The five types of plagiarism



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THE FIVE TYPES OF PLAGIARISM

  • Are You Stealing Intellectual Property?
  • Adapted from Instructor Theresa Ireton’s in-class presentation

Presenting another’s original thoughts or ideas as your own

  • Presenting another’s original thoughts or ideas as your own
  • Using another’s exact words without proper citation

STRATEGIES TO AVOID PLAGIARISM

UNINTENTIONAL PLAGIARISM

  • Paraphrasing poorly: changing a few words without changing the sentence structure of the original, or changing the sentence structure but not the words. 
  • Quoting poorly:  putting quotation marks around part of a quotation but not around all of it, or putting quotation marks around a passage that is partly paraphrased and partly quoted.
  • Citing poorly:  omitting an occasional citation or citing inaccurately.
  • MLA handbook for writers of research papers. (7th ed.). The Modern Language Association of America. New York: 2009. Print.

INTENTIONAL PLAGIARISM

  • Passing off as one’s own pre-written papers from the Internet or other sources.
  • Copying an essay or article from the Internet, on-line source, or electronic database without quoting or giving credit.
  • Cutting and pasting from more than one source to create a paper without quoting or giving credit.
  • Borrowing words or ideas from other students or sources without giving credit.
  • MLA handbook for writers of research papers. (7th ed.). The Modern Language Association of America. New York: 2009. Print.

PLAGIARISM PREVENTION: BE AUTHENTIC

  • Develop a topic based on previously written material but write something new and original
  • Rely on opinions of experts on a topic but improve upon those opinions
  • Give credit to researchers while making your own contribution
  • Follow a standard documentation method such as MLA or APA format

THE FIRST TYPE OF PLAGIARISM

  • Plagiarism of Words
    • The use of another’s exact words without citing the author
    • Incorrect
      • Plagiarism is the reproduction of someone else’s words, ideas or findings and presenting them as one’s own without proper acknowledgement.
    • Correct
      • Plagiarism is the “reproduction of someone else’s words, ideas or findings and presenting them as one’s own without proper acknowledgement” (Undergraduate Course Handbook: 2008, p.24)

THE SECOND TYPE OF PLAGIARISM

  • Plagiarism of Structure
    • Paraphrasing another’s words by changing sentence construction or word choice with citation
    • Paraphrasing while maintaining original sentence construction with acknowledging the source

THE THIRD TYPE OF PLAGIARISM

  • Plagiarism of Ideas
    • Presenting another’s
    • ideas as your own
    • without giving the
    • person credit
    • Submitting a paper
    • without citing or
    • incorrectly citing
    • another’s ideas

THE FOURTH TYPE OF PLAGIARISM

  • Plagiarism of Authorship
    • Turning in a
    • replication of
    • another’s work
    • Submitting a paper
    • that you got off the
    • internet or from a
    • friend and presenting
    • it as your own

THE FIFTH TYPE OF PLAGIARISM

  • Plagiarism of Self
    • The use of previous work for a separate assignment
    • Although these were you original words and thoughts, receiving credit for a previous assignment is considered cheating

THE PENALTIES OF PLAGIARISM

  • Although plagiarism can be intentional or unintentional, both have consequences. A meeting with the VP of Students will be scheduled to determine an outcome

TO LEARN MORE

  • Visit www.centralia.edu/academics/writingcenter/
  • or
  • http://owl.waol.org/


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