The Essay Kuny/Borys 2009 English 20-1 The Introduction
1) The Motivator
- Is your first sentence and should therefore grab the reader’s attention.
- It should touch on the topic to be discussed, but not give away your argument.
- It must relate to the topic
- It can be a quote, joke, question, definition, statistic, shocking statement, accusation, etc.
- - This is meant to explain, clarify, or extend your motivator.
- Is still a general statement and does not mention the literature to be discussed.
- Does not give away your thesis.
- Should express how the topic is relevant to ALL PEOPLE or provide an explanation of your motivator.
- Is meant to provide a brief summary of the piece of literature that you will be discussing.
- Focus your summary on the topic you will be addressing, but do not give away the key idea in your thesis
- Is meant to present the reader with your main arguments in the order in which you will present them. Be brief.
- This is the most important sentence of your entire essay!
- It should guide your entire essay.
- It should directly answer the question presented in the topic.
- Is meant to tell the reader what/who the paragraph will be about.
- Should be straightforward and specific about what the focus of the paragraph will be.
- Develops the topic and provides more detail.
- Gives appropriate, DETAILED examples to support your thesis.
- Explains evidence in great detail and connects EXPLICITLY to your thesis.
- You must back up ideas with evidence.
- Evidence is a direct quote from literature or paraphrased statement of a specific episode within the literature.
- Avoid summarizing the literature. Remember that the reader has read the literature you are discussing.
- - meant to remind your reader of the topic discussed in the paragraph
- similar to your topic sentence, but in different words
- reconnect to your thesis…that is the idea you should be focused on throughout your writing
- Your concluding sentence should sum up what you have written and also make the transition into the next paragraph.
- meant to remind the reader of the statement you made in your essay about the topic you were assigned
- must be in different words than the thesis in your introduction
Summarize Main Ideas
- meant to give a brief overview of the way you supported your thesis
- describe briefly how each of the three examples you discussed in your essay serve as to prove that your thesis was, in fact, correct
Reference to Motivator
- meant to tie everything in your essay together, from the first sentence to the last
- reread your motivator and make a comment that repeats the key words you used
- do not repeat the motivator word for word
- Each of the following slides will have a quotation integrated in a different way. Your task is to write this down and determine the rules for each manner of integration.
- The town of Maycomb did not approve of the Radley family: “The Radleys, welcome anywhere in town, kept to themselves, a predilection unforgivable in Maycomb” (8).
- Introduce the quotation with a complete sentence and a colon (:)
- According to Scout, “Mrs. Dubose was plain hell” (10).
- Use an introductory or explanatory phrase, but not a complete sentence, separated from the quotation with a comma.
- The mention of “nothing to buy and no money to buy it with” (6) suggests that this is a time of economic depression.
- Boo Radley is described as a “malevolent phantom” by the narrator.
- Make the quotation a part of your own sentence without any punctuation between your own words and the words you are quoting.
- Avoid contractions (don’t, won’t, can’t)
- Use the Present Tense
- Avoid dead words (get, got, nice, very, just, a lot, lots, bad, fine, good, so, fun, well, stuff, things etc…)
- DON’T EVER USE: I, You, We, Your, My,
- Be specific! Say what you mean with sophisticated vocabulary. Avoid repetition.
- Titles of novels and films are either underlined or italicized.
- Every paragraph must be indented and there should be no spaces between paragraphs.
- Lady Macbeth expresses her guilt while she sleepwalks: “Out, damned spot! out, I say!” (5.1.34-35).
- In 5.1, Lady Macbeth’s guilt is evident.
- Macbeth’s evil ambition is now alarmingly out of control: “Seize upon Fife; give to the edge of the sword / His wife, his babes, and all unfortunate souls / That trace him in his line” (4.1.150-53).
Quoting Shakespeare Continued
- Lady Macduff and her son discuss the departure of Macduff:
- Lady Macduff: Yes, he is dead: how wilt thou do for a father?
- Son: Nay, how will you do for a husband? (4.2.38-39).
- Macbeth’s evil ambition is now alarmingly out of control:
- The castle of Macduff I will surprise;
- Seize upon Fife; give to the edge of the sword
- His wife , his babes, and all unfortunate souls
- That trace him in his line (4.1.150-53).
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