In the following pages I have occasion to transcribe words belonging to many oriental languages in Latin characters. Unfortunately a uniform system of transcription, applicable to all tongues, seems not to be practical at present. It was attempted in the Sacred Books of the East, but that system has fallen into disuse and is liable to be misunderstood. It therefore seems best to use for each language the method of transcription adopted by standard works in English dealing with each, for French and German transcriptions, whatever their merits may be as representations of the original sounds, are often misleading to English readers, especially in Chinese. For Chinese I have adopted Wade's system as used in Giles's Dictionary, for Tibetan the system of Sarat Chandra Das, for Pali that of the Pali Text Society and for Sanskrit that of Monier-Williams's Sanskrit Dictionary, except that I write ś instead of s. Indian languages however offer many difficulties: it is often hard to decide whether Sanskrit or vernacular forms are more suitable and in dealing with Buddhist subjects whether Sanskrit or Pali words should be used. I have found it convenient to vary the form of proper names according as my remarks are based on Sanskrit or on Pali literature, but this obliges me to write the same word differently in different places, e.g. sometimes Ajâtaśatru and sometimes Ajâtasattu, just as in a book dealing with Greek and Latin mythology one might employ both Herakles and Hercules. Also many Indian names such as Ramayana, Krishna, nirvana have become Europeanized or at least are familiar to all Europeans interested in Indian literature. It seems pedantic to write them with their full and accurate complement of accents and dots and my general practice is to give such words in their accurate spelling (Râmâyana, etc.) when they are first mentioned and also in the notes but usually to print them in their simpler and unaccented forms. I fear however that my practice in this matter is not entirely consistent since different parts of the book were written at different times.”

 

LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS [From Volume 1]



The following are the principal abbreviations used:

Ep. Ind. Epigraphia India.

E.R.E. Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics (edited by Hastings).

I.A. Indian Antiquary.

J.A. Journal Asiatique.

J.A.O.S. Journal of the American Oriental Society.

J.R.A.S. Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society.

P.T.S. Pali Text Society.

S.B.E. Sacred Books of the East (Clarendon Press).

 



 



HINDUISM AND BUDDHISM
AN HISTORICAL SKETCH



 



 




BY


SIR CHARLES ELIOT



 



 



In three volumes
VOLUME II



Seal



ROUTLEDGE & KEGAN PAUL LTD



Broadway House, 68-74 Carter Lane,
London, E.C.4.



 



 



 



First published 1921
Reprinted 1954
Reprinted 1957
Reprinted 1962



PRINTED IN GREAT BRITAIN BY
LUND HUMPHRIES
LONDON - BRADFORD





 



 



 



CONTENTS



 



 



BOOK IV



THE MAHAYANA



        CHAPTER

PAGE


XVI   MAIN FEATURES OF THE MAHAYANA 3 XVII   BODHISATTVAS 7 XVIII   THE BUDDHAS of MAHAYANISM 26 XIX   MAHAYANIST METAPHYSICS 36 XX   MAHAYANIST SCRIPTURES 47 XXI   CHRONOLOGY OF THE MAHAYANA 63 XXII   FROM KANISHKA TO VASUBANDHU 76 XXIII   INDIAN BUDDHISM AS SEEN BY THE CHINESE PILGRIMS 90 XXIV   DECADENCE OF BUDDHISM IN INDIA 107  



BOOK V



HINDUISM



XXV   ŚIVA AND VISHNU 136 XXVI   FEATURES OF HINDUISM: RITUAL, CASTE, SECT, FAITH 166 XXVII   THE EVOLUTION OF HINDUISM. BHÂGAVATAS AND PÂŚUPATAS 186 XXVIII   ŚANKARA. ŚIVAISM IN SOUTHERN INDIA. KASHMIR. LlNGÂYATS 206 XXIX   VISHNUISM IN SOUTH INDIA 228 XXX   LATER VISHNUISM IN NORTH INDIA 242 XXXI   AMALGAMATION OF HINDUISM AND ISLAM. KABIR AND THE SIKHS 262 XXXII   ŚÂKTISM 274 XXXIII   HINDU PHILOSOPHY 291  




 

 

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