Session objectives



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  • Leadership Skills

Session objectives

  • What is leadership?
  • Identify the traits and skills of an effective leader
  • Key leadership theories
  • Examine the role, duties and responsibilities of a Team Leader in the workplace
  • Understand the limits of authority in a Team Leader role
  • Develop a plan to develop your own leadership potential
  • Leadership Skills

Understanding Leadership

  • What is leadership?
  • Why is leadership important – why do we need leaders?
  • Leaders – born or bred?
  • Leadership Skills
  • "Leadership is a function of knowing yourself, having a vision that is well communicated, building trust among colleagues, and taking effective action to realize your own leadership potential."
  • Prof. Warren Bennis
  • Leadership Skills

Exercise In pairs

  • Exercise In pairs
  • Discuss examples you have come across of strong and weak leadership
  • You can use examples from employment, academic studies or participation in sports clubs and societies (keep anonymous)
  • Leadership Skills

Early Theories:

  • Early Theories:
  • Great Man Theories
  • Leaders are exceptional people, born with innate qualities, destined to lead
  • Term 'man' was intentional - concept was primarily male, military and Western
  • Trait Theories
  • Research on traits or qualities associated with leadership are numerous
  • Traits are hard to measure. For example, how do we measure honesty or integrity?
  • Leadership Theory
  • Leadership Skills

Leadership Traits

  • Group Exercise:
  • Choose leaders YOU admire
  • What personality traits and skills do they have?
  • Leadership Skills

Traits

  • Traits
  • Adaptable to situations
  • Alert to social environment
  • Ambitious and achievement orientated
  • Assertive
  • Cooperative
  • Decisive
  • Dependable
  • Dominant (desire to influence others)
  • Energetic (high activity level)
  • Persistent
  • Self-confident
  • Tolerant of stress
  • Willing to assume responsibility
  • Skills
  • Clever (intelligent)
  • Conceptually skilled
  • Creative
  • Diplomatic and tactful
  • Fluent in speaking
  • Knowledgeable about group task
  • Organised (administrative ability)
  • Persuasive
  • Socially skilled
  • Stogdill, 1974
  • Leadership Traits and Skills
  • Leaders will also use:
  • Integrity, Honesty, Compassion, Humility
  • Leadership Skills

Functional Theories (John Adair, Action Centred Leadership, 1970)

  • Functional Theories (John Adair, Action Centred Leadership, 1970)
  • Leader is concerned with the interaction of 3 areas:
  • Task – goal setting, methods and process
  • Team – effective interaction/communication, clarify roles, team morale
  • Individual – attention to behaviour, feelings, coaching, CPD
  • Leadership Skills
  • Leadership Theory
  • Behaviourist Theories (Blake and Mouton, Managerial grid, 1964)
  • Leaders behaviour and actions, rather than their traits and skills e.g. production orientated or people orientated
  • Different leadership behaviours categorised as ‘leadership styles’ e.g. autocratic, persuasive, consultative, democratic
  • Doesn’t provide guide to effective leadership in different situations
  • Leadership Skills
  • Situational/contingency Leadership (Hersey-Blanchard, 1970/80) Leadership style changes according to the 'situation‘ and in response to the individuals being managed – their competency and motivation
  • Leadership Theory
  • Competency
  • Low competence
  • Some competence
  • High competence
  • High competence
  • Motivation
  • Low commitment/
  • Unable and unwilling or insecure
  • Variable commitment/
  • Unable but willing or motivated
  • Variable commitment/ Able but unwilling or insecure
  • High commitment/
  • Able and willing or motivated
  • Leadership style
  • DIRECTIVE
  • (Telling)
  • COACHING
  • (Selling)
  • SUPPORTIVE
  • (Participating)
  • DELEGATORY
  • (Observing)
  • Transformational Theory (Bass and Avolio, 1994)
  • Leaders inspire individuals, develop trust, and encourage creativity and personal growth
  • Individuals develop a sense of purpose to benefit the group, organisation or society. This goes beyond their own self-interests and an exchange of rewards or recognition for effort or loyalty.
  • Leadership Skills
  • New Leadership Theory
  • Ethical Leadership
  • CSR, sustainability, equality, humanitarianism
  • Four P’s - Purpose, People, Planet, Probity
  • Alan Chapman, 2006
  • Leadership Skills
  • Leadership Philosophies

Group Exercise

  • Group Exercise
  • Examine and discuss the Team Leader
  • Job descriptions
  • What are the key responsibilities of the team leader role?
  • Leadership Skills

Guide/coordinate team members – encourage teamwork and motivate individuals

  • Guide/coordinate team members – encourage teamwork and motivate individuals
  • Provide structure for team – set mission and purpose, clarify roles and responsibilities, allocate tasks and set objectives
  • Clarify working methods, practises and protocol
  • Focus on performance – anticipate challenges, monitor performance, delegate and provide CPD support
  • Leadership Skills
  • Key Team Leader Responsibilities

Responsibility Vs Accountability?

  • Responsibility Vs Accountability?
  • What does having authority mean?
  • Leadership Skills

Accountability the state of being accountable, liable, or answerable

  • Accountability the state of being accountable, liable, or answerable
  • Responsibility (for objects, tasks or people) can be delegated but accountability can not – buck stops with you!
  • A good leader accepts ultimate responsibility:
    • will give credit to others when delegated responsibilities succeed
    • will accept blame when delegated responsibilities fail
  • Accountability can not operate fairly without the leader being given full authority for the responsibilities concerned
  • Authority is the power to influence or command thought, opinion or behaviour
  • Cross-functional team – less authority - more difficult to manage
  • Leadership Skills

Group Exercise

  • Group Exercise
  • When have you experienced an issue as a leader that you did not have the authority to resolve?
  • How did you know you did not have the authority?
  • Who did you refer to for help?
  • Use examples from your own current experience – work, volunteer, club /society
  • Leadership Skills

Team Leader authority will vary from role to role dependent on the scope of duties and organisational structure

  • Team Leader authority will vary from role to role dependent on the scope of duties and organisational structure
  • A Team Leader may refer to line management or other
  • authorities for the following:
  • HR (staff recruitment and training, performance and discipline, racism or bullying)
  • Policy and procedures (Health and Safety, changes to working practises)
  • Budget & resources (allocation and management)
  • Organisational objectives (strategy, targets)
  • Managing change (department restructure, office move)
  • Line management (support and advice, own CPD)
  • Leadership Skills
  • Team Leader Authority

How to improve your leadership skills

  • Reflect and identify the skills YOU need to lead effectively and create your action plan to develop them
  • Ask for feedback from work colleagues, line managers, tutors, your ‘followers’
  • Practise! Take on responsibility (work, volunteering, clubs & Societies) and reflect on your performance SIFE - www.youtube.com/watch?v=KB2fOF_gYBg
  • Find a mentor – learn from positive leadership role-models
  • Attend further leadership and management training
  • Use the resources on Exeter Leaders Award ELE pages
  • Leadership Skills

Review your performance as a Leader

  • Leadership Skills
  • Individual Exercise:
  • Assess yourself as a Leader
    • Conduct a SWOT analysis - Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, Threats
  • (Use the Results of Leadership Questionnaire you have been completed prior to attending the session)
  • Develop an Action Plan to improve as a leader
    • list 2 actions you will undertake to address Weaknesses or capitalise on Opportunities identified
    • Apply SMART targets to your actions – Specific,
  • Measurable, Achievable, Realistic, Time-bound

Session objectives

  • What is leadership?
  • Identify the traits and skills of an effective leader
  • Key leadership theories
  • Examine the role, duties and responsibilities of a Team Leader in the workplace
  • Understand the limits of authority in a Team Leader role
  • Develop a plan to develop your own leadership potential
  • Leadership Skills
  • Jon Boyes
  • Employability and Graduate Development
  • Leadership Skills

Directory: media -> universityofexeter -> careersandemployability -> pdfs
media -> Writing Essays The main points
media -> Analysis Writing 5-Paragraph Essay
pdfs -> Independent Work Experience Module 2009-10 Accredited through Flexible Combined Honours Module Guide iwe2030 – 30 credits Introduction
universityofexeter -> The university of exeter sport and health sciences
universityofexeter -> Literary analysis and reader response Isabel Galleymore (English) Mistrusting Metaphor: metaphor and the natural world in British poetry
universityofexeter -> Addresses: Office: Prof. Dr. Erich Kirchler
universityofexeter -> Bea = Accounting // bee = Economics // bem = Management // cls = Leadership
universityofexeter -> Guide to enhancing eligibility for babcp accreditation whilst on the programme
universityofexeter -> -


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