Teacher: Mr. Shainker 9th grade high school english homework assignments



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Teacher: Mr. Shainker

9th GRADE HIGH SCHOOL ENGLISH HOMEWORK ASSIGNMENTS

Homework is an important part of education.  The conscientious completion of homework has a positive impact on a student's success in school.  Teachers, students, and parents have the responsibility to work as a team in order to realize the maximum benefit of homework.

These simple steps will guide you through the essay writing process:

Organize Your Ideas

The purpose of an outline or diagram is to put your ideas about the topic on paper,


Diagram


  1. Begin your diagram with a circle or a horizontal line or whatever shape you prefer in the middle of the page.

  2. Inside the shape or on the line, write your topic.

  3. From your center shape or line, draw three or four lines out into the page. Be sure to spread them out.

  4. At the end of each of these lines, draw another circle or horizontal line or whatever you drew in the center of the page.

  5. In each shape or on each line, write the main ideas that you have about your topic, or the main points that you want to make.

    • If you are trying to persuade, you want to write your best arguments.

    • If you are trying to explain a process, you want to write the steps that should be followed.
      You will probably need to group these into categories.
      If you have trouble grouping the steps into categories, try using Beginning, Middle, and End.

    • If you are trying to inform, you want to write the major categories into which your information can be divided.

  6. From each of your main ideas, draw three or four lines out into the page.

  7. At the end of each of these lines, draw another circle or horizontal line or whatever you drew in the center of the page.

  8. In each shape or on each line, write the facts or information that support that main idea.

When you have finished, you have the basic structure for your essay and are ready to continue.

Compose a Thesis Statement


Now that you have decided, at least tentatively, what information you plan to present in your essay, you are ready to write your thesis statement.

The thesis statement tells the reader what the essay will be about, and what point you, the author, will be making. Now you must look at your outline or diagram and decide what point you will be making. What do the main ideas and supporting ideas that you listed say about your topic?


Your thesis statement will have two parts.


  • The first part states the topic.

    • Kenya's Culture

    • Building a Model Train Set

    • Public Transportation

  • The second part states the point of the essay.

    • has a rich and varied history

    • takes time and patience

    • can solve some of our city's most persistent and pressing problems

Once you have formulated a thesis statement that fits this pattern and with which you are comfortable, you are ready to continue.

Write the Body Paragraphs


In the body of the essay, all the preparation up to this point comes to completion. Now the topic must be explained, described, or argued.

Each main idea that you wrote down in your diagram or outline will become one of the body paragraphs. If you had three or four main ideas, you will have three or four body paragraphs.


Each body paragraph will have the same basic structure.


  1. Start by writing down one of your main ideas, in sentence form.
    If your main idea is "reduces freeway congestion," you might say this:
    Public transportation reduces freeway congestion.

  2. Next, write down each of your supporting points for that main idea, but leave four or five lines in between each point.

  3. In the space under each point, write down some elaboration for that point.
    Elaboration can be further description or explanation or discussion.

Supporting Point

Commuters appreciate the cost savings of taking public transportation rather than driving.

Elaboration

Less driving time means less maintenance expense, such as oil changes.

Of course, less driving time means savings on gasoline as well.

In many cases, these savings amount to more than the cost of riding public transportation.



  1. If you wish, include a summary sentence for each paragraph.


Once you have written your body paragraphs, one for each main point, you are ready to continue.

Write the Introduction and Conclusion


Your essay lacks only two paragraphs now: the introduction and the conclusion. These paragraphs will give the reader a point of entry to and a point of exit from your essay.

Introduction


The introduction should be designed to attract the reader's attention and give an idea of the essay's focus.

  1. Begin with an attention grabber.

The attention grabber you use is up to you, but here are some ideas:

    • Startling information
      This information must be true and verifiable, and it doesn't need to be totally new to your readers. It could simply be a pertinent fact that explicitly illustrates the point you wish to make.
      If you use a piece of startling information, follow it with a sentence or two of elaboration.

    • Anecdote
      An anecdote is a story that illustrates a point.
      Be sure your anecdote is short, to the point, and relevant to your topic. This can be a very effective opener for your essay, but use it carefully.

    • Dialogue
      An appropriate dialogue does not have to identify the speakers, but the reader must understand the point you are trying to convey. Use only two or three exchanges between speakers to make your point.
      Follow dialogue with a sentence or two of elaboration.

    • Summary Information
      A few sentences explaining your topic in general terms can lead the reader gently to your thesis. Each sentence should become gradually more specific, until you reach your thesis.

  1. If the attention grabber was only a sentence or two, add one or two more sentences that will lead the reader from your opening to your thesis statement.

  2. Finish the paragraph with your thesis statement.

Conclusion


The conclusion brings closure to the reader, summing up your points or providing a final perspective on your topic.

All the conclusion needs is three or four strong sentences which do not need to follow any set formula. Simply review the main points (being careful not to restate them exactly) or briefly describe your feelings about the topic.


Add the Finishing Touches


You have now completed all of the paragraphs of your essay. Before you can consider this a finished product, however, you must give some thought to the formatting of your paper.

Check the order of your paragraphs.


Look at your paragraphs. Which one is the strongest? You might want to start with the strongest paragraph, end with the second strongest, and put the weakest in the middle. Whatever order you decide on, be sure it makes sense. If your paper is describing a process, you will probably need to stick to the order in which the steps must be completed.

Check the instructions for the assignment.


When you prepare a final draft, you must be sure to follow all of the instructions you have been given.

  • Have you titled it as directed?

  • What other information (name, date, etc.) must you include?

Check your writing.


Nothing can substitute for revision of your work. By reviewing what you have done, you can improve weak points that otherwise would be missed. Read and reread your paper.

  • Does it make logical sense?
    Leave it for a few hours and then read it again. Does it still make logical sense?

  • Do the sentences flow smoothly from one another?
    If not, try to add some words and phrases to help connect them. Transition words, such as "therefore" or "however," sometimes help. Also, you might refer in one sentence to a thought in the previous sentence. This is especially useful when you move from one paragraph to another.

Once you have checked your work and perfected your formatting,
your essay is finished.

Format: The term paper should be 3 pages in length, type-written, with 1-inch margins on both sides, top, and bottom. The text should be double spaced and in 12-point type. The cover page and the bibliography do not count toward the required number of pages.

Plagiarism: As you write this paper for this course, be careful not to plagiarize any of your sources. Remember that plagiarism, whether intentional or unintentional, whether blatant or merely inappropriate paraphrasing, will not be tolerated in this course. If you have any questions as you prepare your assignments, feel free to ask for my advice.

Students will write 4-5 pages.

Prompt #1 (August 17, 2012)

Directions: Think carefully about the issue presented in the following paragraph and respond to the assignment below. 

Sometimes in life, we lose. Abraham Lincoln lost numerous congressional elections before he went on to become President of the United States. Henry Ford went bankrupt and lost his ownership in The Detroit Automobile Company before ultimately succeeding with the Ford Motor Company. Michael Jordan’s basketball teams endured many heartbreaking playoff losses before becoming World Champions six times over. Maybe losing is the secret ingredient to success?

 Assignment: How do you feel about the idea that losing might be “the secret ingredient to success”? Plan and write an essay in which you develop your point of view on this issue. Support your position with reasoning and examples taken from your readings, experience, or observations.

Prompt #2 (August 24, 2012)

Directions: Think carefully about the issue presented in the following paragraph and respond to the assignment below.  

Friends are an important part of life. They make us smile, feel good and laugh. However, the famed actress Marlene Dietrich once said, "It's the friends you can call up at 4 a.m. in the morning that really matter." John Collins echoed the same sentiment when he pronounced, "It's in adversity that we know our genuine friends."   Maybe friends only show their true color when times are tough?

 Assignment: How do you feel about the idea that real friendship can only be truly revealed during troubled times in a person's life? Plan and write an essay in which you develop your point of view on this issue. Support your position with reasoning and examples taken from your reading, experience, or observations.

Prompt #3 (August 31, 2012)

Directions: Think carefully about the issue presented in the following paragraph and respond to the assignment below. 

Epictetus, who lived from 55 AD-135AD, claimed, "Only the educated are free." Just under 2,000 years later Benjamin Franklin, one of the most influential founding fathers of America, said, "An investment in knowledge always pays the best interest."   Unfortunately, many people are still dropping out of high school and not pursuing a college degree. 



Assignment: How do you feel about a college education? Plan and write an essay in which you develop your point of view on this issue. Support your position with reasoning and examples taken from your reading, experience, or observations.

Prompt #4 (September 7, 2012)

Directions: Think carefully about the issue presented in the following paragraph and respond to the assignment below. 

Anger is an emotion common to all human beings. Laurence J. Peter said, "Speak when you are angry and you'll make the best speech you'll ever regret." On the other hand, Malcolm X had a different point of view about anger claiming, "Usually when people are sad, they don't do anything. They just cry over their condition. But when people get angry, they bring about a change." Maybe anger has two sides, like a coin?

 Assignment: How do you feel about the idea that anger can be both a positive or negative force depending upon how it is used? Plan and write an essay in which you develop your point of view on this issue. Support your position with reasoning and examples taken from your reading, experience, or observations.

 Prompt #5 (September 14, 2012)



Directions: Think carefully about the issue presented in the following paragraph and respond to the assignment below.  

Ideas about money have been on the minds of great thinkers for centuries. Henry Fielding said, "Make money your God and it will plague you like the devil." Ken Hakuta once said, "Lack of money is no obstacle. Lack of an idea is an obstacle."  Maybe money is, after all, NOT, the key ingredient to providing some of life's most sought-after answers?



Assignment: How do you feel about the idea that there are more important things in life than money? Plan and write an essay in which you develop your point of view on this issue. Support your position with reasoning and examples taken from your reading, experience, or observations.

 Prompt #6 (September 21, 2012)



Directions: Think carefully about the issue presented in the following paragraph and respond to the assignment below.  

It is wrong to think of ourselves as indispensable. We would love to think that our contributions are essential, but we are mistaken if we think that any one person has made the world what it is today. The contributions of individual people are seldom as important or as necessary as we think they are.



Assignment: Do we put too much value on the ideas or actions of individuals. Plan and write an essay in which you develop your point of view on this issue. Support your position with reasoning and examples taken from your reading, experience, or observations. 
Prompt #7 (September 28, 2012)

Directions: Think carefully about the issue presented in the following paragraph and respond to the assignment below.  

Many people deny that stories about characters and events that are not real can teach us about ourselves or about the world around us.  They claim that literature does not offer us worthwhile information about the real world. These people argue that the feelings and ideas we gain from books and stories obstruct, rather than contribute to, clear thought.


Assignment: Can books and stories about characters and events that are not real teach us anything useful? Plan and write an essay in which you develop your point of view on this issue. Support your position with reasoning and examples taken from your reading, experience, or observations. 

 

Prompt #8 (October 5, 2012)



Directions: Think carefully about the issue presented in the following paragraph and respond to the assignment below.  

“No one is perfect.” There are few among us who would disagree with this familiar statement. Certain that perfection is an impossible goal, many people willingly accept flaws and shortcomings in themselves and others. Yet such behavior leads to failure. People can only succeed if they try to achieve perfection in everything they do.


Assignment: Can people achieve success only if they aim to be perfect? Plan and write an essay in which you develop your point of view on this issue. Support your position with reasoning and examples taken from your reading, experience, or observations. 

 

Prompt #9 (October 26, 2012)



Directions: Think carefully about the issue presented in the following paragraph and respond to the assignment below.  

Everybody has some choice. People are always blaming their circumstances for what they are. I don’t believe in circumstances. The people who get on in this world are the people who get up and look for the circumstances they want, if they can’t find them, make them.



Assignment: Do success and happiness depend on the choices people make rather than on factors beyond their control? Plan and write an essay in which you develop your point of view on this issue. Support your position with reasoning and examples taken from your reading, experience, or observations. 
Prompt #10 (November 2, 2012)

Directions: Think carefully about the issue presented in the following paragraph and respond to the assignment below.  

How valuable is history for our generation? On the surface this question is not as easy as it once might have been, for there is a widespread belief that history may no longer be relevant to modern life. We live, after all, in an age that appears very different from the world that came before us.


Assignment: Is knowledge of the past no longer useful for us today? Plan and write an essay in which you develop your point of view on this issue. Support your position with reasoning and examples taken from your reading, experience, or observations. 

 

Prompt #11 (November 9, 2012)



Directions: Think carefully about the issue presented in the following paragraph and respond to the assignment below.  

The free expression of thoughts and opinions is one of humanity’s most precious rights. Every Citizen must be able to speak, write, and publish freely, provided that he or she is held accountable for the abuse of this liberty in cases determined by the law.


Assignment: Is it necessary to limit or put restrictions on freedom of thought and expression? Plan and write an essay in which you develop your point of view on this issue. Support your position with reasoning and examples taken from your reading, experience, or observations. 

 

Prompt #12 (November 16,2012)



Directions: Think carefully about the issue presented in the following paragraph and respond to the assignment below.  

Progress is likely to slow down once science and technology have met our basics human needs. New developments in science and technology will not continue to produce more societal benefits. In fact, the promise that science and technology will continue to benefit us is increasingly doubtful when so many individuals find their lives changing in ways they cannot control and in directions they do not desire.



Assignment: Do the benefits of scientific and technological developments come at the cost of undesirable changes to people’s lives? Plan and write an essay in which you develop your point of view on this issue. Support your position with reasoning and examples taken from your reading, experience, or observations. 
Prompt #13 (November 30, 2012)

Directions: Think carefully about the issue presented in the following paragraph and respond to the assignment below.  

Given the importance of human creativity, one would think it should have a high priority among our concerns. But if we look at the reality, we see a different picture. Basic scientific research is minimized in favor of immediate practical applications. The arts are increasingly seen as dispensable luxuries. Yet as competition heats up around the globe, exactly the opposite strategy is needed.



Assignment: Is creativity needed more than ever in the world today? Plan and write an essay in which you develop your point of view on this issue. Support your position with reasoning and examples taken from your reading, experience, or observations. 

Prompt #14 (December 7, 2012)

Directions: Think carefully about the issue presented in the following paragraph and respond to the assignment below.  

Many persons believe that to move up the ladder of success and achievement, they must forget the past, repress it, and relinquish it. But others have just the opposite view. They see old memories as a chance to reckon with the past and integrate past and present.



Assignment: Do memories hinder or help people in their effort to learn from the past and succeed in the present? Plan and write an essay in which you develop your point of view on this issue. Support your position with reasoning and examples taken from your reading, experience, or observations. 

Prompt #15 (December 14, 2012)

Directions: Think carefully about the issue presented in the following paragraph and respond to the assignment below.  

Most of our schools are not facing up to their responsibilities. We must begin to ask ourselves whether educators should help students address the critical moral choices and social issues of our time. Schools have responsibilities beyond training people for jobs and getting students into college.



Assignment: Should schools help students understand moral choices and social issues? Plan and write an essay in which you develop your point of view on this issue. Support your position with reasoning and examples taken from your reading, experience, or observations. 

Prompt #16 (January 11, 2013)

Directions: Think carefully about the issue presented in the following paragraph and respond to the assignment below.  

The media not only transmits information and culture, they also decide what information is important. In that way, they help to shape culture and values.

Adapted from Alison Bernstein

Assignment: Do newspapers, magazines, television, radio, movies, the Internet, and other media determine what is important to most people? Plan and write an essay in which you develop your point of view on this issue. Support your position with reasoning and examples taken from your reading, experience, or observations. 

Prompt #17 (January 18, 2013)

Directions: Think carefully about the issue presented in the following paragraph and respond to the assignment below.  

Technology is making communication easier in today's world, but at the expense of personal contact as many people choose to work at home in front of a computer screen.



Assignment: What dangers are there for a society which depends on computer screens rather than face-to-face contact for its main means of communication? Plan and write an essay in which you develop your point of view on this issue. Support your position with reasoning and examples taken from your reading, experience, or observations. 

Prompt #18 (January 25, 2013)

Directions: Think carefully about the issue presented in the following paragraph and respond to the assignment below.  

The rising levels of congestion and air pollution found in most of the world cities can be attributed directly to the rapidly increasing number of private cars in use. In order to reverse this decline in the quality of life in cities, attempts must be made to encourage people to use their cars less and public transport more.



Assignment: Discuss possible ways to encourage the use of public transport. Plan and write an essay in which you develop your point of view on this issue. Support your position with reasoning and examples taken from your reading, experience, or observations. 


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