Ghi chú: Học sinh làm bài trên đề thi này. Đề thi gồm có 11 trang, kể cả trang phách.
Listening (50 points)
Part 1: For question 1-10, listen to a piece of news from BBC about “What to wear?”and supply the
blanks with the missing information. Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS and/or A NUMBER taken from the recording for each answer in the spaces provided.
One of the biggest shocks when you arrive in a new country can be the clothes people are wearing. You may look fashionable at home, but you suddenly find you are 1____________________or simply someone to laugh at when you arrive abroad. With this in mind, let's take a look at teenage fashion in the UK for girls.
One of the things that may shock an outsider most is piercings. These days it is not enough to simply wear rings in your ears. You will see many teenagers with rings in their navel, or belly button, nose, lip, or even their eyebrow.
Some girls go for a 'glam' look. They wear T-shirts; trousers are usually preferred, blue or black, and the look is 2_____________________ with metallic bags and shoes and arms full of bracelets. Another alternative is the 3________________________ You start with a T-shirt of your favourite band and tight jeans or a long skirt. On top of this you can wear a denim jacket. Jewellery tends to be large and metallic, and to add colour, wear a scarf.
If neither of these is for you, why not 4_________________________? T-shirts are usually tie-dyed in hot colours. Wear long shorts, short jeans or a denim skirt. And on your feet? 5___________________________, of course! If you prefer something more feminine, there's the 6___________________________ Skirts are long, to the floor. Wear a top with butterflies or flowers printed on it!
Finally, how about the 'Tom Boy' look? Wear 7________________________ and a T-shirt with a logo. Don't forget your 8_______________________ of course!
Follow the fashion tips above, and you shouldn't 9______________________However, it's important to remember to wear clothes and choose a look that you feel comfortable with. Don't just be 10_______________- be yourself!
Part 2. You will hear a radio music presenter talking about his job. For questions 11- 19, complete the sentences.
He got a degree in 11____________________________________from university.
On leaving university, he began a career in 12 _____________________________
His first experience of broadcasting was at a 13_____________________________ station.
When he first tried to work in radio professionally, he got a lot of 14_________________________________
One station invited him to attend some 15___________________________________
The programme he presents usually lasts for 16_______________________________
When he arrives, he starts by 17___________________________________________
Then he works out what the 18_____________________________and running order of his programme will be.
After lunch he looks through the 19________________________________________
You will hear an interview with an engineer called Roger Moffar, whose working life has changed dramatically over the last ten years. For questions 20- 25, choose the correct answer A, B, C or D.
You will hear the recording twice.
20. The interviewer says that Roger is the kind of person who
A. is reluctant to try something different. B. does not want to spend his money.
C. enjoys entertaining others. D. is happy to reveal the tricks of his trade.
21. How did Roger feel initially about what happened ten years ago?
A. angry B. resigned C. depressed D. disinterested
22. Roger regards his early days in business as
A. frustrating B. demanding C. irrelevant D. boring
23. What does Roger feel is the greatest benefit of running his own business?
A. He arranges his free time as he pleases B. He gets on better with other people
C. He has more leisure time than before. D. He is free of an environment he disliked.
24. What is Roger’s attitude toward his future?
A. he considers his position to be no less secure than before
B. He thinks he will be more vulnerable than he used to be.
C. He’d feel financially more secure working for someone else.
D. he considers himself too old to change direction again.
25. Which description best sums up Roger’s appraisal of engineers?
A. dedicated workers B. creative artists
C. well- balanced realists D. powerful leaders
26. What does Roger find most satisfying about the “tools of his trade”?
A. They are intricate beyond belief. B. They are the creations of colleagues.
C. They are theoretical in design. D. They are exciting to contemplate.
SECTION - LEXICO-GRAMMAR(…/20 points) Part 1: Choose the best answer (A, B, C, or D) to each of the following questions and write your answers in the corresponding numbered boxes. 1. When the storm prevented the climbers from reaching the top of the mountain, they were ____ disappointed.
A. bitterly B. savagely C. stormily D. angrily
2. When she puts her mind to it, she is always capable of _____ sarcasm.
A. biting B. sharpening C. slicing D. striking
3. The footballer never really recovered from the injury he __________at the beginning of the season.
A. got B. struck C. endured D. sustained
4. He was absolutely __________ with anger when he found that I had scratched his car.
A. burned B. carmine C. fickle D. livid
5. He had an honest and __________ expression, which hid the fact he had a very devious mind.
A. competent B. trusting C. integrated D. integrity
6. I must admit, Fred is the __________ person I would have thought of to marry Jane.
A. last B. ultimate C. final D. end
7. The praise of his boss and his colleagues was __________to his ears.
A. song B. music C. harmony D. melody
8. Fred has a__________ of staying out of trouble at the office - he never gets involved.
A. trait B. ability C. skill D. knack
9. Though I’m unsure of myself but in her __________ I have to say she knew nothing about it beforehand.
A. place B. position C. defence D. advocate
10. You’ve obviously lost weight, and this dress will need to be __________ to fit you properly.
A. dressed up B. taken in C. put out D. taken off
Part 2: Write the correct FORM of each bracketed word in the corresponding numbered boxes. (0) has been done as an example. The Moon Anyone taking the trouble to look (0) _________ (WARD) on a clear moonlit night cannot fail to be moved by the sight of our sister planet hanging up there in the sky like a silver ball casting (11) _________ (GHOST) shadows on the Earth below. Few (12) _________ (ANIMATE) objects can have had such an influence over religion and the arts. And never is the Moon's visual impact more impressive than when it is full and just above the distant horizon. Under these conditions, the apparent (13) _________ (PROXIMATE) of the lunar disc to familiar terrestrial objects makes the Moon appear to be very much larger and closer than normal. But the fact that our (14) _________ (AID) eyes still cannot discern more than just a few dark blotches on its surface demonstrates that this effect must indeed be just an optical illusion. The light from the Moon cannot really become magnified as it passes at a (15) _________ (GRAZE) angle through our atmosphere. But why should the Moon be an object worthy of scientific study at all? Why cannot we be content just to gaze up at it in awe rather than attempt to probe its (16) _________ (INNER) secrets? Some would say that the study of the Moon, particularly during the last ten years or so, has destroyed any precious illusions about the Moon that we might have held and given us very little in return. But this would be a very shortsighted view.
Part 3: The passage below contains 10 mistakes. UNDERLINE the mistakes and WRITTE THEIR CORRECT FORMS in the corresponding numbered boxes. (0) has been done as an example.
THE HILLS ARE ALIVE WITH THE SOUND OF MUSIC
For the past eight years, many of the world’s leading classical musician have gathered together in Switzerland’s most glitzy ski resort to play, to teach and socialise. If this were all, it would be the ultimate classical music insiders’ club. But the attraction of Verbier, its charm and relevance, is that it is also home for three weeks to more than 100 young musicians from 31 countries, starried-eye about meeting the masters and getting a crashing course at the highest possible level. Conductors of the world’s top orchestras are on hand to get the young musicians into shape, coaxing fine performances of so daunting challenges as Mahler’s Third Symphony and Brahms’ First Symphony.
Verbier is the creation of the Swede, Martin Engstroem, who for many years was a leading agent. He wanted to run his own festival and, having some of the best contacts of the business, it was not hard to find a Swiss ski report to look for a summer boost, rich villa owners keen to open their houses to musical celebrities and stars used to being indulged. Engstroem is the most relaxed and charming of men, but in his way he is adictator. The music heard at Verbier tends to be of his classical taste with barely a note of the contemporary.
0. musician -> musicians
Part 4: Fill in the gaps in the following sentences with suitable particles. Write your answers in the corresponding numbered boxes. (0) has been done as an example. (0) He finds it hard to put_____________ the noise of the nearby factory
24. The Prime Minister thinks that it’s time we did ____________ red tape and beauraucracy.
25. Jane is going to put_____________ the job of a sales assistant in Newcastle.
26. Those naughty boys went on making terrible noise in the park even though they had been ticked _____________ by the annoyed constable.
27. The company has decided not to go _____________ with the takeover of its smaller rival.
28. It’s impossible to live on the low unemployment benefit I come___________ from the government.
29. He is very well-known and he will go ___________ in history as a great statesman.
30. I've got a lot of work to do, but I can't seem to get ____________ it.
0. up with
SECTION - READING(…/20 points) Part 1: Read the following passage and decide which answer (A, B, C, or D) best fits each gap. Write your answer in corresponding numbered boxes. (0) has been done as an example Charity Fund-raising Every year in the spring our school has a special (0) ________ event on a Friday evening to raise money for poor people in a (1) ________ part of the world.
It all started a few years ago when two teachers, who wanted to make Earth a better place, decided to hold an all-night karaoke party in aid of the victims of the recent Tsunami disaster in South-East Asia. Although there was little time to organize it, they managed to throw the party (2) ________ well enough that a grand total of one thousand pounds was collected, a clear sign that all the hard work had (3) ________.
Afterwards, everybody put the party's success down to the enthusiasm of the two organizers, which had soon (4) ________ on everybody else. There was a prize for the best singer, so many people happily paid twenty pounds for the chance to sing with all their (5) ________ while other people agreed to accept the challenge of singing an unfamiliar song for as much as fifty pounds.
Because that first charity event (6) ________ so well, it was decided to hold another similar event every year and each subsequent party proved more successful than its predecessor. The school staff soon realized that an essential factor in making something like this work is how many people are willing to (7) ________ time and effort in the preparation. Fortunately, at our school there is no shortage of such people.
0. A society B. sociable C. social D. so-called
A. poverty B. poorly C. depraved D. deprived
A. on B. up C. about D. together
A. paid off B. made off C. paid up D. made out
A. made up B. rubbed off C. come out D. taken up
A. breath B. strength C. power D. might
A. turned out B. came up C. carried off D. went on
A. give B. make C. invest D. dedicate
Part 2: Read the text below and think of the ward which best fits each gap. Use only one word in each gap. Write your answer in corresponding numbered boxes. (0) has been done as an example.
The Badger's legs are so short, that its belly seems to touch the ground ; this, (0)_______, is but a deceitful appearance, as it is (8) _______ by the length of the hair, which is very long all over the body, and makes it seem much more bulky than it really is. It is a solitary, stupid animal that finds refuge remote (9) _______man, and digs itself a deep hole with great assiduity. It seems to avoid the light, and seldom quits its retreat by day, only stealing (10) _______ at night to find subsistence. It burrows in the ground very easily, its legs being short and strong, and its claws stiff and horny. As it continues to bury (11) _______, it throws the earth behind it, to a great distance, and thus forms to itself a winding hole, at the bottom (12) _______which it remains in safety. As the fox is not so expert at digging into the earth, it often (13) _______possession of that which has been quitted by the badger, and some say, forces it from its retreat, by laying its excrements (14) _______ the mouth of the badger's hole. This animal, however, is not long in making itself a new habitation, from which it seldom ventures far, as it flicks but slowly, and can find safety only in the strength of its retreat. When it is surprised by the dogs at some distance from its hole, it then combats (15) _______ desperate resolution; it falls upon its back, defends itself on every side, and seldom dies unrevenged in the midst of its enemies.
Part 3: Read the following text carefully and then choose the best answer (A, B, C or D) for Questions 16-20 according to the text. Write your answers in the corresponding numbered boxes. Like many meticulous people, Cameron thought of himself as merely organized. He certainly did not consider that he took great pains over anything; he did just enough to get it right. Exactly right, of course, for as he was fond of telling his staff, "if it's not exactly right, it's wrong". Occasionally a worker might whimper faintly on hearing these words, because it meant another hour or so of going over the same bit of work, correcting the mistakes which Cameron had patiently pointed out. And doing the corrections exactly right of course.
Oddly enough, his passion for precision did not make Cameron unpopular. His department had the reputation for performing the highest quality work in the company, and it was seen, and not only by those who worked in the department, as a sort of elite unit. Those programmes that had to work first time, straight out of the box, Cameron's men got those. "It's mission critical - give it to Cameron" was almost a catch-phrase with his team.
It helped that Cameron was not merely fussy. He wanted things done just so, not because of a personal idiosyncrasy, but because he had discovered through patient experimentation that this was the best way for it to be done. What drove his team to distraction, and occasionally to contemplating murder, or suicide, or both, is that he insisted it be done that way under all circumstances. Daughter's wedding? Oh, dear, well you can go as soon as you have finished the project. Take as long as you want.
That was another term that filled the programmers with horror. In Cameron's lexicon, "Take as long as you want" meant that you could work on your task not just in office hours, but that evening, and late into the wee hours of following morning if you so desired. But the project had to be in by its completion date, and yes, done exactly right. Or you did it again. There were those that refused to work under this regime. They told Cameron so, at length, and often with a selection of colorful adjectives. And Cameron would give them his saintly smile, call one of his colleagues, and the worker would find himself at another desk the next day, doing the same sort of work, for exactly the same pay. Then he could cut corners where he knew it didn't matter, use the occasional bodge if it worked, and be reasonably sure of getting home for matters like anniversary dinners.
But he would always be regarded, and not least by himself, as someone who had failed to measure up, one of those who just couldn't cut it. You had to face it, if you were not working for Cameron, you were second best. So when word got out that Cameron had fouled up, big time, the news was greeted with a mixture of sympathy, and outright relief that this paragon too was human.
16. What was Cameron's job?
A. Software programmer B. Quality controller C. Head of department D. A chief scientist
17. Why was "mission-critical" work given to Cameron?
A. Because Cameron was critical B. Because Cameron's work was error-free
A. Uncompromising B. Patient C. Tyrannical D. Unsympathetic
19. How did people feel about working for Cameron?
A. That they were part of an elite B. That their mission was critical
C. That Cameron was very fussy D. That Cameron was patient and saintly
20. What is meant by someone who "can't cut it"?
A. He doesn't cut corners. B. He isn't good enough.
C. He has the wrong measurements. D. He is a paragon.
Part 4: Read the following passage and answer Questions 21 to 33. Gondwanaland 21.
Meet Mesosaurus, a small reptile which lived in fresh-water lakes and streams millions of years ago during the lower Permain age. Mesosaurus has had a big impact on how we view our planet, because he helped to prove the existence of the super-continent called Gondwanaland.
Every schoolchild has probably looked at a map of the earth and noticed how Africa and South America fit together like pieces of a giant jigsaw, yet until just over a hundred and fifty years ago, no-one believed that this was more than an odd coincidence. It seemed impossible that the massive continents of the earth could ever be moved, let alone so far apart that they ended up half a planet from each other.
Nevertheless, in 1912 Alfred Wegener, a German meteorologist came up with the theory that the continents of the earth had all existed in a single mass, which he called Pangaea (which is Greek for 'all the world'') Later researchers decided that Pangaea had been two continents, one to the north of the other, which had existed about 250 million years ago. From the geological evidence found in the Gondwana area of India, an Austrian geologist, Eduard Suess coined the name 'Gondwanaland' for the southern super continent, of which India was once a part. (The northern continent was called Lurasia.)
For many years super-continents were regarded as an interesting theory, but no-one knew how it might work in reality. Then the discovery of the mechanisms of plate tectonics showed how continents might drift across the face of the globe. Once it was accepted that the continents were floating on currents of lava, more evidence became apparent. A particular type of an early plant, the seed fern, was found on continents now scattered about the southern hemisphere of the world, as were tillates, a deposit left by glaciers in the Permo-Carboniferous era of 520 million years ago. And Mesosaurus, the little fresh-water reptile, left his remains in West Africa and Brazil. Since Mesosaurus had no way of crossing the Atlantic, researchers realized that it could not be coincidence that this reptile had left remains in exactly the place where Africa and South America fit together so neatly.
By investigating similarities in animal fossils, different types of plants found in the southern hemisphere but not in the northern hemisphere, and patterns of rock formations, researchers have managed to put the continents of modern-day earth together like a huge jigsaw to make up the vanished super-continent. Sometimes rock formations can be seen to break off at the ocean's edge, to carry on once more thousands of miles away on another continent. The evidence shows that not only were Africa and South America once joined to Antarctica, but so were India and Australia, parts of south Western Europe, and Florida.
Although Gondwanaland was located in the far southern hemisphere of the planet, where Antarctica remains today, the climate was much warmer, and we know that huge forests grew there. These forests, fossilized into coal, supply many Indians with energy today. The land animals were adapted to life on their cool continent, with its long dark winter days. Some of the best known dinosaurs, such as Stegosaurus, Triceratops, and Tyrannosaurus lived on the northern continents, but Gondwanaland also had some fearsome predators such as Abelisaurus, a large meat-eater that lived during the cretaceous period. The seas were populated with fish called placoderms, a name which they get from their skin, which was so thick that they were practically armored.
The break-up of Gondwanaland had huge consequences for planet earth as we know it now. In geological terms, India has been a sprinter. Breaking from Gondwanaland the sub-continent drifted rapidly northward from the South Pole, finally smashing into Asia about 45 million years ago in a collision that raised the Himalayas.
When South America split off about 30 million years ago the effect was even more dramatic. Cold Antarctic water no longer mixed with warmer seas when pushed northward by the south American landmass. Instead it circled the pole getting colder and colder, until Antartica lost its vegetation and animal life, and became the barren icy wilderness it is today.
Question 21-28: Match the paragraph headings A - H with the paragraphs 21-28 above. Write your answers in the numbered boxes. Finding the evidence
Question 29 - 33: Choose from the phrases (I –R) to complete sentences 29 to 33 which best summarize the points made by the writer. Write the letter (I - R) at the end of the sentences 29 to 33.
For many years the existence of Gondwanaland ____________.
The discovery of plate tectonics_________________________.
Evidence for Gondwanaland____________________________.
In the past Gondwanaland______________________________.
The break-up of Gondwanaland__________________________.
was dominated by the theories of European scientists
had a large population of plants and animals
demonstrated that continents can indeed drift apart
partly explains why earthquakes and volcanoes happen
was because Mesosaurus existed on two modern continents
has been found in geological formations and fossils
smashed into the Asian landmass 45 million years ago
was nothing but speculation
had huge effects on the climate of the Earth
was believed to be a legendary lost continent
Part 5: Read the following passage and answer Questions 34- 45. Robotic approach to crop breeding Jennifer Manyweathers takes a look at a robot that is being used to identify drought-tolerant crop varieties A. The Australian sunflower industry is the major source of polyunsaturated fatty acids found in margarines and spreads. Recognized as the type of fatty acid most able to protect against heart disease, it is in everybody's best interest that Australia has a competitive and healthy sunflower industry, but in Australia there is a constant struggle with the harsh climate. However, thanks to one special robot, farmers may be able to win the battle against drought.
B. Dr Chris Lambrides, a research fellow at the University of Queensland, is nearing the end of a project that aims to develop more drought tolerant sunflowers by selecting flowers that use water more efficiently. He's done this with the help of a robot developed by the Australian National University's Research School of Biological Sciences.
C. Plants undergo photosynthesis to produce energy in the form of sugar. This involves allowing carbon dioxide to enter the leaves through pores called stomata. Transpiration is the mechanism by which plants lose water through their leaves. This system is thought to facilitate the passage of minerals through the plant and is vital for healthy plants.
D. However, in conditions of drought, the plants that can use the available water efficiently and lose less to the environment will be more likely to thrive and, in a commercial sense become more profitable. These plants are classified as having a high transpiration efficiency. When plants transpire, the leaves become cooler due to evaporation. Therefore, by measuring the temperature of the leaves, scientists can determine how much water is being lost through transpiration.
E. When the project first began, the researchers used hand-held infrared thermometers to measure the temperature difference between leaves of different varieties of sunflowers in an experimental plot. Wind can affect leaf temperature, and the research team discovered that its initial approach did not cater for changes in wind speed, which could not be controlled as an experimental variable. The team therefore needed a technique to measure temperature continuously that would allow it to examine the effects of other variables such as humidity. They needed a robot.
F. They designed a robot with two infrared thermometers set at 1800 to each other. The robot runs on an oblong track around the experimental plot and the thermometers operate on each side of the track. In order to minimize any variables from the two thermometers, they are rotated 1800 at the beginning of each run and the results are averaged. The infrared thermometers can be rotated on an angle to examine different parts of the foliage.
G. The robot is also able to detect light intensity. It has a garage on the track, where it waits until the light intensity is high enough to give useful results. If the skies darken due to rain, heavy cloud cover or sunset, the robot makes its way back to the garage to wait.
H. The main difficulty faced by the research group was to find an agronomist who could grow the perfect crop of sunflowers. The sunflower canopy had to be complete, with no visible soil, 50 that the thermometers would only measure the temperature of the plants and not the surrounding environment. Eight varieties of sunflower were examined. The data collected by the robot has been used by the research team to determine which variety has the highest transpiration efficiency.
I. This is not the first time such methods have been used to determine drought-resistance in plants. The team and their robot have already made a major breakthrough in the Australian wheat industry with Drysdale Wheat, which signaled the arrival of a new technique for selecting drought-resistant species.
Questions 34 - 37: Complete the sentences with words taken from the passage. Use NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS for each answer.Write your answers next to Questions 34 – 37. 34. In terms of our health, sunflowers are important in defending humans against _______________________________.
35. The research team wanted to find a sunflower that could cope well in conditions.
36. The name of the process which is believed to help keep plants in good condition is _______________________________.
37. The research team had to rethink their initial approach when they realized they needed to measure the impact of external conditions such as _________________________ and _______________________.
Questions 38 - 45: The reading passage has nine paragraphs labeled A-I.
Which paragraph contains the following information? Write the correct letter A-I next to Questions 38 - 45. 38. the precise growing conditions required to allow the experiment to work __________________
39. a description of the how the robot operates __________________
40. an explanation of two important processes used by plants __________________
41. a reference to a previous study using a different crop __________________
42. details of what the robot does when conditions are poor __________________
43. the name of the group responsible for making the robot __________________
44. the number of different types of sunflower tested ___________________
45. the purpose of taking the temperature of the plants __________________
Part 1. Finish each of the following sentences in such a way that it means the same as the one printed before it. Write your answers in the space provided. (10 points)
1. They believe that Oliver failed his exam because he was nervous.
2. The inhabitants were far worse-off twenty years ago than they are now.
--> The inhabitants are nowhere ___________________________________________
3. If you don't know the art market, there's a risk you will spend a lot of money on rubbish.
--> If you don't know the art market, you are _____________________________________
4. Whatever the methods used to obtain the result, drugs were definitely not involved.
-> There was no question ___________________________________________
5. Those terrapins which survive their first year may live to be twenty.
-> Should _________________________________________
Part II. Rewrite the sentences below in such a way that their meanings stay the same. You must use the words in capital without changing their forms. Write your answers in the space provided (5 points)
6. Every student will get good marks to express their gratitude towards teachers. (lengths)
7 I am determined to become a teacher of maths. (heart)
8 Some of the patients taken to the hospital have got an infectious disease. (diagnosed)
9 This contract is as important and confidential as that one. (equally)
10 He has called the meeting in order to raise money for the latest storm. (purpose)
Part 3: Globalization is on a growing trend in the modern world. Do you think its positive impacts outweigh the negative ones?
Write an essay of about 250 words to express your opinion.