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Sentence Review AND Study Guide


We know that skilled writers use a variety of sentences to make their writing interesting and lively.



Sentence Type

Definition

Examples

SIMPLE SENTENCE

Contains a SUBJECT and a VERB and other words to make an idea complete.





    • Compound Subject—2 nouns work together to perform the action of the sentence.




    • Compound Verb—The subject of the sentence performs 2 or more actions




    • Compound Subjects and Verbs are joined with the conjunctions




      • and

      • or

      • nor

      • but

S V

Elizabeth talks a lot.

  • (Simple Sentence w/one subject and one verb.)

S S V


Elizabeth and Mandy talk a lot.

  • (Simple Sentence w/Compound Subject)

S S V


Elizabeth and Mandy talk a lot and

V

gossip constantly.



  • (Simple Sentence w/Compound Subject and Compound Verb)

  • There is NO comma to separate the 2 actions in a compound verb.

COMPOUND SENTENCE

Contains 2 SEPARATE SIMPLE SENTENCES joined with a comma and a conjunction.


  • There are 2 separate sentences in a compound sentence.




  • Each subject owns its own verb and descriptive words.




  • Always pause the first sentence with a comma and add a conjunction before adding the second sentence




    • CONJUNCTIONS

      • For

      • And

      • Nor

      • But

      • Or

      • Yet

      • So




  • Alternative: use a semicolon after the first sentence to separate it from the second sentence:

    • Lizzy makes A’s; Mandy is a B student.

S V


They hang out together , and
S V

everyone at school knows them.

S V


Their teachers want them to focus in

S V


class , so the girls usually sit in

separate areas.


S S V


Elizabeth and Mandy talk a lot , but
S V

Shelly gossips more.

  • (Compound Subject in a Compound Sentence)

COMPLEX SENTENCE

Contains an INDEPENDENT CLAUSE joined to a DEPENDENT CLAUSE with a SUBORDINATING CONJUNCTION.


  • SEE YOUR SUBORDINATING CONJUNCTIONS LIST.

OPENER DEP CLAUSE WITH A COMMA:

DS D V S



Because Shelly talks so much , she
V

annoys others.
INTERRUPTER ADJECTIVE CLAUSE:
S DS DV V

The girl who sits in front of Shelly is nice.



CLOSER ADJECTIVE CLAUSE:
S V DS DS DV


We work together since she and I get along.

SENTENCE REVIEW AND STUDY GUIDE: PRACTICE PORTION


  1. Identify Sentence Types: The following sentences are either simple, compound, or complex . Place prepositional phrases in parentheses; label subjects and verbs. Triangularize FANBOYS conjunctions, and circle SUBORDINATING conjunctions. Box dependent clauses. Identify each sentence type.



IDENTIFY TYPE :Simple, Compound, Complex

  1. Jim and his friend Ryan had planned to visit Texas and stay at a ranch. __________________

  2. Although we searched everywhere, Curtis could find no trace of his shoes. __________________

  3. Alaina cooked dinner, so her mother cleaned up. __________________

  4. Since he was entrusted with the responsibility, Fred became very serious. __________________

  5. The real story is that he was injured while he was hiking. __________________

  6. None of the other members asked me to change my mind. __________________

  7. Barbara and Jeanne are my best friends, for I have known them for 11 years. __________________

  8. He acts as if he does not care at all. __________________

  9. The man who is wearing the military uniform is my dad. . __________________

  10. I know you don't like him, but that doesn't matter. __________________

  1. Identify the patterns of each COMPLEX SENTENCE: Circle the SUBORDINATING CONJUNCTIONS, box dependent clauses, and label SUBJECTS AND VERBS in both the Independent and the Dependent clause.

PATTERN: OPENER/CLOSER/INTERRUPTER

  1. Dad is wearing the shirt that I bought him for his birthday. ____________________________




  1. The man who is standing on the left is my tennis coach. ____________________________




  1. Mark usually gets whatever he wants. ____________________________




  1. After I finished my project, my dad checked it for mistakes. ____________________________




  1. Rex practiced his guitar until he could play perfectly. ____________________________




  1. The practice that we worked on in class is due tomorrow. ____________________________




  1. Whenever I see marshmallows, I think about our camping trip. ____________________________




  1. Combine Sentences to form the labeled pattern. REMEMBER TO PLACE A COMMA AFTER AN OPENER DEPENDENT CLAUSE.

  1. The mailman arrived. The dog barked. Closer Dependent Clause

________________________________________________________________________________________________________

  1. You must study. You will do better on the test. Opener Dependent Clause

________________________________________________________________________________________________________

  1. The actor is talented. He plays the pirate. Interrupter Dependent Clause (Adjective Clause)

__________________________________________________________________________________________________________

  1. The play started. We were not allowed to talk. Opener or Closer Dependent Clause

___________________________________________________________________________________________________________

  1. The song makes me sad. The one we sang in choir today. Interrupter Dependent Clause (Adjective Clause)

__________________________________________________________________________________________________________

  1. I have to go to the dentist. My back tooth hurts. Opener or Closer Dependent Clause

_________________________________________________________________________________________________________

  1. Select the Sentence from each set that is punctuated correctly according to the punctuation rules. In the blank, identify whether the sentence is simple, compound, or complex.

  1. Identify the sentence type:____________________________________

When my mom is sleepy she gets cranky.

When my mom is sleepy; she gets cranky.

When my mom is sleepy, she gets cranky.


  1. Identify the sentence type: __________________________________

The flowers are beautiful but they irritate my allergies.

The flowers are beautiful, but they irritate my allergies.

The flowers are beautiful; but they irritate my allergies.


  1. Identify the sentence type:__________________________________

Sicily ate her pizza but left the crust.

Sicily ate her pizza, but left the crust.

Sicily ate; her pizza but left: the crust.

  1. Fix the errors in each sentence. Add commas, FANBOYS conjunctions, subordinating conjunctions, semicolons, or capital letters. Mark out incorrect punctuation.

  1. Unless you get permission from mrs Smith you may not visit the library. _____________________________________________




  1. Sam had finished his homework so his parents let him play nintendo. ________________________________________________________________________________________________________




  1. Joslin typed the paper, ally added the clip art. ___________________________________________________________________




  1. Nan brought her lunch, but forgot a spoon, for her soup.___________________________________________________________




  1. Hannah, and i ate breakfast yet we were still hungry._____________________________________________________________



  1. Write your own sentences to create a paragraph about a topic of interest. Each sentence needs to fit the pattern listed. Make sure to use the necessary punctuation and FANBOYS or subordinating conjunctions.

  1. ________________________________________________________________________________________________________Compound Sentence




  1. ________________________________________________________________________________________________________Complex Sentence with OPENER DEPENDENT CLAUSE (Don’t forget the comma after the DC!)




  1. _______________________________________________________________________________________________________Simple Sentence




  1. _______________________________________________________________________________________________________Complex Sentence with CLOSER DEPENDENT CLAUSE




  1. _______________________________________________________________________________________________________ Complex Sentence with INTERRUPTER DEPENDENT CLAUSE


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