Teacher dial sessions 10/19, 11/19, 4/6



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Teacher DIAL Sessions 10/19, 11/19, 4/6

  • KUDO’s (know, understand, be able to do)
  • Pre and Formative Assessments
  • Lo-Prep Differentiation: R.A.F.T.S.
  • Application and Sharing

Differentiated Instruction Defined

  • “Differentiated instruction is a teaching philosophy based on the premise that teachers should adapt instruction to student differences. Rather than marching students through the curriculum lockstep, teachers should modify their instruction to meet students’ varying readiness levels, learning preferences, and interests. Therefore, the teacher proactively plans a variety of ways to ‘get at’ and express learning.”
  • Carol Ann Tomlinson
  • Differentiation
  • Is a teacher’s response to learner’s needs
  • Shaped by mindset & guided by general principles of differentiation
  • Teachers can differentiate through
  • Content
  • Process
  • Product
  • Affect/Environment
  • According to students’
  • Readiness
  • Through a variety of instructional strategies such as:
  • RAFTS…Graphic Organizers…Scaffolding Reading…Cubing…Think-Tac-Toe…Learning Contracts…Tiering… Learning/Interest Centers… Independent Studies….Intelligence Preferences…Orbitals…Complex Instruction…4MAT…Web Quests & Web Inquiry…ETC.
  • Respectful tasks
  • Flexible grouping
  • Quality Curriculum
  • Interest
  • Learning Profile

Overview of D. I.

What you already know

  • At your tables, examine “Getting Started,” (handout 13). Suggest a few ways Ms. Creighton could improve her plans for differentiation.
  • As you will see, you already have expertise in this area, or you would not thrive as a teacher!

A crucial digression

  • Let’s examine the role of standards, curriculum, essential questions, enduring understandings, and KUD’s (know, understand, and be able to do) on the differentiation process
  • Why teachers need to focus on essentials:
  • An analysis of state and national content standards yielded a total of 255 standards and 3,968 benchmarks students are expected to learn. The researchers calculated that if students spent 30 minutes on each benchmark (and many require much more time for mastery), it would take nine additional years of school for students to “learn”them!
  • Marzano and Kendall, 1998--cited in Tomlinson & McTighe(2006). Differentiated Instruction & Understanding by Design: Connecting content & kids. Alexandria, VA: ASCD, pp. 24-25.

Flaws in the standards I

  • Too much content:
  • 71% more content than we have time to teach
  • Kindergarten would have to extend to grade 21 to adequately cover all standards

Flaws in the standards II

  • Lack of unidimensionality:
  • “Students will develop fluency in adding, subtracting, multiplying, and dividing whole numbers” (NCTM, 2000, p.392)
  • 241 benchmarks, when “unpacked,” represent 741 unique elements (Marzano, 2002)

Flaws in the standards III

  • Over general & not measurable:
  • “Explore the use of mathematical patterns”
  • “Demonstrate an interest in reading a variety of genres”
  • “Make observations of scientific interest”
  • See Making Standards Useful in the Classroom Marzano & Haystead, ASCD, 2008

Jamie Vollmer’s “Increasing Burden”

  • From basic literacy, citizenship, enculturation and religious training, the following have been added to teachers’ plates each decade.
  • Take a deep breath:

From 1900 - 1910 we added

  • Nutrition
  • Immunization
  • Health

From 1910 - 1930 we added

  • Physical Education
  • Organized athletics
  • Vocational education
  • Home economics
  • Agricultural education
  • Transportation

In the 1940’s we added

  • Business education
  • Art
  • Music
  • Speech
  • Drama
  • Half-day kindergarten
  • Lunch (schools provided 1/3 of children’s meals)

In the 1950’s we added

  • Additional math and science
  • Driver’s education
  • Safety education
  • Additional music and art
  • Sex education
  • Foreign Language

In the 1960’s we added

  • Advanced placement
  • Title One
  • Head start
  • Adult education
  • Consumer education
  • Career education
  • Recreation education

In the 1970’s we added

  • Special education (never fully funded)
  • Title IX
  • Drug education
  • Parent education
  • Character education
  • Environmental education
  • Women’s studies
  • Breakfast (school meals may be the only food some children eat)

Get ready for the 80’s!

In the 1980’s we added 1 of 3

  • Key boarding
  • Computers
  • Gifted education
  • Multi-cultural and gender fair education
  • ESL
  • Hispanic heritage education
  • ECFE
  • PSEO

In the 1980’s we added 2 of 3

  • Jump start, early start, even start, prime start
  • Full day Kindergarten
  • Pre-school for children at risk
  • After school programs
  • Alternative education
  • Stranger & danger education
  • Anti-smoking education

In the 1980’s we added 3 of 3

  • Sex abuse education
  • CIS
  • Mandatory reporting
  • Expansion of health and psychological services
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