Structure for a Paragraphs for Paragraph Assignments



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---If you cannot make an outline, you probably didn't do the paragraph or essay correctly.

---You need to focus on answering the question.



Structure for a Paragraphs for Paragraph Assignments:

The purpose of these paragraphs is to get students ready to write essays. This type of paragraphs has a structure similar to essay structure.

For the topic sentence, rewrite the question as an answer, and add your supporting ideas:

For example, if this is the question:

In his essay, "A Homemade Education," Malcolm X talks about the importance of an education. Do you agree that it is important nowadays to have an education?

You can answer it like this:

"It is important nowadays to have an education because [supporting idea 1] and [supporting idea 2]."

That part before the supporting ideas where you answer the question, "It is important nowadays to have an education," is the topic, so the topic sentence should have the topic and supporting ideas. You don't have to use the word "because," but the supporting ideas should be the reasons for your topic.

Then focus on the supporting ideas. After the topic sentence, you need to have your first supporting idea sentence followed by detail sentences that back it up. Do the same with the next supporting idea.

Finish with a concluding sentence.

If the question is about a text, the topic sentence should contain the name of the writer and his or her work.

Question: In Grant Berry's essay "A Change of Attitude," was Berry's father a positive role model?

Topic sentence: In Grant Berry's essay, "A Change of Attitude," Berry's father is not a positive role model because [supporting idea 1] and [supporting idea 2].

Structure for a Short Essay

For the thesis, rewrite the question as an answer, and add your subtopics:

For example, if this is the question:

In his essay, "A Homemade Education," Malcolm X talks about the importance of an education. Do you agree that it is important nowadays to have an education?

You can answer like this:

"It is important nowadays to have an education because [subtopic 1] and [subtopic 2]."

The part before the subtopics, where you answer the question, "It is important nowadays to have an education," is the claim (or unifying element), so the thesis should have the claim and subtopics. You don't have to use the word "because," but the subtopics should be the reasons for your claim.

Then focus on the subtopics.

Start each body paragraph with a topic sentence that relates to the claim and subtopics. After the thesis, you can break your body paragraphs into supporting ideas, or you can just fill it with detail sentences and not break it into subtopics.

After the first body paragraph, make sure the rest of the body paragraphs have topic sentences that start with transitions.



Finish with the concluding paragraph.

If the question is about a text, you need to let the reader know author and title of the text in the introduction because you need to be clear about what you are writing.


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