The Conclusion



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The Conclusion

  • Making Your Last Paragraph Count
  • The End
  • A Conclusion
  • Definition and Purpose
  • The conclusion is the last paragraph in your essay. A conclusion completes the essay and reemphasizes your thesis statement or main ideas. Look at the example thesis statement and conclusion below.
  • A Conclusion
  • First Sentence of Conclusion
  • Ultimately, because of the steps I took, I was successful in fighting the disease…
  • First sentence in conclusion reemphasizes ideas in thesis statement.
  • A Conclusion
  • So What?
  • In addition to referring back to your main idea, your
  • conclusion needs to show your reader the significance of
  • your thesis. When discussing the importance of your
  • thesis, try to address questions such as…
  • How and why is this topic important?
  • How might this topic affect me or other people?
  • What can be learned from this topic?
  • Look at the example below of a conclusion that shows the reader the importance of the main idea of the essay.
  • Example #1
  • So What?
  • Conclusion Paragraph Draft
  • Ultimately, because of the steps I took, I was successful in fighting the disease. I
  • was able to become healthy enough to attend my daughter’s wedding, and I no longer
  • worried about dying. Others suffering with cancer can learn an important lesson from
  • my experience: Don’t give up no matter how hopeless things may seem and always
  • get a second opinion from another doctor!
  • Example #1
  • The writer points out how the steps she took to fight cancer affected her and other people.
  • The writer discusses the importance of her topic by writing about the lessons that can be learned.
  • Look at the example below of a conclusion that refers back to the thesis statement and shows the reader the importance of the main idea of the essay.
  • Example #2
  • Conclusion
  • Conclusion Paragraph
  • The decision to move to the United States was a difficult one for my parents to
  • make. Though I was angry with their decision at the time, I understand now that the
  • poor economy and political instability of my country forced them to immigrate.
  • Through this experience I learned that one simply cannot control all of life’s
  • circumstances. One must learn to deal with tough situations as they come and work
  • to be successful regardless of one’s location.
  • Example #2
  • The first two sentences reemphasize the thesis statement.
  • The writer concludes by discussing the lessons learned from his experience.
  • Thesis Statement
  • There were several factors that caused my family to make the difficult decision
  • to immigrate to the United States.
  • Techniques
  • Some ways to enhance a conclusion are to
  • include a…
  • Concluding an Essay
  • A Prediction
  • A prediction talks about what might happen in the future. A prediction can be a good way to finish your essay. It can make your reader think about the possible results of your thesis statement.
  • Prediction
  • Example
  • Finally, the importance of beginning a program to re
  • forest parts of Haiti will be an important step in making this
  • country more economically self-sufficient. Without such a
  • program in place, the people of this country will continue to
  • destroy their natural resources for fuel in order to salvage their
  • present state of survival.
  • A program to reforest parts of Haiti is urgently needed.
  • Thesis Statement
  • A prediction is used to make the reader think about possible results of the thesis.
  • Concluding an Essay
  • A Recommendation
  • A recommendation is often used by a writer after he/she has discussed a problem in an essay. A recommendation can be used to suggest a solution or call the readers to do something about the problem in the essay.
  • Recommendation
  • Example
  • As we have seen, international students face a number
  • of difficulties when coming to a new country to study.
  • However, problems such as culture-shock and the language
  • barrier can be lessened before a student comes to the new
  • country through preparation. If you are considering going to
  • school in another country, you should begin learning about the
  • culture, customs, and history of your host nation. Also, you
  • should be sure that you are proficient in the national language
  • or be sure to sign up for language classes once you are there.
  • A recommendation is used to suggest a solution to a problem.
  • Concluding an Essay
  • “A Quotation”
  • Quotation
  • Example
  • David Werner, author of, Where There Is No Doctor,
  • notes that, “Only when the people themselves become actively
  • responsible for their own and their community’s health, can
  • important changes take place.” This should be the mantra of
  • every public health agency when looking at making
  • improvements in common health problems. Unless a
  • community understands the importance of the intervention and
  • takes responsibility for transformation, no long-lasting changes
  • will be made.
  • A quotation from an expert can be used to add credibility to a writer’s position.
  • A Conclusion
  • It is sometimes helpful to have a transition at the
  • beginning of your conclusion to signal the end of your
  • essay. Some common transitions used in conclusions
  • are listed below. Remember to use a comma after your
  • transitions.
  • In conclusion,
  • In summary,
  • Thus,
  • Therefore,
  • To conclude,
  • In short,
  • A Conclusion
  • Thus, despite the advances in computer technology, the kind of computers that take on human characteristics often found in science-fiction movies are still a long way off.
  • The transition, thus, is used at the beginning of the conclusion to signal the end of the essay.


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