Semester Final Review



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Semester Final Review

1. The Crédit Mobilier scandal involved

2. The political base of the Democratic party in the late nineteenth century lay especially in

3. In the 1896 case of Plessy v. Ferguson, the Supreme Court ruled that

4. The Pendleton Act required people applying for many federal government jobs to

5. The national government helped to finance transcontinental railroad construction in the late nineteenth century by providing railroad corporations with

6. Andrew Carnegie's system of vertical integration

7. John D. Rockefeller's organizational technique of horizontal integration involved

8. J.P. Morgan undermined competition by placing officers of his bank on the boards of supposedly independent companies that he wanted to control. This method was known as a(n)

9. The first major product of the oil industry was

10. The Sherman Anti-Trust Act prohibited

11. The Sherman Anti-Trust Act was at first primarily used to curb the power of

12. The Knights of Labor believed that conflict between capital and labor would disappear when

13. The major factor in drawing country people off the farms and into the big cities was the

14. American cities increasingly abandoned wooden construction for brick and steel in their downtown districts after

15. The New Immigrants who came to the United States after 1880

16. Settlement houses, such as Hull House, engaged in all of the following activities except

17. The religious denomination that was most positively engaged with the New Immigration was

18. The two major sources of funding for the powerful new American research universities were

19. Booker T. Washington believed that the key to political and civil rights for African Americans was

20. The Morrill Act of 1862

21. In criticizing Booker T. Washington's educational emphasis on manual labor and industrial training, W.E.B. DuBois emphasized instead that black education should concentrate on

22. The two late-nineteenth-century newspaper publishers whose competition for circulation fueled the rise of sensationalistic yellow journalism were

23. The Indians battled whites for all the following reasons except to

24. The Plains Indians were finally forced to surrender

25. To assimilate Indians into American society, the Dawes Act did all of the following except

26. One major problem with the Homestead Act was that

27. A major problem faced by settlers on the Great Plains in the 1870s was

28. The original purpose of the Grange was to

29. In several states, farmers helped to pass the Granger Laws, which were designed to

30. The Democratic party nominee for president in 1896 was ____; the Republicans nominated ____; and the Populists endorsed ____.

31. One key to the Republican victory in the 1896 presidential election was

32. The monetary inflation needed to relieve the social and economic hardships of the late nineteenth century eventually came as a result of

33. Sooners were settlers who "jumped the gun" in order to

34. Farmers were slow to organize and promote their interest because they

35. A major factor in the shift in American foreign policy toward imperialism in the late nineteenth century was the

36. President William McKinley asked Congress to declare war on Spain mainly because

37. The Teller Amendment

38. The greatest loss of life for American fighting men during the Spanish-American War resulted from

39. Most muckrakers believed that their primary function in the progressive attack on social ills was to

40. The Seventeenth Amendment to the Constitution was a key progressive reform designed to

41. The public outcry after the horrible Triangle Shirtwaist fire led many states to pass

42. The Elkins and Hepburn Acts were designed to

43. When Upton Sinclair wrote The Jungle, he intended his book to focus attention on the

44. The Panic of 1907 exposed the need for substantial reform in

45. The Underwood Tariff Act and the Sixteenth Amendment reflected Wilson's progressive goals by

46. The Federal Reserve Act gave the Federal Reserve Board the authority to

47. The Federal Trade Commission was established in 1914 to address all of these practices except

48. The central provisions of the Clayton Anti-Trust Act

49. With the outbreak of World War I in 1914, the great majority of Americans

50. President Woodrow Wilson persuaded the American people to enter World War I by

51. Prosecutions under the Espionage Act (1917) and the Sedition Act (1918) can be characterized in all of the following ways except

52. For German military strategists, the entry of the United States into the war meant that

53. Woodrow Wilson's ultimate goal at the Paris Peace Conference was to

54. Opposition to the League of Nations by many United States senators during the Paris Peace Conference

55. The red scare of 1919-1920 was provoked by

56. The Immigration Act of 1924 discriminated directly against

57. Enforcement of the Volstead Act met the strongest resistance from

58. The immediate outcome of the 1925 Scopes Trial was that

59. The main problem faced by American manufacturers in the 1920s involved

60. The prosperity that developed in the 1920s

61. Henry Ford's most distinctive contribution to the automobile industry was

62. The primary reason that Warren G. Harding was willing to seize the initiative on the issue of international disarmament was that

63. The Fordney-McCumber and Hawley-Smoot Tariff laws had the long-term effect of

64. The Teapot Dome scandal was centered around corrupt deals and bribes involving

65. The advent of the gasoline-powered tractor in the 1920s meant that

66. As a result of the Hawley-Smoot Tariff of 1930

67. The Reconstruction Finance Corporation, established by Hoover to deal with the depression, was charged with


Essay Answer four of the following on a separate sheet of paper.


  1. How could the Populists have broadened their platform to appeal to both black farmers and the white industrial working class?

  2. Compare and contrast the methods used by late-nineteenth-century corporations to control competition, especially the pool, trust, interlocking directorate, and vertical integration.

  3. In the view of progressives, what was wrong with American society? What positive solutions did they proposed to address social problems? Be specific.

  4. What were the most important of Wilson's progressive reforms? Was Wilson actually a more effective progressive than Theodore Roosevelt? Why or why not?

  5. Summarize the impact of American participation in World War I on the national economy, civil liberties, and public attitudes.




  1. How did the rise of the mass media and marketing affect the kind of people Americans admired and imitated?

  2. List at least five major economic and/or technological developments of the 1920s. Select the three most significant ones and explain your choices.

  3. Compare the presidential leadership of Harding, Coolidge, and Hoover. What did they have in common, and how did they differ? How did their personal qualities affect their political success in the 1920s?

  4. Outline the causes of the great crash of 1929. Why did it come so unexpectedly?

  5. Explain how American tariff policy and policy on war debts and reparations contributed to deepening the Great Depression, even if they did not cause it. Why were Americans so generally indifferent to the effects of their policies on Europe during these years?

Identification: Answer 25 of the following on a separate sheet of paper.




A. Mitchell Palmer

Al Capone

John T. Scopes

Henry Ford

Alfred E. Smith

red scare

Ku Klux Klan

Immigration Act of 1924

national origins quota system

Volstead Act

Fordism

scientific management



Equal Rights Amendment

"Ohio Gang"

American Legion

Washington Disarmament Conference

Kellogg-Briand Pact

Teapot Dome

Dawes Plan

Hawley-Smoot Tariff

Black Tuesday

Reconstruction Finance Corporation

William Jennings Bryan

spoils system

grandfather clause

Farmers' Alliance

Tweed Ring

Crédit Mobilier

Bland-Allison Act

Pendleton Act

Plessy v. Ferguson

Jim Crow

Chinese Exclusion Act

Andrew Carnegie

John D. Rockefeller

J. Pierpont Morgan

Samuel Gompers

vertical integration

horizontal integration

trust


interlocking directorate

trust-busting

socialism

craft union

closed shop

Grange


Sherman Anti-Trust Act

Interstate Commerce Act

National Labor Union

Knights of Labor

Haymarket Square

American Federation of Labor

Booker T. Washington

W. E. B. Du Bois

William Randolph Hearst

Joseph Pulitzer

dumbbell tenement

nativism


yellow journalism

Hull House

Tuskegee Institute

Morrill Act

Theodore Roosevelt

William Howard Taft

The Meat inspection Act

Yosemite National Park

initiative

referendum

recall

trustbusting



conservation

dollar diplomacy

Teller Amendment

The Maine

muckrakers

Seventeenth Amendment

Elkins Act

Triangle Shirtwaist fire

Pure Food and Drug Act

Woodrow Wilson

Underwood Tariff Bill

Federal Reserve Act

Workingmen's Compensation Act

Sussex pledge

Zimmermann note

League of Nations

Committee on Public Information

Espionage and Sedition acts

Schenck v. United States

irreconcilables

Treaty of Versailles

self-determination

conscription

War Industries Board





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