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This article interrogates the premise that the Civil

Service (Special Advisers) Act (Northern Ireland) 2013

(SPAD Act) serves victim interests in Northern Ireland.

It draws on theoretical literature from the fields of

transitional justice and victimology as well as empirical

data relevant to the act, to critically evaluate the

practical outworkings of the SPAD Act as distinct from

the politically charged rhetoric that accompanied its

initiation and passage. In doing so, the article contends

that the SPAD Act moves political disagreement over the

issues of victimhood and wrongdoing in Northern Ireland

onto a formal legislative footing. The article critiques

the terms 'innocent victim' and 'justice' within the

confines of the SPAD Act debate and argues that the

narrow and divisive approach to these concepts has

created both a post-conflict hierarchy of victimhood and

a hierarchy of perpetrators that sustains and fuels

disagreement over the past in the North of Ireland. -


1598 Kelman, Steven, Sanders, Ronald and Pandit, Gayatri

"I won't back down?" complexity and courage in government

executive decision making.

Public Administration Review, 76(3), 2016(May-Jun):


Senior government executives make many difficult

decisions, but research suggests that individual

cognitive limitations and the pathologies of

''groupthink'' impede their ability to make value-

maximizing choices. From this literature has emerged a

normative model that Irving Janis calls ''vigilant

problem solving,'' a process intended for the most

complex decisions. To explore its use by senior public

officials, the authors interviewed 20 heads of subcabinet

level organizations in the U.S. federal government,

asking how they made their most difficult decisions. The

initial focus was on whether they employed a vigilant

approach to making decisions that were informationally,

technically, or politically complex. Most executives

identified their single most-difficult decision as one

that required courage; they often made such courageous

decisions after personal reflection and/or consultation

with a small number of trusted advisors rather in ways

that could be described as vigilant. The different

approaches for making complex decisions, compared with

those involving courage, are discussed and a contingency

model of effective executive decision making is proposed

that requires leaders (and their advisors) to be

''ambidextrous'' in their approach. - Reproduced.

1599 MacCarthaigh, Muiris, Painter, Martin and Yee, Wai-Hang

Managing for legitimacy: agency governance in its ''deep"

constitutional context.

Public Administration Review, 76(3), 2016(May-Jun):


Recent literature on bureaucratic structure has gone

further than studying discretions given to bureaucrats in

policy making, and much attention is now paid to

understanding how bureaucratic agencies are managed. This

article proposes that the way in which executive

governments manage their agencies varies according to

their constitutional setting and that this relationship

is driven by considerations of the executive's governing

legitimacy. Inspired by Charles Tilly (1984), the authors

compare patterns of agency governance in Hong Kong and

Ireland, in particular, configurations of assigned

decision-making autonomies and control mechanisms. This

comparison shows that in governing their agencies, the

elected government of Ireland's parliamentary democracy

pays more attention to input (i.e., democratic)

legitimacy, while the executive government of Hong Kong's

administrative state favors output (i.e., performance)

legitimacy. These different forms of autonomy and control

mechanism reflect different constitutional models of how

political executives acquire and sustain their governing



1600 Manwaring, Rob

The big society in Australia: a case of 'non'-policy


Australian Journal of Public Administration, 75(2), 2016

(Jun): p.191-201.

1601 Pitidol, Thorn

Redefining democratic discourse in Thailand's civil


Journal of Contemporary Asia, 46(3), 2016(Aug):



1602 Bhattacharya, Purusottam

Turkey: a nation in turmoil.

Mainstream, 54(31), 2016(23 Jul): p.15-17.

1603 Seoighe, Rachel

Discourses of victimization in Sri Lanka's civil war:

collective memory, legitimacy and agency.

Social and Legal Studies, 25(3), 2016(Jun): p.355-380.


1604 Chan, Sander

Climate action beyond mitigation and the global north.

Seminar, 683, 2016(Jul): p.37-41.

1605 Connick, Hellen de

A matter of capabilities.

Seminar, 683, 2016(Jul): p.25-27.

1606 Falkner, Robert

A mini-lateral solution for global climate change? on

bargaining efficiency, club benefits, and international


Perspectives on Politics, 14(1), 2016(Mar): p.87-101.

1607 Fry, Ian

Implications for adaptation, loss and damage.

Seminar, 683, 2016(Jul): p.20-24.

1608 Jasrotia, Arvind

Fighting 2 celsius: the quest for climate justice.

Journal of the Indian Law Institute, 58(1), 2016(Jan-M

ar): p.55-82.

1609 Lane, Jan-Erik

The Asian miracles: implementing the COP21 agreement.

Asia Pacific Journal of Public Administration, 38(2),

2016(Jun): p.75-86.

1610 Mahmood, Shakeel Ahmed Ibne, Ahsan, Gias Uddin and Barua,


Impact of policy and programs of climate change in

Bangladesh: measuring effectiveness.

Demography India, 43(1-2), 2014(Jan-Dec): p.147-156.

1611 Preliminary consolidated report on effect of climate change

on water resources.

Bhagirath, 58(2), 2011(Apr-Jun): p.20-30.

1612 Weinfurter, Amy

Contextualizing and linking climate commitments.

Seminar, 683, 2016(Jul): p.42-44.


1613 Nath, Manoj Kumar

Communal politics in Assam: growth of AIUDF since 2016.

Economic and Political Weekly, 51(16), 2016(16 Apr):



1614 Copy, Michael R. et al

Making sense of community action and voluntary

participation- a multilevel test of multilevel

hypotheses: do communities act?

Rural Sociology, 81(1), 2016(Mar): p.3-34.


1615 Butcher, John R.

Investing in not-for-profit sector capacity: the

Australian capital territory's Community Sector

Development Program (CSDP).

Australian Journal of Public Administration, 75(2), 2016

(Jun): p.249-257.


1616 Rolfe, Steve

Divergence in community participation policy: analysing

localism and community empowerment using a theory of

change approach.

Local Government Studies, 42(1), 2016(Feb): p.97-118.


1617 Hameed, Asif

The monarchy and politics.

Public Law, 3, 2016(July): p.401-409.


1618 Strauss, David A.

Does the constitution mean what it says?

Harvard Law Review, 129(1), 2016(Nov): p.1-61.

1619 Tsebelis, George and Nardi, Dominic J.

A long constitution is a (Positively) bad constitution:

evidence from OECD countries.

British Journal of Political Science, 46(2), 2016(Apr):



1620 Edinger, Wieke Huizing

Promoting educated consumer choice. Has EU food

information legislation finally matured?

Journal of Consumer Policy, 39(1), 2016(Mar): p.9-22.

1621 Loos, Marco and Luzak, Joasia

Wanted: a bigger stick. On unfair terms in consumer

contracts with online service provides.

Journal of Consumer Policy, 39(1), 2016(Mar): p.63-90.

1622 Mittal, Raman, Sonkar, Sumit and Kaur, Parineet

Regulating unfair trade practices: an analysis of the

past and present Indian Legislative models.

Journal of Consumer Policy, 39(1), 2016(Mar): p.91-109.

1623 Pathak, Akhileshwar

Cooling -off and the consumer protection bill, 2015:

drawing from the European Union consumer directive.

Vikalpa, 41(1), 2016(Jan-Mar): p.1-8.


1624 Mishra, Punam

Consumer perception and attitude towards 'product

placement' in India.

Jaipuria International Journal of Management Research, 2

(1), 2016(Jan-Jun): p.13-23.

1625 Singh, Jagwinder and Saini, Shivani

Managing consumer loyalty through acquisition, retention

and experience efforts: an empirical study on service

consumers in India.

Vision, 20(2), 2016(Jun): p.121-134.

1626 Summers, Nik

Ethical consumerism in global perspective: a multilevel

analysis of the interactions between individual-level

predictors and country-level affluence.

Social Problems, 63(3), 2016(Aug): p.303-328.

Early empirical research on ethical consumerism-the

deliberate purchase, or avoidance, of products for

political, ethical, or environmental reasons-was

primarily individualistic in nature. Recently, scholars

have demonstrated the importance of structural and

cultural contexts to the explanation of ethical

consumerism, rendering explanations that fail to account

for such contexts incomplete. Unfortunately, most of this

research has been contained within Europe, limiting

potentially important country-level variation. Because

theories of ethical consumerism suggest interactive

relationships between individual- and macro-level

variables, the Euro-centric nature of existing research

raises questions about theoretical generalizability

across all levels of analysis. This study uses the 2004

citizenship module of the International Social Survey

Program (ISSP)-a data set that allows for increased

country-level heterogeneity while maintaining the highest

standards of data quality-to run a series of multilevel,

logistic regression models with cross-level interactions

between country-level affluence and individual-level

predictors. Seven of the eight individual-level

predictors analyzed in these interactions are either more

influential in high-affluence countries than in low-

affluence countries or exhibit statistically uniform

effects across the range of affluence. The lone exception

is association involvement, which is more influential as

affluence decreases. The need to develop interactive

models of political participation is discussed. -



1627 Busuioc, E. Madalina

Friend or foe? inter-agency cooperation, organizational

reputation, and turf.

Public Administration, 94(1), 2016: p.40-56.


1628 Islam, Asadul and Lee, Wang-Sheng

Bureaucratic corruption and income: evidence from the

land sector in Bangladesh:

Journal of Development Studies, 52(10), 2016(Oct):


We examine, for the first time, the effects of corruption

on income using household survey data from a developing

country. Estimating the effects of corruption on income

is challenging because of the simultaneous relationship

between the two variables. We use a two-step instrumental

variable approach to identify the effects of corruption

on income. We find that after adjusting for simultaneity

bias the act of bribery reduces income and that higher

bribes have a negative effect on income. Taken together,

our results provide a possible explanation why a vicious

cycle between corruption and income inequality does not

exist in the land sector in Bangladesh. - Reproduced,


1629 Munoz, Jordi, Anduiza, Eva and Gallego, Aina

Why do voters forgive corrupt mayors? Implicit exchange,

credibility of information and clean alternatives.

Local Government Studies, 42(4), 2016(Aug): p.598-615.

1630 Thakurta, Paranjoy Guha

GSPC: a controversial case study: attempts are being made

to bail out a Gujarat government company.

Economic and Political Weekly, 51(30), 2016(23 Jul):


1631 Uberti, Luca J.

Can institutional reforms reduce corruption? economic

theory and patron client politics in developing countries

Development and Change, 47(2), 2016(Mar): p.317-345.


1632 Baker, Chris

The 2014 Thai coup and some roots of authoritarianism.

Journal of Contemporary Asia, 46(3), 2016(Aug):


1633 Kanchoochat, Veerayooth

Reign-seeking and the rise of the unelected in Thailand.

Journal of Contemporary Asia, 46(3), 2016(Aug):



1634 Manuel Crespo, Andrew

Systemic facts: toward institutional awareness in

criminal courts.

Harvard Law Review, 129(8), 2016(Jun): p.2050-2117.


1635 Sahu, Sada Bihari

Strategy for providing adequate and timely credit to

micro & small enterprises (MSEs) by banks & financial


Jaipuria International Journal of Management Research, 2

(1), 2016(Jan-Jun): p.64-70.


1636 Dustmann, Christian and Fasani, Francesco

The effect of local area crime on mental health.

Economic Journal, 126(593), 2016(Jun): p.978-1017.

1637 Karmakar, Supratim

Emergency of smart crimes: hidden reality of smart cities

Indian Journal of Regional Science, 48(1), 2016:


1638 Majid, Iymon and Amin, Mudasir

Crime against humanity: are individuals or the state


Economic and Political Weekly, 41(35), 2016(27 Aug):


1639 Vibhute, K.I.

Right to human dignity of convict under shadow of death

and freedoms behind the bars in India: a reflective


Journal of the Indian Law Institute, 58(1), 2016(Jan-M

ar): p.15-54.


1640 Kleinfeld, Joshua

Reconstructivism: the place of criminal law in ethical


Harvard Law Review, 129(6), 2016(Apr): p.1486-1565.


1641 Dutta, Alok Ranjan and Saikia, Surajit

Crop diversification in Assam: extent, nature and


Man and Development, 38(2), 2016(Jun): p.21-34.

1642 Imlpementation of Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana.

Kurukshetra, 64(11), 2016(Sep): p.30-31.


1643 D'Mello, Bernard

1966, 1917 and 1818: let hundred schools of thought


Economic and Political Weekly, 51(33), 2016(13 Aug):



1644 Gitterman, Alex and Knight, Carolyn

Curriculum and psycho-educational groups: opportunities

and challenges.

Social Work, 61(2), 2016(Apr): p.103-110.


1645 Ayush Kumar and Shah, Jignesh

Dairying as an instrument for ensuring socio-economic and

nutritional security in rural India.

Indian Journal of Agricultural Economics, 71(1), 2016(Jan

Mar): p.78-89.


1646 Ebinger, Falk and Richter, Philipp

Decentralizing for performance? a quantitative assessment

of functional reforms in the German lander .

International Review of Administrative Sciences, 82(2),

2016(Jun): p.291-314.

In the last 10 years, the governments of most of the

German Lander initiated administrative reforms. All of

these ventures included the municipalization of

substantial sets of tasks. As elsewhere, governments

argue that service delivery by communes is more cost-

efficient, effective and responsive. Empirical evidence

to back these claims is inconsistent at best: a

considerable number of case studies cast doubt on

unconditionally positive appraisals. Decentralization

effects seem to vary depending on the performance

dimension and task considered. However, questions of

generalizability arise as these findings have not yet

been backed by more objective archival data. We provide

empirical evidence on decentralization effects for two

different policy fields based on two studies. Thereby,

the article presents alternative avenues for research on

decentralization effects and matches the theoretical

expectations on decentralization effects with more robust

results. The analysis confirms that overly positive

assertions concerning decentralization effects are only

partially warranted. As previous case studies suggested,

effects have to be looked at in a much more

differentiated way, including starting conditions and

distinguishing between the various relevant performance

dimensions and policy fields. - Reproduced.

1647 Hlepas, Nikolaos-Komminos

Is it twilight of decentralization? testing the limits of

functional reforms in the era of austerity.

International Review of Administrative Sciences, 82(2),

2016(Jun): p.273-290.

Economic crisis and rigid austerity seem to have brought

a long-lasting period of decentralization to an end. The

comeback of centralist patterns offers the rapid

implementation of austerity measures, while the lack of

resources is challenging the sustainability of

decentralized services. There is an obvious inconsistency

between European decentralization policies, on the one

side, and European austerity policies, on the other.

Empirical evidence shows that local authorities were more

responsive to citizens' demands for social services, but

now municipalities without resources repulse

decentralization. In spite of centralist patterns, case

studies of fiscal consolidation have revealed a

remarkable deviation of municipal responses to top-down

fiscal policies. Visionary leadership, active citizenry

and inclusive decision-making processes predict good

performance, while reproductive leadership and a passive

citizenry predetermine unproductive central-local

conflicts over burden-sharing and blame-shifting. -


1648 Kuhlman, Sabine and Wayenberg, Ellen

Institutional impact assessment in multi-level systems:

conceptualizing decentralization effects from a

comparative perspective.

International Review of Administrative Sciences, 82(2),

2016(Jun): p.233-254.

Comparative literature on institutional reforms in multi-

level systems proceeds from a global trend towards the

decentralization of state functions. However, there is

only scarce knowledge about the impact that

decentralization has had, in particular, upon the sub-

central governments involved. How does it affect regional

and local governments? Do these reforms also have

unintended outcomes on the sub-central level and how can

this be explained? This article aims to develop a

conceptual framework to assess the impacts of

decentralization on the sub-central level from a

comparative and policy-oriented perspective. This

framework is intended to outline the major patterns and

models of decentralization and the theoretical

assumptions regarding de-/re-centralization impacts, as

well as pertinent cross-country approaches meant to

evaluate and compare institutional reforms. It will also

serve as an analytical guideline and a structural basis

for all the country-related articles in this Special

Issue. - Reproduced.

1649 Navarro, Carmen and Velasco, Francisco

'In wealth and in poverty?' the changing role of Spanish

municipalities in implementing childcare policies.

International Review of Administrative Sciences, 82(2),

2016(Jun): p.315-334.

In the context of more than a decade of economic

expansion that ended in 2008, Spanish municipalities were

active in expanding their functions through vigorous

policy-making in numerous areas. The crisis meant that

town halls had difficulty in providing these services

and, in 2013, the central government approved a re-

centralization policy driven by the belief that local

governments had brought about unsustainable patterns of

expenditure. Using a neo-institutionalist theoretical

perspective, this article analyses the phenomena of

expansion of municipal involvement in childcare policies

and the impact of these processes on the functioning of

local governments. We observe, as an unintended positive

effect of the reallocation of tasks, that local

governments have legitimized themselves through action in

fields not initially foreseen in the formal

decentralization arrangements, and are highly valued by

citizens as welfare providers. However, they have not

overcome the structural lack of autonomy in which the

legal system places them and, so far, they have been able

to meet citizens' expectations only when economic

conditions have been favourable. - Reproduced.

1650 Reiter, Renate and Kuhlmann, Sabine

Decentralization of the French welfare state: from 'big

bang' to 'muddling through'.

International Review of Administrative Sciences, 82(2),

2016(Jun): p.255-272.

This article analyses the decentralization of the French

welfare state focusing on the transfer of the Revenu

minimum d'insertion (RMI) welfare benefit to the

departments in 2003 and 2004. We map and explain the

effects of the reform on the system and performance of

the subnational provision of welfare tasks. To evaluate

the impact of decentralization on the RMI-related action

of the departments, we carry out a qualitative document

analysis and use data from two case studies. The RMI

decentralization offers an exemplary insight into the

incremental implementation of French decentralization. We

find many unintended effects in terms of the performance

and outcome of the subnational welfare provision. This is

traced back to the combining of institutional and policy

reforms and the inadequate translation of high political

expectations into an inadequate action programme both

resulting in excessive demands on the local actors. -



1651 Arinder, Max K.

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