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illustrate the impact of institutional design on police

and state capacity to provide security. I conclude by

considering the unintended consequences of institutional

design, including the degree of police resistance that

different institutional models will generate. This

opposition, may, in turn, affect the durability of the

participatory institution. - Reproduced.

2060 Jacot-Descombes, Caroline and Niklaus, Julien

Is centralisation the right way to go? the case of

internal security policy reforms in Switzerland in the

light of community policing.

International Review of Administrative Sciences, 82(2),

2016(Jun): p.335-353.

Looking from the angle of the allocation of tasks between

cantons and municipalities in Switzerland, this article

analyses how security reforms tend to concentrate police

institutions at the cantonal level and eliminate local

police in order to improve efficiency. As the shift to

centralisation is being implemented through consensus-

building, cities claim to be special cases and succeed in

conserving their local police. The analysis focuses on

two cantonal reforms through qualitative data. The

results show that institutional changes have led to three

main arrangements after reform: the centralisation of

police (the municipalities buy the services of the

cantonal police); regionalisation (several municipalities

implement their policing activities together); and

decentralisation (the city conserves its local police).

In regard to which arrangement produces the best impact,

an evaluation of the perception of actors (citizens and

police) shows that the police's work and the feeling of

security are better in a decentralised setting. -

Reproduced.

2061 Lim, Seunghoo, Moon, Jieun and Oh, Youngmin

Policing reform in the South Korean maritime police after

the Sewol ferry disaster.

Public Administration and Development, 36(2), 2016(May):

p.144-156.

The disbanding of the Maritime Police was the Korean

President's political attempt to avoid blame after the

Sewol ferry accident. Under the government reorganization

bill, which was drafted by the government and submitted

to the National Assembly, the Maritime Police will be

renamed the Maritime Safety Agency and put under the

control of the newly created ministry of national safety.

Furthermore, the Maritime Police's investigation and

intelligence functions will be transferred to the

National Police Agency, and its roles of rescue

operations and maritime security will be moved to the new

national safety body. The reality of this policing reform

is closer to organization succession than it is to

organization termination. Borrowing the concept of blame

avoidance, we will examine the nature, causes, and

consequences of the blame observed in this process of

policing reform, which is intertwined with the historical

background of the developmental state in South Korea. In

this study, we expect to acquire important lessons about

how the reformation of police organizations was used by

the Korean government as an instrument for responding to

disaster by providing new insights into the study of the

complex forms of political interactions among multiple

stakeholders in times of crisis. In particular, we will

try to understand the causes and effects of this extreme

case, the Sewol ferry accident, and the subsequent

disintegration of the Maritime Police Agency through the

perspective of the Korean police bureaucracy and the

developmental states. - Reproduced.

2062 Lin, Tingjin and Burns, John P.

Protest policing in Hong Kong: maintaining professionals

and solidarity in the face of renewed political

challenges.

Public Administration and Development, 36(2), 2016(May):

p.93-107.

Protest has been a feature of Hong Kong political life

since the mid-1950s. The structure of protest policing in

Hong Kong should be seen from institutional,

organizational, and individual levels. We examine the

norms and values, staffing, professionalism, and

individual motivation of police officers. Based on a

questionnaire and performance data, we seek to understand

police behavior in the context of increasing protest in

Hong Kong. - Reproduced.

2063 Mishra, J.P.

Role of police force in maintaining social order (note).

Indian Journal of Public Administration, 62(2), 2016(Apr-

Jun): p.328-333.

The article not only deals with the functioning of the

police in India and its historical background, it also

explains the challenges and impediments before the police

force. It is further commensurated with the changing

scenario of the society which now faces multidimensional

crime within and outside the national bounadry. The

presence of various human rights activists, in one form

or another and the challenge to bring reforms in the

present police force in India which by, and large, has

become outdated has to be taken seriously. If the

challenges before the police are met, this force in India

responsible for the execution of democratic principle

will not be stared at with critical eyes; the police

force will be treated as a friend in the society instead.

The requirement of the present system is not

sophisticated weapons but well-trained intelligence set-

up and knowledgwe to deal with the economic offences

also. - Reproduced.

2064 Ozer, Murat

Automatic licence plate reader (ALPR) technology: is ALPR

a smart choice in policing?:

Police Journal: Theory, Practice and Principles, 89(2),

2016(Jun): p.117-132.

2065 Peacock, Robert and Cordner, Gary

''Shock therapy'' in Ukraine: a radical approach to post-

Soviet police reform.

Public Administration and Development, 36(2), 2016(May):

p.80-92.

Ukraine has pursued an aggressive shock therapy approach

to police reform since early 2015, in the aftermath of

the February 2014 Maidan protests and subsequent change

of government. This approach is described and examined in

light of previous 21st century post-Soviet police reform

efforts in Ukraine, Georgia, and Kyrgyzstan. Internal and

external pressures to demonstrate real commitment to

corruption control and rule of law seem to have been

responsible for pushing Ukraine in the direction of the

Georgian shock therapy model. Early results are very

promising, but significant challenges remain, including

sustaining the reform political coalition, overcoming

bureaucratic resistance to change, surviving the armed

insurgency in eastern Ukraine, downsizing the old

militsiya, reshaping the culture of corruption that

permeates the entire government and much of society, and

convincing the citizenry that the new police are truly

committed to serving the public, not regime protection. -

Reproduced.

2066 Pinto, Rogerio F. and Carmo, Maria Scarlet Do

The pacifying police units of the state of Rio De Janeiro

(UPPS): incremental innovation or police reform?

Public Administration and Development, 36(2), 2016(May):

p.121-131.

This article considers the experience of Unidades de

Polφcia Pacificadora (UPPs) (Pacifying Police Units) of

the State of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, as an innovative

form of policing designed to deal primarily with high

crime rate in favelas. It also attempts to ascertain the

extent to which the UPPs reflect a strategy for police

reform. It does so by (i) reviewing the security crisis

which engendered the UPPs as well as their predecessors,

describing the socio-economic hardships of the favelas,

further aggravated by high crime rates; (ii) describing

the institutional and political environment giving rise

to the policing policy underpinning the UPPs, and (iii)

by assessing this innovation against a backdrop of

systemic police reform models, singling out missing

elements to constitute a true police system reform. This

review provides a record of police policy of successive

state governments, showing that the adoption of the UPPs

followed a reactive political pattern while falling short

of the requirements for proactively deliberate and

comprehensive reform. Contrary to most of the guiding

reform principles and elements discussed, policing reform

in the State of Rio de Janeiro has indeed been bound by

innovative incrementalism, following a pendular pattern,

with little sustainability and a record of fluctuating

achievements. - Reproduced.

2067 Rantatalo, Oscar

Using police bicycle patrols to manage social order in

bicycle and pedestrian traffic networks: a Swedish case

study.

Police Journal: Theory, Practice and Principles, 89(1),



2016(Mar): p.18-30.

2068 Shukla, Niti, Bhardwaj, Gopa and Mishra, Prabhat Kumar

Police force in the Naxalite area of Chhattisgarh - a

psychological perspective.

Man in India, 96(4), 2016(Oct-Dec): p.1029-1036.

2069 Silverstone, Daniel and Whittle, Joe

Forget it, jake. It's Chinatown': the policing of Chinese

organised Crime in the UK.

Police Journal: Theory, Practice and Principles, 89(1),

2016(Mar): p70-84.

2070 Skilling, Louise

Community policing in Kenya: the application of

democratic policing principles.

Police Journal: Theory, Practice and Principles, 89(1),

2016(Mar): p.3-17.

2071 Thomas, Garry

A case for local neighbourhood policing and community

intelligence in counter terrorism.

Police Journal: Theory, Practice and Principles, 89(1),

2016(Mar): p.31-54.

POLICY MAKING

2072 Head, Brian W.

Toward more "evidence-informed" policy making?

Public Administration Review, 76(3), 2016(May-Jun):

p.472-484.

The quality of public decision making depends

significantly on the quality of analysis and advice

provided through public organizations. Champions of

''evidence-informed'' policy making claim that rigorous

evaluation practices can significantly improve attainment

of cost-effective outcomes. After decades of experience,

performance information is more sophisticated, but

evaluation practices and capabilities vary enormously.

Public agencies gather and process vast amounts of

information, but there has been little analysis of how

this information is actually utilized for policy and

program improvement. This article examines how government

agencies use evidence about policy and program

effectiveness, with attention to four themes: (1) the

prospects for improving ''evidence-informed'' policy

making, (2) the diversity of practices concerning

evidence utilization and evaluation across types of

public agencies and policy arenas, (3) recent attempts to

''institutionalize'' evaluation as a core feature of

policy development and budget approval, and (4) the

relationships between public agencies and nongovernmental

sources of expertise.

2073 Mukherjee, Ishani and Howlett, Michael

An Asian perspective on policy instruments: policy styles

governance modes and critical capacity challenges.

Asia Pacific Journal of Public Administration, 38(1),

2016(Mar): p.24-42.

Does Asia have a distinct policy style? If so, what does

it look like, and why does it take the shape it does?

This article argues that in the newly reinvigorated

emphasis of policy studies on policy instruments and

their design lies the basis of an analysis of a dominant

policy style in the Asian region, with significant

implications for understanding the roles played by

specific kinds of policy capacities. There is a

distinctly Asian policy style based on a specific pattern

of policy capacities and governance modes. In this style,

a failure to garner initial policy legitimacy in the

articulation of instrument norms often results in later

mismatches between instrument objectives and specific

mechanisms for their achievement. The formulation of

payments for ecosystem services policy is used to

illustrate the capacities required for policy designs and

action to meet policy goals effectively. - Reproduced.

2074 Saurugger, Sabine and Terpan, Fabien

Do crises lead to policy change? the multiple streams

framework and the European Union economic governance

instruments.

Policy Sciences, 49(1), 2016(Mar): p.35-53.

POLITICAL COMMUNICATION

2075 Panda, A.N. and Khosla, R.K.

Political articulation through nonvoting: a study during

2014 general elections in India.

Man and Development, 38(2), 2016(Jun): p.143-158.

POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS

2076 Bandyopadhyay, Sanghamitra and Green, Elliott

Pre-colonial political centralization and contemporary

development in Uganda.

Economic Development and Cultural Change, 64(3), 2016(A

pr): p.471-508.

2077 Hirsch, Alexander V.

Experimentation and persuasion in political organisations

American Political Science Review, 110(1), 2016(Feb):

p.68-84.

POLITICAL LEADERSHIP

2078 Naik, B.M.

To produce globally competent professionals and political

leaders: a great challenge before Indian universities.

University News, 54(27), 2016(4 Jul): p.3-10.

POLITICAL PARTIES

2079 Novotny, Vilem and Polasek, Martin

Multiple streams approach and political parties:

modernization of Czech social democracy.

Policy Sciences, 49(1), 2016(Mar): p.89-105.

2080 Savage, Lee

Party system institutionalization and government

formation in new democracies.

World Politics, 68(3), 2016(Jul): p.499-537.

POLITICAL SCIENCE

2081 Knoll, Benjamin R.

Learning by doing: mentoring group-based undergraduate

research projects in an upper-level political science

course.


Political Science and Politics, 49(1), 2016(Jan):

p.128-131.

POLITICAL SOCIOLOGY

2082 Olesen, Thomas

Politicizing cultural sociology: the power of/in global

injustice symbols.

International Sociology, 31(3), 2016(May): p.324-340.

POLITICS AND GOVERNMENT

2083 Barbora, Sanjay

Remember Easter of 1916?: when the Irish declared a

republic.

Economic and Political Weekly, 51(25), 2016(18 Jun):

p.25-28.

2084 Bidwai, Praful

A nightmare materialises in India: Hindutva-capitalism

takes power.

Mainstream, 52(23), 2014(31 May ): p.7-8,30.

2085 Bose, Tapan Kumar

Indo-Naga framework agreement: apprehensions and

expectations.

Mainstream, 54(1), 2015(26 Dec): p.81-88.

2086 Davenport, Lauren D.

Beyond black and white: biracial attitudes in

contemporary US politics.

American Political Science Review, 110(1), 2016(Feb):

p.52-67.

2087 Dayal, John

A Christmas story in the Modi era.

Mainstream, 54(1), 2015(26 Dec): p.39-40,58.

2088 Jamwal, Anuradha Bhasin

Burhan Wani and beyond: India's denial, Kashmir's

defiance.

Economic and Political Weekly, 51(32), 2016(Aug):

p.12-15.

2089 Kanchoochat, Veerayooth and Hewison, Kevin

Understanding Thailand's politics: introduction.

Journal of Contemporary Asia, 46(3), 2016(Aug):

p.371-387.

2090 Navlakha, Gautam

Kashmir: when ignorance begets tragedy and farce.

Economic and Political Weekly, 51(33), 2016(13 Aug):

p.11-14.

2091 Quraishi, Humra

Violence and anger in Kashmir.

Mainstream, 54(31), 2016(23 Jul): p.7-9.

2092 Sharma, L.K.

India: roller-coastering democracy.

Mainstream, 54(1), 2015(26 Dec): p.31-33.

2093 Siegel, Karen M.

Fulfilling promises of more substantive democracy? post

neoliberalism and natural resource governance in South

America.

Development and Change, 47(3), 2016(May): p.495-516.

2094 Srivastava, Arun

Sangh proposes, Modi disposes.

Mainstream, 54(1), 2015(26 Dec): p.28-30.

POLLUTION

2095 Dayal, Raghu

Dirty flows the Ganga: why plans to clean the river have

come a cropper.

Economic and Political Weekly, 51(25), 2016(18 Jun):

p.55-64.

POPULATION CENSUSES

2096 Bajaj, J.K.

Census 2011: the religious imbalance continues to worsen

but Hindus show great resilience.

Dialogue, 17(4), 2016(Apr-Jun): P.118-133.

POPULATION DYNAMICS

2097 Bhagat, R.B. and Jones, Gavin W.

Demographic dynamics of mega-urban regions: the case of

Mumbai.

Demography India, 43(1-2), 2014(Jan-Dec): p.71-94.

POVERTY

2098 Amare, Mulubrhan and Hohfeld, Lena

Poverty transition in rural Vietnam: the Role of

migration and remittances:

Journal of Development Studies, 52(10), 2016(Oct):

p.1463-1478.

This study combines insights of the New Economics of

Labour Migration with the asset-based approach to welfare

dynamics using panel household data from Vietnam. This

method allows us to determine whether poverty transitions

induced by remittances are actually structural, that is,

based on asset growth and therefore long term, or

stochastic, that is, based only on short-term increases

in income, which implies a risk of falling back into

poverty. To control for endogeneity of remittances, we

use household fixed effects and instrumental variables

estimation. The paper shows that remittances have a

positive impact on asset growth and that the impact

differs with welfare status and ethnicity. - Reproduced.
2099 Banks, Nicola

Livelihoods limitations: the political economy of urban

poverty in Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Development and Change, 47(2), 2016(Mar): p.266-292.

2100 Dalton, Patricio S., Ghosal, Sayantan and Mani, Anandi

Poverty and aspirations failure.

Economic Journal, 126(590), 2016(Feb): p.165-188.

We study the macroeconomic implications of time-varying

precautionary savings within a general equilibrium model

with borrowing constraints, aggregate shocks and

uninsurable idiosyncratic unemployment risk. Our

framework generates limited cross-sectional household

heterogeneity as an equilibrium outcome, thereby making

it possible to analyse the role of precautionary saving

over the business cycle in an analytically tractable way.

The time-series behaviour of aggregate consumption

generated by our model is closer to the data than that

implied by the hand-to-mouth and representative-agent

models, and it is comparable to that produced by the

Krusell and Smith (1998) model. - Reproduced.

2101 Deaton, Angus

Measuring and understanding behavior, welfare, and

poverty.

American Economic Review, 106(6), 2016(Jun): p.1221-1243.

2102 Dogra, Bharat

Hunger and distress peak towards alarming levels in

bundelkhand.

Mainstream, 54(1), 2015(26 Dec): p.53-58.

2103 Nayyar, Gaurav and Nayyar, Rohini

India's 'poverty of numbers': revisiting measurement

issues.

Economic and Political Weekly, 41(35), 2016(27 Aug):

p.61-71.

The number of "poor" derived by applying price adjustment

to an old consumption basket, which is largely what

official poverty measures have done, are very different

from estimates based on actual consumption baskets that

have changed over time. For instance, the share of

cereals in household expenditure halved between 1993-94

and 2011-12 in rural areas. In the light of this, we ask

if all expenditure would be on food, what percentage of

the population would be unable to meet the prescribed

calorie requirement? Adding a "minimum" level of

expenditure on clothing-bedding-footwear, fuel and light,

and conveyance to the "derived" sum of food expenditure

provides a second counterfactual. Similarly, the

cumulative addition of expenditure on other consumer

goods and services provides further counterfactual

scenarios. – Reproduced.

2104 Singh, Mayanglambam Ojit Kumar

Combining traditional wisdom with modern research.

Kurukshetra, 64(9), 2016(Jul): p.8-11.

2105 Weerdt, Joachim et al

The challenge of measuring hunger through survey.

Economic Development and Cultural Change, 64(4), 2016(J

ul): p.727-758.


POWER INDUSTRY

2106 Naqvi, Ijlal

Pathologies of development practice: higher order

obstacles to governance reform in the Pakistani

electrical power sector.

Journal of Development Studies, 52(7), 2016(Jul):

p.950-964.

2107 Sethi, Surya P.

We simply deserve better: challenges in coal and power

sectors.

Economic and Political Weekly, 51(25), 2016(18 Jun):

p.12-16.

PRADHAN, R.P.

2108 Pattnaik, Jajati K.

Chabahar: in the grand chessboard of India's geo-

strategic calculus.

Mainstream, 54(31), 2016(23 Jul): International relations

India - Foreign policy

PRESCHOOL EDUCATION

2109 Jo Blanden et al

Universal pre-school education: the case of public

funding with private provision.

Economic Journal, 126(592), 2016(May): p.682-723.

PRESIDENTS

2110 Elgie, Robert

Varieties of Presidentialism and of the leadership

outcomes .

Daedalus, 145(3), 2016(Summer): p.57-68.

2111 Posner, Eric A.

Presidential leadership and the separation of powers .

Daedalus, 145(3), 2016(Summer)

The presidents who routinely are judged the greatest

leaders are also the most heavily criticized by legal

scholars. The reason is that the greatest presidents

succeeded by overcoming the barriers erected by Madison's

system of separation of powers, but the legal mind sees

such actions as breaches of constitutional norms that

presidents are supposed to uphold. With the erosion of

Madisonian checks and balances, what stops presidents

from abusing their powers? The answer lies in the complex

nature of presidential leadership. The president is

simultaneously leader of the country, a party, and the

executive branch. The conflicts between these leadership

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